Tumor in the intestine is dangerous
Benign formation, growing into a life-threatening tumor, polyps in the intestine
What are polyps in the intestinal tract? The main prerequisites, because of which these benign formations appear. Diagnosis and treatment of polyps in the intestinal tract
Man is truly an extraordinary and perfect creation. Our body is able to withstand enormous loads. For proper operation of all systems, the gastrointestinal tract should function without interruption. Unfortunately, in our time the quality of food industry products has significantly decreased. This, in turn, has a poor effect on the work of the stomach. Moreover, the fixed lifestyle of many of us causes diseases that affect the intestinal tract. Progress has given the people of the earth a lot of benefits, but the cost for the privileges was great.
Surely, every person in his life heard about polyps. But most of them do not even know what polyps are in the intestinal tract. Let's talk about them in more detail.
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Mother Nature has disposed of such that the cells of the gastrointestinal tract are regenerated. But there are cases when updates have a chaotic nature, in other words, benign formations appear on the mucosa itself. This kind of mechanism for the appearance of polyps is observed in people with bad heredity. Unfortunately, this is not uncommon in our time. In the main, polyps in the intestinal tract are not life-threatening. But there is a special type of pathology, in which the chance of a malignant tumor is quite large. The so-called villous polyps are a severe threat to human life.
The circumstances, because of which this pathology appears, is many. First, the risk group is headed by people with a hereditary disposition to the disease. Acquired ailments of the gastrointestinal tract - a severe occasion to undergo examination in a polyclinic. Excessive consumption of fatty foods, alcohol, fixed lifestyle - the prerequisites, because of which polyps in the intestinal tract are formed. If it says about the symptoms of this disease, then almost always the pathology proceeds painlessly.
Polyps are found in the intestinal tract, usually by chance. Often in the feces you can see a huge amount of mucus. This is the first sign, indicating a terrible kind of villous polyps. Less often, during ulceration of the formation, bleeding occurs. In some cases, polyps reach huge sizes. With all this there is a closure of the lumen of the intestinal tract. There is an obstruction and temporary attacks of pain. This is a severe violation in the state of health, to which polyps in the intestinal tract can lead.
Symptoms of pathology are painless formation. In medical practice, the diagnosis is confirmed in most cases with the help of endoscopic and radiographic methods of research. If we talk about the treatment of this pathology, then virtually all polyps are removed with the help of surgical intervention. Why? The fact is that at least some benign education can grow into a tumor that is terrible for a person's life. Removal of polyps is the prevention of cancer of the large intestine tract. After all, this disease has taken millions of lives around the world.
It seems that there are polyps in the intestinal tract, the healing of which depends on the etiology, these are formations that can lead to disastrous consequences. That's why old people (50 or more years) do not advise doctors to undergo a complete examination of the gastrointestinal tract.
how dangerous is the tumor on the sigmoid colon and liver?
Endoscopy of the small intestine is also called intestinoscopy - this is one of the most obvious ways to identify diseases. This study is often used together with X-rays. This combination allows the doctor to get a complete picture of the disease and to make the correct diagnosis. To conduct endoscopy of the intestine it is necessary to have specialized equipment. The procedure can have a different range of examination, which varies depending on the possible disease. Next, you have to enter the endoscope in the process of finding a focal or segmental disease.
In case of suspicion of a diffuse disorder of the small intestine, which happens in the case of Whipple's disease or gluten enteropathy, the procedure is carried out using the possibility of removing a piece of tissue by a histological expertise. In such cases, the status of the proximal part of the jejunum or distal duodenum is studied.
During the procedure, atrophy of the intestinal mucosa is often detected. In a similar disease, the mucosa looks as if it is covered with fat, swollen and may be covered with white spots in places. Such a study of the intestine makes it possible to detect polyps in the intestine, which are sometimes difficult to detect using other diagnostic methods.
During this study of the intestine it is possible to examine the condition of the colon and rectum. Examination of the rectum with an endoscope is called a colonoscopy and provides an opportunity to carefully examine the state of this part of the intestine.
Diagnosis of cancers
Oncological diseases (tumors) occupy one of the first places in the structure of mortality of the population (second place after cardiovascular diseases). Recently, there has been a trend towards an increase in the incidence of cancer. Early diagnosis is an important point in the treatment of this type of disease. Unfortunately, a large number of patients turn to the doctor late, when the tumor has passed to the late stages of development, whose prognosis is very unfavorable. On the contrary, with early diagnosis of cancer, the chances of recovery are great and adequate treatment in most cases ends with a complete recovery of the patient.
Most tumors have a similar clinical picture. The main point determining the development of symptoms is not the histological affiliation of the tumor, but the place of its localization in the body and the type of tumor growth.
