Than to treat a spastic colitis of an intestine
Spastic Colitis Symptoms and Treatment | How to treat spastic colitis
More than 50% of patients who seek medical help with symptoms of different digestive disorders have chronic colitis of the intestine. In women, the disease is observed closer to 20-65 years, in men, colitis is dramatically increased to 40-65 years. The theme of this article will be one of the varieties of colitis - spastic colitis.
Symptoms of development of spastic colitis
The syndrome of the thick irritable bowel (spastic colitis, SSRT, mucous colitis) is most often manifested by spasms and bloating and disruption of the intestine. Symptoms of the disease in humans are manifested in different ways. For example, in some people, the symptom of a spastic colitis is constipation (rare and difficult bowel movement), others have diarrhea, the third can have all these symptoms of spastic colitis simultaneously.
Manifestations of the disease are deeply individual. However, normally the stool should not be liquid, and should not be hard, it shoul
The disease does not belong to a number of serious diseases. In fact, doctors consider this disease to be a functional disorder, since when the colon is examined symptoms of the disease are not detected.
Clinical signs of spastic colitis
bloating with spastic colitis;
abdominal pain as a symptom of spastic colitis;
changes in the work of the intestines, for example, constipation or diarrhea;
the formation of gases as a symptom of spastic colitis.
Diagnosis of spastic colitis
The clinical picture of the disease has many common factors with functional bowel disorder. Characterized by a spastic or aching pain in the abdomen, often in the iliac left area, the pathology of the stool. The very condition of patients with symptoms of spastic colitis is satisfactory.
Palpation of the abdomen reveals salvage, painful enlarged or contracted parts of the colon. Also, the signs of the disease include:
rumbling in the abdomen,
increased formation of gases.
Long constipation changes to a frequent lean liquid or semi-formal stool.
With the help of endoscopic methods (colo-fibroscopy, sigmoidoscopy) symptoms of spastic colitis, signs of inflammation, atrophy and dystrophy of the colon are revealed. The walls of the intestine are swollen, hyperemic, have a mucus deposit. With the observed exacerbation, it becomes easily vulnerable, loose, with individual petechiae, erosions. In such cases, a differential thorough diagnosis with a latent form of ulcerative nonspecific colitis is required. Mucous membrane with pallor atrophy with a network of thin small vessels, since there is no mucus - the wall of the gut will look dry, the tone of the gut is several times lowered.
Features of treatment of spastic colitis
Treatment should include the correct general and nutritional regimen. It is recommended to eat food with a large content of slag. Such products include:
For effective treatment it is necessary to develop skills of excrement at a certain time. Especially important in this disease is the elimination of inflammatory processes of the intestinal mucosa. Laxatives and the use of enema in the treatment of spastic colitis will be needed only at the time of development of a stable defecation reflex.
How to treat spastic colitis with folk remedies?
Medicinal plants will help restore the motor function of the intestines, relieve nervous tension and improve the digestive process.
Here is a list of some medicinal plants:
Yarrow. Take the juice from the whole flowering plant. Helps relax the muscles of the intestine, relieve cramps and spasms.
Chernobylnik (common wormwood). Widely applicable in the symptoms of spastic colitis in many countries as a traditional medicine. Infusion both from the roots, and from the grass itself, helps to strengthen the activity of the intestine and stomach, neutralizes colic and cramps, increases appetite, relieves pain, is used as a weak sleeping pills. Preparation: 1 tbsp. l. herbs pour boiling water (1 tablespoon) and insist in a thermos or a warm place for 4 hours.
Gooseberries are common from spastic colitis. Take mashed berries and juice. Helps with cutting pains in the intestines and stomach, diarrhea, intensifies the activity of the intestine.
Salad, radish, pumpkin, rutabaga with a laxative effect. They are consumed before meals in kind.
Celery odorous will help treat spastic colitis. Take the juice from the roots. Has a small laxative properties for constipation, increases digestion, removes gases from excessive accumulation in the intestine.
How to cope with spastic colitis at home?
keep records of your diet, do not use with spastic colitis products that cause you to have a spastic colitis (for example, chocolate);
less fatty foods, especially fatty meat, whole milk, poultry skin, cheese, cream, vegetable and butter, margarine, whipped cream and avocado;
increase the amount of fiber in your diet (for this, eat beans, whole grain bread, vegetables and fruits);
for relief of the symptoms of spastic colitis and diarrhea of the intestine, eat in small portions, but often;
try to be less nervous, apply different techniques to reduce stress;
if everything has reached a fever, there is blood in the stool, you lose weight or suffer prolonged pain in the abdomen, contact your doctor.
Admission to food, fiber and the use of a laxative (infrequent) can stop constipation, but first you need to consult a doctor.
