The virus in the intestine than to treat
Viral intestinal infections
Viral intestinal infections are a group of various acute infectious diseases, for which characteristic signs of general intoxication and primary lesion of the stomach and small intestine or their combination, i.e., gastroenteritis or enteritis. Of course, in these infections, other organs and systems are affected (for example, the airways for adenoviral diseases).
What causes these diseases.
The most common gastrointestinal disorders are observed in diseases caused by rotaviruses. In second place in the frequency of gastrointestinal disorders - diseases caused by adenoviruses.
Less commonly, intestinal diarrhea is caused by reoviruses and enteroviruses. Other pathogens cause diarrhea very rarely.
Rotavirusesare divided into 5 groups: A, B, C, D, E.
In humans, the disease is usually caused only by group A. Rotaviruses reproduce in the cells of the upper part of the small intestine.
Reovirusin many respects similar in structure to rotaviruses.
Reoviruses reproduce in the small intestine
Most adenoviruses cause respiratory diseases, and only two types of adenoviruses can cause diarrhea. The adenovirus affects the upper respiratory tract and small intestine. In each cell, about 1 million virus particles can develop.
Ofenteroviruses. which can cause diarrhea, the most important are the viruses of Coxsackie - group A.
All viruses. causing diarrhea, are resistant to various physical and chemical effects, to the external environment, especially adeno- and enteroviruses. The enteroviruses have good ability to remain in water. All these viruses are resistant to ether, organic solvents - chloroform. Resistant to the effects of acids rotaviruses, reoviruses, enteroviruses, only adenoviruses are less acid-fast. All viruses are well preserved at low temperatures. Adenoviruses remain even when frozen.
How to get viral diarrhea.
Children are most often affected by intestinal viruses, but adults can also be ill.
Rotavirus infectionyou can get infected from a sick person. The bulk of the virus is allocated to the patient with a chair. In 1 g of faeces may be up to 10 billion viruses. Viruses are also a source of infection. Infected with fecal-oral route (with food, through dirty hands), but there may be an air-drop route. They are often ill during the autumn-winter period.
With reovirus infection, the source of infection is not only humans, but also animals. This infection is more often infected by virus carriers, because in most cases the infection is asymptomatic. The main way of spreading the infection is airborne, but transmission through water can not be ruled out, I write and contact by household means.
The source of adenovirus infectionis a sick person, quite rarely - a virus carrier. Infected primarily by airborne droplets, or the infection is transmitted through utensils, objects of common use.
To infect with enterovirus infection, the most dangerous is a person - a virus carrier. In the first place is the fecal-oral mechanism of infection, and only then airborne. Both of these mechanisms can be combined.
Immunity after viral diarrhea is unstable, one and the same infection can get sick several times.
How are viral diarrhea manifested.
Rotavirus infection is ill in the interval from 15 hours to 3-5 days, but not more than 7 days. The largest gap in time with adenovirus infection is 6-9 days.
Rotavirus infection begins in the vast majority of patients during the first day. Half of the patients tolerate the disease in a mild form. The mainmanifestation of rotavirus infectionis gastroenteritis. Frequent liquid stools and vomiting are noted (not at all). Vomiting is not very frequent and lasts no more than 1 day. The stool becomes watery, foamy, the color is yellowish or yellowish-greenish. The frequency of stool does not exceed 10-15 times a day.
Diarrhea lasts from 3 to 5 days. Many patients have abdominal pain. The pain is not expressed sharply, it is mainly felt in the upper abdomen or in the entire abdominal cavity, but more often not pain, but discomfort in the abdomen is noted.
There are moderate signsintoxication. A feverish reaction takes place not at all and not always. If the body temperature rises, it does not exceed 38 ° C. The fever lasts 1-3 days. Often there are other signs of intoxication: weakness, a violation of appetite. There may be a brief faint. Signs of intoxication usually disappear before the chair returns to normal. Half of the patients have manifestations of pharyngitis - reddening of the posterior pharyngeal wall, sometimes of the sky, there is a cough.
Inflammatory changes from the upper respiratory tract are more typical for reovirus infection.
Adenovirus infectionis characterized by longer intoxication and fever, which is explained by a longer circulation of the virus in the blood. In most patients, body temperature can rise above 38 ° C, fever lasts 5-7 days. From the gastrointestinal tract signs of enteritis or gastroenteritis are noted. The stool is liquid, watery, about 5-7 times a day, in some patients along with diarrhea there is vomiting for 1-2 days. A characteristic sign of adenovirus infection can be considered an increase in lymph nodes. Liver and spleen may increase, often conjunctivitis.
Enterovirus infectionwith the primary lesion of the gastrointestinal tract usually proceeds easily. As with other viral diarrhea, intoxication is combined with diarrhea in the form of moderately pronounced enteritis (liquid, watery stool 5-7 times a day). But there is damage to other organs and body systems: there may be a rash, more on the limbs, upper respiratory way, characterized by angina with the appearance in the throat of transparent bubble elements, and almost always there is an increase in the liver and the spleen.
