Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome at home
How to treat irritable bowel syndrome?
A widespread functional disorder of the digestive system is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) - a disease with a multifactorial etiology, which is based on the interaction of psychosocial effects and motor disorders and visceral sensitivity of the intestine. The program for the treatment of this ailment provides for a comprehensive approach, including the use of medications and non-drug therapies.
Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome involves changing the diet of the patient. From the menu, caffeine, lactose, fructose, artificial sweeteners, pepper, vinegar, alcohol, smoked products are excluded. Depending on the prevailing symptoms, restrictions are imposed on the intake of certain foods that cause or intensify the symptoms of the disease:
- in the course of the disease, with predominance of pain and flatulence, the patient's diet should exclude milk and sour-milk products, cabbage, legumes, pickled products, carbonated drinks;
- patients with dominant constipation at
- if the syndrome is accompanied by diarrhea, you should limit the intake of plant foods, legumes, garlic, bran.
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome should be careful about taking food supplements - many of them contain laxative drugs that change the character of the stool. In general, from the diet should be excluded products, after the reception of which there is discomfort and pain.
In the absence of a clearly established cause of the disease, pharmacotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome is aimed at neutralizing or weakening its symptoms. The choice of medication is mainly based on the prevailing symptom.
- With pain and increased gas production, anticholinergic drugs (hyoscine butyl bromide) are prescribed, leading to muscle relaxation, myotropic antispasmodics (drotaverin, papaverine, mebeverin, otilonium bromide, pinoverima bromide), providing relief of spasm, relief of pain and diminution of expression flatulence. When relief of acute abdominal pain is possible, parenteral administration of antispasmodic agents (platifillin), but it is first necessary to exclude the symptomatic complex of the "acute abdomen which requires an emergency hospitalization.
- When the disease occurs with diarrhea, it is possible to prescribe adsorbents (dymectite, calcium carbonate, activated carbon) or their combination with antispasmodics (otilonium bromide, pinoverum bromide) with a combination of diarrhea and abdominal pain. Effective antidiarrheal drugs are loperamide and diphenoxylate, which slow the intestinal peristalsis.
- With constipation (in the case of ineffectiveness of plant diets) resort to laxative preparations of osmotic actions (lactulose, macrogol, polyethylene glycol, magnesia milk), which retard the fluid in the intestine. Softening of stool and facilitating their passage through the intestines is facilitated by laxative oils (vaseline, almond). With prolonged constipation, prokinetics (metoclopramide, domperidone) are used to increase peristalsis of the intestine.
How to cure irritable bowel syndrome with traditional medicine?
Medicamentous therapy of IBS can be combined with treatment with folk remedies, after consulting with a doctor. As a preventive agent for constipation, freshly squeezed aloe juice is useful, which must be taken daily. Anthranoids contained in the juice of this plant have a stimulating effect on the submucosal nerve plexus and smooth muscles of the intestine, normalizing the motor and secretory functions.
In case of an irregular stool, a gruel from the plantain seeds helps: 1 tablespoon of dry seeds pour a glass of hot water and insist for 30 minutes. Soluble dietary fiber contained in the seeds of plantain, contribute to the normalization of the frequency and consistency of the stool. Relieve the condition with constipation helps infusion of linseed common (2 tablespoons of herbs pour a glass of boiling water and insist 2 hours), which should be taken 1-2 tablespoons up to 5 times in day.
To reduce pain, accompanied by flatulence, it is recommended to take peppermint (fresh or in the form of infusion: 1 teaspoon of raw material per cup of boiling water). Normalize digestion and relieve spasms in the abdomen helps tincture of seeds and herbs of dill (1 a tablespoon of raw material pour 1 cup of boiling water and insist 2 hours), which is taken for ½ cup before eating. A similar effect is possessed by cinnamon and ginger, which in crushed form can be added to various dishes.
