Symptoms, causes and treatment of depriving the face of a child
The emergence of various dermatological eruptions, one of which can be deprived on the face of a child, is not so rare. The reasons for its appearance can be very different, ranging from not washed after the streets of the hands and ending with serious malfunctions in the work of internal organs. Despite the fact that the main pathogens of lichen are viral and fungal pathogenic agents, there is also an allergic component of the disease..
- 1Specific features of rashes depending on species of lichen
- 2Factors of the origin of pathology
- 3Symptomatology of pathology
Specific features of rashes depending on species of lichen.
Often, parents discover that their child has specific spots on the face or neck. Elements of the rash may also appear on the chin or head. However, not many adults consult a pediatrician on this issue, considering the stain harmless and not dangerous.
It is worth noting that the focus of inflammation, formed on the face, can be caused by a certain type of lichen, having its own symptomato
Depending on this, the child can be diagnosed with one of the following:
- Ringworm. It is children who are most often affected by this type of pathology due to contact with a sick animal or human. Depending on the source of infection, microsporia or trichophytosis may develop. Active reproduction of fungal pathogens leads to the appearance of foci of inflammation on the scalp, face, as well as the neck and chin of the child.
- Red flat lichen. Its causative agent provokes the development of red tubercles on the skin of the face, as well as the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. The disease can lead to the appearance of sores.
- Shingles. A very dangerous form of the disease, entailing the defeat of nerve endings and the emergence of a strong focus of inflammation on the face and other areas of the body. Can lead to serious health problems.
Factors of the origin of pathology
Often, to identify the exact cause of the deprivation is not possible. This is due to a long incubation period of pathology, as well as untimely treatment of the pediatrician.
The main means of transmission of the pathogen are the contact and household way.
The contact method involves communication and playing the child with a sick animal or person. The household mode of transmission of infection is observed when using common objects, toys and utensils with an infected person.
However, a healthy children's organism is able to cope independently with pathogenic agents. Often the pathology is manifested in weakened children. That is why lowered immunity is one of the common causes of lichen development.
Also, the following factors can provoke an ailment:
- transferred viral and infectious diseases;
- stress and overfatigue of the child;
- the propensity of children to frequent ARI;
- an increase in the allergic reaction to the action of the pathogen;
- lack of vitamins;
- improper skin care of the face;
- increased sweating;
- malfunctions in the work of the nervous system (the presence of pathologies of a neurological nature);
- hereditary predisposition;
- chronic diseases.
Symptomatology of pathology.
The emergence of specific rashes, characteristic of lichen, is the main, but not the only sign of the disease in children. Elements of the rash can occur almost immediately after contact with the source of infection. However, most often a certain period of time (the incubation period) passes before the first inflamed areas appear on the face. It can vary from a few days to several weeks.
During the course of the disease, several main stages are distinguished, each of which is characterized by the appearance of certain signs:
- Initial stage. It is characterized by the appearance of weakness, a state of general malaise, increased fatigue and capriciousness of the child. Such symptoms may precede the onset of the first elements of the rash on the face. They can be confused with the influenza state. However, this stage may not be observed at all.
- The period of active rashes. It is characterized by the appearance of the first specific spots of different color and shape. A similar sign for many types of lichen is a noticeable peeling of affected areas of the skin, as well as a change in its pigmentation. If peeling is observed in the vast majority of cases, itching and pain sensations - in some cases. So, for example, these symptoms are characteristic of herpes zoster, while in pink or pityrias one can be completely absent.
- The stage of healing and recovery. After a period of active rash, the inflammatory process begins to decrease, and the elements of the rash heal and gradually pass. Flaking scales disappear, and in place of spots there is no trace. If the lesion covered the mucous membranes of the mouth, ulcers can form in the place of the inflammation focus. They are transformed into small erosion areas, gradually descending.
This course of the disease and its symptoms are typical of the typical form of lichen. In atypical cases, other signs of pathology may develop.
If a rash is found on the face, the child should observe his behavior and well-being, because the pathology can begin with a state of general weakness and even a rise in body temperature. Then it is recommended to seek the advice of a pediatrician..