Irritable Bowel Syndrome Weight Loss


Irritable bowel syndrome - what is it?

What diseases were not declared diseases of the century. and cancer, and AIDS. and neurosis. and a syndrome of chronic fatigue - it can be listed for a long time, and all this will correspond to reality. In this review, we will introduce you to another such illness of the century, irritable bowel syndrome. Actually, this disease approaches this title like no other, it is really extremely characteristic of our troubled age, and is very common.

Irritable bowel syndrome is one of those diseases that seem to exist, but there seem to be none. They are in the sense that they are very noticeable to those who suffer from one of these diseases, but not because they diagnose them give in extremely difficult, as they imitate a lot of other intestinal pathologies, from banal upset to cancer. What is this elusive disorder?

Clinical picture of the disease

Irritable bowel syndrome is a disease of people of the most active age. her "favorite" age range from 25 to 40 years. Symptoms of

the disease are various and very frequent interruptions in the work of the intestine. Patients complain of instability of the stool, discomfort in the abdomen, increased gas formation. Stool disorder is manifested in a change in the frequency of bowel evacuation, a violation of the consistency of feces, uncomfortable sensations during the act of defecation, feeling incomplete liberation of the intestine, the allocation of mucus with feces, tenesmus, the emergence of imperative urges, that is, the desire to go to the toilet in a big sudden and without delay. Often these symptoms are accompanied by a pain in the abdomen, which, however, passes right after the bowel has been emptied.

Symptoms of irritable bowel symptoms appear for a long time, at least several months. One of the characteristic features of this disease is the fact that despite the duration of the course, a medical examination does not show the presence of any lesion of the intestine. Careful diagnosis can determine only some degenerative changes in the mucous membrane of the colon in the absence of any inflammatory component.

The second characteristic feature is the traceable dependence of the onset of symptoms on stresses of any origin- overwork, nervous overstrain, etc.

To the fact that this is irritable bowel syndrome, and not anything else, the doctor usually induces the following symptoms: no loss of body weight, which distinguishes IBS from malignancy, the inconsistency of symptoms, the frequency of the appearance of signs and their dependence on stress, the absence of an increase in the disease and signs of worsening of the general state of health.

Diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome

In this disease, a gastroenterological examination is performed, as many diseases have similar symptoms, and they must be excluded. When it turns out that this is not helminthiasis, not a colon tumor, not ulcerative colitis, not celiac disease and not all other pathologies with intestinal symptoms on the list, diagnose irritable syndrome intestines. Thus, the next feature of this unusual disease is that, unlike other it is characterized not by the presence, but by the absence of changes in the digestive organs system.

Causes of IBS

It may seem strange, but the reasons for the development of irritable bowel syndrome lie not in the violation of digestion. but in violation of the function of the nervous system. This is confirmed by the intensification or resumption of symptoms of the disease with nervous tension, as well as pathologies, one of which, or simultaneously several always accompany IBS: chronic fatigue syndrome, headache, back, muscle and joint pain, increased anxiety, disorders sleep. depressive state, panic attacks, libido disorders, erectile dysfunction. These signs are so characteristic of this disease that doctors call them non-intestinal symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

Dysfunction and other nutritional errors are also present, they act as predisposing factors. An incorrect, unbalanced diet, overweight, addiction to fatty foods and alcohol abuse act as a starting point for IBS.

Because theall of the above, ranging from stress and ending with malnutrition, is typical of most residentsmodern cities, irritable bowel syndrome can really be called a disease of civilization.

Approach to the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome

Treatment of IBS is carried out in two directions: the normalization of the functions of the nervous system and measures aimed at removing the symptoms of irritation of the intestine. The leading role in therapy is given to non-drug therapy. The main method of treating intestinal symptoms is dietotherapy. The diet is developed individually, taking into account the prevalence of certain symptoms. General restrictions apply to fatty, fried, spicy food, fast food, as well as foods that can provoke flatulence, such as whole milk, beans, kvass, cabbage.It is also desirable to reduce the amount of heavy for digesting varieties of meat and products from it .

Treatment of the nervous system involves first of all the normalization of the rest and sleep regime, the reduction of psycho-emotional stress, the development of stress-resistance. Spa treatment, peloidotherapy (mineral mud treatment), hydrotherapy, thalassotherapy are shown. In some situations, physiotherapy and massage are used. A good therapeutic effect has therapeutic exercise, and even better yoga, since it is this system that assumes a simultaneous harmonizing effect on both the body and the psyche. Sometimes there is a need to resort to psychotherapy, which will help to find the mental balance that is so necessary for patients suffering from IBS.