With diarrhea it is useful to take an infusion of a mixture of wormwood bitter, shoots of the horsetail and grass yarrow. For its preparation it is necessary to take herbs in the ratio 1 and pour a glass of boiling water. Infuse 1-2 hours, take ½ cup while eating. To get rid of diarrhea helps massage the lower abdomen and waist regions with a mixture of essential oils: tea tree, peppermint, geranium, grape, almond, taken in equal proportions.
Psychotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome
Psycho-emotional disorders can aggravate the symptoms of the disease, so an important link in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome is the correction of psycho-vegetative disorders. The tactics of such treatment are chosen with the participation of a psychotherapist, who prescribes therapeutic procedures that help patient adequately respond to stress factors and reduce pain caused by the mental state patient. Within the framework of psychotherapy, patients are prescribed antidepressant medications that reduce visceral hypersensitivity of the gastrointestinal tract and relieve depressive symptoms.
Irritable Bowels Syndrome Treatment with Folk Remedies
Methods for treating irritable bowel syndrome
Some people are so used to the constant or periodic problems with digestion and discomfort associated with them that they often prefer to simply experience such moments. In fact, there are many ways to alleviate irritable bowel syndrome with folk remedies.
This disease belongs to the most common group in the world. It is believed that one way or another, his unpleasant symptoms are familiar to 15-20% of the adult population of the Earth.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is not an independent disease. Speaking of him, experts imply rather a set of unpleasant symptoms associated with a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract.
This syndrome is unusual in that during the medical examination of patients no organic or morphological disturbances in the digestive organs are detected.
The main symptoms of IBS are:
- irritation and abdominal pain;
- discomfort after eating;
- bloating - flatulence;
- a disorder of the intestine (diarrhea or constipation);
- change the consistency and shape of the stool.
- chronic fatigue;
- sexual disorders;
- phobias and panic attacks.
The reasons for this state have not been elucidated. However, scientists call a number of provoking factors, against which there may be irritable bowel syndrome or worsen its symptoms.
What provokes SRK:
- weakened immunity;
- inaccuracies in nutrition;
- quality of products;
- intolerance of some food components (fructose, lactose);
- Inadequate intake of plant foods with coarse fibers.
It is important to understand that to confirm intestinal irritation syndrome and treatment, the patient should be carefully examined. This will not miss more serious diseases that manifest similar symptoms.
If the diagnosis is established, then the treatment tactic involves eliminating the symptoms that bother the patient. For this, both traditional and folk remedies are used.
Thus, with meteorism, antispasmodics are prescribed. When expressed, diarrhea or constipation - antidiarrheal or laxative drugs.
Significantly weaken the manifestations of irritation of the intestines will help treatment with probiotics, normalizing the microflora.
People with irritable bowel syndrome should pay special attention to diet, establish a drinking regimen.
Doctors recommend limiting the consumption of gas-producing products, exclude fatty, spicy, sweet food. It is necessary to increase the amount of fiber in the diet.
Traditional healers suggest using phytopreparations and folk remedies to alleviate the symptoms.
Cinnamon, ginger and mint are recommended for the treatment of discomfort and irritation in the intestines. As antidiarrhoeal agents, oils are used: tea tree, geranium, mint, almond. Solve the problem with constipation will help: aloe juice, Senna, prunes.
With the syndrome of irritation of the intestine, you can lead an absolutely full-fledged way of life, adjusting the correct diet, avoiding stress, using medicines and folk remedies competently.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome # 8212; general information
The peak of the incidence of irritable bowel syndrome occurs in young, able-bodied age - 30-40 years. In women, this disease is observed more often than in men in 2 times. The inhabitants of the village, engaged in manual labor and fully fed on natural plant food, irritable bowel syndrome is much less common than urban residents. Among the townspeople are sick living in large cities-megacities, capitals.
In the development of this disease, the role of psychoemotional disorder is possible. In the period preceding the manifestation of the symptoms of the disease, 32 to 44 percent of the patients experienced a stressful situation: physical abuse, loss of a loved one, sexual harassment or divorce. People prone to panic or depression are more disposed to this disease.
