How to restore the intestines after diarrhea
Diarrhea and Co: a company of intestinal infections
Who does not know what speed is needed when catching fleas and diarrhea? We will not discuss this trivial truth. Our emergency expert meeting is devoted to a much more serious issue: how to prevent a lethal outcome?
Alexander Redkin, immunologist:
- Acute intestinal infections are one of the most common infectious diseases. These include dysentery, salmonellosis, typhoid fever, cholera. They affect not only the gastrointestinal tract, but also other organs and systems. Diarrhea is a consequence of a malfunction in the body, characterized by a violation of absorption of water and electrolytes in the intestine. It can be a manifestation of such severe diseases as viral hepatitis or AIDS. Gastrointestinal infection caused by Сampilobacter jejuni can cause Guillain-Barre syndrome, which is manifested by paralysis and changes in cerebrospinal fluid. It is possible to give many reasons in favor of the fact that any stomach upset should be treated with caution an
Natalia Kosulko, therapist, family doctor:
- The disease has a pronounced seasonal character - summer - autumn. Almost always diarrhea begins with a rise in body temperature to 38 - 39 ° C, vomiting, abdominal pain, rumbling, flatulence, abundant watery stools of yellow or yellow-green color, often foamy or splashing, and stools occur up to 10 - 15 or more times per day.
In the initial period of the disease, in addition to antiemetic, antipyretics, a decisive role may be played by sorbents: they are able to extract, fix and remove from the intestine viruses, microbes, their toxins, and also enhance the protective properties intestines. Moreover, the appointment of antibiotics can lead to increased toxicosis due to the massive death of microbes and the absorption of their toxins into the blood.
The standard diet for diarrhea involves the exclusion of coarse fiber, dairy products, spicy, spicy foods, carbonated beverages, animal fats, coffee, alcohol. Hungry diets and water-tea pauses are not recommended, since even with severe forms of the disease Digestive function of the greater part of the intestine is preserved, and hungry diets significantly weaken protective strength of the body.
In the absence of nausea and vomiting, it is necessary to restore the water balance: in 1 liter of water, dissolve 1 tablespoon of salt, baking soda, 4 tablespoons of sugar. There are also ready-made metered-dose powders containing sodium potassium salts and glucose. Pay attention to your urine. The more yellow its color, the more liquid the body needs.
Elena Mezentseva, pediatrician:
- Diarrhea can be caused by amoeba, lamblia, cryptosporidia. Children suffer more often in the age of from 1 till 7 years. In kindergartens, the sources of outbreaks are often the workers of the food units. Some infections are carried by insects, most often flies. Infecting and contributing to unsanitary living conditions, non-compliance with personal hygiene, the use of contaminated food stored or prepared in violation of the rules. The risk of infection depends on the dose of the causative agent found in the body, as well as on the state of the gastrointestinal tract and the activity of the immune system. The most susceptible are young children, premature babies, as well as those who are breastfed. The incubation period lasts from a few hours to seven days. One of the most dangerous complications of diarrhea, which often develops in toddlers, is dehydration of the body. Since ordinary drinking water does not contain sugar, mineral salts, which loses the body when diarrhea, it is very important to compensate for the loss of tea with sugar, fruit drinks or simply salted water with glucose. If there is also vomiting, it is better to drink at least a small amount of fluid every 15 to 20 minutes.
The first and the main principle of any treatment - do no harm, therefore, when an acute intestinal infection is detected, you should never engage in self-medication! In extreme cases, with intestinal infections you can use folk remedies: a decoction of pomegranate crusts, rice broth, oak bark. They do not replace the treatment, but they can be a complement to it.
Nutrition in the acute phase of intestinal infection should be gentle, frequent and fractional, exclude raw vegetables and fruits, raw milk, fried, fatty, hot, sweets. Within 3 to 4 days, the normal volume of food should be restored. The ration for this period includes boiled or baked vegetables and fruits, sour-milk products, lean meat, milk porridge or boiled milk. The optimal nutrition of infants is mother's milk. Children of the first months of life who are on artificial feeding, are preferred sour-milk mixtures. In children older than 6 months, the mixture can be combined with vegetable dishes in the form of puree or soup-puree, rice or buckwheat porridge.
Phytotherapy is prescribed when restoring the intestine with an anti-inflammatory and astringent purpose. To do this, use decoctions of chamomile, St. John's wort, lapchatka, oak bark, pomegranate crusts. Duration of treatment - 1 month, and every 10 days the grass needs to be changed. Take 1 teaspoon, dessert or a tablespoon, depending on the age 5 - 6 times a day.
Vladimir Zavgorodny, gynecologist:
- In some women in the first months of pregnancy, instability of the bowel is particularly frequent. This is because the intestine and the uterus are anatomically close and are controlled by a single nerve node. The emergence of diarrhea can contribute to the weakening of immunity, malnutrition. There are many reasons, but the result is one - the infection weakens the body of pregnant women. It is dangerous by dehydration and desalination, because the necessary minerals are washed out of the intestine. This is fraught with a violation of salt metabolism, hence - edema and other troubles. To avoid diarrhea, pregnant women should stick to a certain diet, wash everything very carefully, slightly spoiled berries ruthlessly throw out, not get carried away by plums and apricots. To restore the body after diarrhea, you need to eat oatmeal cooked on the water. Oat bran, absorbing excess liquid, reduce the speed of the movement of the masses along the intestines, it is useful and fixing the three-day kefir of low fat content. Vegetable fiber products such as legumes, oats, bananas, apples and pears help to alleviate the symptoms diarrhea, the more the baby constantly needs food, and the diet should receive all the necessary substances and microelements. Receiving funds containing calcium at a dose of 500 mg twice a day, reduces the severity of diarrhea.
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