Spasms in the intestine of a newborn
Intestinal colic in newborns. Causes and methods of treatment
Intestinal colic in newborn babies occurs quite often. They are one of the most common causes of loud crying of a child, provided there is no other irritating and discomforting factors - hunger, heat or cold, wet diapers or absence in the field Mom's view.In this article, we will consider the colic in newborns, the causes of their occurrence and the main ways to alleviate the child's condition. By the term colic is not meant any specific disease, but a set of certain symptoms, such as bloating, spasms, fermentation, increased gas formation, pain. When do babies start colic? As a rule, more than 70% of all kids experience discomfort in the intestine almost from the first weeks of life. By the age of four months, colic usually goes away, since it is believed that the gastrointestinal tract adapts to food intake.
Colic in newborns. Causes of painful symptoms
So far, modern medical science has not established a specific cause of colic in newborns. Se
- Immaturity of the child's digestive system or insufficient quantity of enzymes to break down the food.
- At artificial feeding, during sucking of a mixture from a bottle with a pacifier of the wrong form, it can swallow excess air.
- Lactose intolerance and allergy to the mixture.
- Infringement of intestinal microflora.
- An anxious or depressed emotional state of the mother during breastfeeding.
- Overfeeding of the child.
Colic in newborns, the causes of which depend on different factors or their combination, each child may manifest in different ways: the baby can be too restless, some babies cry sharply and shrilly, especially in the evenings and before going to the night sleep. The child can badly sleep, constantly waking up, plaintively scream, and after the gases or defecation have calmed down for a while. In this case, the baby's belly may look inflated. Despite all these harassing babies and their parents, intestinal colic is not a disease, but is considered a transitory condition. After observing the regime and feeding characteristics, the temperature conditions in the apartment and their emotional you can independently identify the specific cause of anxiety and abdominal pain in your child.
Colic in newborns: the causes and ways to relieve the baby's condition
How can you help a bitterly crying and painful child? First of all, you must normalize its nutrition. It is worth remembering that the ideal meal for a newborn is your breast milk, which has not yet been invented a full-fledged alternative. Feeding should be carried out at the request of the child, but not overfeed. Giving the child for every small squeak of the chest, you can thereby oversaturate it. If the baby more recently sucked his mother's breast well and ate, and later afterwards cries again, try to calm and distract him with something interesting. Remember that the hungry kid cries in a special way - demanding and impatient. If the child is on artificial feeding, then it is necessary to purchase highly adapted mixtures containing bifidobacteria. Select the mixture for your child should be administered by a pediatrician. Also, you need to choose the right bottle for feeding - its nipple should be of a special shape and with a small hole. Make sure that the child's chair is regular.Long stool retention can cause abdominal pain. The newborn can perform defecation from 7-8 times a day and up to 1 time in two days. Do not overheat the child in any case. The air in the children's room must be cool (+20 C) and humid. Do not wrap the child in several layers of clothing. Overheating is terrible because intestinal juices, due to lack of liquid, become more dense and as a result poorly digest food.
Methods for the prevention of intestinal colic
If your baby suffers from spasmodic attacks of abdominal pain, try to make him a light tummy massage (clockwise), as well as simple exercises (knee flexion with subsequent pressing to tummy). These manipulations contribute to the retention of accumulated gases and the overcoming of painful sensations. Also, you should often lay the baby on your tummy. What should I give to a newborn with colic? Often with preventive purposes use drugs that reduce gas formation, for example Simethicone, Bobotik or Plantex. Take the gas pipe very carefully and only as a last resort, when you are sure that the child is really tormented by gases.
How to relieve intestinal colic in a newborn
Lisa1 year ago
espumizan indeed, not only is it uncomfortable to give, so it does not taste too thick for babies. But we could cope with this, but personally he did not help us at all. Has decided to consult to one checked pediatrist and here so has learned or has found out about enterokhind. Conveniently, only a few drops to give, and even tasty, he and tummy cherz half an hour already no one hurts!
Alina1 year ago
and I heard about Rotabiotic baby and the pediatrician said that you can try. There, and a fennel with chamomile, which spasms are removed and the bacteria are useful and convenient, the sachet can be dissolved in milk and in water
we espumizanom a small problem - I drip in a spoon - but when I give a small - half of it we smear on the face) Also on 25 drops - but how much in the end gets inside)
I did not have such a problem, I gave a silicone spoon - it's small, soft and the child with it all perfectly licked, or rather sucked)))
Inna, thanks! need to try. Another day I was advised from a syringe.
Che_ka, I measure almost all the medicines with a syringe and give.
If in the case of Espuizan it's not scary if more or less, then you need to be more careful with others.
Although our colic seems to be over. experienced more or less calmly))
now the teeth!)
I give espumizan after feeding, you can even say on demand, when colic starts, then I give. It is more convenient for me to use a syringe, to measure the dosage.
Our doctor says he is absolutely safe to give it, exactly as many as you need.
We also espumizan perfectly helped. Tried some more drops from the herbs on alcohol (forgot the name), so the child swallowed them with difficulty, then cried for a long time (((And they really taste like a strong balm. A espumizan delicious - took it with pleasure) And all sorts of warm diapers and gas pipes only for a short time facilitated the ring (((
All about colic in newborns
Colic in newborns, also called infant, are accompanied by a whole complex of pain symptoms, but their origin can not be determined. Pediatricians claim that they appear because of the unformed gastrointestinal tract. Most often occur in newborn babies in the first months of life.
Causes of appearance
Digestive discomfort is observed even in a healthy newborn. In colic, the baby often cries, even during feeding, can bend and scream. Statistics show that 70% of newborns have colic often. But it is worth remembering that this is not a deviation, but a physiological process that will pass by itself in the process of growing a baby and forming its gastrointestinal tract.
