How to restore intestines to a newborn after antibiotics
How to restore the immunity of a baby after treatment with antibiotics?
In severe diseases associated with bacterial infections, antibiotics can not be avoided. But they themselves strike the body. Therefore, it is necessary to help the child to recover from their admission.
What happens in the treatment of antibiotics?
In the human body, there are many useful microorganisms. They participate in metabolic processes, promote the digestion and assimilation of food, inhibit the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria and fungi. The damage from antibiotics lies in the fact that, together with harmful microorganisms, which became the cause of the disease, they are destroyed and really needed. Of course, the medicine works, and recovery comes. But the body will probably let know that everything is not right with him.
- Due to antibiotics, colonies of bacteria die, in the first place - useful.
- The balance of microflora changes, there is a dysbacteriosis of the intestine.
- There are problems with the gastrointestinal tract
- Allergic reactions, manifestations of fungal diseases are possible.
- Immunity decreases.
How is dysbiosis manifested?
The most common and most noticeable reaction is the intestinal dysbiosis. It is his normal work that must be restored. After all, most of the useful microorganisms that help the digestion process are concentrated there. Even adults are sensitive to changes in the microflora, let alone children. They have unpleasant sensations in the abdomen, flatulence and bloating. Food can not be digested completely, the remaining particles rot. Then they are either accelerated, which causes the child to suffer from diarrhea, or become denser, and constipation occurs.
Both conditions are quite dangerous for the baby. With diarrhea, there is a risk of dehydration. With prolonged constipation, toxins enter the bloodstream, which poison the body. But even if there are no such obvious manifestations, an insufficient number of necessary bacteria will lead to the fact that the immunity will decrease. Also the kid will not get out from colds.
Allergic reactions are also possible. Because of the shortage of bacteria that helped break down food, proteins will be absorbed from the intestine into the blood almost unchanged. The child's organism can perceive them as alien and begin to fight them, as a result of which the baby will develop a rash.
How to restore the intestinal microflora?
Since the main problem after taking antibiotics - a violation of microflora, then it must be fought with. If the baby is still breastfed, then it is worth to feed it on demand. Mother's milk promotes colon colonization with beneficial bacteria. Older children should be given kefir and other sour-milk products. It's unlikely that they will cope with the situation on their own, but they will help create a suitable environment for the normalization of the intestine.
To restore the population of necessary microorganisms, it is necessary to drink probiotics. These drugs contain bifido- and lactobacilli, in addition, they create a nutrient medium for them. Often, doctors recommend taking them with antibiotics to support the body. But even when the treatment is over, you should drink a course of probiotics to achieve the greatest effect. It will help and strengthen immunity.
With diarrhea, children are often irritated. To relieve the condition of the baby, you should use zinc ointment or a special cream for healing. And often arrange air baths.
For infants, it is advisable to choose a liquid preparation or powder that dissolves in water. After three years you can give pills. What exactly drugs to buy, should advise the doctor. Modern medicines contain several strains of microorganisms, as well as special additives to enhance their effectiveness. Often appoint "Lineks "Bifiform "Acipol "Bifidumbacterin "Lactovit forte "Entererozermina" and others.
What else can you need to restore the baby's body?
Probiotics help to restore the microflora, affected by antibiotics, due to which it will be possible to raise the immunity. But this is a gradual process, and until then, there may be a need for treatment of candidiasis in a child, because until there are not enough friendly bacteria that usually hold back the multiplication of the fungus that causes it disease. In children, it is most often seen on the mucosa of the mouth as a white coating. It is treated with the help of special preparations. Also often occurs stomatitis - painful sores in the mouth. You need antiseptic rinses. And in that, and in another case it is necessary to keep to a diet, to avoid hot and sharp. When the body comes back to normal, immunity will become stronger and these problems will go away.
Because of disruptions in the digestive system, food is poorly digested, the baby receives insufficient amounts of nutrients. In addition, friendly bacteria are involved in the synthesis of certain vitamins. As a result, avitaminosis may develop. Therefore it is important to provide the child with adequate nutrition, he must eat vegetables and fruits. Sometimes superfluous will be the intake of vitamins. Especially if you recover from illness in the winter, when the choice of fresh vegetables is limited.
