How to treat an intestinal disorder in an adult
How to treat an intestinal disorder
Among the adult population, approximately 20% of people are subjected to intestinal disorders. In a special group of people, people with a breach of intestinal microflora and dysbacteriosis.
How and what to treat an intestinal disorder at home?
An intestinal disorder occurs when there is a violation of such organ functions as peristalsis, the process of digesting food and the production of intestinal juice. In this regard, the question of how to treat an intestinal disorder is solved individually, depending on which functions are violated. Very often manifestations of such intestinal disorders are caused by inflammatory diseases in the intestines, dysbiosis and even changes in the alkaline environment in the organ. To contribute to the rapid development of intestinal disorders, the following factors affecting the digestive tract may be combined together or separately:
- Incorrect diet (snacks on the go, abuse of spicy and fatty foods);
- Prolonged fasting;
- Sharp change of character of a food, the use of exotic products;
- Smoking and alcohol;
- Infections and diseases of the digestive tract (gastritis, ulcer and increased gastric acidity);
- Prolonged use of antibiotics, NSAIDs or estrogens;
- Hormonal shift (menstrual cycle in women);
- Food allergy.
It is important to remember that in the course of the course of intestinal disorders, toxins are formed that adversely affect the work of other organs and systems. That is why to ask the question, what to treat the disorder of the intestine, the doctor should be as soon as possible.
Depending on which of the bowel functions is impaired, patients may experience various symptoms. However, in any case, the disease will not go unnoticed: intestinal disorders, as a rule, are very painful. Among the possible manifestations of this disease can occur:
- Pain in the upper abdomen, worse after eating or under stress;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Sour eructation;
- A feeling of fullness of the stomach;
- Constipation or diarrhea;
- Rumbling in the abdomen;
- Presence of mucus in feces;
- False urge to defecate.
Distinctive features of intestinal disorders are morning pain in the abdomen, and in some cases, increased gas formation after awakening.
How do doctors treat intestinal distress? It is worth noting that the treatment of this disease is aimed not so much at eliminating symptoms as on restoring the functions of the digestive tract. If this item is successfully completed, then the pain will disappear. Therapeutic therapy itself is based, first of all, on the correction of a patient's lifestyle and the observance of a balanced diet. Drug treatment is performed only in severe cases, when patients have signs of dehydration or prolonged diarrhea. To normalize the chair, either purgative preparations (with constipation) or antidiarrheal drugs (imodium, smect and analogs) are prescribed.
Diet in intestinal disorders
The menu of therapeutic nutrition is developed by the doctor taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient and the clinical picture of the disease. How to treat an intestinal disorder with a diet? As a rule, with diarrhea, doctors are advised to include in the diet different cereals, jelly, boiled or baked vegetables. In case of constipation, more products with vegetable fibers should be added to the menu - vegetables and fruits, whole grains, vegetable oils.
Fatty, sharp and salty dishes, confectionery and flour products, carbonated drinks and alcohol are mandatory. Also it is necessary to take care of a plentiful drink, which will prevent the appearance of dehydration. In addition to drinking and mineral water, you can also drink a weak tea and jelly in an intestinal disorder. A useful tool in treating the disease is a decoction of flax seeds. It gently envelops the intestinal mucosa, improves digestion and reduces inflammation. In addition, this remedy is absolutely natural and has no side effects.
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How to treat diarrhea
Diarrhea is the reaction of the body to the use of stale, poor-quality or difficult-to-digest products. When there is an intestinal disorder, what to treat is the main question. There are three important components - diet, medication and folk remedies. Let's talk about them in more detail.
Nutrition for diarrhea
The main mistake of people who are struggling with intestinal disorders is the removal of symptoms, while it is necessary to treat diarrhea.
Taking a medication will not help to fill the deficiency of useful microelements and vitamins, which were lost by the body. That is why it is so important to choose the right foods for diarrhea.
Exclude from the diet:
- fatty and spicy food;
- black bread;
- fresh vegetables and fruits.
- low-fat broths (vegetable, fish);
- unsweetened tea with lemon;
- dishes cooked on steam (omelette, meatballs);
- boiled rice;
- liquid porridge on the water;
- crackers, dry biscuits;
- White bread;
- boiled eggs;
With bowel disorder, it is important to fight dehydration in a timely manner. The more frequent and abundant the stool, the more liquid should be drunk. The danger is that with water deficiencies in the body, the blood becomes dense and there is a risk of blood clots. Drink more tea, herbal infusions, jelly, compotes of dried fruits.
