Symptoms and treatment of the microsporia of the scalp

Microsporia of the scalp is a fairly common fungal disease. This ailment has another name - ringworm on the head.

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The child's organism is the most sensitive to ringworm, unlike adults. A characteristic feature is that in addition to the immune system of the adult man to the aggressive action of the fungus, when infected the body copes with the pathology without an outsider assistance. This phenomenon is due to the presence in the hair of an adult of a large number of organic acids that neutralize the pathological activity of the fungal infection.

Content

  • 1Symptomatology of the disease
  • 2Trichophytia
  • 3Treatment and prevention

Symptomatology of the disease

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Microsporia on the scalp is manifested in children due to their direct contact with the source of the disease, which in most cases are cats or dogs suffering from deprivation.

The clinical picture of the disease depends on the place of localization of the inflammation focus, and also on how deep the infection has penetrated the child's body. The children of the

age category from 2 to 4 years are most susceptible to an ailment.

The sites of the inflammatory process are mainly located in the following places:

  • region of temples;
  • area of ​​the crown;
  • top of the head.

In diameter, the lesion focus does not exceed 5 cm and has a round, well-defined shape. At the initial stage of mycosis skin peeling occurs, and a week later, fragility and fragility of the hair is noted, followed by breakdown of the hair.

At visual inspection, the skin in the lesion is slightly inflamed, which is manifested by swelling, flushing and the presence of scales of grayish hue. It should also be noted that in some cases, ringworm can be complicated by the attachment of a purulent infection as a result of improper treatment or neglect of the underlying disease. To avoid this situation, treatment should be started only after consultation with the doctor.

Trichophytia

Trichophytosis of the scalp is a fungal disease that affects the skin and hair. The cause of this disease is the mushroom trichophyton.

The source of the disease is an infected person, and the infection occurs by direct contact with him or his things.

In rural areas the following animals are considered carriers of trichophytosis:

  • mouse;
  • rats;
  • cattle.

When contacting infected animals, a person exposes himself to the danger of getting a fungal disease.

As a result, it can be noted that the appearance in the hair of inflamed patches up to 2 cm in diameter with a lack of clearly defined contours is a sign of trichophytosis of the scalp. Foci of pathology are covered with gray scales with puffiness and reddening of the adjacent skin areas. Hair due to loss of elasticity becomes brittle and breaks.

In the absence of treatment, the disease tends to spontaneously disappear during puberty (in boys).

Under certain circumstances, trichophytosis can go into a chronic form, which occurs if a person engaged in self-medication. Often caring mothers independently determine how and how to treat a child, as a result of which the disease does not completely disappear and can reappear, but already in adulthood. Most often the chronic form of this mycosis is manifested in women and affects not only the hair and scalp, but also other areas of the body. Another type of mycosis, which is also common, is dermatophytosis of the scalp.

Treatment and prevention

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Treatment of trichophytosis should be carried out in a complex manner. First of all, a specialist prescribes ointments with an antifungal effect.

The most effective are:

  1. Lamisyl.
  2. Mycospores.
  3. Exodermil.

In severe cases hormone-containing ointments are used to stop inflammation.

To select an effective treatment, it is necessary, first of all, to correctly identify the pathogen. To date, modern medicine has in its arsenal of a number of effective methods and methods for determining the variety of fungus.

In the case of microsporia, the patient is assigned Griseofulvin - an antibiotic that successfully suppresses the vital activity of pathogenic fungi. The average course of therapy is 45 days.

An important element of complex therapy is the observance of hygienic procedures in the form of shaving the hair (in average 2 times a week) followed by ointment with antifungal and anti-inflammatory action.

For the prevention of fungal mycosis, the following is necessary:

  1. Correct diagnosis of the source of the disease. It is extremely important to seek medical advice in a timely manner. It is inadmissible to engage in self-medication, as this can lead to undesirable consequences or lubricate the symptoms of the disease, which will complicate the diagnosis of pathology.
  2. Isolation of the patient. It is very important to do everything to minimize the contacts of the infected person with the surrounding people. Mycosis is a very contagious disease, so isolation is an important condition for preventing the spread of the disease.
  3. Therapy. Correct and timely treatment, appointed by a qualified specialist, will help a person to get rid of this uncomfortable disease in a short time.

Conducting regular and timely surveys in kindergartens and schools is another effective method of preventing mycosis.

If a disease is found, first of all, it is necessary to inspect the relatives, as well as all people who have had direct contact with the patient in recent times. Also, parents need to convey to the creation of their children something that can not be ironed and taken into the hands of street cats and dogs.

Children's institutions should conduct information work with employees in order to minimize the risk of the disease.

If the family has pets, it is recommended that a regular check-up with the veterinarian is carried out.

An important element is a balanced diet with the inclusion of foods that contain a lot of vitamins.

If you follow all of the above recommendations, the treatment of mycosis will be rapid and will not cause any particular inconvenience.

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