After taking antibiotics, immunity is usually weakened. To strengthen it, you should create a favorable home environment: the temperature and humidity should be comfortable, air and carry out wet cleaning should be done regularly. We must try to protect the child from stress, because the harmonious environment promotes recovery. In addition to vitamin complexes, it sometimes makes sense to drink the means to raise the protective properties of the body: for example, tincture of echinacea or propolis. But, like any drugs, they should be prescribed by a doctor.
Such manifestations of a dysbacteriosis, like constipation or diarrhea, will pass after taking probiotics, when the intestines will re-colonize useful bacteria. But the state of the child should be monitored. To prevent dehydration with diarrhea, you must constantly give your baby a drink. Well, if it's "Regidron but any other liquid will do. The main thing that it was a lot.
To restore the baby after taking antibiotics, it takes time. Perhaps the process will take more than a week. This affects the initial state of the child's body, the severity of the disease, the duration of the course of treatment. But if you fulfill all the doctor's prescriptions, take probiotics and follow the diet, then the intestine will soon begin to function normally. The karapuz will feel better. Thus it will turn out to raise the immunity, which will work in full force.
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How quickly to restore the immunity of a child after treatment with antibiotics?
Serious diseases do not leave parents with a choice, they have to give the children strong medicines. The kid recovered, all the excitement behind, now the mother is faced with the question: how to restore the immunity of the child after antibiotics? The information flows in the river: the media are flooding us with advertising of miracle means, friends and neighbors recommend a magic elixir that will heal all diseases in one day. The most important thing for parents is to learn to separate the necessary information from fairy tales and myths.
What is the harm of antibacterial drugs?
The praise of antibiotics has long been a thing of the past. Undoubtedly, they saved many lives, and in the case of a serious infectious disease without these drugs can not do, but they harm the body a lot. The medicine killed harmful microbes, but from its impact, useful bacteria also fell. After treatment, immunity decreases, digestion is disrupted, the child becomes sluggish, easily gets cold - this condition is called dysbiosis.
The main shock is the intestine, in which more than half of the useful microflora lives. Due to antibiotics, useful microorganisms have disappeared, and no one holds back the growth of yeast fungi, which multiply so intensely that they pass through the walls of the intestines and are carried to the blood with all organs. Damaged mucous membranes pass undigested substances that, together with yeast, poison the body. Immunity weakens, allergies appear, any slight draft can cause a cold. If you do not restore your health as quickly as possible, more serious diseases can develop.
The process of digestion is not only in the stomach, but also in the intestines, where this work is done by lactic acid bacteria. After taking antibiotics, a useful microflora died, and the child's body can no longer tolerate the usual menu. There is diarrhea or constipation, flatulence, abdominal pain. Without useful microorganisms, the synthesis of vitamins is reduced, and children suffer from avitaminosis.
Do not prescribe the child a new course of antibiotics. If the indisposition is caused by a dysbacteriosis, fresh doses of the drug will make up the remnants of useful microflora, and it will become even more difficult to restore its balance. Even if a second course is prescribed by a doctor, make sure that his recommendations are justified. Consult with several specialists, if possible, contact a good medical center, and only after a firm conviction that without antibacterial drugs can not do, repeat treatment.
How to restore the intestinal microflora?
There are many drugs that help restore the balance of microflora and strengthen the immune system, but before using them you should consult a doctor. The specialist is obliged to assign laboratory tests. If the negligent physician writes out the prescription after the first examination, insist that he give directions to the tests. Only by examining the state of the intestinal microflora, you can determine the degree of dysbiosis and choose the composition and dose of the drug in order to raise the number of beneficial bacteria.
Most often for these purposes are used:
In order for bacteria to get better in the intestines, create them the most beneficial environment. Try to feed your child with natural food, exclude chips, chewing gum and other products saturated with chemical dyes, glutamates, sweeteners. Month three let the child live without your favorite harmful "yummy perhaps during this time he will wean from them and go on to healthier treats that strengthen immunity. Limit the flour products, and do not give the hot yeast loaf directly from the bread maker, let the loaf become stiff.
But natural food - vegetables, fruits, boiled meat and fish, cereals - let them eat plenty. Pay special attention to dairy products, cottage cheese should be in the diet constantly, and before going to bed it is advisable to drink kefir. To quench your thirst, prepare fresh juices and fruit drinks, just do not buy drinks in the store, where in one package you can find the whole periodic table. Sweets and sugar should be replaced with natural honey. To raise the immunity of the child will help multivitamins and preparations of selenium and calcium. During the recovery from antibiotics, the liver is heavily loaded, it needs to neutralize and remove from the body all the slag that gets into the blood. Support her with lecithin.
In shops you can find a lot of yogurt and yoghurt with live bifidobacteria. Sometimes this statement is true, and sometimes - an advertising ploy. Such drinks can be a good addition to the main treatment if you choose them correctly. See the date of manufacture and shelf life. After the product has been lying in the warehouse for several months, it can not be anything alive, but there are a lot of preservatives. Give preference to goods without food additives, manufactured a few days before the purchase.
Sour-milk products can be done by yourself. It is advisable to purchase fresh cow's milk, which must be boiled, cooled to 45⁰, add a teaspoon of sour cream and leave in the warmth for 6 hours. In this case, you will get live and active sour-milk bacteria.
Pharmacy at home
In the pharmacy you can find a lot of drugs that help to strengthen the immunity of the child after taking antibiotics, but you yourself can become a good pharmacist for your baby. It's great if the grasses for the compounds you collect on your own in ecologically clean areas, and Grown-up plants grow in the suburban area, then you will be assured of quality and safety raw materials.
- , l kefir + 2 chopped cloves of garlic + 4 sprigs of dill or parsley + 1 h. l. chamomile + 1 hour. l. St. John's Wort. Stir, add boiling water to 1 liter, insist 20 minutes, strain. Drink on an empty stomach for 1 glass.
- 1 hour l. St. John's Wort, + h. l. sage +, h. l. tansy. Collect the pour a glass of boiling water and insist in the heat for 2 hours. The filtered composition should be drunk during the day for several sips before each meal.
These compounds will support the body, but will not replace the main treatment. Make sure that the child is not allergic to any component of the selected infusion. Be sure to consult with your doctor and find out how much they match the prescribed drugs and the drink that you have prepared.
Make every effort to quickly restore the child's well-being after antibiotics. Strong immunity will protect him from the danger of new diseases. When slackness and malaise go away, the kid will be happy to actively move: running, jumping, playing with the ball. Physical education will further strengthen his health and help avoid the need to undergo a new course of therapy with potent drugs.
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Restoring the intestines after antibiotics
Antibiotics have firmly entered our lives. We no longer imagine that without them you can cure bronchitis or cystitis. Some even treat themselves with antibiotics with acute respiratory viral infections, which in principle are not subject to such treatment. Is it harmless?
Day regimen and diet for intestinal dysbiosis after antibiotics
To restore the intestines after taking antibiotics, a course of complex treatment is prescribed, which includes the regulated regime of the day, proper nutrition, medication and folk remedies medicine.
The daily regimen of a person suffering from dysbiosis should include moderate physical activity. This is a physical exercise, walking, swimming in the pool, etc. Heavy physical activity, activities associated with vibration and stress should be excluded.
The diet after antibiotics includes regular meals at the same hours, at least 4-5 times a day in small portions. Out of the daily ration, products that irritate the gastrointestinal tract should be excluded. Such products include fatty meat, fatty fish, fresh milk, concentrated broths, beans, peas, sweets, confectionery, fresh bread, sweet fizzy drinks, alcoholic beverages beverages. You can not eat fried, sharp, smoked, canned food.
To restore the intestine, at night for half an hour before bedtime, it is useful to eat a late supper, including foods rich in coarse fiber. You can alternate porridge on the water (buckwheat, oatmeal, millet), sour-milk products with bran and salads from boiled beets and carrots. Such a late dinner will stimulate the growth of useful intestinal microflora, for which cellulose is the staple food.
