How to restore intestines after intestinal infection
Rules for recovery after poisoning
No one is insured against poisoning. Especially "hot" for workers of infectious hospitals is the summer period, when the percentage of unwashed fruits and vegetables increases, and food spoils faster (see. poisoning with fruits). But in winter, the risk to run into poor-quality foodstuffs is preserved, and the person develops weakness, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea and dehydration. How to recover from poisoning after a previous intestinal infection, let's deal with.
How much is the body restored after poisoning?
Everything is very individual: someone already feels well the next day after the infection, and someone can not come to the form in 2-3 weeks. The recovery time after the disease depends on:
- pathogenicity (potential hazard) of the causative agent of the infection;
- the number of microbes that a person has consumed;
- severity of the disease;
- individual characteristics of the body.
If in the first days of the disease the patient feels a sharp weakness, severe nausea, s
- persistent weakness;
- mild nausea, but without vomiting
- residual pain in the abdomen.
Note! You will be surprised, but vomiting and diarrhea during poisoning is good. Thus, a wise organism tries to quickly get rid of microbes and toxins that have got into it. Therefore, antiemetic and anti-diarrhea drugs doctors prescribe in extreme cases, if the symptoms are uncontrollable. It is better to use sorbents and replenish the lost stocks of liquid and electrolytes with special preparations and ordinary water.
Usually patients with intestinal infection completely refuse to eat: the digestive tract simply can not accept it. Return of appetite is a favorable sign: it means that you have almost recovered.
Nutrition after intestinal infection
Answering the question, how to recover after poisoning, namely, food, doctors always emphasize observance of a sparing diet. Fatty fried foods, fiber, fast food and an abundance of spices will irritate the inflamed intestinal mucosa, and vomiting and diarrhea may recur. To prohibited foods in the first days after intestinal infection are:
- fresh bread, pastries, confectionery;
- fatty fried meat, lard, fish;
- rich broths;
- smoked products;
- milk and lactic acid products;
- whole-grain cereals;
- fresh vegetables and fruits.
During the recovery period after poisoning they permit: there is bread (better yesterday) in dried form, porridge on water from digestible cereals (rice, semolina), baked in the oven or steamed vegetables and fruit.
On the proper nutrition after salmonellosis read here.
Sample menu in the first days after poisoning
Gentle diet is recommended to adhere to at least 3 days after the poisoning. Eat better in small portions (such that will fit in your palm) every 2 hours. Be sure to drink a lot of clean water. From liquids, you can also use warm sweetened tea, broths of dogrose, St. John's wort, chamomile.
- Breakfast - a glass of berry jelly.
- Lunch # 8212; a slice of dried bread, 1 boiled soft boiled egg.
- Snack is a baked apple.
- Lunch - rice porridge on the water, baked zucchini.
- Snack - crackers, tea.
- Supper - rice porridge with butter.
Extend the diet
Three days after the poisoning, you can expand the sparing diet and add a few new dietary products that will satiate the body and help you recover more quickly after the illness. It is allowed to use:
- low-fat veal;
- chicken breast;
- beef patties or meatballs, steamed;
- mashed potatoes (no milk added);
- natural dairy products without additives;
- oatmeal, buckwheat groats.
Stick to the diet for at least one more week. This will help the gastrointestinal tract recover completely. Then, if the symptoms of poisoning are completely gone, you can return to the usual diet.
What can help official medicine
The treatment scheme for poisoning is a doctor individually for each patient. To recover faster after an intestinal infection, usually apply:
- means, replenishing the reserves of liquid and ions (cf. Regidron for poisoning);
- enzyme preparations.
Step 1. We compensate for the loss of electrolytes
The main danger in poisoning is the development of dehydration. To prevent this, even during the recovery period it is recommended to drink more liquid and take special medications that make up for the loss of vital potassium and sodium ions. One such drug is Regidron.
Powder Regidron is diluted in 1 liter. boiled water at room temperature. Drink the resulting solution should be 1-2 tbsp. l. every 10-15 minutes, until the diarrhea and vomiting completely cease.
If there is no medicine at hand, you can prepare the simplest saline solution yourself. Take:
Dissolve sugar, salt and soda in 1 liter of boiled water and take according to the scheme indicated above.
Step 2. We remove toxins from the body
Sorbents are drugs that act in the intestine like a sponge, collecting toxins and removing them from the body. The most popular sorbent is activated charcoal. You can use it or choose more modern drugs:
Step 3. Helping Digestion
Enzyme preparations are designed to digest the food that enters the body. They help to "unload" the inflamed intestine in the first days after poisoning. Common means based on enzymes are:
Take them when the appetite is restored and the patient returns to the usual diet. The use of enzymes in the complex treatment of poisoning allows you to quickly come to form.
Why chicken broth is recommended after poisoning, read here.
How to feed a child after poisoning, find out in this article: http://otravlen.ru/dieta-rebenka-posle-otravleniya/. Basic principles of nutrition.
