Whether vitiligo is transmitted by heredity and whether it is possible to catch them

Is vitiligo transmitted by inheritance and is the disease contagious? People with white spots on the skin cause a negative reaction among the people around them and illiterate people in the medical plan people consider them to be almost the bearer of a skin infection, especially if not only the parents are ill, but also their children. To discredit ridiculous rumors, it is worth considering: what kind of disease and how it is transmitted.

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Content

  • 1A little about the disease
  • 2The role of the hereditary factor
  • 3The infectiousness of vitiligo
  • 4A few tips cosmetician

A little about the disease

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Vitiligo develops in children older than 3 years, but usually the onset of the disease coincides with the adolescent period, when the hormonal rearrangement in the body begins, and at an older age the risk is not very high is high.

The mechanism of the development of the disease can be schematically described as follows:

  • the immune system fails and begins to produce antibodies to the cells of the human body;
  • Melanocytes are affected by the aggressiveness of antibodies (skin cells responsible for the production of melanin pigment);
  • antibodies begin to destroy the cellular structure of melanocyte, which leads to discoloration of individual skin areas.

Outwardly, the development of the disease will be manifested by the following signs:

  1. On the neck, hands or face on the skin surface appear areas that are slightly lighter than the entire skin. The first signs of vitiligo always appear in open areas of the body.
  2. Gradually the areas of depigmentation become lighter and increase in size. Stains can be combined with each other, forming a bizarre pattern on the skin.

But is pathology contagious or not? What is the probability of inheriting the disease from the parents?

The role of the hereditary factor

The propensity to develop vitiligo is inherited, and the risk of the disease is higher if both parents are sick.

Hereditary genetic code can not be changed, but the following will help reduce the probability of the disease:

  • timely treatment of chronic pathologies;
  • stabilization of failures in the endocrine system;
  • detoxification of the body (withdrawal of toxins and toxins);
  • balanced diet;
  • normalization of metabolic processes;
  • equal attitude to current events (it is calmer to treat stressful situations, to develop a positive attitude).

To reduce the hereditary predisposition to future parents, it is recommended to follow the proposed rules even before the conception of the baby. Of course, the implementation of the recommendations does not guarantee that the disease will not be inherited, but will significantly reduce the predisposition to the development of pathology. Unfortunately, it is impossible to determine if the child is sick or not, until the first discolored patches on the skin appear.

For the timely detection of the disease in children who are predisposed to the appearance of depigmentation on the skin, it is necessary to regularly examine the child. The first signs of melanocyte destruction are relatively easily amenable to correction and further discoloration of the skin can be avoided.

With the appearance of pronounced white spots, the disease can not be completely cured, but, in addition to external defects, it is not manifested in any way and is not dangerous for the life and health of the sick person.

The infectiousness of vitiligo

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Many people consider people with ugly white spots on the hands or face infectious. But is it? Are vitiligo contagious?

If we consider the mechanism of development of pathology, we can conclude that you can not get infected:

  • in contact with the patient;
  • during a kiss and sexual contact;
  • at transfusion of donor blood;
  • during sneezing or coughing;
  • when using common objects with the patient.
But then how is the pathology transmitted? No way. It is possible to get sick only if the gene predisposition to the development of autoimmune reactions associated with the aggression of antibodies to melanocytes was transferred from the parents. And no one is immune from the onset of the disease: even healthy parents can have a hidden genetic predisposition, which will manifest in the child.
With people who have ugly white spots on their skin, they can communicate safely and they can be blood donors.

According to medical research revealed that people with depigmentative disorders not only never get sick skin cancer (melanoma) - their blood during transfusion to a patient with skin cancer helps to reduce the aggressiveness of the disease. This is due to the fact that in the plasma of the donor with vitiligo, long-lasting active antibodies to melanocytes, which destroy cancer cells, remain for a long time.

A few tips cosmetician

Despite the fact that the patients are not contagious and the disease will not spread from them to others, ugly spots on open parts of the body deliver cosmetic discomfort and hide external shortcomings - quite natural a wish.

Disguise skin defects by using the following means:

  1. Decorative cosmetics. Many ladies successfully smooth the complexion, neck and décolleté with tonal creams. This method is the most accessible, but, unfortunately, it can not be used to mask depigmentation on the hands. Also, the use of cosmetics is not suitable for men.
  2. Cream with autosunburn. Tanning applied can hide problems on any part of the body: it is not washed off with water and does not spoil clothes. The disadvantage of the method will be that it is difficult to select the shade of the cream on its own and in case of an error with the tone it can happen that the skin defects become more noticeable. The best solution is to visit the salon, where cosmetologists will select the right tone of the cream and apply evenly to the body.
  3. Juice of the walnut. At home, make the depigmented places darker juice from the rind of unripe nuts (peel the shreds in a blender and leave for 2 hours to isolate the juice). A natural remedy with a cotton swab is applied to problem areas.
Vitiligo patients can transmit the genetic predisposition to pathology to their children, but they are not dangerous for others. With them, you can safely communicate, use common objects of everyday life and even have sex. It is worth remembering that no one is immune from the onset of this disease and any pathology can arise.
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