Types, causes and treatment of dry lichen

Skin diseases, one of which is dry lichen, in addition to the fact of irregularities in the body, look extremely unaesthetic, they bring physical discomfort to a person and reduce the quality of life. When there is a rash or unnatural stains on the body, it is difficult to understand their nature. It can be allergic, dermatitis or lichen. This article outlines the main varieties of lichens, the ways of infection, the need to consult a doctor and treatment.

.

Content

  • 1Lishay, their nature, causes of infection, classification
  • 2Symptoms and diagnosis of lichen
  • 3Treatment
    • 3.1Pink lichens
    • 3.2Ringworms
    • 3.3Flat red lichen
    • 3.4Disney-like lichen
    • 3.5Shingles

Lishay, their nature, causes of infection, classification

.

The causes of the loss of a person have not been studied enough to state with certainty about the conditions provoking the disease. During observations of patients, scientists create theories, replacing each other, about the mechanism of the development of the disease. Difficulties in determining the causes of the

disease affect the treatment. Sometimes rashes on the body are derived from the underlying disease: gastrointestinal diseases, diabetes, chronic infections in the body.

Lishai are conventionally divided into 2 groups:

  1. Wetting.
  2. Dry.

Eclamps include eczema.

Dry lichen is a skin disease that is characterized by the appearance of a milder rash, shallow and hard, perhaps a reddish shade or skin color, itching and thickening of the skin. All known lichens are classified into groups.

On the etiology:

  • fungal;
  • virus.

By appearance:

  1. Geophilny - is transmitted to a person as a result of contact with the earth.
  2. Anthropophilic - appears only in humans.
  3. Zooanthropilny - occurs in humans and animals.

Types of dry lichen:

  • pink;
  • red flat and its varieties;
  • girdling;
  • shearing;
  • otrubrious.
Therefore, it is almost impossible to independently determine whether the rash is deprived and to which group it belongs.

Symptoms and diagnosis of lichen

The reason for applying to a dermatologist is the appearance in the child or on his own body of signs of deprivation in the form:
  • discoloration of the skin;
  • rashes;
  • peeling;
  • itching itching.

To determine the main pathogens, in addition to visual inspection, a diagnostic examination of the dermatologist, consisting of scraping from the cavity of the hearth, is necessary. The material of the scraping is analyzed under a microscope. Often, in the sections, the filaments of the mycelium are visible, and on the surface of the hair there are numerous spores. Further for the complete identification of the causative agent, a part of the material is placed in a nutrient medium in which the pathogen grows and multiplies. After receiving all the results of the study, drugs are selected that can effectively resist the disease. Treatment of rashes is carried out by drug therapy with the addition of alternative methods.

In the case where the cause and symptoms of the disease are important to dermatologists, the patient is concerned about the possibility of infecting relatives and relatives and measures for preventing infection. If the lichen is a contagious type, then the patient must be isolated, observe the rules of household and personal hygiene, exclude visits to public places and entertainment centers.

Treatment

. The main thing in proper treatment is to determine the cause of the lesion and the type of deprivation. At home, the appearance of the rash can be checked with a quartz lamp. If the rashes are of a lichen character, then under the rays of the lamp in the dark room of the depriving area, they are highlighted by a reddish-yellow, greenish-blue, brown color. You can also check the success of the treatment after the course of therapy.

Pink lichens

The disease is contagious, viral, etiology is not fully understood. On the skin foci of lesions are formed in the form of round spots of pink color, in the center the color is paler, along the contours brighter and of different sizes. Near the main plaque appears a small pink rash, which causes a mild itching. It is more often seasonal and manifests itself in the spring or autumn with weakening of immunity, especially after the flu or ARVI, as well as from the infected contactor.

Outbreaks:

  • on the back;
  • On the sides;
  • on the abdomen;
  • on the chest.
The disease does not need special treatment, disappears after, -2 months.

With the purpose of removing scabies prescribed drugs:

  1. Antihistamines.
  2. Immunomodulators.
  3. Vitamin complexes for raising immunity.

Ringworms

The most common type of infection that is caused by fungi. Infection is contagious and passes from an infected person to another person when the elementary rules of personal and household hygiene are not respected. Often the cause of infection are animals, both domesticated and stray. In humans, a disease derived from an animal proceeds in a more severe form. In general, fungi are parasitic in the hairline of the human body. If in the morning on the pillow you can see the hair, then you need to be alert, examine the scalp for the appearance of spots, pink in color with characteristic scales in the center and broken at the root of the hairs. Since the fungus parasitizes in the hair, infection can be expected to spread to any part of the body.

Before drug therapy it is necessary to diagnose a fungus, since it has 2 types:

  1. Microsporium.
  2. Trichophyton.

Accordingly, a specific type of treatment is prescribed, consisting of the selection of drugs:

  1. Itraconazole.
  2. Griseofulvin.
  3. Ketoconazole.
In the period of recovery it is necessary to isolate the patient, up to hospitalization in case of severe illness.

Flat red lichen

With weakened immunity in people prone to allergies or stress, may develop a red deer - a disease that supposedly has a viral etiology, but not contagious.

Throughout the body appear rashes in the form of flat red, purple nodules that cause severe itching and have different forms:

  • warty;
  • ring-shaped;
  • erosive and ulcerative;
  • erythematous.

Treatment is conducted by courses consisting of taking antihistamines, immunomodulators, vitamin complexes, corticosteroid ointments. Physiotherapy is prescribed.

Disney-like lichen

On the skin of a person there is a different flora, among which are yeast-like fungi. They expect favorable conditions for reproduction, i.e. failures, imbalances in the body. And if the failure occurs, then the immunity does not cope with a large flow of infection. Fungi penetrate the body, causing damage to the horny layer of epidermal cells by its activity. The accumulation of affected cells forms foci of different size, shape, and color. The disease spreads across the trunk, covering the abdomen, shoulders, chest. It is not contagious, but it is cured for a long time. To identify the factors that gave impetus to the development of the disease, the patient must undergo a comprehensive examination. If the problem is found, then efforts should be focused on curing the underlying pathology.
This contributes to the fact that the lichen will pass spontaneously.

Treatment consists in the use of funds, such as:

  1. Antifungal ointment and gel.
  2. Antimycotics.
  3. Medicines triazole series.
  4. Derivatives imidazole: ectonazole, Sertaconazole, Bifonazole.
  5. Special hygiene products, which include selenium sulphide, for example, Sulsen's shampoo.
  6. Oral preparations.

Shingles

The disease is contagious, caused by the viruses of the group of herpesviruses of chicken pox.

Foci of lesion are usually found in the rib area, causing severe itching and pain. Bubbles appear, filled with a colorless liquid. A few days later they burst and cover with a crust, but recovery occurs within 2-4 weeks. And all this time the patient can experience pain, because the herpes virus affects the nerve endings. The pain subsides when the affected nerve cells are completely restored. Although there are no drugs with 100% effect from viral infections, the patient needs adequate medication to avoid secondary complications.

Treatment consists of the selection of a complex of antiviral drugs, analgesic action, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, corticosteroids.

Conclusions: although the Internet is full of various tips, how quickly to cure one or the other depriving, the right diagnosis and treatment can be prescribed only by a qualified doctor. Home cure is fraught with serious complications.

.

Recommended reading: