Klebsiella in the intestines than to treat
Klebsiella in the intestine
Among all the reasons for the development of inflammatory diseases of the digestive system, the leading place is occupied by Klebsiella in the intestine. It is a fixed conditionally pathogenic bacterium belonging to the group of Gram-negative rods. In a healthy organism, the Klebsiella is a representative of the normal microflora of the mucous membranes, intestines and skin. In the pathological multiplication of this gram-negative rod, there are klebsiella infections.
Where does an adult in the gut appear klebsiella?
It is possible to infect the bacterium under consideration from its carrier, but the main reason for infection with klebsiella is violation rules of basic personal hygiene, for example, the use of unwashed vegetables and fruits, eating without prior washing hands. With a decreased activity of the immune system, the bacterium is also transmitted by airborne droplets - by sneezing, coughing.
Symptoms of klebsiella in the intestine
The signs of the described pathology dep
Symptoms of nasal sinus and upper respiratory tract infection:
- atrophy of the mucous membrane and bones of the nose;
- fetid smell;
- cough with mucus;
- purulent discharge from the nose;
- a runny nose, a feeling of stuffiness;
- sore throat;
- formation of crusts on the internal mucous membranes.
Clinical manifestations of Klebsiella pneumonia:
- dry cough;
- sputum production from the lungs with pus, impurities of blood, an unpleasant odor;
- wheezing during breathing.
When the bladder and urinary tract are affected, the following symptoms develop:
- pain when urinating;
- dull pain in the lower abdomen;
- intermittent urination in small portions.
Also, multiplication of Klebsiella is accompanied by severe disruption of the digestive system:
Than to treat klebsiella in the intestine?
As a rule, with mild infection of the digestive tract, bacteriophage Klebsiella pneumonia and various probiotics are prescribed:
Rarely klebsiella in the intestine is to be treated with antibiotics - penicillins, tetracyclines, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, and sometimes fluoroquinolones. Appoint an effective drug can only a doctor after the analysis of the sensitivity of bacteria to the selected medicine.
Klebsiella in feces: the more dangerous the bacterium for the health of the child
If small children have a stomachache, diarrhea is revealed or they are aggravated by increased gas formation, the cause of poor health may be klebsiella. The disease causes klebsiella - a conditionally pathogenic microorganism belonging to a class of enterobacteria. It is introduced into the large intestine and provokes a number of gastrointestinal disorders. In rare cases, Klebsiella in children becomes a cause of pneumonia.
Features of the causative agent Klebsiella
Klebsiella is a large bacterium, which is a representative of gram-negative flora. The stationary rod is covered with a protective capsule, which increases its survival in adverse environmental conditions and products. The pest tolerates warm temperatures and heating, but dies when boiled.
Scientists distinguish 7 types of Klebsiella, but the most dangerous for a child's health are:
- "Oxytoca" - klebsiella oxytoca;
- "Pneumonia" is klebsiella pneumoniae.
The parasitic individual "pneumonia" is also known as Friedlander's wand. It is this Klebsiella in the baby is often the culprit of gastrointestinal diseases. While the pathogen remains in the intestine, the child's health is not reflected in his health. It creates a threat only as it activates in the large intestine and when it penetrates into the following structures of the body:
In most cases, the Klebsiella in the infant and older baby provokes intestinal disturbances, and occasionally pneumonia. The nosocomial form of lung inflammation of a baby may catch during a hospital stay or become ill as it returns home from the clinic.
Pathways of infection with Klebsiella
The causative agent of intestinal pathologies can be determined in the feces of a healthy child, when parents hand over a sample for sowing on the microflora. At the same time the baby feels fine and does not complain about anything. The causes of the defeat of the child's organism by klebsiella are very different:
- the use of dirty or poorly washed fruits, vegetables, fruits;
- non-compliance of the mother with the rules of hygiene when feeding a child;
- contact with a person already suffering from bacterial damage (when coughing and sneezing, the stick is released into the air);
- drinking low-quality milk or raw water;
- The habit of dragging foreign objects into your mouth or sucking your fingers, and your hands are dirty.
In the conditions of a healthy organism, Clebsiella Oxytoc usually does not multiply. But with weakening of immunity and a small amount of normal microflora, the parasite is activated and triggers pathological mechanisms. Komarovsky explains that it is easier for the causative agent to start his activities in The organism of that child who is treated with antibiotics, poorly eats and has digestive problems tract. In some babies an allergy is a favorable background for the development of Klebsiella.
Symptomatic of bacterial damage
The clinical picture of Klebsiella is similar to the course of acute intestinal infection, in which mucous membranes are affected. But to accurately recognize Klebsiella doctor is sometimes difficult, because the symptoms of lesions resemble dysbiosis. Nevertheless, parents may suspect that something is wrong with the appearance of the following deviations in the child's well-being:
- temperature increase;
- regurgitation of milk or mixture;
- complaints of crumbs on abdominal pain and increased gas formation;
- long-term diarrhea, in which defecation products exude an unpleasant sour-milk smell, or blood and mucus are seen among the masses.
Klebsiellosis in children: diagnosis and treatment
Preliminary diagnosis is made by the doctor on the basis of a child's complaint or a picture described by the parents. To confirm his assumption, the specialist suggests that the vomit, urine, blood and cerebrospinal fluid should be sown, as well as the Klebsiella test. After isolating the pathogen, its variety is determined.
The norm of the pathogen in the feces for the baby is 105. Indicator 10 in 6 degrees, identified in 1 g of a sample of defecation products, is already considered a deviation and requires the implementation of therapeutic measures. In rare cases, Klebsiella is found in the urine, but there it happens to be accidental. If its value does not coincide with the values that doctors define as the norm, and the child has a high fever, this may indicate a progression of pyelonephritis.
Klebsiella is found in a laboratory study of the stool of an absolutely healthy or intestinal child suffering from intestinal disorders. Treat klebsiella with bacteriophages.
Treatment klebsiella with significant deterioration of the baby are engaged in the hospital.
Urgent hospitalization requires sepsis, dehydration, an infectious-toxic shock. Systemic klebsiella infections are treated with antibiotics of different groups, taking into account the sensitivity of the parasite to a particular drug. Oppressed immunity is restored by appropriate means.
Antibiotic therapy for Klebsiella infection in newborns is rare, because the developing organism responds to medications by side reactions. For infants, cephalosporins, penicillins, etc. antibiotics are toxic substances.
Selective biological agents, or klebsiella bacteriophages, are prescribed in liquid purified forms:
- complex piobacteriophage;
- bacteriophage Klebsiella pneumonia;
- bacteriophage klebsiellezy polyvalent.
They destroy only klebsiella without affecting other microorganisms that make up the intestinal flora.
With isolated lesion of the tract, treatment is carried out with medications of different groups - intestinal antiseptics, stimulants for the development of useful flora, enzymes for better assimilation of food. To prevent dehydration, the body is saturated with solutions of salts and glucose. If the child is nauseous and regularly vomiting, the water balance is restored with intravenous medications.
Our specialist comments
- If a klebsiella is found in the stool of your baby, at the early stage of the disease it does not pose a great danger. But if the titre of the rod is far from the "norm" index, with weakened immunity the microorganism can provoke and accelerate the development of meningitis, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, diseases of the genitourinary or respiratory system.
- Maintain the health of the infant intestine from the first days of life. On breastfeeding, keep it as long as possible, apply lure in time, enrich the diet with sour-milk products.
Stool analysis and intestinal infections that he will show
The tactics of treating Klebsiella in the intestine
One of the constant headaches of mankind is pathogenic microorganisms. They cause outbreaks of light infections, as well as severe septic manifestations.
Klebsiella is a bacterium of the Enterobacteria family, which is part of the normal intestinal flora. However, when ingested into a body with a lowered immunity, the bacterium begins to multiply actively and affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, urinary system.
What it is?
Bacteria Klebsiella looks like a stick with the size from one to 5-6 micrometers. They are located one at a time, in pairs or line up in a long chain. In a small amount is present not only in the intestines, but also on the skin, mucous membranes.
Klebsiella is incredibly tenacious, she maintains vitality even outside the human body. For example, if you place a microorganism in the ground or in water, it will not die. Moreover, he will even be ready for reproduction.
What is dangerous?
What is the danger of Klebsiella? With its rapid multiplication, various systems and organs are affected, which causes terrible diseases:
- pneumonia in the hearth in respiratory organs;
- gastritis, enteritis with lesions of the gastrointestinal tract;
- prostatitis, cystitis, pyelonephritis when reproducing in the organs of the sexual or urinary system.
Other body systems are also in a risky position. Klebsiella can affect any of the organs, including areas of the brain. In addition, there is always the possibility of sepsis, which often leads to the death of the patient.
The source of the klebsiella infection can be a person who wears it in his body. The wand is transmitted through poorly washed hands, dirty fruits or vegetables, contaminated dairy products. With pneumonia, the stick can be transmitted even by airborne droplets.
Among the risk factors:
- children of infant and young toddler;
- people of advanced age with low immunity;
- presence of diabetes mellitus;
- presence of malignant formations in the body;
- presence of blood diseases;
- people who undergone organ transplant;
- the presence of long-standing alcohol dependence.
What are the symptoms?
After entering the intestine, bacteria begin to produce endotoxins, which causes infection. The incubation period lasts from a couple of hours to two or three days. At this time, no symptoms of the disease is manifested, but then the symptoms are quite bright.
If we talk about Klebsiella in the gut, then this:
- body temperature sharply creeps up, sometimes reaching forty degrees;
- severe diarrhea with splotches of blood and mucus, accompanied by a very unpleasant odor;
- painful sensations in the abdominal area of the grasping character, vomiting, loss of interest in food, heartburn after eating.
When the bacteria are found in other organs, the symptoms will be slightly different, but the temperature, pain and presence of mucus (in feces, with coughing) remain unchanged.
Read here reviews on the cleansing of the intestines with laxative Fortrans.
How is it diagnosed?
To make a diagnosis it will be necessary to conduct a number of activities, among whichcollection of urine and feces, sputum from the lungs or other organs. Without these studies, it is impossible to determine Klebsiella.
The bacteriological method or seeding of the material is considered to be the leading one. The patient also undergoes a bacterioscopy, in which the smear stains according to the Gramm method, and thick sticks become visible. There are still serological methods, but they are rarely used because of their duration.
Methods of treatment of infection
The method of treatment should be chosen by a physician, based on the severity of the disease. analyzes and well-being of the patient. A mild form of intestinal infection is successfully treated at home using probiotics and bacteriophages. Dosage is prescribed by a doctor.
In some cases, you need to be hospitalized in a medical institution. Small children are almost always treated in a hospital under the supervision of doctors. A severe form of the disease also requires hospitalization.
If the infection is accompanied by a fever, the patient is prescribed a bed rest. A sparing diet and plenty of liquid must be present, so that dehydration does not appear.
What can not be done?
When the first signs appear, you should not postpone treatment to a doctor.Only an expert is able to correctly assess the patient's condition and prescribe an effective treatment.
In particular, children should immediately show themselves to the pediatrician. Some parents like to ask for advice on the treatment of their children on the Internet. Klebsiella - not the case when you can pull with treatment in the clinic. Delay can turn into a tragedy.
Prevention is aimed at the elementary observance of hygiene, the timely detection and treatment of infectious diseases and the enhancement of the body's defenses. This is quite enough to avoid getting infected with Klebsiella.
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Sources: http://womanadvice.ru/klebsiella-v-kishechnike, http://lecheniedetok.ru/gastroenterolog/klebsiella-v-kale-u-rebenka.html, http://vashjeludok.com/kishechnik/k-bolezni/klebsiella.html
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