How to cure colic in the intestine
Intestinal colic in adults
The causes of intestinal colic in adults are many. Among them, the leading place is occupied by malnutrition, the use of stale food and the ingestion of pathogenic microorganisms into the intestines. Treatment is aimed at eliminating pain and the causes of intestinal colic.
At the heart of the development of intestinal colic lies a spasm of the intestine, thin or thick. The small intestine is more predisposed to spasmodic reduction, in addition spasms generally spread rapidly and become universal. Spasm of the bowel is accompanied by irritation.
Causes of intestinal colic in adults
Causes leading to spasm of the intestine are many. The ingestion of large quantities of normal in the small intestine, but poorly digested in the stomach and duodenum, is facilitated by poor digestive the ability of the stomach (with gastritis) and pancreas (with its insufficiency, for example, in chronic pancreatitis), which eventually leads to intestinal colic. Entering the small intestine stale, ferme
Infection of food with microbial stimuli of the gut may occur as a result of:
- getting into the intestines of microbes, unconditionally pathogenic, that is, causing intestinal infections (dysentery bacillus, salmonella, etc.)
- the entry into the weakened organism of the opportunistic microbes that can cause or not cause the disease (some toxic strains of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus, etc.)
- ingestion of poisons of microorganisms - toxins formed when they multiply in spoiled products, there is a toxic infection, or food toxicosis
To understand what exactly the microbe or toxin has got into the intestine, can only the infectious disease doctor when using sowings of feces and immunological reactions.
The defeat of inorganic toxins by salts of heavy metals can lead to the development of intestinal colic. Particularly noted in this series is lead. Its salts, when ingested, cause so-called lead colic, spasmodic pains appear in the abdomen. In this case, the presence of acute and especially chronic lead poisoning is revealed when examining the oral cavity and is confirmed by a complex chemical analysis of the blood. The poisoned faces between teeth and gums appear grayish border - lead edge.
Intestinal colic can develop against a background of nervous spasm caused by stress factors. Such a situation is rare, nevertheless, neural spasms with intestinal colic occur especially in impressionable natures of a creative warehouse and a fragile physique - before the exam, defense of the thesis, an important by appointment. Here the matter is in increased nervous excitability in general (neurasthenia) with a congenitally incorrect spread of excitation - on the intestine.
Intestinal colic also occurs in the presence of helminths (worms), which are also irritants for the intestine. In this case, intestinal colic is a frequent phenomenon and not the only symptom of the disease. There are many intestinal parasites. Diseases caused by helminths are called helminthoses. Diagnosis of helminthiases is based on studies of feces, in which the eggs of certain helminths are found under a microscope in stool. With different helminths there are different manifestations of the disease, but the common signs are weight loss, nausea, poor appetite, itching around the back passage, and in the study of blood - increased content in it (more than 4) eosinophils - special leukocytes, reacting to foreign proteins that are in organism.
Some SARS affect not only the respiratory, but also the digestive system, in this case the intestinal syndrome develops. Microorganisms settle in the lymph nodes of the abdominal cavity, which become inflamed. These lymph nodes are located in the mesentery of the small intestine and therefore irritate it, causing pain - intestinal colic. Intestinal syndrome of this type is characterized by mixed symptoms - both from the side of the respiratory tract (runny nose, cough, redness in the throat), and from the intestine (diarrhea, abdominal pain). Sometimes in the beginning, the symptomatology indicates a lesion of the abdominal organs, and already on the 2nd-2nd day a cold is attached to it, which can lead to diagnostic errors. In addition, for viral infections of this type are characterized by pain in the muscles of the abdominal wall. The patients perceive these pains as something terrible, they are so strong (the old name for the disease is the devil's bite). Muscle pain intensifies with movements of the trunk, and, accompanied by intestinal syndrome (diarrhea).
