Restoration of the flora of the intestine after taking antibiotics
Preparations for the restoration of intestinal microflora
Long-term antibacterial treatment, poor-quality food, poor ecology, the effect of chemo- and radiotherapy, frequent stress, Hormonal changes in the body, poisoning and other external and internal factors often lead to a violation of the intestinal balance microflora. As a result, active reproduction in the intestine of opportunistic microorganisms and the development of dysbacteriosis are observed. To cope with this common disease, special drugs are used that help restore intestinal microflora.
To restore the intestinal microflora, probiotics (eubiotics) are used - preparations containing bifido- or lactobacillus in their composition. These microorganisms are found in preparations in a live, dried or specially treated condition.
If they get into the intestines with pathogenic microflora, they come to life and start multiplying, destroying harmful microorganisms and restoring biological balance.
All preparations of this group are
They are monocomponent:
- The probiophore,
Prebiotics are preparations containing in their composition a nutrient medium for the propagation of microorganisms useful for the intestine.
Synbiotics are complex preparations of a new generation, which are inherently a symbiosis of probiotics and prebiotics.
The most popular among these drugs are:
- Beephystim 3,
- Bifidumbacterin-mult 3,
Antibacterial drugs that contribute to the suppression in the small intestine of the propagation of pathogenic flora.
The most commonly used for this purpose are:
Phytopreparations that suppress the pathogenic microflora. These include phytosets containing:
The choice of a drug for the restoration of microflora depends on the degree of dysbiosis, the causes that caused the disease and the composition of the intestinal flora.
Restoration of microflora after antibiotics passes in several stages, and at the first stage, paradoxically, physicians prescribe antibacterial drugs. They are necessary for the destruction of pathogenic bacteria that multiply in the intestine as a result of taking antibiotics.
The choice of these drugs depends on the composition of pathogenic flora and the sensitivity of harmful microorganisms:
1. When multiplying in the intestine of staphylococci and enterococci are usually appointed:
- preparations from the group of semisynthetic penicillins (for example, amoxicillin);
- preparations from the group of macrolides (for example, oleandomycin).
2. With the active multiplication of Escherichia coli, the most effective are:
- nitrofurans (antiseptics);
- derivatives of nalidixic acid;
- sulfonamides (phthalazole).
3. When multiplying in the intestine of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the following are usually prescribed:
- aminoglycosides (kanamycin),
4. In candidomycosis (fungal bowel disease), the most effective are:
5. With bacterial dysbacteriosis caused by taking antibiotics, bacteriophages are also used - special preparations containing viruses that act against only one type of bacteria. Bacteriophages are prescribed together with antibiotics, and as an alternative to antibacterial treatment.
The modern pharmaceutical market offers the following bacteriophages:
The next stage of recovery of microflora after antimicrobial therapy is colonization of the intestine with a useful flora.
At this stage of treatment, the above drugs are used: probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics.
And, finally, the last stage of recovery of the body after antibiotics is the use of immunomodulators, which increase immunity and promote a faster recovery of intestinal microflora. Usually, vegetable preparations are used for this purpose, including:
- tincture of echinacea;
- preparations with propolis.
- phytogens with the contents: nettle, psyllium, lemon balm, tricolor violets, coltsfoot, raspberries, turns, cowberry, currant, mountain ash, rosehip.
The normal composition and functioning of the intestinal microflora in childhood is especially important, since prolonged dysbiosis in children, there are deviations in the development of bone, muscle and even cerebral tissue.
For children who are on artificial feeding, to restore the intestinal microflora will help adapted mixtures enriched with bifidobacteria and other useful microflora, such as:
In case of serious violations in the functioning of the intestine, and the need to restore the microflora of the child medicamental treatment, a pediatrician can prescribe probiotics that saturate the children's body with lactobacilli, in particular:
Enterosorbents, neutralizing the products of vital activity of pathogenic microbes, in particular, Polysorb - an effective enterosorbent of a new generation.
Enzyme drugs that help restore the enzyme activity of the body. For example, Abomin is a preparation made from dried mucous membrane of calves.
