How many live after removal of a tumor of the intestine
Survival rates for colorectal cancer
Cancer of the rectum is in the top three most frequent causes of deaths among cancer patients. Scientists have not yet established the exact causes of the development of this disease, but the role of the hereditary predisposition to this type of malignant neoplasm is quite obvious. Most of the cases are people from families where they know about cancer of the rectum on their own bitter experience. Precancerous diseases are considered to be - diffuse polyposis, ulcerative colitis, anal fissures and fistulas, chronic proctitis.
The relationship between oncology, lifestyle (smoking, alcohol, work in harmful industries) and nutrition (abundance of meat, fatty foods, insufficient intake of water and vegetable fiber) is established. To estimate the prognosis for future life, the indicator of 5-year survival of patients with rectal cancer is used - how many people from 100 people live 5 or more years after the operation.
What is the disease?
The tumor in the intestine develops v
The first symptoms of cancer are mistaken for manifestations of hemorrhoids - pain during defecation, discomfort in the anus, blood on feces.
The doctor is treated reluctantly, preferring self-treatment. As a result, the disease continues to progress, the tumor grows in depth and width, metastases appear, with each During the day, the percentage of favorable outcome and survival decreases, which largely depends on the stage of the pathological process:
- The first stage of colorectal cancer has the highest survival rate (at least 90%). Detection of the disease during this period is considered a great success for the patient, since there are no obvious symptoms, the disease only begins to develop, disguising itself for a different pathology - hemorrhoids, proctitis, a posterior fissure passage. Early contact with a doctor allows you to remove an isolated tumor of the rectum. after surgery, the outlook for the future is favorable.
- The second stage of cancer reduces the survival rate to 70 # 8212; 75%, the tumor sprouts half (2A) or slightly more than half the layers in the wall rectal (stage 2B), but does not go beyond the borders, does not apply to regional lymph nodes, metastases do not are determined. The prognosis after surgery is favorable with successful removal of the tumor.
- The third stage of A - cancer grows beyond the rectum, metastasis is still absent, stage B - a large tumor, there are metastases in the regional lymph nodes. Survival up to 5 years after surgery is not more than 45 -49%.
- The fourth stage of cancer has the most unfavorable prognosis and low survival after surgical treatment (5-6%) due to the fact that the tumor grows into adjacent tissues of neighboring organs, it can not be removed, there are multiple metastases to the lungs, liver, brain structures, bones skeleton. Palliative operations are used to facilitate the patient's condition, as well as chemotherapy and radiation therapy. This stage is characterized by severe symptoms - general weakness, weight loss, blood and pus in the stool, constipation up to intestinal obstruction, permanent pain in the lower abdomen, urinary incontinence, vaginal discharge from the vagina in women (metastasis to the genitals) or urethra (metastases in the urinary bubble). Doctors give such patients survival from several months to 3 years, improvements after palliative therapy temporarily alleviate the condition. If the metastases are single and the patient is psychologically inclined to continue the fight, then it happens that the patients live longer, how much power is enough.
What factors influence the prognosis
- Dimensions of the tumor, the depth of germination in the wall of the rectum, how many layers are involved in the process.
- The spread of a cancerous tumor to regional lymph nodes - metastases in more than three sites significantly reduce the survival rate.
- The number of metastases in neighboring and distant organs, the forecast depends on how many they are affected and what size of the tumor.
- Age of the patient - the younger the patient, the worse the survival after surgery, the faster the cancer gives metastases.
- The presence of chronic diseases - diabetes mellitus, heart failure, IHD, hypertension worsen the prognosis, give less chance of a favorable outcome after surgical treatment.
- The scope and methods of treatment.
- The appearance of tumor recurrences after surgery is early (the first months) or late (after 2 # 8212; years).
- The stage of colon cancer, on which treatment is begun.
To prevent possible relapses, a postoperative control of the condition of cancer patients is necessary. It:
- regular proctologic examinations with a sigmoidoscopy - quarterly;
- metastases search # 8212; Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity organs, small pelvis, x-ray lung examinations - twice a year;
- Visit to the doctor at occurrence of any complaints, irrespective of a term of supervision;
- if there is a suspicion of a relapse - MRI, CT, biopsy.
The main condition for a favorable prognosis is the responsible and attentive attitude of each to their own health. The disease in the initial stage is easier to cure, you just need to seek medical help in time, and not to engage in physical and mental torture of your body. Even in the most difficult situations, one should not give vent to emotions and self-suggestion, but trust the professional.
Do you still think that getting rid of hemorrhoids is not easy?
Symptoms appear at the most inopportune moment and disrupt the normal rhythm of life? This was to be expected. Inflamed knots cause a lot of anxiety, nervousness, irritability, problems with sleep and appetite.
It is not customary to speak about such a delicate problem aloud. But all the same it is necessary, after all if hemorrhoids are not treated, it will take you to the operating table. Have you already thought about how to get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of the disease with folk remedies?
Apparently, yes, once you read these lines. But do not worry and panic. Even if it seems that it is impossible to get rid of hemorrhoids. We recommend reading the story of Volta Marta, how she got rid of hemorrhoids... Read the article
Dr. Gemor # 8212; will heal your hemorrhoids!
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All articles on the site are familiarized. We strongly recommend that you consult a doctor of the necessary qualifications on the use of medicines and medical examinations! Do not self-medicate!
It is important to know!
The best proctologists of Israel advise!
Smear with HEMORROY this cream and after 3 days.
Prognosis for bowel cancer
In this article, I will tell you that,how many live with bowel cancer. There are 4 stages of the disease.
In the first stage, the tumor is located within the mucosa and submucosa.