Finally, with intestinal colic, surgical diseases of the abdominal cavity begin, in the first place - acute intestinal obstruction. In this case, intestinal colic is caused by a mechanical obstruction (adhesions, intestinal torsion, swelling) and manifests itself in the form of cramping, very strong, painful pains throughout the abdomen and vomiting. Later, the fights somewhat weaken (musculature of the intestine gets tired of struggling with an insurmountable obstacle), but other symptoms appear (stool and gas retention, swelling and tenderness of the abdomen). In addition, with intestinal colic, the patients feel very sick (lethargy, prostration, cold sweat, etc.).
The main methods of treatment of intestinal colic
Treatment of intestinal colic includes a variety of and completely opposite, in fact, therapeutic effects. The main treatment is aimed at eliminating the cause that caused intestinal colic. That is why universal recommendations for treatment can not be given here. The correct medical tactics are necessary.
To relieve the patient of agonizing pain in intestinal colic, it is necessary to remove it, but with one condition. After relieving pain for the patient, a physician must watch to find out the symptoms described above. It is far from indifferent to the patient, whether intestinal colic will be replaced by diarrhea, or by persistent stool and gas retention. The right actions of the doctor depend on this in the future. After all, the development of severe intestinal infection requires resuscitative treatment in an infectious disease hospital, and acute intestinal obstruction - immediate hospitalization in the surgical department. And in either case, leaving the patient without vigorous medical actions (resuscitative or surgical) will inevitably lead to sad consequences.
Nevertheless, intestinal colic can and should be quenched. For this, antispasmodics are used, but with some intestinal accent (i.e. e. medicines, mainly acting on the intestine). Unlike biliary and renal colic, with intestinal colic (if there is no vomiting), medications are taken orally. It is possible to apply the following treatment options at home:
- 2 tablets no-shpy, drink a glass of warm broth of mint
- extract of belladonna dry (in gastric tablets, preparation of bicarbon, besalol, bellalgin and bellataminal - 1-2 tablets, as well as in rectal suppositories)
- papaverine tablets with platyphylline - 1-2 tablets
- a warm curative enema with a decoction of mint or lemon balm (200 ml)
A simple intestinal colic after such treatment passes, often after the removal of gases and a single liquid stool. The patient within 6-12 hours after intestinal colic should not eat anything, it is allowed to drink warm, unsweetened unsweetened tea with breadcrumbs.
Based on the article Intestinal colic
Intestinal colic in adults: causes, symptoms, treatment
Even healthy people periodically encounter stomach cramps - a sharp pain in the abdomen. These are intestinal colic.
The medical name is dyskinesia of the intestine. It is characterized by impaired motor function of the intestine.
Like many other diseases, dyskinesia is not so much a temporary inconvenience, but a manifestation of more serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Intestinal colic in adults: causes and symptoms
There are several possible causes of colic. Among them there are "external" causes, for example, dyskinesia can occur when eating food, just taken from a refrigerator. The intestine adapts to low temperature is difficult enough, and it responds with discomfort. Perhaps, inconvenience can also begin with the use of "heavy harmful food, too greasy, as well as overeating.
But often the colic accompanies the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, arise during helminthization of the organism (appearance of worms), infection of the intestine. Often intestinal colic accompany flatulence. diarrhea, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, colitis, etc. The cause may be stress and nervous disorders.
The main common symptoms of colic are:
# 8212; stool disorder. Constipation is equally possible. and diarrhea.
# 8212; often there is flatulence, swelling. The abdomen is hard, when you touch it, discomfort appears.
# 8212; acute pain, "rolling" waves. It is worth mentioning the pains separately. Basically, they are located in the lower abdomen or in the navel. In rare cases, the pain passes to the lower back. The duration of colic is a few seconds (up to 10), although in some cases it can last around the clock.
Intestinal colic in adults: treatment
It is best to contact a specialist immediately if symptoms appear. So there is less chance of confusing dyskinesia of the intestine with other diseases (obstruction, acute gastritis, abdominal crisis). But you can take measures to alleviate the symptoms. They will depend on the cause of the disease.
If colic is caused by overeating, "heavy" or poor-quality food, you need to empty the stomach of the remnants. To do this, induce vomiting.
To ease the pain, you can take spasmolytics - Spasmalgon or No-shpa. You can take funds to improve the work of the stomach (Smecta).