Causes of spastic colitis
Surprisingly, the causes of the disease are not clear, although it is known that in people suffering from this disease the large intestine is more reactive than healthy. In the patient, the work of the thick intestine changes some triggers, for example, certain foods, medicines or stress. Usually spastic colitis appears against the background of fatigue, stress, nervous overexcitation.
Approximately 30% of patients develop the disease after intestinal acute infections and in the main turn after salmonellosis and dysentery. The disease is often preceded by dysbiosis, which occurs after a long antibiotic therapy, provoke the disease also
Some patients believe that colitis is a kind of manifestation of colic in the abdomen. However, this view of a rather serious and (in some cases) chronic illness is erroneous and incorrect. Colitis is an ailment that is the result of the onset and progression of the inflammatory process in one or another part of the intestine. The causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of colitis may differ depending on the patient's health, weight, age and lifestyle.
Spastic colitis is the most common form of chronic colitis. manifested in both children and adults. Any disturbance in the motor function of the large and small intestine contributes to the appearance and development of motor wall motility mucous membrane, which, in turn, leads to a fairly long period of pain muscle contractions. These abbreviations are called spasms and can occur in a wide variety of parts of the human body. In the spastic form of colitis, spasms are manifested in the form of a functional disorder accompanied by a strong inflammatory process.
Causes of spastic colitis
The causes of spastic colitis include:
- The presence of pathogenic parasites, viruses, microbes, bacteria, bacilli and rods in the patient's body.
- Gradual development of a negative pathogenic environment.
- Previous surgical intervention in the area of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Frequent use of certain medicines or antibiotics.
- Improper diet and passive lifestyle.
- Long and frequent contact with metals.
- Development of inflammatory processes in the intestines, etc.
Symptoms of the disease
For spastic colitis is characterized by the emergence of spasms and painful sensations in the intestine or stomach. The patient feels an unpleasant and sharp pain, squeezing the stomach and occurs in most cases after eating food or water. The patient raises flatulence and gas formation, to the throat "rolls" com, begins nausea, accompanied by excessive vomiting, diarrhea with an unpleasant odor, the temperature rises and the general condition worsens organism. Sometimes, in chronic spastic colitis, the patient can not go to the toilet, and incessant swelling is a harbinger of avitaminosis and anemia.
Treatment of spastic colitis
The main condition for the effective treatment of spastic colitis is immediate treatment to the doctor in case of the appearance of the slightest signs of the disease. If the patient began to complain of a sharp and unceasing pain in the abdomen, he had fever or diarrhea started. do not delay. After a thorough examination, the doctor prescribes a comprehensive treatment, based both on maintaining the right diet and active daily routine, and on the intake of various medications.
Treatment of spastic colitis with the help of drugs is directed, first of all, to the elimination of the causes and symptoms of the disease, as well as the normalization of the stool. In this case, specialists prescribe to patients special antiseptics that improve the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. However, take them no more than two or three weeks, otherwise you can achieve the opposite effect. In a group of such antiseptics, you can make No-Shpu, cholinergetics and adrenoblockers. If in the process of development of spastic colitis in the intestinal environment of the patient a rather large amount of mucus, which provides irritating reaction to the state of microflora, doctors prescribe drugs that have an enveloping effect (activated charcoal, calcium carbonate etc.). To reduce the level of acidity in the body, you can drink enzyme preparations (Festal, Mezim).
Folk remedies for treatment of spastic colitis
One of the popular methods of treating colitis # 8212; is proper nutrition and diet. The team of our site made a weekly and daily diet for this disease. You can see it here http://okishechnike.com/kolit/dieta-pri-kolite.html
If we talk about the traditional means of treating the disease, then here will come to the aid of every possible infusions and herbal tea. Soothing teas based on chamomile and mint, analgesic anise jars, spasmolytic extracts from calendula, and also other mixtures from fruits and leaves of plants favorably affect the general condition of the body and help normalize the work of the intestine for a few days.
Prevention of disease
To ensure that in the future you do not have problems with the digestive tract and intestines, adhere to healthy lifestyle, more often in the open air, do exercises in the morning, sign up for dancing, yoga or sport. In addition, pay special attention to your diet. Eliminate from the diet harmful to the body foods, too fatty, spicy or salty foods. And then no illness will be terrible for you!
Spastic colitis, symptoms and treatment
Spastic colitis in medicine is also called the syndrome of the thick irritable bowel, occurs as a spasm, with it the stomach is swollen, intestinal work is disrupted. Each person proceeds individually. Someone may have persistent diarrhea, others are constipated with constipation. The stool is normal in norm, there should not be blood in it.