At the heart of the disease is a violation of the motor function of the intestine. When eating or responding to a stressful situation, the motor activity of the colon muscles rises more than necessary. This is the main cause of abdominal pain. Postponed intestinal infection, physical trauma can cause abdominal pain to be felt with less impact on the intestines than in healthy people. For example, if the intestine swells from the gas in it, then a healthy person will experience pain later than the patient.
In healthy people, the cerebral cortex suppresses pain. In patients with irritable bowel syndrome, pain sensations are not suppressed, but lead to other changes in bowel functions, for example, swelling.
There are three types of irritable bowel syndrome: the predominance of pain in the abdomen, the prevalence of diarrhea and the prevalence of constipation.
Irritable bowel syndrome manifests itself: diarrhea. constipation, tension during defecation, sensations of incomplete emptying of the intestine, sensations of overflow and bloating in the abdomen, secretion of mucus during the emptying of the intestine.
Pain syndrome often appears in the lower abdomen on the right (in the appendix area). Pain can be blunt, cramped, aching, burning. Can increase after eating and decrease after bowel movement. In women, pain can increase during menstruation. Constipation may be constant and periodic, continuing from 2 # 8212; 3 days to several weeks. If the patient has a loose stool, then usually he appears in the morning after breakfast and is absent at night. Increased gassing, motor function of the intestine is strengthened. Because of these symptoms, the patient has a urge to empty the intestine, but there is no emptying when trying to defecate. In addition, there may be headaches, chill fingers, a sensation of a coma in the throat.
Irritable bowel syndrome is not complicated by perforations, intestinal obstruction, fistulas. But often the consequences of this disease are unfavorable. Disability of the patient. As a cause of temporary disability, irritable bowel syndrome came in second place after colds. In patients, the number of visits to a doctor per year is, times, more than in healthy people. The quality of life of patients with irritable bowel syndrome in relation to family and social status, sleep, rest, nutrition, sexual activity is significantly reduced.
Methods of treatment and possible complications
Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome is complex.
Therapeutic diet. With the prevalence of constipation in the patient, food is shown with the addition of wheat bran. In case of predominance of liquid stool, it is recommended to limit foods rich in fiber (bran, fruits, vegetables). Absolutely all patients are advised to follow an elimination diet that does not contain lactose, fructose, vinegar, alcohol, caffeine, smoked products, pepper, as well as products that cause increased gas production - sour-milk products, milk.
Correction of psychoemotional states. A set of measures aimed at correcting vegetative disorders, improving the functions of the central nervous system. This complex includes rational psychotherapy, psychotropic (soothing) drugs. Diagnosis of psychoemotional disorders and their removal should be handled by a psychotherapist or psychoneurologist.
Bacterial and antibacterial drugs. Indications for the use of such drugs in irritable bowel syndrome may be abdominal pain, diarrhea, flatulence. Take medication courses, appointed by your doctor. Recommended metronidazole, intetriks, furazolidon, nitroxoline, ersefuril. After antibacterial therapy, a long-term intake of probiotics (bacterial preparations) is required: hilaka-forte, bifidum- and lactobacterin, bifiform, etc.
All patients with exacerbation of diarrhea appoint astringents: dermatol, tanalbine, smectic, as well as decoctions of herbs of similar action.
Irritable bowel syndrome with a predominance of constipation requires the development of a morning reflex to defecation and increase in the diet of the amount of dietary fiber (inclusion in the diet of wheat bran). To stimulate the morning emptying of the intestine appoint evening dyufalak (lactulose) for 1 dessert spoon.
The state of patients with irritable bowel syndrome, the effectiveness of treatment depends largely on the severity of the concomitant psychoemotional disorders. In achieving recovery the patient is crucial to overcome the stressful situations that are the cause of the formation of neuroses in the patient.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome video
How to cure irritable bowel syndrome video
Sources: http://www.infmedserv.ru/stati/kak-lechit-sindrom-razdrazhennogo-kishechnika, http://medpick.ru/ru/186-irritable-bowel-syndrome-treatment-folk-remedies.html, http://apteka-vdome.ru/sindrom-razdrazhennogo-kishechnika-obshhaya-informaciya/
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