When colic caused by poisoning, it is worth taking "Enterosgel" - a remedy that helps to remove toxins from the body. To purify the intestine in some cases, the doctor prescribes an enema.
Colic, caused by a viral disease, can cure activated charcoal. the positive effect can be increased by supplementing it with vitamins and proper nutrition.
With a strong stress from intestinal colic, a warm bath can help. It will help calm down and relieve pain.
Treatment with folk remedies
If you want to quickly remove colic, without going to the doctor, you can apply and traditional medicine. Herbal preparations and tinctures can help with intestinal colic in adults. These drugs have proven effective, but you should use it cautiously: individual intolerance or an allergic reaction is possible.
- For example, milk broth from dill seeds. To prepare 1 tbsp. l seeds mixed with 1 tbsp. milk and bring to a boil.
- Well relieves spasms of the motherwort juice: 1 h. l. diluted in 1 tbsp. warm water.
- Another effective remedy is the pomegranate cake. They need to be crushed to make 1 hour. l. pour boiling water (1 tbsp.) and hold for 30 minutes on low heat. The broth should be taken three times a day, before eating 30 ml.
Despite the abundance of medicines, it is better not to allow the development of the disease. To do this, take preventive measures: observe the regime of the day, eat right, increase physical activity and, of course, avoid nerve strain.
The author of the article: Korosteleva Svetlana
Save it on your page so you do not forget:
Colic in the abdomen in adults: symptoms, causes, treatment. What to do with colic in adults, what medications will help?
Health26 December. Profile Views 4638
Pain should never be ignored, especially if it occurs in the abdomen. Do you know such a condition - a sharp pain of a spastic character, which lasts for several hours? It can cause colic in the abdomen. In adults, they occur quite often. How to relieve pain, rather than treat an acute abdomen? Find out now so that the pain does not catch you unawares!
What is intestinal colic?
Today, few people can boast of eating natural products, living in an environmentally friendly zone and not familiar with stress. Such costs of civilization turn into problems with the intestines. Sometimes they manifest a strong spastic pain - there is an attack of colic.
Dyskinesia of the intestine, or colic, is not a separate disease: it is the manifestation of a disease. It is characterized by:
- peristalsis disorder;
- impaired tone;
Colic in the abdomen of adults sometimes last for several hours or a couple of minutes. Often the pain is localized in the same place. The attack can be so strong that a person even loses consciousness.
Colic in the abdomen in adults: causes organic and functional
What can provoke colic? Consider the reasons for its occurrence:
- gastrointestinal diseases - gastritis, ulcer, cholecystitis;
- a menu of foods that cause fermentation in the intestines - sour cabbage, kvass, yeast pastry, wet apples. Excessive passion for smoked products, sharp, fatty and fried dishes;
- improper diet - overeating, eating dry, fasting;
- poisoning by spoiled, inadequately thermally processed products, medicines or fungi;
- infection with pathogenic microorganisms - salmonella, causative agent of dysentery;
- depressive state, nervous overload;
- lead poisoning;
- in women, colic may be associated with gynecological diseases, ectopic pregnancy, impending menstruation;
- viral infection. With the flu or ARVI, the virus sometimes gets to the intestine and causes inflammation of the lymph nodes located in the abdominal cavity;
- obstruction of the intestine caused by a violation of his motor skills, untimely emptying (in which the feces accumulate), stretching the intestinal loops. This problem also arises in the formation of adhesions and neoplasms.
Symptoms that will help diagnose
Intestinal colic declares itself sufficiently eloquent signals, therefore it is hardly confused with something else. It can be:
- sharp pain with spasms. It quickly intensifies and makes a person literally bend in half. At women she gives in appendages, at men - in testicles;
- swelling, constipation, belching, pain when touching the stomach;
- nausea and vomiting;
- upset stomach, the presence of mucus in the stool;
- general weakness (against the background of normal temperature), loss of appetite;
- the symptom of lead colic is the border of a grayish hue between the teeth and gums;
- if the colic is associated with a viral infection, then it is accompanied by a cough, a runny nose.
The patient becomes pale, sedentary and indifferent, covered with a cold sweat.