In pregnancy, for the restoration of mycosis of the intestine, probiotics are prescribed - preparations containing bifidobacteria:
Prebiotics include preparations containing lactulose:
Their action also helps to get rid of problems with constipation, which often affects women during pregnancy.
Of course, the choice of drugs for the recovery of microflora in pregnancy should be performed only by a specialist after a special research feces, however, and the woman herself must remember that for the safety of the baby's health, it must be treated exclusively natural preparations.
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Probably everyone knows that even a short intake of antibiotics adversely affects our immune system. So let's talk about what to do and how to restore your own defenses, after treatment with antibiotics.
When you are ill with bronchitis with a complication or pneumonia, your doctor prescribes a strong course of antibiotics. In this case, the most important thing is not to interrupt him half way, 1-2 days before the time appointed by the doctor, because it is very important! Also we hope that you are taking antibiotics "undercover" # 8211; this is usually in the absence of special contra-indications, the doctor simultaneously with antibiotics appoints you antihistamines, enzyme supplements and antifungal facilities. The first drug reduces the risk of developing an allergy to an antibiotic, the second helps an antibacterial drug focus on the focus of inflammation, and the third does not allow to develop on the mucosa of the intestine fungal flora.
If you did everything right and recovered, then after taking medications it's time to start restoring the stomach flora, so that you do not suffer from dysbiosis. And everything depends on your lifestyle and proper nutrition.
After taking antibiotics should be adhered to:
1) Firstly:Refrain from alcohol or in other words, you should completely abandon it, while taking the majority of antibiotics. However, this does not mean that right after the course of treatment, you can literally jam beer with fish after football and drink vodka with a lump in the kitchen. At least 10 days after the end of treatment with antibiotics, you can not drink - this is due to the fact that in this the moment your liver and so works at the limit, deducing, from the body chemical preparations and it costs a colossal labor.
Here you need to consult a doctor about taking hepatoprotectors or include in your daily diet products that will help your liver:
2) Secondly:Not what physical exertion, because your body is weakened by medications, and immunity is still very weak.
If, after a heavy physical strain, you are slightly stretched by a draft, you can again pick up the very inflammation of the lungs. At least 2-3 weeks, doctors advise, adhere to the most sparing regimen and easy physical work, after taking antibiotics.You should avoid:
- Stressful situations;
- Long and exhausting trips;
- Noisy and loud parties;
- Heavy physical exertion, up to the seventh sweat;
3) Thirdly:Restoration of the flora of the intestine after antibiotics. To do this, include in the diet at least 500 grams per day of natural sour-milk products, fruits and vegetables rich in fiber, as well as light-weight protein products:
1) Poultry meat;
2) Lean fish;
Fiber is a nutrient medium for beneficial microbes.
Using animal protein, you will accelerate the process of restoring normal metabolism. In the first week after antibiotics,It is worth abandoning :
These products cause only a serious blow to the weakened flora of the intestine. If you are in the summer heat, a big lover of kvass - then you can drink only domestic kvass, it will improve the survival of useful microbes, and store - only worsen your condition.
Restoration of the flora of the stomach, can be achieved with the help of a diet menu for the stomach, which looks like this:
1) A cup of warm oat broth;
2) Yogurt or a large glass of yogurt;
1) A piece of bread (8 cereals);
2) Fried eggs;
3) 200 g freshly squeezed carrot-celery juice with pulp;
4) A cup of coffee from chicory;
1) Soup-puree from cauliflower;
2) Young potatoes with braised cod;
3) Salad from green leafy vegetables;
4) Cranberry juice;
1) Green tea;
2) Sandwich of whole wheat bread with curd cheese;
1) Mint tea;
2) Wheat porridge in milk with pumpkin;
1) 200 g glass of sour-milk drink without sugar;
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How to restore the body after antibiotics
In the treatment of many diseases, antibiotics are prescribed. The discovery of antibacterial drugs and their use saved many lives. But, along with this, after treatment with antibiotics, there are unpleasant consequences for the body, with which you need to fight - for example, a violation of the intestinal microflora. What are the consequences after taking antibacterial drugs? What does the recovery therapy mean after antibiotics? Which organs are prone to negative effects with antibiotic therapy?
