Bleeding in irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Irritable Bowel Syndromeis a chronic functional disease of the human digestive system in which it is not possible to establish any anatomical or biochemical abnormality on the part of the digestive organs tract.
The incidence of irritable bowel syndrome in the adult population is about 20%, with most patients either never consult a doctor, or they are treated for a long time about other digestive diseases system.
Usually the disease occurs in the period from 16 to 30 years, but you can get sick at any age.
Termfunctional disorderis used in cases where the cause of the disease are not morphological (anatomical, structural) or biochemical changes in the body, and changes in the mechanisms of nervous regulation of work internal organs. That is, the very organs of the digestive system (stomach, small intestine, liver, pancreas) are healthy, but the nervous program for coordinating their work is disrupted.
The causes of irritable bowel syndrome may be as follows:
- chronic stress and ps
- malnutrition and bad habits
- adverse environmental conditions
- psychological disorders (depression. anxiety states)
The described conditions and factors disrupt the work of the centers of the brain, which regulate the work of internal organs. In the case of irritable bowel syndrome, digestive system management programs are disrupted.
Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome
Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome vary in variability and variety. In the majority of patients with the syndrome of an affected bowel, the following symptoms can be distinguished:
- Abdominal pain, calming down after stool
- Transient disorders of stool (diarrhea becomes constipated and vice versa)
- Increasing the urge to defecate at the same time with the appearance of abdominal pain.
For irritable bowel syndrome is uncharacteristic:
- Temperature increase
- Presence in the feces of blood
Diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome
Diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome is performed by a specialist gastroenterologist. The doctor's task is to exclude all possible morphological changes in the digestive tract, which can lead to the symptoms described above. Usually for the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome:
- An expanded blood test
- Analysis of urine
- Test for blood feces
- Parasitologic stool analysis
The diagnosis of "irritable bowel syndrome" is established only after excluding all other possible diseases of the digestive tract.
Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome includes the following measures:
Diet- Exclusion of food from excess beans, cabbage, dried fruits, coffee, chocolate, dairy products (in case of lactase deficiency).
Treatment of diarrhea- Loperamide can be used as a symptomatic agent.
Treatment of constipation- Enrichment of food with plant fibers, use of laxatives.
Psychotropic treatment- Some patients with irritable bowel syndrome respond well to antidepressants and sedatives.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a disease that is manifested by a feeling of discomfort or pain in the abdomen, which usually weakens or disappears after defecation. IBS is accompanied by changes in the frequency of bowel movements and stool consistency, false urges of defecation. The cause of irritable bowel syndrome is not currently established. With careful medical examination of patients with IBS, there is no visible lesion of the intestine. In IBS, only the function of the intestine suffers. Symptoms of IBS increase after emotional shocks, chronic lack of sleep, conflicts and depression in humans.
Pain in the abdomen is an extremely common symptom and is familiar to every person. Pain in the abdomen arises from the irritation of the sensitive endings of the shell of internal organs.
Pain in the abdomen can be of a different nature and can be a consequence of a wide variety of diseases. Pain in the abdomen is acute and dull; Pain in the abdomen can be pulsating, crooked, cutting, burring, aching. The lower or upper abdomen can hurt, the pain may be located in the side or in the hypochondrium on the right or on the left. The nature of abdominal pain is largely determined by the cause of the pain.
Below we will consider the most common causes of abdominal pain and describe the nature of pain in each of the cases.
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