Are brown pigment spots on the child's body dangerous?

Brown spots on the body of a child in most cases do not carry a threat, but require observation. They can be congenital or appear in the process of life. When they are detected, you should immediately consult a doctor to determine the cause of the onset. Do not panic ahead of time, but you need to remember that timely diagnosis can prevent most of the dangerous diseases.

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Content

  • 1Infant marks
  • 2The formations that appear in the process of life
  • 3In which cases should you be alerted and what should you do?

Infant marks

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The cause of the appearance of brown formations is the melanin substance, the excess of which is distributed unevenly over the skin.

This is expressed in the appearance of pigmented islets, which can be:

  1. Big, small, gigantic.
  2. Different color.
  3. Flat or rise above the surface of the skin.
  4. Congenital or acquired.

Most of these formations are benign, but the risk of transformation into cancer in these areas is quite large.

If the babe has brown formations on the skin, parents should familiarize themselves wi

th their varieties in order to dispel most of the fears.

All brown pigment spots in the child on the skin are divided into:

  1. Infant "coffee". Relate to the most secure. They can appear in the first days after birth on any part of the body. Color varies from beige to brown, the size and quantity can vary significantly. Their appearance is not a pathology, does not need treatment.
  2. "A kiss or a stork's bite." One in three babies are born with similar marks. They are located mainly on the occiput, and form in the womb of the mother. This happens in the middle or the end of the 3rd trimester, when the baby changes his position. Pelvic bones of the mother exert prolonged pressure on the nape of the fetus, which leads to the appearance of a simple drawing. Such pigmented spots in newborns have a pink or beige color and gradually become paler. There are no health problems. Most babies disappear on their own in 1 to 2 years, for a small part remain for life.
  3. «Mongoloid marks». Have a cyanotic or brownish shade and outwardly resemble a bruise or bruise. Their appearance is quite harmless. Often found in Africans, Japanese, Chinese, Pakistanis. In Russian children who have blood relatives (grandmothers, grandfathers and others) of the Mongoloid race, such "hematomas" may also appear and should not frighten parents.
Such pigmented formations are not prone to malignant course.

The formations that appear in the process of life

It often happens that the baby is born with absolutely clean skin, but eventually the parents begin to notice the appearance of pigmented areas, which can be single or multiple.

These include:

  • freckles. The reasons for their appearance to date are not exactly defined. It is believed that the basis of their formation is a hereditary predisposition. Such pigmentation spots appear in children more often after a year, but may even later, which is explained by hormonal changes in the body. Freckles can be light and dark. In the summer, they are brighter, to winter fade. More often localized on the face, less often on the back, arms, throughout the body. Doctors strongly do not recommend getting rid of them. Even minimal damage to the skin can trigger unpredictable reactions from the body;
  • birthmarks (nevi). There are such pigment spots on the face of a child or other part of the body. In most cases, not dangerous, but the wrong care and the impact of negative factors can trigger a degeneration into a separate type of skin cancer - melanoma. If the mole has a small size, does not change its shape, color, and so on, there's probably no reason to worry. Having noticed any changes, it is urgent to visit a doctor.
An experienced specialist will help to quickly determine why there are light or dark brown spots on the body of a child and how safe they are.

In which cases should you be alerted and what should you do?

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Immediately after birth, the doctor conducts a thorough examination of the newborn, so he will inform all parents about any suspicious moments.

The first few days of life the baby spends in the maternity home, where it is under the supervision of experienced pediatricians. Any changes will be tracked and recorded.

After discharge, parents are required to show the baby to the district pediatrician on a monthly basis, who assesses the skin condition during a routine examination.

After 12 months, the baby is examined less often, so all changes with his skin should be monitored by the parents.

It is necessary to visit a doctor if the pigmented focus begins:

  • grow;
  • itch;
  • to peel off;
  • to become wet;
  • fester;
  • change color, outlines;
  • to harden.
Categorically, it is not allowed to injure nevi and other types of spots. If this happens, you need to inform the doctor about it.

Parents whose children have different types of pigment accumulation specks, it is recommended not to let direct sunlight get on their surface. The aggressive impact of ultraviolet radiation can provoke the transformation of benign formation into cancer.

If the appearance of specks arouses fears of the doctor, he will prescribe an examination to exclude oncology.

For this, the baby will be given blood for:

  1. Clinical, biochemical analysis to assess the general condition of the body.
  2. Revealing of specific oncological proteins.

To study the structure of education and its localization, instrumental methods are used, such as:

  • X-ray;
  • MRI, CT;
  • Ultrasound;
  • dermoscopy.

Surgical treatment is prescribed according to the results of the examination.

Most often resort to removal:

  • laser;
  • by classical resection.

If the transformation does occur, large dark spots are excised and sent to a cytological and histological examination. They make it possible to determine whether tumor cells are present on tissue sections.

With the growth of metastases, the question is solved individually.

If the cancer was diagnosed in a timely manner and the brown spots on the skin of the child do not exceed 0. 5 cm, then doctors can try to get rid of them with a laser, so it is so important to monitor any early changes.

With the timely detection of a malignant tumor, there are great chances to protect the child from the deadly danger.

Pigmented spots on the body of the child appear by themselves and do not depend on the desire of the parents. If they arise, do not get upset, more than 90% of all formations are completely harmless. First of all, you need to show the baby to the doctor, so that he conducted a visual inspection. Most likely, there is no reason for panic. It is enough to periodically examine and feel the formation and report any changes to the pediatrician.

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