How to avoid poisoning in the future
Having survived one poisoning, try to protect yourself from the possibility of again catching the intestinal infection:
- drink only boiled or bottled water;
- avoid dubious dishes: the day before yesterday's salad with mayonnaise, oddly smelling soup, sour milk;
- do not throw away products with expired shelf life;
- store cooked food in the refrigerator;
- observe the storage rules: put the raw products separately from the ready, do not thaw meat and poultry several times;
- wash your hands as often as possible;
- watch out for food in catering establishments.
How much the body regains after poisoning, largely depends on ourselves. I adhere to a sparing diet and, observing the doctor's recommendations, you will defeat the disease and quickly get to your feet. Be healthy!
Should a diet for a child after the illness be sparing?
Many pathological conditions of the child can be cured or at least corrected by a change in diet. For example, poisoning the body. Diet for a child, used after intestinal infection, helps to quickly restore the intestinal microflora and improve the digestive system. And often use a sparing option.
Than the pathological condition threatens
When intestinal infection in the child in the body quickly enough, pathological changes occur. Initially, this, of course, is the activity of toxins. They enter the body after taking any stale food or poisoning with water and begin to actively disrupt its work. As a reaction to this, the child develops diarrhea or vomiting. And this leads to the problem number 2. As a result of active fluid loss, which leaves the child with the presence of a liquid stool and the appearance of vomit, dehydration develops. And this is a critical situation, ending in some cases and situations of death.
In this case, the big drawback is the fact that with intestinal infection the causative agent persists in the child's body long enough and for a long time has its destructive effect, continuing to worsen the state of health the kid. And here it is extremely important to observe the basic principles of proper nutrition, which, undoubtedly, is also a sparing diet:
- Restoring the balance of fluid in the body
- Restoration of the digestive system and intestinal microflora, which occurs through the correction of the menu
The basic rule to consider is # 8212; the diet should be such that the food does not irritate the excited and inflamed mucosa of the child's gastrointestinal tract.
Restoration of water balance
After the development of intestinal infection in the child, there is an increase in body temperature, as a symptom of intoxication and side effects. This all has an effect on the thickening of the blood, because of which, by the way, there is an intensification of intoxication processes. And this means that we should take care of the restoration of the water-salt balance in the body. Ideally, it should be a solution containing salt, soda, glucose and potassium. Today in pharmacies such solutions are presented quite widely, and they are already presented in the form of ready-made powders - these should be diluted in a glass of water and given to the child. It should be remembered that replenishing the balance of the liquid is worth some time after the intestinal infection.
It is important to accurately calculate the dosage. Such a drinking diet is built on the principle of the mass of the child's body. So, in less than 1 year, you must calculate the mandatory volume of fluid that should be taken after poisoning, according to its kilograms # 8212; for each kilogram requires 150-200 ml of liquid. For children older this figure is slightly less - 120-170 ml.
On the first day you should not try hard and increase the prescribed water diet yourself. After all, there is a risk of causing a repeated vomiting, after which all efforts will go to nothing. You can supplement the drinking regime of crumbs and other drinks - sweet teas, broths, fruit drinks, herbal infusions. All this will allow the body to recover faster after an intestinal infection.
Carry out treatment with the help of adjusting the water is necessary, until the baby does not stop diarrhea and vomiting. If the general condition of the child has improved, but still worried about indigestion, after each visit to the toilet, offer him enough water.
Offer a baby food can only after he stopped vomiting.
How to build a diet with a sparing diet
Poisoning a child is an important reason to stop feeding it. Do not overload the already strained gastrointestinal system of crumbs. On the first day after the active development of an intestinal infection of any etiology, it is worth paying more attention to drinking. The maximum that is allowed to give the child from food - white wheat rusks. It is ideal to combine them with sweet tea. If the child refuses to eat in any of its manifestations, it is not worth insisting.
In those situations when the baby, although it has vomiting and other manifestations of acute poisoning, still wants to eat, do not rejoice too actively and give him a dose of the usual volume. Doctors advise to cut down on food and give it in small fractions.
As soon as nausea and vomiting calms down, you can start slowly (the key word here # 8212; slowly) introduces other foods into the baby's diet. The perfect solution will be rice (ideally boiled), which, as you know, strengthens, and you can offer crumbs of mashed potatoes on the water.
Even after a few days - it all depends on the state of the crumbs and the rate of its recovery, you can offer him bio-yogurt - but only without any additives. Excess sugar will cause fermentation in the stomach, significantly exacerbating the situation. For lunch, you can offer the baby soup on vegetable broth, the most light, and for dinner you can cook lean beef.
Under a complete ban for this period fall:
This seriously undermines the work of the digestive tract and worsens the child's health. Return to the usual food for crumbs can be no earlier than 2 weeks.
The site "Pervenets" is rare because it tried to cover different views on the issues of upbringing and caring for children at the beginning of their life; describe the positive and negative sides, the use of different children's things, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of current and traditional methods of courtship for the child; To help orient parents of the baby in a wide variety of goods for children.
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What can a child eat after an intestinal infection?
Intestinal infections often enter the body of children through food contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms, through dirty water, as well as in violation of the simplest rules of hygiene.
The greatest danger of infection with intestinal infection children are exposed in the summer, because it is at high ambient temperatures that microbes multiply most actively.
