Monocytes in women and men
The study of the number of monocytes is included in the result of the general blood test, its competent decoding will help to make a preliminary assessment of the patient's health status. In this article we will look at what monocytes are, the norm in men and women, for what functions these cells are responsible in the blood and what are the reasons, why the monocytes are elevated in the blood of a woman.
- Norm in women and men
- Increase in monocytes in the blood
Monocytes are the largest and most active blood cells in the leukocyte group. They protect the body from infections, viruses, fungi and other extraneous bacteria.
Ripening in the bone marrow, monocytes first enter the circulatory system. Here their most active period flows: they purify the blood, circulating with it throughout the body. Then monocytes move into the tissues of the body and transform their form, turning into macrophages, their functions and tasks, however, do not change.
Monocytes instantly move to the site of inflammation or infection, distinguish their cells from others and destroy the bacteria.to contents ↑
Norm in women and men
A distinction is made between absolute and relative.
Relative is expressed as a percentage and describes how many monocytes are contained in the blood, if the total number of leukocytes is taken as 100%.Monocytes, despite being large formations, are few. The relative rate of monocytes in the blood of women and men is 3-10%.Over 10% monocytosis is observed - the excess of monocytes.
Most often, the relative indicator is used for diagnosis. But absolute monocytes also play an important role in health assessment. For example, if the level of other leukocytes is disturbed, the relative indicator may show overestimated or underestimated false results.
Absolute indicator is expressed in the number of cells per liter of blood. For monocytes in the blood rate in men and women is the same: 8 * 107 per liter.
Monocytes in men and women do not depend on age, if we are talking about an adult person over 16 years of age. But in children, the figures jump from birth to adulthood.to contents ↑
Monocyte elevation in the blood
Monocyte elevation( monocytosis) is only a symptom of the disease. As a rule, the patient has already been warned about the presence of abnormalities in his body on other grounds, and elevated monocytes only confirm the diagnosis.
The increased content of monocytes in the blood of women is due to the fact that the body sent a signal to the immune system about the harmful process, the immunity responds to this by increasing the number of protective cells - leukocytes, in particular monocytes, since their effectiveness is highest.
- Viral, fungal, infectious disease
If monocytes in the blood are elevated in a woman, in most cases this indicates an infection of the body with harmful bacteria. It is necessary to examine the lymph nodes, tonsils, to confirm or deny SARS and ARI.In addition to simple seasonal colds, this group of diseases that cause elevated monocytes in the blood of women also includes:
- Infective endocarditis, tuberculosis, syphilis, candidiasis, brucellosis, mumps, rickettsiosis, etc.
The appearance of a tumor is also perceived as an organism and the like., to which the bone marrow instantly react, increasing the production of monocytes.
- Autoimmune Diseases
This is a class of diseases in which the body itself is perceived as dangerous and removed by the immune system. At the same time, monocytes play the role of weapons of their own tissues. These diseases are very dangerous, and it has not yet been precisely established what causes such a failure in the immune system. The autoimmune diseases that cause the increased monocytes in the blood of women include:
- Lupus erythematosus, Rheumatoid arthritis, periarteritis nodosa, etc.
- Circulatory system diseases
Many changes in the composition of the blood provoke additional production of monocytes. They are:
- Lymphogranulomatosis, myeloma, acute leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, thrombocytopenic purpura, etc.
- Other causes of
Surgical interventions( especially “for the female part”), as well as the postoperative period, removal of the spleen, appendix, chemical poisoning, taking a number of drugs, and others may affect the increase in monocyte numbers.
Even monocytes are elevated in women, recently one of the diseases listed above. The fact is that in order to normalize the level of monocytes, time must pass. In this case, you must pass a second blood test after 1-2 weeks.
It is especially important to follow the blood test of the future mother, because a deviation from the norm can affect the health of the pregnant woman, the complexity of the flow of labor, as well as the health of the baby and the presence of pathologies in the future.
Do not forget to regularly undergo examination and take a complete blood count.
Leave comments and assessments of the article, as well as ask your questions about monocytes and monocytosis.
God bless you!