What diagnostics are used to determine the cause?
Diagnosis will begin with examination and palpation of the abdomen. The doctor will determine the localization of pain and assess the tension of the peritoneum. He will send the patient to a blood test (clinical and biochemical) and urine. The presence of hidden blood will also be investigated. To determine whether the undigested food remains in the intestines, a coprogram is carried out.
For accurate diagnosis, ultrasound of the kidneys, bile, liver. To check whether there are lesions, tumors and other formations in the intestine, it is examined by an endoscope. A full picture of the state of the intestines will be given by colonoscopy and fluoroscopy using contrast agents. Diagnosis is also assisted by computed tomography.
Treatment of intestinal colic in the hospital and at home
How to relieve the pain of colic in the abdomen in adults? What should I do to relieve pain and spasm? You can give No-shpu, Smektu, Platifillin. Applying a heating pad, making an enema and giving analgesics is extremely dangerous, since you can not exclude an attack of appendicitis.
If this has already happened and a functional disorder has been diagnosed, you can drink 1-2 tablets of Bicarbon, Besalol, Bellalgina.
The patient should provide peace, for 12 hours he should not eat (you can quench your hunger with warm tea with a cracker).
The strategy of medical treatment depends on the diagnosis. If it is found that colic is associated with intestinal obstruction, neoplasms, urolithiasis, then the problem will be solved surgically.
If helminths are found, then antiparasitic therapy is performed. When the culprit is an intestinal infection, antibiotics are prescribed (Levomycetin, Gentamicin) and antiseptics (Biseptol or Furozolidone).
If the patient's condition is extremely difficult, then droppers are placed with glucose, saline solution, blood plasma and vitamins.
To relieve the pain caused by colic in the abdomen in adults, drugs are injected. Do an injection of Dimedrol, Papaverin and Atropine, use antispasmodics Drotaverin, Nothenzil, Bicarbon.
To combat colic, folk remedies are also suitable:
- a decoction of chamomile and immortelle;
- to withdraw parasites, you can drink infusion of 2 tbsp. l. seeds of pumpkin, 2 h. l. sugar, boiled in 300 g of water;
- It is useful every day to drink on an empty stomach 2 tbsp. carrot juice mixed with spinach;
- to improve the work of the intestine, tea from fennel, mint, sage, wormwood and yarrow should be consumed;
- dried watermelon crust helps cure. They are poured with boiling water (for 1 liter of water - 100 g of crust), insist, filter and drink three times a day.
Adults suffer from colic, most often because of an incorrect lifestyle: low motor activity, addictions, addiction to fast food and food stuffed with chemistry. Often enough to eliminate these factors, and health will come back to normal. But colic is an alarming symptom, so it's best to find out its cause with medical diagnostics.
Read other interesting headings
EvaF May 4 1: 3
Colic, bloating - an unpleasant thing, especially when, as luck would have it, they find it at the wrong time, at work, for example. I did not know about the folk remedies for this ailment, thanks for the interesting information, I will try, if at home. I'm helped by another tablet of Trimedat, always with me in my purse just in case, and even eliminates diarrhea - how little is the situation. Drinking a course of 28 days and the problem for a long time I forget. I drank 200 mg three times a day.
I work in such a place that I have to sit 11 hours a day. Began to notice that already on the second third day after the weekend, pains in the abdomen begin, a swelling pain in the area of the stomach. When the house is all right. complained to my mother and she said that this is all because I move little and eat dry. At work she was told that tablets trimedate can help. Has drunk a course under the instruction - all as a hand has removed or has taken off. Now I'm thinking of buying a bicycle to go to work and move more.
Sources: http://www.medkrug.ru/article/show/kishechnaja_kolika_u_vzroslyh, http://ya-zdorovaya.ru//03/kishechnye-koliki-u-vzroslyx-prichiny-simptomy-lechenie/, http://ladyspecial.ru/zdorovie/narodnaya-mediczina/bolezni-i-lechenie/koliki-v-zhivote-u-vzroslykh-prichiny-i-lechenie
No comments yet!
Share your opinion