Causes of hematocrit reduction

The hematocrit value in a clinical blood test means the percentage ratio of blood cells to plasma. Erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets belong to the form components. Patients with low hematocrit must undergo additional tests to determine the cause of this phenomenon. People, even with a slight deviation of the indicator, should be careful about their health, and often donate blood for analysis to see the dynamics. Hematocrit is lowered, which means what to do, and how best to normalize the blood condition, let's talk today.

Table of contents:
  • Causes when blood hematocrit is lowered
  • Low hematocrit in a child
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Causes when blood hematocrit is lowered

Before talking about reducing the level, you need to know the standard values ​​of the indicator based on gender and age of the patient. The hematocrit rate for a newborn baby is from 42 to 62%, for children up to one year old - 36–44%;for children from one year to 10 years old - 37-44%, for an adult woman over 18

years old there is a regulatory limit - from 30 to 46%, for an adult healthy man, the rate can vary from 42 to 52%.

A low hematocrit in the blood is sometimes found in a person if he has spent a long time in highlands or has been submerged for a long time. It is also not considered a pathology, if a slightly lower hematocrit is detected during pregnancy, this condition is associated with an increase in total blood volume, as a rule, in future moms, the index is between 30 and 34%.However, if low hemoglobin and hematocrit are present together, the pregnant woman feels bad and feels unwell, then most likely it is anemia, and this condition is quite dangerous for the woman and the future baby, because both bodies receive insufficient amount of oxygen. If the hematocrit is lowered during pregnancy, the indicator should definitely return to normal after the birth of the child, unless of course the mother did not suffer from the advanced stage of anemia.

Anemia( or anemia) occurs not only in women in the situation. This is the most common reason why the hematocrit hct is lowered in the blood test. But, there are still some pathological and physiological factors affecting the state of the blood, and the number of cellular components, such as:

  • delayed formation of red blood cells or their early destruction;
  • blood thinning due to hyperhydration;
  • heart or kidney disease;
  • large blood loss due to internal bleeding, or injuries;
  • fasting or malnutrition;
  • in a supine position.
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Low hematocrit in a child

Children should be given a blood test periodically, it is extremely important to track the health status of babies and to early diagnose abnormalities.

A child’s blood hematocrit is considered to be lowered if the level drops to 20–25%, and this condition may signal some malfunctions in the body:

  • impaired red blood cell production in the bone marrow;
  • increased blood volume( too thin blood);
  • anemia;
  • acute bleeding;
  • hyperproteinemia( increased concentration of proteins in the blood).

It is important to know that one indicator cannot carry complete information about the state of health and talk about any problems. For a full conclusion, it is necessary to conduct a thorough study, as well as assess the level of hemoglobin in the blood of a child.

If the hematocrit number shows low values ​​due to the development of anemia in a child, then first of all, you should pay attention to his diet. The daily menu should be structured in such a way that food must contain iron-rich foods - apples, nuts, liver, meat, eggs, etc.normalize the nursing mom. If the situation does not improve, then special medicines and vitamins with a high content of iron and other necessary enzymes may be prescribed at the discretion of the doctor.

There is a situation when hematocrit and hemoglobin are lowered in a child as a result of a sudden spurt of development and growth. In this case, the body simply did not have time to adapt to the formation of an appropriate amount of iron.

Be that as it may, one should not panic if the doctor finds a decrease in one or another level in the blood. This information is not a definitive diagnosis and does not indicate any disturbance in the body. After studies and examinations, the doctor will find out the reason for the decrease in the indicator and individually prescribe special medications or recommend funds to restore the normal state of the blood.

Be healthy, listen to your body and trust the doctors!