Where is the stomach and intestines


Where is the stomach and how it hurts

Problems with the stomach in our time no one is surprised. The cause of unpleasant sensations is not necessarily any disease, it can be poor-quality food or a disturbed diet. In order to give the victim quick and effective help, a clear understanding of where the stomach is and how it hurts.

Holding hands to the stomach, patients often have no idea, that a significant proportion of the stomach is hidden under the edge - this area is called epigastric. But below is the large intestine, to the right is the 12-duodenum. Describing the doctor's own feelings, it is necessary to understand what exactly hurts.

The location of the stomach and organs

If you assess where the stomach hurts, the photo will show the middle region in the form of a triangle with equal sides, which is clearly under the ribs. The base of the figure will be located at the level of the lower ribs, the vertex below the xiphoid process. Pain sensations arising from diseases of internal organs are observed in

the described zone.

Now let's look at the sections, which internal organs can cause problems and where they are:

  • Under the rib on the right side is the liver, kidney, the initial sections of the intestine of the thin and gallbladder;
  • Under the rib on the left side there is a kidney, a spleen, a zone of the intestine of thick and iron pancreatic;
  • In epigastrium - the central zone on the body photo # 8212; In addition to the stomach, there is a spleen, 12 duodenal ulcer, adrenal glands with the pancreas and liver.

Without examination, it is difficult to determine that pain occurs precisely in the stomach. It is worth paying attention to the relationship between the occurrence of discomfort and eating.

  • The stomach of man: where is and how the organ is arranged
  • What to do when the stomach hurts
  • If the child has a stomach ache - what to do

How does the stomach ache?

In the formulation of the diagnosis, the nature of pain, its localization and intensity is of no small importance. Consideration is also given to the delivery to nearby organs, as well as the time of manifestation. Based on these characteristics, you can systematize the survey. Quite often, stomach pain indicates different forms of gastritis:

  • pain with acute gastritis sharp, concentrated in the epigastric zone, occurs after eating;
  • the diagnosis of "gastritis plus increased acidity" gives heartburn and eructation, almost instantly, to pain;
  • at low acidity, the pain is characterized as bursting, manifested 40 or 60 minutes after eating;
  • in chronic pathology aching pain is expressed rather poorly, with seasonal exacerbation sensations intensify;
  • with developing ulcerative pathology, pain occurs quickly enough if it increases to a critical value and accompanied by general weakness, profuse sweating and rapid deterioration of health, we can talk about perforation ulcers.

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Where does a person have a stomach and how to recognize stomach pain?

Pain in the abdomen is of different nature and has different localization. Many patients do not know where the stomach is, and mistakenly attributed another cause of pain. A delay with medical help for any abdominal pain can have extremely adverse consequences. Let's consider the basic features of pains in a stomach, their localization, actions on a case of their occurrence.

Where is the digestive system located

The human digestive tract includes the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small and large intestine, rectum. In addition, the pancreas and liver are involved in digestion.

The stomach is an enlarged part of the digestive tract. The location of the stomach is below the diaphragm, in the left hypochondrium. For the most part, it is located near the median line, to the left. An empty organ has a volume of about, dm 3. After eating, his volume increases. In some cases, it can reach four liters. The size of the human stomach depends on the constitution, as well as the degree of filling. The length of a moderately filled stomach is about 25 cm, and that of an empty stomach is 18 to 20 cm.

Parts of which the stomach consists

The cardiac opening is the entrance to the stomach. It is located at the level of the 9th vertebra. The vault (bottom) of the stomach is an enlarged part of it. The middle part is his body. The output is otherwise called the gatekeeper. On the photo of the stomach is also noticeable annular muscle. It functions as a gatekeeper.

The stomach has a permanent location, regardless of whether it is filled or not. This is due to the fact that it is supported by the peritoneal ligaments. As a result of the weakness of the ligaments and muscles of the peritoneum, gastric emptying (gastroptosis) develops.

Possible gastric displacements

A person can often have stomach displacements. The location of this body is affected by such factors:

  • the impact of a tumor or cyst;
  • enlargement of the liver or spleen;
  • swelling of the colon;
  • change the location of the diaphragm;
  • inflammation of the serous cover (perigastritis).

The location of the stomach, as a rule, varies during pregnancy. Often during pregnancy, the stomach hurts. Pain in this organ is associated with a general restructuring of the hormonal and bacteriological background. In addition, during pregnancy there is a gradual smooth displacement of the stomach. Its volume is gradually decreasing. In the photo of such a stomach, a person can see its displacement and the change in its volume.

Causes of gastric pain

The most frequent cause of pain is poor-quality food. Salty, fatty, spicy food irritates the human stomach, stimulates the production of a large amount of gastric juice. All this is accompanied by a painful reaction. If a person has intolerance to milk, it can also develop pain.