Treatment of intestinal disorders with medications
Coping with diarrhea is helped by medicines containing adsorbents (Imodium, Smecta). These drugs are recommended for adults and children, they do not carry dangerous side effects and do not lead to constipation. Also popular are "Ftalazol "Furazolidon "Levomycetin".
Drug medications are an emergency aid for diarrhea, but you need to be careful with them, as regular consumption of "chemistry" can lead to constipation.
If diarrhea does not stop within 2-3 days, do not self-medicate, you need to contact a specialist.
Treatment of intestinal disorders with folk remedies
Folk recipes are an effective way to cope with an intestinal disorder. There are a lot of options, we will give the most popular ones.
Folk recipes to combat diarrhea:
- bark of oak (1 hour. l. dry powder from the bark for 1 liter of boiling water insist 6-7 hours, drink 3-4 times a day before meals);
- tea from cones of alder (2 tbsp. l. chopped cones brewed with boiling water and drink, instead of tea, ½ cup before meals);
- starch (2 tbsp. l. for 1 cup of boiling water);
- decoction of bird cherry (cherry berries are filled with boiling water, cook for 7-8 minutes, take 3 times a day);
Folk remedies make sense, if diarrhea is a result of poisoning or allergies, in more serious cases you should consult a doctor.
Disorder of the intestines: treatment at home
Disorder of the intestine is one of the most common diseases of our time. Treatment of his mild cases can be done at home. True, it often manifests itself as a symptom of infectious or viral diseases. In this case, you can not do without special antibacterial drugs. It is not recommended to use antibiotics, as they are one of the reasons for the appearance of an intestinal disorder.
What else can this disease arise from? Most often this is a low-quality food, overeating, smoking, drinking alcohol and some medicinespreparations. An intestinal disorder can still appear from a sedentary lifestyle, stress, as a complication after a disease or from intestinal infections.
This disease, otherwise called dysbiosis, occurs even in young children. It is manifested by bloating, flatulence, pain, nausea and vomiting. But the most basic symptom of it is diarrhea or constipation, or alternating between them. Most often it is with diarrhea that they say that the patient has an intestinal disorder. It is advisable to begin treatment as early as possible.
The main danger of diarrhea is dehydration. Therefore, the use of a large amount of liquid, better than herbal decoctions, is necessary for intestinal disorders. Medications that only relieve the symptoms of diarrhea, such as Lediumum or Smecta, can be used, but they are not the primary means of treating it. To remove pathogenic microorganisms from the intestine, use any adsorbents. For example, activated charcoal, medicines Enterosgel, Polysorb, Polipehan and others.
It is important not only to remove diarrhea, but also to establish a normal microflora in the intestine. For this, there are many drugs that normalize the balance of intestinal microorganisms. If the disease is mild and without fever, then you can be treated at home. But be sure to drink a course of any of these medicines: Lineks, Hilak Forte, Bifiform, Bifidumbacterin.
In many people, amid disordered eating, there is often a disorder of the intestine. Treatment in such cases basically consists in observance of the strict diet excluding canned products, smoked products, salting, confectionery and food containing flavorings and flavor enhancers. With diarrhea, it is helpful to eat rice porridge on water, steam cutlets, biscuits. Of the drinks are especially recommended jelly, a decoction of blueberries or strong tea.
In many infectious diseases, one of the symptoms is also an intestinal disorder. Treatment in this case appoints a doctor, and it depends on the type of pathogen. Most often these drugs are Ftalazol, Levomycitin or Biseptol. But in this case, adsorptive and antidiarrhoeal medicines, as well as drugs normalizing the intestinal microflora, must be prescribed.
Than to treat a frustration of an intestine still? Of the folk remedies, the most well-known are decoctions of herbs: oak bark, buckthorn, chamomile or marigold, root of ayr, blueberries or bird cherry. Diarrhea well treats the decoction of septa walnut or dried shells of chicken stomachs. And with meteorism it helps to boil cumin or dill seed.
Sources: http://terapevtplus.ru/gastroenterologiya/kak-lechit-rasstrojstvo-kishechnika/, http://medoption.ru/ru/265-than-to-treat-bowel-disorders.html, http://fb.ru/article/122992/rasstroystvo-kishechnika-lechenie-v-domashnih-usloviyah
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