Colic in the intestines of adults than to treat
Intestinal colic in newborns and adults
Intestinal colic - pain of paroxysmal nature, arising in the intestines and accompanied by disturbances of the peristalsis and tone of the digestive tract, as well as its spasms. Intestinal colic in the ICD 10 is not allocated, because it is not a disease, but a symptom developing with various diseases of the digestive system.
Causes of intestinal colic
The causes of the appearance of intestinal colic can be diverse:
- stretching of the intestinal loop;
- intestinal obstruction;
- irritation of nerve endings;
- the ingestion of a large amount of poorly digested food in the stomach;
- getting into the intestines stale and fermented, as well as cold food;
- syndrome of intestinal colic in influenza and general respiratory viral infections;
- salts of heavy metals;
- intestinal infections;
- inflammatory bowel disease;
- constant stress;
- conflict situations;
- excessive physical exertion;
- long running.
Very often enter intestinal colic during pregnancy.
If there are intestinal colic in adu
- painful bouts;
- spasms of the intestine;
- swelling and rumbling of the abdomen;
- nausea and vomiting;
- mucous white secretions during defecation;
- violation of the formation of stool: the development of diarrhea or constipation.
Such a colic can disturb a patient for several hours and even days. Body temperature remains normal.
Symptoms of intestinal colic in women are manifested with aches or sharp pains, giving off in the large labia, and in men - in the area of the testicles and the glans penis.
Treatment of intestinal colic
If intestinal colic disturbs, treatment in adults will depend on the cause of the pain. Therefore, it is recommended to consult a doctor for examination.
Intestinal colic caused by infections requires treatment in the infectious disease ward of the hospital, and if intestinal obstruction is required, immediate surgical intervention is necessary.
Prior to visiting a doctor, it is not recommended to take any medication, as they can cause a change in the clinical picture and make diagnosis difficult. If intestinal colic in adults is accompanied by very severe pain, then they can be blocked with antispasmodics: no-shpy (take pills with a decoction of mint), papaverine, platyphylline, smecta, extract belladonna.
To facilitate the pain syndrome will help heat therapy. You can use a heating pad or a plastic bottle filled with warm water.
It is recommended to make an enema with a mint decoction to cleanse the intestines. Purification of the intestines is also promoted by teas with yarrow, caraway seeds and fennel. After cleaning, you should starve for 12 hours. If you really want to eat, you can drink a weak tea with crackers.
Intestinal colic in infants and their treatment
Intestinal colic in newborns is quite common. You can detect them by the piercing cry of the baby, which appears for no apparent reason, anxiety, flatulence, red face, pulling the knees to the tummy and tightening the handles.
If infants have intestinal colic, its symptoms are subject to a certain rule:
- colic begins at the age of 3-4 weeks;
- they appear from 6 to 8 pm;
- Attacks last from a few minutes to three hours;
- most often the pain begins when eating or immediately after eating;
- after the removal of gases or defecation of pain disappear;
- at the age of 3-4 months, intestinal colic in children usually pass.
- Prevent colic in newborns will help drug plankteks, containing in its composition fennel. If intestinal colic has already begun, the treatment is carried out with the help of espoumisan, disflotila, subsymplex, enterosorbents (activated carbon, enterosgel, polyphepan). Also, a decoction of fennel seeds is recommended. Effective action is provided by a tummy massage, which is done clockwise.
But in any case it is necessary to examine the baby from a pediatrician.
Diet with intestinal colic involves the rejection of spicy and spicy condiments, dishes made from legumes, fresh bread, as well as beverages containing gases, a restriction in the consumption of fatty and sweet dishes, pickled and smoked products. It is necessary to include vegetables and fruits in your diet. Artichokes, pumpkins, carrots and apples are especially useful. It is desirable to drink 500-700 milliliters of a mixture of carrot and spinach juice every day.
To prevent the appearance of colic, it is necessary to make a balanced menu, lead a healthy lifestyle, observe sanitary norms during cooking, avoid stress, maintain a positive attitude, do not expose the body to excessive physical loads.
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Intestinal colic is a severe pain in the form of an attack that occurs due to any changes in the gut. The origin of intestinal colic in an adult is quite difficult. Sometimes intestinal colic in an adult may occur due to stretching of the intestinal loop, in another case the cause of intestinal colic is the irritation of the endings of nerves in the walls of the intestine. Nevertheless, for all intestinal colic, the same condition is an intestinal motility disorder, which implies peristalsis and tonus, intestinal spasm.
In general, intestinal colic in an adult is not a disease and not a condition, but a symptom of a huge number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In other words, only by the presence of colic can not judge the nature of the pathological process.
The basis for the development of intestinal colic of an adult is functional bowel disease, spasmodic phenomena of the colon, which can be of the nature of allergies.