During the first months of life, the colic that appears in the newborn introduces the young mother into a stupor, and the only question that arises is: what to do? Well, to begin with, stop panicking. It is necessary to understand that the baby adapts to extra-uterine conditions, in his body there are such changes:
- formation of the enzyme system;
- colonization of useful microflora in the intestine;
- formation of the nervous system;
- regulation of the gastrointestinal tract.
But there is a list of reasons for which colic appear in newborns:
- Bloating due to the accumulation of gases, the so-called flatulence;
- Spasms in the intestine due to the unformed part of the nervous system responsible for the work of the gastrointestinal tract;
- Presence of two first reasons at once;
- With food allergies;
- If the kid's body lacks enzymes that must digest breast milk or a mixture;
- With infectious diseases of the intestine.
In colic, newborns may have frequent constipation, which is due to the fact that the young mother has stopped observing the diet. Eating food that leads to gas formation, the mother may not even guess what kind of consequences this baby will cost. Therefore, before you eat a product not included in the diet, it is worthwhile to think several times.
Colic is not a disease, but a multitude of symptoms appearing in newborns. Most often they are in children, whose age did not reach 4 months. Appear on the 2nd week, with rare exceptions since birth. The individuality of the organism in any case will manifest itself and let the young mother know that a difficult period has begun. Intestinal colic in newborns is accompanied by a changeable mood, crying. If the baby eats well, gaining weight, but when crying constantly presses his legs, giving his mother to understand that he has a stomachache, do not panic. Pediatricians recommend that you massage the newborn with colic and light exercise. Thus, it is possible to prevent frequent discomfort in the intestines of the baby. Gasiki will depart naturally.
The doctor still does not prescribe medications for colic to the newborn, if there is no evidence for this. Many young mothers at the first manifestations of colic try to cope with them on their own and only if the actions performed do not have an effect, they turn to a specialist for help.
Emerging colic in newborns require treatment when:
- the baby does not eat well or refuses to eat at all;
- long moaning, crying;
- loudly screams;
- high body temperature rises;
- begins diarrhea, vomiting.
With such symptoms, you need to call an ambulance and as soon as possible to hospitalize the baby.
If the colic in the tummy of a newborn comes more and more often, and he is on breastfeeding, then the mother should exclude from the diet all the sour-milk products and adhere to the diet. If the baby is on artificial feeding, then it is necessary to seek help from a pediatrician and ask him how the adaptation mixture can be replaced. There are many different therapeutic mixtures, they are prescribed to eat children who have problems with gazikami. When the colic will pass from the newborn, you can return to the adaptation mix again.
Unfortunately, such methods of getting out of the current situation do not always work. Each child's individuality can not go anywhere. In the event that these methods did not help, you should seek help from a doctor. He will determine the foods that cause colic in the newborn, and prescribe treatment in the form of symptomatic therapy. Prescribed medications will absorb the gases in the intestines, and split them up to the state of bubbles. This method will save the baby from flatulence, swelling while digestive processes will not be violated. But it is worth remembering that such drugs have the right to prescribe only the attending physician, who knows the history of the baby's illness.
How to help baby with colic
Every mother tries to do everything to ensure that her child is always happy, happy, well-fed, healthy. Enumerate this list for a long time, but in the period of exacerbation of colic, the only thing about what she thinks, when the colic will pass from the newborn and how to help the baby. You can make life easier for a newborn baby if you know how to deal with colic in the home.
Before feeding, it is necessary to lay the crumb on the tummy and stroke his back. Smooth and slow movements help the gazikam to leave quickly. In this position, the muscles of the abdominal walls are strengthened, and this is good for the work of the intestine and prevents the occurrence of colic.
After eating, you need to hold the crumb vertically, until the air that comes through during feeding is released from his stomach. And even after that, you can not put a crumb on the back, it's better that he lay on his side for a few minutes.
If the attack has already happened, the child needs to be repaired, taken in his arms and vilified. Just do not shake it, it will lead to irritation, crying and screaming. You need to try to create the most relaxed atmosphere, you can include classical music, quietly talk with him. The quiet timbre of voice will interest him, he will listen to previously unknown sounds. Each pediatrician will confirm the fact that auditory and tactile stimuli can calm a child in a matter of minutes. Feeling the care, warmth and love of the mother, the kid realizes that he is protected and gradually calms down.
How to survive the colic and when will they end?
In this difficult period for the parents, it is worth the patience. Everyone should understand that the baby is hurt and uncomfortable because he feels uncomfortable. He does not yet know how to overcome him and very much relies on his parents.
Pediatricians claim that in the hands of the popes, the kids calm down more quickly. Perhaps, being small children understand that they are like behind a stone wall. Mom will be a little more difficult to calm the child, especially if it nourishes it.
In order to make it easier to survive this difficult period, it is worth paying attention to the baby. Every day for preventive maintenance to do physical exercises, to press legs to a tummy, to lay on it. Daily stimulation of the intestine will allow it to form more quickly.
Perhaps, this unpleasant period of the formation of a child's body will pass for parents unnoticed. Each organism is individual, but parents need to keep the situation under control and, if necessary, seek help from specialists.
Useful video about infant colic
Sources: http://fb.ru/article/105827/kishechnyie-koliki-u-novorojdennyih-prichinyi-i-metodyi-lecheniya, http://lady.tochka.net/12103-kak-oblegchit-kishechnye-koliki-u-novorozhdennogo/, http://moirody.ru/newborn/koliki-u-novorozhdennyx.html
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