Cleanse the intestines
In severe dysbacteriosis, treatment sometimes has to start with taking antibiotics, which the doctor chooses, based on the data of the preliminary examination of the patient. Yet gastroenterologists try to prescribe antibiotics only in extreme cases. More often, if signs of a dysbacteriosis after reception of antibiotics appear, prescribe antiseptics, suppressing growth of conditionally-pathogenic and pathogenic microflora and almost not oppressing a normal microflora.
These drugs include Nifuroxazide, which is marketed under the trade names Enterofuril, Ersefuril and Nifuroxazide. These drugs help restore the intestines and virtually no side effects; are issued in capsules and suspensions for oral administration. Suspension can be given to children from a month old. Contraindicated Nifuroxazide only with increased sensitivity to the components of the drug and intolerance of simple sugars. The latter are a part of the auxiliary substances of both dosage forms.
To purify the intestine from toxic substances formed in the process of impaired digestion after taking antibiotics, adsorbents are also prescribed. This is Enterosgel, Smecta, Polyphepanum, Activated Carbon, etc.
For non-severe intestinal dysbacteriosis, the drug of choice can be a food supplement (BAA) Complex with pectin "Liquid Coal". The better this dietary supplements? Soft action. It includes natural apple pectin (adsorbent), prebiotic inulin (feeding for normal microflora), succinic acid and taurine (sources of additional energy). This dietary supplement also helps in allergic processes that occur against the background of dysbiosis. Take it 2 - 3 times a day while eating, diluting the powder in the water. Liquid coal should be taken separately from the medication, with an interval of at least 1 hour.
We colonize the intestine with a normal microflora
To restore the volume of normal intestinal microflora after taking antibiotics, prescribe drugs from the group of probiotics and prebiotics. These drugs are prescribed after a course of antibiotic therapy or (with mild intestinal dysbacteriosis) without it.
Probiotics are medicines, which contain colonies of living beneficial bacteria - the inhabitants of the intestine. These drugs include Bifidumbacterin, Lactobacterin, Acipol, Lineks, Bifiform, Bactisubtil and others. But not everything is so simple: it is established that only 1-10% of living living bacteria survive.
In order to restore the intestines and support the vital activity of normal microflora, after taking antibiotics prescribe drugs from the group of prebiotics. It is food for normal intestinal microflora. Prebiotics include preparations, active ingredient in which is lactulose. These drugs are available under the trade names Lactulose, Dufalac, Portalalac, Laktusan, Normase and others. Doses and duration of application of probiotics and prebiotics are selected by the doctor individually, including they can be given to the child.
Improving the process of digestion
To normalize the process of digesting food, appoint digestive enzymes: Creon, Mezim, Festal, Panzinorm and others. They are taken immediately after ingestion. These drugs can be taken even to the baby.
In order that food is not delayed in the intestines and toxic substances are not absorbed into the blood, prescribe medications that regulate peristalsis. This group includes drugs whose active ingredient is trimebutin (Trimedat, Neobutin). Trimebutin has a stimulating effect with a decrease in the motor activity of the smooth muscles of the intestine and spasmolytic - with spasms associated with intestinal colic. Assign this drug in individually selected dosage with long courses - from 4 to 12 weeks.
Contraindications for use are pregnancy, breastfeeding, children under 3 years of age and hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
Increase the reactivity of the body
To increase the body's resistance to various effects, vitamin and mineral complexes are prescribed for immunomodulators (for example, the herbal preparation Immunal).
Restoring the intestines after taking antibiotics is not easy, sometimes this requires a long-term comprehensive treatment.
Sources: http://agushkin.ru/zdorove/kak-vosstanovit-rebenka-posle-antibiotikov.html, http://therebenok.ru/zdorove/kak-vosstanovit-rebenka-posle-antibiotikov.html, http://gastritlechim.ru/tolstogo-kishechnika/vosstanavlivaem-kishechnik-posle-antibiotikov.html
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