How to treat different types of hair loss
Diarrhea on the head... For most, even one name is extremely unpleasant, what can we say about the disease itself. First of all serious discomfort is caused by skin lesions, accompanied by severe itching, burning and, of course, psychoemotional disorders! To know how to treat lichen on the head, you need to understand what kinds of it are, what symptoms are accompanied by each of them, the ways of infection and methods of fighting the disease. There are several basic forms of pathology that can lead to damage to the scalp..
It is believed that inflammatory diseases of the scalp of the fungal nature affect only those people who do not observe the basic rules of hygiene. Unfortunately, this does not always correspond to reality.
- 2Ringworm: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, therapy
- 3Pink deprive: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, therapy
- 4Shingles (asbestos)
Therapy largely depends on the cause that caused the disease.
Depending on the factors that led to the defeat of the sk
- Multicolored lichen. This pathology is diagnosed in people infected with fungus Malassezia.
- Shingles asbestos. It occurs very rarely.
- Pink lichen. Refers to the easiest forms of pathology. Called either a fungal infection, or an allergy of the body to an external stimulus.
- Ringworm. One of the most contagious. A person is transferred from a sick animal (dogs or cats).
- Simple lichen. It is accompanied by the appearance on the skin of the pale spots due to the fungus, which prevents the action of ultraviolet.
Most often the scalp affects the ringworm, resulting in hair loss. Relatively rare species of lichen on the head - pink and shingles. The former occurs primarily in countries with a hot climate, while the latter develops against a background of persistent disturbances protective functions of the body, usually after a severe illness (a severe cold, surgery, injury).
Ringworm: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, therapyThe only way to get infected with this disease is by contact. A man can catch a fungus from a sick animal or another individual. Ringworm of the scalp is often diagnosed in children who have come in contact with diseased cats or dogs. Increase the risk of infection with certain factors, for example, mechanical damage to the skin. Reduced immunity also contributes to the development of fungal infection.
An infected family member poses a real danger to relatives. To protect against infection, special attention should be paid to personal hygiene and the careful handling of the sick person. It is necessary to allocate for him a separate dish and other household items.
Diagnosis of depriving on the head is carried out according to specific symptoms. The most common of these is hair loss in one or more places. Over time, the skin in this area begins to peel off.
Hair loss becomes noticeable. Subsequently, the affected area turns red, small vesicles can form. Dimensions of deprivation are different. First, the spots are small, but without adequate treatment can grow significantly. Often a person experiences severe itching. Combing the affected area, you can enter a bacterial infection, exacerbating the course of the disease.
Of great importance is the differentiated methods of diagnosis, which make it possible to distinguish between lichen skin lesions and other pathologies. Visual inspection is performed by a dermatologist, who usually takes the scrapings from the affected area for analysis. In this study, the skin scales are examined under a microscope to reveal fungal spores and accurately identify the pathogen. Depending on the infectious agent, treatment is selected.How to cure deprive? With ringworm on the head, treatment should be comprehensive.
From medicines apply:
- etiotropic medicines;
- drugs that stimulate the immune system;
- antifungal agents.
It is very important to begin treatment at an early stage, until the focus has spread to other parts of the body.
Internal reception of medicines is combined with local therapy, which is reduced to the use of special antifungal substances, produced in the form of ointments or creams. They are applied to the affected places with light massaging movements, applications can be used. Hair on the head during the period of treatment is best shaved.
High efficiency is also possessed by antifungal shower gels. If systemic lesions are observed, and the disease itself is severe, the internal administration of antimicrobial drugs is combined with immunocorrecting therapy.
The duration of such treatment is determined by the doctor individually for each patient. On average, the therapeutic course lasts about 2-3 weeks. It is not recommended to resort to traditional medicine, otherwise the disease can go to a neglected state. Throughout the treatment period, periodic studies are conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the selected drugs.
Pink deprive: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, therapy. The disease can be infectious or allergic in nature. In the first case, they can get infected by contact with an already ill person. There is a high risk of catching a fungus when using personal things of the patient. The rapid spread of infection occurs against the background of a decrease in the body's defenses.
When the allergic nature of the disease spots on the skin appear as a reaction of the body to any stimulus. In this case, the sick person poses no danger to others.
The most prone to pathology:
- persons with reduced immunity;
- patients with serious metabolic disorders;
- people of old age.
The first thing that attention is paid to when making a diagnosis is the presence of small round spots of pink color. Over time, there is an expansion of the affected areas, they begin to itch and flake off. Most often the skin on the abdomen and hands suffers, but the fungus can develop on the head. The main difference from ringworm is that pink spots have clear boundaries and never connect with each other in one hearth.
Occasionally, the patient feels a general malaise, in some cases, subfebrile body temperature with an increase in the vicinity of the affected area of lymph nodes.When examining a patient, the doctor should first of all exclude parapsoriasis and syphilis having similar symptoms, and determine whether the hair grows on the affected area. A biopsy of the skin and the delivery of serological tests (Wasserman's reaction) are prescribed. Based on the analysis received, the question of the need for treatment is decided.
As a rule, no specific treatment for pink deprive is required, after several weeks the disease itself passes. In some cases, antihistamines are prescribed to eliminate itching. In the long course of the disease, immunostimulatory therapy may be prescribed. To accelerate the recovery of the patient is recommended to take vitamins and re-evaluate their diet.
From the menu it is necessary to exclude sharp and salty foods, sweet. It will be necessary to limit the intake of citrus fruits and nuts. In no case can not comb the pink spots, otherwise the scratches can bring a bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the skin and greatly complicates the treatment.
Shingles (asbestos)It occurs extremely rarely, leads to the gluing of hair and gradual loss. The exact cause of the disease is unknown. Diagnosed most often in children or adolescents.
Foci in this type of deprivation are mainly located on the forehead or crown, have no clear boundaries, resemble shapeless spots. The skin is inflamed and swollen. Horny skin particles cover the hair, forming a colorless film. Follicles cease to be normally supplied with blood, inflamed. The patient feels constant itching.
To properly diagnose asbestosal lisha in humans, a comprehensive examination is prescribed. It is necessary to exclude the presence of eczema, seborrhea or psoriasis.
The following specialists should observe the patient:
Be sure to do a skin biopsy. Exfoliate particles are checked for fungi.
Treatment of deprivation on the head is carried out mainly with restorative medications to eliminate unpleasant symptoms. As a local remedy, salicylic or sulfur-tar ointment is used.
The product is applied to the scalp, previously cleaned from the scaly particles. To wash off the ointment, a usual washing gel can be used. Doctors still do not know exactly how to treat lichen of this type, it calms only that even without therapy, it eventually passes by itself. The course of this disease, as a rule, is long, so the patient should be patient.
PreventionThe basic rules of protection against infection are deprived somehow connected with observance of elementary rules of personal hygiene. Children should be protected from contact with homeless animals, accustomed to regular washing of hands after walking.
Adults should limit the use of detergents with chemicals. Wash your head with shampoos, which contain natural ingredients. It should also reduce the use of various cosmetics, especially if there is a danger of developing allergic reactions.
For the prevention of herpes zoster it is necessary to monitor the state of the body's immune system and need to take fortifying drugs or interferons and other specific drugs for appointment of a doctor. If the house has pets, you should regularly show them to a veterinarian for an appropriate check for infectious diseases. It is not recommended to wash the dog or cat in the bathroom. To do this, it is better to store a separate container or carry out this procedure on the nearest pond. In the apartment you need to carry out as often as possible a wet cleaning with the use of disinfectants. Of great importance is the daily airing of the premises..