In addition to taking antibacterial drugs, doctors recommend that you stick to a certain diet both during the course of the disease and for a while after full recovery.
What should be the diet of a child after an intestinal infection?
What can I give
Normal nutrition in the diet of the child should be introduced carefully and gradually. Especially important are the first 2 weeks after the illness, when it is required to restore the body's defenses and resistance to dangerous microorganisms.
If the child does not want to eat, it is better not to force him. The products introduced into the diet will depend on the condition of the baby, as well as on his age.
Carefully boiled porridge. buckwheat, rice, corn and oatmeal.
In the first weeks you can not cook on milk. Cook them only on the water. The specific type of porridge is selected based on the child's chair. With a very liquid stool, you need to feed for a while only rice porridge, with the normalization of the stool, you can start to feed buckwheat porridge.
Buckwheat must also be introduced into the diet very carefully, observing the child's well-being and his stool. You should start with very tiny portions, gradually increasing them. More often than once a day buckwheat porridge the baby is better not to feed. If the child suffers from constipation. buckwheat porridge it can be started to feed from the first days after the illness.Good helps to cope with constipation and corn porridge .
From meat products it is recommended to feed the kid with lean meat - rabbit meat, beef, turkey, chicken breast, veal - cooked in the form of meatballs or cutlet steamed.
If the child is not even a year old, it is allowed to give him only meat in jars. With the introduction of meat products into the diet, you must be especially careful. If the baby is less than a year, start with one small spoon per day, if the child is 2-3 years old, you can give 2 tsp. In this case, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the child.
In the absence of any deterioration, the amount of meat can be gradually increased.Attention! Pork after intestinal infection child can not be given.
Dairy products. To start with, the ideal food is cottage cheese, in which fruit or fillers can not restrain.
Children under 1 year of age should be given half the teaspoon a day, then, with the child's normal state of health, a grated banana or grated apple can be added to the curd. Older children can be fed cottage cheese with a fat content of up to 5%, preferably without any fillers.
Suitable also kefir and not very fatty sour cream (up to 20%), which can feed the baby in small portions, 10-20 g per day. Once every few days, you can give the baby yogurt with fruit filling.
The first few days you can not give your child any fruit, except apple and banana in grated form, and then 1-2 teaspoons a day.
Only in a week it is allowed to introduce into the diet whole bananas and apples with peeled skin. To feed the child with other fruits can begin no earlier than 2 weeks after the illness.
From vegetables zucchini, potato, broccoli, pumpkin and cauliflower are good. Any of these products can be given exclusively as a puree.
A couple of times a week it is recommended to feed the child with an omelette on the water, cooked for a couple.
From baked goods baby can give drying, cookies, crackers, as well as yesterday's bread, since fresh bread can not be fed by a child - it can cause diarrhea.
Introduce in the diet of any pasta is recommended with good health and only after the complete normalization of the stool in the child. Macaroni is not desirable to feed your baby more than 1-2 times a week. You can give them only in small portions.
You should also read article # 8212; diet during diarrhea in children.
To clean the child's stomach, a preparation such as Linex is suitable.
How dysentery manifests in a child can be found in this article.
Vegetable oil can be cooked any dishes, but its volume should not exceed 15 ml per day. In cereals, you can add a little butter (up to 15 grams per day).
If the child likes soups, soup from vegetables with a small amount of meat is good, and only allowed types of vegetables and meat should be used.
A child during recovery may ask for some sweets. It will not be too bad if you give him a vanilla pastille or a pair of marshmallows a day. It is recommended to give the marmalade to the child not earlier than in a week. But it's better to forget about sweets and caramels for the next month.
During the diet the child should receive a plentiful drink, so that the organism can restore it more quickly. Let him drink water, mineral water without gas, weakly welded green or black tea. Very useful are compotes of dried fruits, except for raisins, prunes and dried apricots - they can cause a baby's bowel disorder. The child should drink often, but in small portions.
What can not be given
Some types of foods in the period after the intestinal infection to the child are strictly forbidden. This applies to heavy food, which the body digests with great difficulty.
- Sweets - sweets, cakes, chocolate, cakes, ice cream, etc.
- Vegetables # 8212; fresh greens, carrots, beets, cucumbers, tomatoes.
- Rye bread.
- Meat products - sausages (especially dry or smoked), sausages, fried and smoked meat.
- Carbonated drinks, juices.
- Whole milk.
Since the body of the child after intestinal infection is weakened, he will not cope with these products. They can cause colic, vomiting, nausea and diarrhea.
Sometimes an incorrect diet can even lead to the development of pancreatic diseases.
To a diet after a serious intestinal infection it is necessary to approach very circumspectly. Failure to comply with even one of the listed rules can lead to a sharp deterioration in the child's condition. Therefore, it is better to limit it to some very favorite food to prevent possible complications and relapses of the disease.
Sources: http://otravlen.ru/vosstanovlenie-posle-otravleniya/, http://pervenets.com/pitanie/dieti/dieta-posle-kishechnoj-infekcii.html, http://moeditya.com/pitanie/detskoe/dieta-rebenka-posle-kishechnoy-infektsii
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