A person is healthy, if the act of defecation is painless, there is no intestinal spasm. Each person can have their own number of acts of defecation - some several times a day, others only a few times a week. The disease refers to a functional disorder, a pronounced symptomatology is not observed. Spastic colitis can occur due to stress, severe fatigue, when a person is very nervous.
Causes of spastic colitis
When a person has a reactive large intestine, he has problems with the large intestine. At disease the thick intestine negatively reacts to certain food, stressful situations, medicinal preparations.
Most often spastic colitis is a consequence of bacterial dysentery, the culprits are protea, staphylococcus, streptococcus, colibacillus.
To provoke the disease can exogenous, food and endogenous intoxication. Spastic colitis occurs if parasites have settled in the body, and physicians often associate the disease with different allergic reactions.
Often, colitis worsens after a person has suffered an acute dysentery, he has had functional and morphological changes.
The secondary form of spastic colitis arises from pathological processes in the digestive organs - with gastritis, acute appendicitis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis.
Factors affecting the development of spastic colitis
1. A person consumes a lot of harmful food.
2. Violated blood circulation in the intestinal region.
3. Because of genetic predisposition.
4. If a person for a long time abuses antibiotics.
5. Spastic colitis occurs due to physical and mental effects.
6. Non-observance of the regime of the day.
Symptoms of spastic colitis
1. Strongly swollen abdomen.
2. Pain in the abdomen.
3. Violated intestinal work, because of this disturb permanent constipation, diarrhea.
4. A large number of gases form.
5. Thickens the intestinal mucosa.
6. In a severe case, a large amount of purulent mucus forms in the intestinal region, the walls of the intestine begin to turn red and swell, then erosions, ulcers, and hemorrhage may appear.
7. Increases ESR. leukocytes in the blood.
8. Disturbing tenzema, painful urge during defecation.
9. Sometimes there may be nausea and vomiting, a person suddenly loses weight.
Features of chronic spastic colitis
With this form, not only the mucous gut inflames, but also the muscular apparatus. At first, the intestines narrow, then shorten, polyps may subsequently develop.
After the coprologic examination, a pathogenic microflora is observed, a significant level of erythrocytes is increased. Disturb pain in the abdomen. With chronic colitis there is a belch, nausea, in the mouth there is a strong bitterness, a person weakens, loses appetite, is irritable, working capacity decreases.
The basic rules of treatment of spastic colitis
1. Keep a diary, write down all the foods that you eat, note how they affect the functioning of your digestive tract. Give up the sweet, especially harmful chocolate.
2. Use as little fat as possible, fried.
3. Whole milk can aggravate the symptoms of the disease, so only low-fat milk is allowed to drink.
4. Give up the fat cheese of fatty pork. also reduce in the diet of vegetable, butter, margarine, avocado.
5. In the diet should be as much fiber as possible, so include in your opinion beans, fruits, vegetables.
6. To get rid of the symptoms of spastic colitis, you need to eat foods often and in small amounts.
7. Do not be nervous, avoid stressful situations.
8. In the case of a febrile condition, if a large amount of blood is observed in the feces, a person loses weight sharply, severe pains in the abdominal region are disturbed, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor.
Medications for the treatment of spastic colitis
It is important to adhere to dietary nutrition. Sometimes for the treatment of spastic colitis it is necessary to use antibiotics. In that case if colitis. Often, the disease can be triggered by taking medications, in this situation you need to refuse to take them.
To get rid of the pain, remove the intestinal spasm, you need to use antispasmodic medications - No-shpa, Buskopan.
Take medication twice a day. To get rid of painful depressions, to remove intestinal spasm, to regulate intestinal musculature, it is possible with the help of the drug - Trimedat.
Symptomatic treatment is required. To get rid of diarrhea. It takes some time to take Loperamide. If, in addition to diarrhea, disturbs flatulence, bloated, you need to drink Smectu, activated charcoal and Espumizan. To empty the intestines, you need to use Dufalac.
Often spastic colitis accompanies dysbacteriosis, in this situation it is necessary to take probiotics. Effective treatment with Bifidumbacterin, Linex, Yogurt.
If you are concerned about constipation for a long time, it is necessary to take preparations based on bile - Enzistal, Panzinorm. If the disease, a long time of diarrhea, it is necessary to take enzymes - Mezim-Forte. Creon. Spastic colitis is a non-serious disease, if it is treated in time. The most commonly used symptomatic treatment, with which you can alleviate the condition of the patient. It is important for spastic colitis to adhere to dietary nutrition.
Sources: http://www.astromeridian.ru/medicina/spasticheskij_kolit_simptomy.html, http://okishechnike.com/kolit/spasticheskiy-kolit.html, http://medportal.su/spasticheskij-kolit-simptomy-i-lechenie/
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