Drug therapy of irritable bowel syndrome is used to relieve symptoms during an exacerbation, but in In general, it is not the main one in the treatment of this disease, and any drug that can eliminate IBS is not exist. The solution lies in changing the habitual way of life to a more harmonious and healthy way, and until this happens, the illness will periodically remind of itself. Another statement is also true:when a person normalizes his life in all its spheres, irritable bowel syndrome ceases to disturb him .

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If the intestine "strikes"

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Can constipation be the result of a family quarrel, and diarrhea is the result of an unpleasant conversation with colleagues? It turns out, maybe. The thing is that irritable bowel syndrome - the cause of all these symptoms - is a disease not only gastroenterological, but also psychological. Daily stress, insecurity, fear of making the wrong decision cause a strike organism: it is not ready to work normally under such conditions, which is reported by absolutely unprofitable symptoms.

What is "irritable bowel syndrome"?

The motor activity of the intestine is regulated by the central nervous system, hormones and a number of other factors.Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) -it is, above all, an excessively sensitive bowel, which is constantly irritated. In response to stress, the motor activity (peristalsis) of the intestine increases, which is manifested by pain or discomfort in the abdomen, which disappear after defecation, bloating, belching, a feeling of heaviness or overflow of the stomach, alternating constipation and diarrhea, and in most cases - frequent episodes diarrhea. In IBS, the intestinal contents move along their logical path from top to bottom. The food lump or moves faster than normal, making pendular movements, or remains in any segment of the intestine, or even moves in the opposite direction.

When is the diagnosis of "irritable bowel syndrome"?

The main difference between IBS and a number of other diseases is the absence of the morphological basis of the disease: there are complaints, but there is no substratum. In other words, the diagnosis of IBS is made in those cases when the disorders do not last more than 3 months and the person does not have other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.But fever, fever, fecal color change, weight loss, bleeding and prolonged abdominal pain are not symptoms of IBS, but indicate other, more serious diseases.

What annoys him?

The trigger mechanism that causes irritation of the intestine can be a variety of disorders:

Neuropsychic, psychoemotional disorders, stress.Most often irritable bowel syndrome develops after traumatic situations such as divorce, heavy loss, loss of work or other significant events.

Disorders of the usual diet(overeating, malnutrition, abuse of new products) may be a starting point in the onset of symptoms of the disease.

Incorrect food.Especially acute reaction to the intestine is a lack of fiber in food and an excess of animal fat. Fat in any form (animal or vegetable origin) is a strong biological stimulator of the motor activity of the intestine.

Sedentary lifestyle.

Endocrine disorders.Under the influence of the hormones of the endocrine system, there is a change in receptor sensitivity in the intestinal wall, which is why the function of its functioning is disturbed.

Violation of menstrual function(menopause, dysmenorrhea, premenstural syndrome) and gynecological diseases cause reflex disorders of bowel function, and as a consequence, IBS develops.

A sharp change in weight,both in the large and in the smaller side.

Postponed acute intestinal infections with subsequent dysbiosis. Medicines for dysbiosis.

Hereditary predisposition.The gastrointestinal tract starts working long before birth. And if during pregnancy mother had violations in this area, the likelihood of similar problems in the child is great.

How to calm the intestines?

If, after the necessary examination, the organic cause of your suffering has not been identified, it means that you have entered the 20% of the population who are familiar with the IBS firsthand. IBS is a chronic disease that does not pose a threat to life and has a favorable prognosis, however, if it is correctly treated with its treatment.

At first. if you take the medicine depending on what kind of symptom is bothering you at the moment: from constipation - laxatives, from diarrhea - fixing drugs, and with swelling - reducing gas formation, the effect of such treatment, unfortunately, will be short-term. Therefore, it is better to consult a specialist so that the prescription of the medicine is justified.

Among the drugs used in the complex treatment of IBS

antispasmodics,eliminating spasm of smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract, flatulence, constipation and diarrhea (Duspatalin, Meteopazmil, Dicetel );

biological preparations. restoring intestinal microflora (Linex, Enterol);

mild sedativeson the basis of herbs (Leonurus, Valerian, St. John's Wort ).

Secondly,To treat irritable bowel syndrome it is necessary in parallel with a gastroenterologist, and a psychotherapist who will teach you how to cope with stress. The cause and effect of the spastic form of the large intestine are connected to a real Gordian knot: the more a person is not sure of himself, the more likely the spasm of the intestine.



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