Symptoms of intestinal colic in an adult
The most obvious signs of intestinal colic are - paroxysmal pain in the gut, Intestinal spasms, intestinal swelling, disorders of caloric formation, mucus secretions during stool.
Intestinal colic in an adult can begin after a strong nervous shock or after a conflict situation. And the process of developing an attack is a feeling of the stomach area is very painful. Nevertheless, the muscles are usually not tense, and the body temperature does not go beyond the norm. The duration of an attack of intestinal colic in an adult can be from several minutes to several days.
If a person suffers from acute gastritis, intestinal colic may be accompanied by dyspeptic symptoms, consisting of nausea and vomiting, the inability to take food into the mouth. After this, diarrhea often occurs, accompanied by colic in the stomach. The abdomen thus, as a rule, swells.
Intestinal colic in an adult can also accompany a pathology such as intestinal obstruction. Intestinal obstruction can have among the causes a mechanical obstruction in the gut or a disorder of the motility of the large intestine. Accordingly, either mechanical or functional intestinal obstruction is isolated. Functional intestinal obstruction can have several manifestations, reflectingon the nature of development. First, the peristalsis of the intestine can be significantly weakened, up to an absolute intestinal paralysis. Secondly, spasm of smooth muscles of the intestine can occur, because of which narrowing of the intestinal lumen occurs. Nevertheless, in the first and second cases, the movement of the masses inside the intestine is complicated.
Help with intestinal colic in an adult
If a person suspects that intestinal colic is caused by an intestinal obstruction, it is necessary to urgently call an ambulance, reporting all information about his current condition by phone. If the reasons are unclear, the patient is immediately sent to the surgery department. Especially it is worth noting that specialists who have arrived to the place - be it a local doctor or an ambulance doctor - Do not use any medication to reduce the intensity of pain, since it can lubricate the picture. In addition, it is prohibited in such a situation to make an enema to the patient.
When developing intestinal colic, you should put a hot water bottle on your stomach or make an oily enema according to the doctor's indications.
In the development of intestinal colic in an adult, a subcutaneous injection of atropine or papaverine can be made.
After the attack of intestinal colic ceases, desensitizing treatment should be continued.
With this material also read:
Colic in the abdomen in adults
The word combination of colic in the abdomen in the people called sharp pains, which are paroxysmal. As a rule, they are caused by problems with the intestines, more precisely, impaired intestinal motility. Spasms of intestinal loops, peristalsis, tone The causes of pain syndrome can be many.
It must be remembered that colic in the abdomen is often not the cause, but the consequence. Simply put, this is just one of the symptoms caused by a particular disease. Although in some cases the term is used in the diagnosis. For example, a doctor can diagnose you with appendicular colic, mucous, lead, etc.
Colic in the abdomen, as already noted above, are often characterized by paroxysmal. As a rule, they are accompanied by signs such as bloating, stools (constipation or diarrhea), secretion of mucus from the intestine. If the disease is allergic, echinophils and pointed crystals can be found in faeces.
Colic in the abdomen, as a rule, begin to torment a person in stressful situations. With palpation, you can determine how spasmodically the large intestine shrinks. Muscular tension is not observed, the temperature remains normal. The duration of the attack varies from a couple of minutes to ten to fifteen hours. Even after the attack passes, the patient continues to suffer from permanent constipation.
Colic in the lower abdomen must be differentiated with such diseases as gastritis, intestinal obstruction and abdominal crises. If the patient suffers from acute gastritis, the symptoms will include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea; the patient's tongue is covered, the abdomen is bloated and for each touch it responds with a sharp pain. Intestinal obstruction is caused by the presence of a mechanical obstruction in the intestine and is accompanied by a weakening of the peristalsis or a spasm of smooth intestinal musculature. In any case, the passage of intestinal contents is greatly hampered. As the most common form of obstruction, doctors call paralytic. In most cases, it is due to a wound or an unsuccessful operation. The patient thus suffers from acute pain and not passing vomiting; the escape of gases and stool is delayed. It should be noted that often there are colic in the abdomen during pregnancy. Physiologically this is quite understandable: the blame for everything is the sharp growth of the fetus in the womb. Pain can occur only a week after fertilization: it is then the ovum begins to be transplanted to the wall of the uterus. In addition, do not forget that the uterus begins to expand intensively, preparing a room for the embryo.
If there is a suspicion of an intestinal obstruction, you should immediately consult a doctor. Mucous colic is quite successfully treated with oil enemas and warming. Attacks of pain can be removed with diphenhydramine or novocaine.
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Sources: http://gastros.ru/dr/kishechnaya-kolika, http://www.megamedportal.ru/articles/gastroenterologiya/kishechnaja_kolika_u_vzroslogo.html, http://www.syl.ru/article/110174/koliki-v-jivote-u-vzroslyih
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