To gastric pain lead to such diseases:

  • a stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer;
  • food poisoning;
  • inflammation of the peritoneum;
  • pathological conditions of the pancreas;
  • diseases of the nervous system;
  • connective tissue diseases;
  • rheumatic diseases;
  • abdominal colic in diabetes mellitus and increased thyroid function;
  • in children, stomach pain can be caused by diseases such as tonsillitis, acute respiratory viral infection, scarlet fever.

So the cause of the development of gastric pain in humans is very much. You should pay attention to the slightest nuances of such pains, since the pain in the abdomen can appear for reasons not related to digestion.

Characteristics of pain may differ depending on gender. Thus, the pain in the abdomen, giving up in the upper half, happens in men with prostate disease and with kidney disease. In this case, it is necessary to closely monitor the flow of urine during urination. In women, the pain in the abdomen is also observed with inflammation of the ovaries, during menstruation.

Characteristics of pain

A person has two types of pain in the stomach - somatic and visceral. Somatic pain occurs as a result of irritation of the peritoneum. The endings of the spinal nerves are irritated. Such pain has a clear localization and is always accompanied by a tension in the muscles of the peritoneum. In addition, it has a sharp, cutting character and is strengthened during breathing.

Visceral pain occurs as a result of irritation of the nerve endings in the organ itself. In this case, the stomach hurts as a result of spasms, sprains. Such pain has the character of colic of a very different intensity. Pain is also localized in different parts of the abdomen, can give to other parts of the body. A constant growing inflammatory process is indicated by constant pain in the epigastric region.

What to do with gastric pain

Symptoms of stomach pain require treatment, as there are conditions in which immediate intervention is required. However, independent conclusions about the cause of pain should not be done.

If you have a stomach ache, exclude for the first time motor activity and food. Perhaps in this case the pain will cease without any intervention. Do not strain and be nervous. To relax the digestive tract, you need to drink calming tea - mint, with melissa.

Medicines for gastric pain should be taken by those who are prescribed by the doctor. You do not need to self-medicate, diagnose yourself and prescribe medications - it can only do much harm.

However, if all this did not bring relief, do not try to endure the pain and continue to drink tea, medicine. At the slightest sign of deterioration of well-being and pain, it is necessary to call a doctor.

With increasing pain, you can not:

  • take analgesics and narcotic painkillers, as this erases the clinical picture;
  • eat and drink;
  • put warmers, enemas;
  • take alcohol;
  • take a laxative.

Features of nutrition in gastric pain

With pain in the abdomen, diet is very important. Nutrition in case of stomach illness should maximize the sparing regimen and completely eliminate harmful factors - alcohol, smoking, spicy, fried, salted, smoked, hot, cold food. Here's what products are banned:

  • food products;
  • rich broths;
  • sour berries and fruits;
  • chocolate;
  • ice cream;
  • all canned food and smoked meat, as well as pickles and marinades;
  • cabbage, onion, sorrel, spinach, radish and radish;
  • hard boiled eggs;
  • sauces;
  • coffee;
  • carbonated drinks.

It is recommended to eat mashed, steamed food, sour-milk products, pasta, cereals, salads. Useful baked fruit, jelly, melted milk and butter. It is necessary to ensure that food is fractional, not to allow large breaks in the diet.

Correctly selected diet will help you get rid of stomach pain. Remember that their timely treatment and prevention contribute to a quick recovery and do not allow complications.

The nature and causes of pain in the stomach and its location in the body

If there are pains in the abdomen, then the first thing suspected is a malfunction in the digestive system. An important role in this system is played by the stomach, where each organ is and how it hurts, every person should know. Correct timely diagnosis of pain in the stomach helps to make an accurate diagnosis and begin prompt treatment of an important organ.

The stomach is responsible for the cleavage of such irreplaceable substances as proteins, carbohydrates, and also it absorbs useful minerals and water. A separate role is played by hydrochloric acid of the stomach, protecting it from microorganisms and splitting food. Proper work of this body ensures the health of the whole body, so you need to monitor it.

The location of the stomach in the body

The human stomach is a completely hollow organ that forms during the transition from the thoracic to the abdominal cavity. The form is constantly changing depending on the amount of food in it, and also directly depends on the person's sex, age and his constitution. In more thin people the stomach is located vertically, resembling a stocking in its shape, and in full it is slightly inclined horizontally.