Below we will consider the most common examples of tumors and the principles of their diagnosis.
The term tumor determines the pathological condition, which is characterized by the formation of a focus of pathological growth. Tumor cells lose control over the processes of proliferation (multiplication) and differentiation and begin to uncontrollably share. By the medical term cancer is understood as a malignant tumor developed from epithelial tissue. Often the term cancer is called a tumor of non-epithelial origin, which is incorrect.
According to the most simple classification of tumors, we distinguish two main types of tumors: benign and malignant. Benign tumors are characterized by slow growth and the absence of metastases (foci of tumor growth). Malignant tumors in some cases can be considered as late stages of development of benign tumors, on which the cells acquired the ability of rapid growth, reproduction and migration with the current of lymph and blood. Malignant tumors are characterized by rapid and aggressive growth, as well as the formation of metastases in distant organs and lymph nodes.
Principles of diagnosis of tumors
Diagnosis of a tumor, like any other disease, begins with the collection of anamnestic data and a general examination of the patient. The collection of the anamnesis involves finding out the reasons for the patient's treatment to the doctor, the main complaints of the patient, the moment of the onset of the disease and its evolution from the moment of appearance until the moment of treatment
Elena FilatovaArtificial Intelligence (228920) 6 years ago
The tumor is always dangerous. In the liver most likely a metastasis of a tumor of the intestine.
Precursors of cancer: what are polyps and what are they dangerous?
Colon cancer is a serious disease that usually requires surgical treatment and, alas, often leads to disability.
Fortunately, it can be prevented if the polyps are found in the intestines on time.
Our expert -Associate Professor of the Department of Coloproctology and Endoscopic Surgery of the First Moscow State Medical University. AND. M. # 823; Inna Tulina, Candidate of Medical Sciences Inna Tulina .
Polyps are superfluous growths of the internal lining of the intestine. According to statistics, 10 to 30% of polyps are able to degenerate into cancer. So, the sooner the neoplasm is discovered, the easier it is to maintain health.
It's all about the genes?
It is believed that there is a hereditary predisposition to the appearance of polyps. That's why people whose relatives have been diagnosed with colon cancer or polyps have been found, should be especially careful.
It is noted that residents of developed countries often face the problem. The reason for this is the peculiarities of the diet, in which there is a lot of refined food, red meat and not enough vegetable fiber contained in vegetables and cereals. Increase the risk of polyps use of alcohol, smoking and sedentary lifestyle. These factors act not directly on the intestine, but indirectly - affecting the genetic apparatus. Every person in the genes has mutations that can lead to malfunctions. However, if he leads a healthy lifestyle, he works well protective mechanisms: special proteins, as repair workers, constantly repair breakages in the genes. If we smoke, drink, eat badly, the protection turns off and the predisposition laid down in the genes is realized.
With and without symptoms
Many patients who have polyps. they themselves come to the doctor with complaints. Most often - on blood or mucus in the stool. Another symptom is a digestive disorder. In the intestine, many enzymes work, and if its mucosa grows, problems arise. Perhaps a violation of water balance.
However, such vivid manifestations are not always the case. Often, people for many years live with polyps, possibly already beginning to degenerate into cancer, and do not know about it. That's why the best way to identify polyps is to undergo colonoscopy. This examination is not very pleasant, but after fifty years to come on it is necessary for everyone. At this age the probability of polyps formation and their transformation into a malignant tumor increases to 50%.
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Polyps grow without symptoms, but lead to cancer and early menopause
For a long time it was believed that it was necessary to remove only large polyps, now they are trying to remove everything. Although usually the formation of the tumor in the intestine takes years, there are polyps - exceptions, which are transformed into cancer very quickly. It is better to exclude such an opportunity.
Surgery for removal of polyps can be performed during colonoscopy both in outpatient and in inpatient settings. It depends on where the polyp is located and what its size is. It is cut from the intestinal wall. In the blind and ascending colon, it is thin, respectively, the patient is hospitalized for 1-2 days to observe after surgery, whether complications have arisen. In the sigmoid and rectum, the wall is thicker, so hospitalization is often not required.
Remote tissue is necessarily sent for analysis. Only after him can we say that before us: just a polyp, a polyp that started to regenerate, or a tumor. Depending on this, treatment will be prescribed.
After the removal of a few days will have to eat only liquid, well-digested food and limit physical activity. If everything is all right and the patient has a polyp, three years later you need to go through a colonoscopy again. In the rest - you can live peacefully.
Sources: http://health.sumy.ua/32541-dobrokachestvennoe-obrazovanie-pererastayuschee-v-opasnuyu-dlya-zhizni-opuhol-polipy-v-kishechnike.html, http://otvet.mail.ru/question/46437446, http://www.aif.ru/health/life/41018
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