Effect of antibiotics on the digestive system
When ingested through the digestive system, antibiotics make it sterile. This is due to the fact that drugs kill not only pathogenic bacteria, but also a useful microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. This situation can not be left for a number of reasons:
Instead of useful microflora, pathogenic bacteria can develop in a sterile environment.
There is a violation of fermentation due to the lack of beneficial bacteria.
Immunity falls, as the absorption of nutrients from food is impaired.
In addition, antibiotic treatment prevents the cells from supplying oxygen. Cellular respiration is disrupted.
The effect of antibiotics on liver function
According to studies of physicians, antibiotics have a greater negative effect on the liver than even alcohol. Obturation of the bile ducts occurs. These drugs deplete the liver buffer systems, which are responsible for the removal of intoxication in the human body.
Restoration of the body after taking antibiotics should be carried out in a complex manner. Since antibiotics greatly reduce the immune processes in the body, they can lead to immunodeficiency. Therefore, restoration of immunity should be given special attention.
First, attention should be paid to the restoration of the intestinal microflora. Probiotics are often used for this. These are useful intestinal bacteria, which can be administered both in the form of capsules and in a dissolved form.
In addition, you need to adjust the diet, giving preference to sour-milk products:
If you use a combination of probiotics and a therapeutic diet, the result will be achieved more quickly.
After the beneficial bacteria were colonized in the intestine, their growth should be maintained. Therefore, to the diet should necessarily add products that contain fiber and other vegetable fibers: vegetables and fruits. If there is no way to strictly follow the diet, then prebiotics are used for this.
People often confuse probiotics and prebiotics. To distinguish them, you need to remember:
the first saturate the microflora of the intestines with beneficial bacteria.
the latter are food for these bacteria.
In addition to the intestine, antibiotics also adversely affect the mucous membranes of the body, especially women often face such a problem. Violation of the microflora of the vagina can cause fungal diseases or candidiasis. Then doctors often prescribe drugs with lactobacilli that level the PH - environment in the body of a woman, not allowing to reproduce fungal microspores, and perform protective function.
Timely measures to protect the microflora of the vagina:
maintains the acidity of the mucosa at a normal level,
stimulates the growth of useful microflora,
prevents the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria.
Restoration of the liver after taking antibiotics
After taking antibiotics, only the intestines and mucous membranes suffer, but also the liver. Being a natural natural filter, it just collects all the poisons and toxins that form in the body.
Often hepatoprotectors are used to restore the liver. These drugs, which are based on milk thistle, and they are capable of:
restore liver cells that have been damaged,
return them the function of filtering,
have antioxidant properties.
This is a slow process, and it can take at least 2 months.
Restoring the body after antibiotics at home
In addition to traditional therapy, you can do it yourself, because the process of taking antibiotics contributes to the accumulation of harmful salts in the tissues, and it would be nice to withdraw them. For this:
To clean the intestine, you can take 2-3 tablets of activated charcoal, while you need to drink plenty of water, especially on an empty stomach.
For a day, the dose of water should be at least 2 liters, this helps to cleanse of toxins and toxins.
It is also useful to add a teaspoon of honey and a couple drops of apple cider vinegar to the water and drink it on an empty stomach. At night, a glass of fat-free yogurt is useful.
For antioxidant effects on the body, add nuts, plums, fish, greens, cocoa to the diet.
To strengthen immunity, replace the usual tea with a decoction of nettle. 3 tbsp. Spoons of nettle fill with 2 liters of boiling water, this should be insisted for 3 hours. Drink like regular tea.
Sources: http://woman-l.ru/preparaty-dlya-vosstanovleniya-mikroflory-kishechnika/, http://woman7life.ru/kak-vosstanovit-floru-kishechnika-posle-priema-antibiotikov.html, http://from-ua.com/obzor-pressi/390338-kak-vosstanovit-organizm-posle-antibiotikov.html
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