The second stage is accompanied by bulging neoplasms into 1 or more internal lumen of the gut, although it is still not spread on the nearest tissues and there are no metastases to the lymph nodes.
The third stage - the neoplasm grows and spreads throughout the thickness of the intestinal wall, accompanied by the appearance of metastases in the nearest lymph nodes.
In the fourth stage, the tumor reaches a large size and affects the organs close to one another, and a multitude of Metastases in the lymph nodes or in organs that are not so close, so treatment is very complicated. The operation is performed to alleviate the patient's condition, since normalization of the intestinal function is no longer possible. How many live with bowel cancer of the fourth stage? The treatment is already irrelevant and the survival forecast for the fourth stage for five years is 8-15%.
To say about how many live with intestinal cancer, it is possible only roughly, because the forecast depends on the extent of tissue damage, the number of metastases, that is, the stage of the disease. The disease returns most often within the first four years after surgery, five years are considered critical. Radical operations, which involve the removal of a large intestinal tract, allow 90% of patients to survive. The higher the stage on which the disease is, the less likely it is.
How many live with intestinal cancer - if there are metastases, the survival rate is up to 50%, if the tumor is near the colon on the right, then up to 20%. The main method of treating intestinal cancer at any stage of it is surgical intervention - removal of the tumor. Combines surgical treatment with chemotherapy and radiation. Modern diagnostic methods can increase the survival rate in recent years, but if metastases appear in the liver, patients can survive up to 9 months. With one metastasis, you can extend your life to three years. After the operation within a year - two years, 85% of the disease can return, it is required to appoint a repeat operation, which can be to make only 30%, the rest can receive as treatment only irradiation or chemotherapy, affecting the improvement of the condition patient.
In addition to combined treatment - surgical intervention, together with chemotherapy and radiation, is used to combat bowel cancer and recipes of traditional medicine. They include the reception of decoctions and infusions, as well as the use of poisons in certain quantities. It is worth remembering that this treatment will be effective if you get a consultation of a phytotherapeutist who will choose the funds, taking into account the peculiarities of your body and the stage of the disease.
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How many live after removing the stomach with cancer
Removal of the stomach in cancer brings serious changes in the life of the patient with a malignant tumor of this organ, since further, in principle, every movement, as well as any food intake, is viewed not as an ordinary act of human life, but as a struggle for this very a life.
Removal of the main organ of the gastrointestinal tract is called gastrectomy. During the operation, the esophagus joins the small intestine, which then conducts food into the large intestine. After that, the patient remains without that body, which was responsible for chemical and mechanical processing of food with the help of its own secretion.
A frequent complication of this kind of surgery is the reverse movement of food, when the contents already trapped in the intestine return to the esophagus. This is called reflux esophagitis, which can irritate the esophagus with juices and bile until the occurrence of an ulcer of the esophagus. Reflux can come after fatty foods, fruits, and also milk. The condition is accompanied by pains and burning sensations in the place of the absent stomach. These sensations are neutralized by solutions of hydrochloric acid (replacement of gastric juice), bile and pancreatic juice.
In the event that the reflux syndrome acts for a sufficiently long time, the physical and psychological state of the patient is depleted. In this case, it is necessary to undergo an X-ray examination, which should be supplemented with endoscopic, to identify the reasons for the stability of the negative state and to check whether there is a relapse of the disease to others bodies.
After removing the full volume of the stomach in cancer, the patient can significantly lose weight, weaken, feel bad, both physically and mentally. It is also possible the onset of anemia, the cause of which is the absence of the so-called Castle factor - that is, blood is not formed in the bodies responsible for its generation.
How to deal with complications
Regardless of the terminology used in such an extremely serious operation, it is possible to live without the stomach if the patient is attuned to it. First of all, it is necessary to reconsider the previous life and to form its other style, in connection with the new requirements. It is not necessary to consider, that after a gastrectomy there is a survival, as with the correct approach to prevention and serious attitude to the already emerging problem, a person can live for many years without stomach.
Nutritional regimen and diet - these two postulates should become concomitant factors in the life of the patient, on which the life of the patient depends. After the removal of the stomach, in no case should not deviate from the recommended nutrition, which in some measure can replace the absence of the main organ of the gastrointestinal tract.
Behavior after the operation:
- Approximately two months after the operation, the patient must receive a full-fledged diet, provided for with cancer and removal of the stomach.
- The patient should follow all the recommendations and restrict the intake of heavy carbohydrates and fats, preferring foods with high protein content.
- It should avoid substances that are able to irritate the mucous membrane of the esophagus and intestine chemically or mechanically. After all, these organs are now forced to work in changed physiological conditions.
- Dishes should be cooked only for a couple or high-quality cooked, portions of food chew extremely carefully, there is up to six times a day, washing down with light solutions of citric and hydrochloric acid, which will simulate the work stomach.
What determines the life span
Naturally, everything depends on the size of the cancer that has been removed with the stomach, as well as the presence and number of metastases from it. With a timely diagnosis and surgery for cancer, a person can live without a stomach for a decade, of course, following all the prescriptions of doctors and nutritionists.
With neglect of the disease, even after the removal of the diseased organ, the metastases have the ability to migrate to other organs, hitting them. In this case, the forecasts are useless, since already weakened by one stage of the struggle the organism will simply not be able to make new feats in the struggle for life.
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Sources: http://drgemor.ru/boli/vyzhivaemost-pri-rake-pryamoj-kishki.html, http://boligolovv.io.ua/s480709/skolko_jivut_pri_rake_kishechnika, http://gastritlechim.ru/bolezni-pishhevoda/skolko-zhivut-posle-udaleniya-zheludka-pri-rake.html
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