The digestive tract includes many organs, and the stomach is an enlarged part of the tract. It is located directly under the diaphragm, or rather in the left hypochondrium between the esophagus and duodenum, approximately at level 11 of the vertebra. Most of it is located on the left. The children's stomach is slightly different from the adult by its form. At birth, it is located horizontally, and the cardiac part together with the bottom is still poorly developed, so babies often have regurgitation. By the age of 10-11 he is gradually acquiring a vertical arrangement. If the stomach is empty, then it can be no more, liter, and in the filled state its volume increases to 4 liters. The size is influenced by the weight of a person, his physique and the amount of filling.

What does the stomach consist of?

The constituent parts of the stomach is the entrance part or the cardial opening, then it passes to the main part, and the pyloric department is the completion of the organ. The last part of the other organs is separated by the pyloric sphincter.

In the body of the stomach are glands, responsible for the difficult process of digestion. They produce hydrochloric acid, without which food will not be properly digested, as well as pepsin. The walls of the body are covered with a protective mucosa. The main functions of the human stomach are:

  • process of digestion;
  • production of gastric juice;
  • motor functions.

Violation of work in any department of the body leads to problems in the digestive system and leads to severe pain and other symptoms. Modern medicine offers a huge selection of medicines if the stomach hurts, but before they are taken you need to undergo a checkup and consult a doctor.

Factors of the onset of pain

Incorrect lifestyle and indiscriminate food also greatly affect the health of the entire digestive system. The stomach of a person hurts if food is taken on the move, if the food is poor and unbalanced. The causes of pain and disorders of the normal functioning of the digestive tract are as follows:

  • fatty, spicy dishes and smoked products in the daily diet;
  • the use of hot food, which burns the esophagus and the walls of the stomach;
  • insufficient chewing food;
  • poor quality of consumed products;
  • stress and depression, as a consequence of reducing the amount of hydrochloric acid;
  • long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that irritate the mucous membranes;
  • reception of chemicals;
  • injury to organs can lead to abdominal pain and hemorrhage.

Diseases of the stomach

Pain often appears where the stomach is located. Various diseases of the intestine, pancreas and duodenum also show similar symptoms with stomach diseases. If a person has this important body, you need to seek medical help, because you can not diagnose yourself. The development of pathological processes in this organ is affected by many factors and diseases.

  • Gastritis.
  • A peptic ulcer.
  • Diseases of the pancreas.
  • Diseases of the bile duct, including cholecystitis.
  • Dysbacteriosis of the intestine.
  • Stomach cancer.
  • Benign tumors.
  • Inflammation of the abdominal cavity or appendicitis.

All the reasons for which the stomach hurts, have a different nature and can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting or other symptoms.

The nature of stomach pain

If the pain appeared 15 minutes after eating, then most often in such cases, the cardiac part of the organ or its bottom is affected. The appearance of pain for about an hour after a meal means problems with the pancreas, inflammation of the mucous membrane, peptic ulcer. If the digestive organ hurts immediately after awakening, before eating, when the sleeping person starts feel discomfort in the abdomen, then in this case the duodenum is affected or on the mucosa is ulcers.

Where the stomach is located, the patient can often feel pain, which is different in strength and character. It can be blunt, sharp, bursting, piercing and aching.

Everything depends on the reasons that have affected the occurrence of inflammatory processes in the stomach. Signs of stomach damage other than pain may be nausea, severe vomiting, weakness, the presence of heartburn, bloating, improper stools.

The stomach of the person hurts at everyone differently, but it is necessary to watch a character of painful sensations, after all they speak about much.

Reducing the size of the stomach

The size of the stomach should initially be small, but over time, due to frequent overeating, they increase. Often to lose weight resort to reducing the size of the stomach, because if its volume is small, the amount of food needed for complete saturation, too, will decrease. There are many ways to reduce the stomach, the most radical of which is surgery. The disadvantage of this method is a long period of rehabilitation, so people solve it in extreme cases. Introduce also a balloon made of silicone inside the stomach, which helps to reduce the amount of food consumed, and when a person loses weight - the balloon is removed.

There are several ways to reduce the stomach on your own and do not harm your health. Adhering to the basic principles of daily nutrition, you can successfully adjust the size of the stomach.

  • The food should be divided into many small portions. If you take 5 times a day for not more than 300 grams of food, then over time, the stomach size decreases significantly.
  • Food should be chewed carefully, and eat slowly in a calm environment.
  • It is better to sit at a table only when a person is really hungry and feels a slight hunger.

A few months of compliance with such recommendations will help to reduce the stomach painlessly.

Uncontrolled self-treatment will not lead to positive results, so for any manifestations of pain in the stomach, you need to seek medical help.

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Sources: http://ogastrite.ru/zabolevaniya-zheludka/gde-naxoditsya-zheludok-i-kak-imenno-on-bolit/, http://myzheludok.ru/interesno/gde-nahoditsya.html, http://gladstomach.ru/bolezni-zheludka/gastrit/prichiny-bolej-v-zheludke.html


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