Features of treatment of viral intestinal infections
Treatment of patients with viral diarrhea is not particularly different from standard therapy in patients with other acute intestinal infections. The treatment of viral diarrhea is based on the normalization of gastrointestinal enzyme deficiency. For this purpose, enzyme preparations, festal, mexazu, and others are prescribed.
Dietplays a very important role. From food, substances that increase intestinal motility, for example milk, are excluded. Assign dairy products, because there is a dysbacteriosis of the intestine. Food should have mechanically sparing properties, since inflammation occurs in the intestine. Fats are limited, as with their increased consumption, there is an intensification of fermentation processes, putrefactive decay, which leads to increased intoxication and diarrhea.
Water-salt disorderscan lead to dehydration (up to a shock). Treatment in this case is the same as in the treatment of other intestinal infections, accompanied by the loss of water and salts.
Antiviral treatmentperformed similarly to the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections. For this purpose, a complex of antiviral agents and fortifying agents are prescribed (for details, treatment of ARVI). The main cause of death in viral diarrhea is dehydration, sometimes in combination with intoxication. Patients are isolated for 5-7 days.
Intestinal flu: symptoms, ways of transmission and protection from the virus
Intestinal flu - so in common parlance we call gastroenteritis or any other rotavirus disease. Comparison with influenza viruses, enterovirus was received because outbreaks often coincide with periods of influenza epidemics.
The disease is mainly affected by children and the elderly. In adults, owners of a strong immune system, the virus can be asymptomatic, but while an apparently healthy person can infect other people.
To the greatest regret, the intestinal flu virus has an increased viability. It can not be got rid of by usual wet cleaning. The enterovirus is also resistant to low temperatures, and it tolerates heating up to 60 ° C. Destroy it at home can only be means with a high concentration of chlorine.
Symptoms of intestinal flu
It should be noted that the incubation period of viral enteritis is up to five days. The first symptoms of infection are usually:
nausea and vomiting;
increased body temperature;
pain in the peritoneum;
Symptoms of a cold may also be observed: cough, minor runny nose, sneezing, general weakness. The condition of the patient infected with intestinal flu is normalized in 3-5 days, but for another month it can be a carrier of the virus and a danger to others.
Methods of transmission of intestinal flu
You can catch the enteritis virus almost anywhere. The virus enters the human body through the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. The rate of development and severity of the course of gastric flu depends on the concentration of the pathogen penetrated into the body, and the state of the human immune system.
Most often, the intestinal flu virus is transmitted by food. Unwashed fruit. poorly processed meat and milk products, dirty hands with food - this is not a complete list of opportunities to get viral enteritis.
You can also get infected by airborne droplets: microbes from the carrier of the disease are easily transported through the air. So be careful, being near sneezing and coughing people.
You can not exclude the contact method of infection with intestinal flu. In public transport, in schools, medical institutions, other places of mass congestion.
Protection against intestinal influenza and methods of its treatment
Specific prevention of rotavirus diseases is vaccination. The essence of nonspecific protection is reduced to careful compliance with the rules of personal hygiene.
The main treatment of intestinal flu is aimed at reducing intoxication, normalization of water-salt metabolism, which is disturbed by diarrhea and vomiting. That is, treatment, mainly symptomatic, aimed at reducing the negative impact of the virus on the body:
Do not allow dehydration. For this, the patient needs a lot of drinking;
reduce intoxication. Several tablets of activated carbon will perfectly cope with this task. It is also recommended that the solution of Regidron (a packet per liter of boiled water);
at elevated temperature, the patient can be given paracetamol, aspirin, analgin and drugs that have these drugs in their composition;
when the acute phase of the disease will pass, you can, after consultation with a doctor in advance, take drugs to restore the intestinal microflora (linex. hilak-forte, etc.).
Than to treat a gastric flu
Gastrointestinal flu is a kind of hybrid of cold and intestinal poisoning. The doctors are studying the virus that causes the development of this infection, for more than 40 years.
Than to treat a gastric flu at children and adults?
Despite the fact that most people have this disease is difficult, it is diagnosed and treated quickly.
Ways of infection
In medical terminology, this disease is given its name - gastroenteritis. The causative agent of gastric flu is rotavirus. Why is gastroenteritis known as gastric flu in people? This name was given to the disease because it appears often during or after epidemics of the usual flu. And although the virus that causes the development of gastroenteritis has been studied for a long time, an effective drug has been found. However, the years of struggle against the pathogens made it possible to understand what to treat the gastric flu in the early stages of spread. Rotavirus can enter the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract in various ways:
- Nutritional. One of the main types of transmission of gastric infection. The virus enters the body through unwashed fruits and vegetables, spoiled milk products, drinking water or when swimming in a pond;
- Air-dropping. Sneezing and coughing allows microbes living in the body of the infected to easily penetrate into the organisms of healthy people in contact with it;
- Contact-household. This way of infection is especially common in places with a large crowd of people: offices, kindergartens and schools.
The smallest children have the greatest chance of catching a stomach flu, due to a poorly formed immune system. In addition, in childhood, the infection is much more difficult to bear. So, for example, a healthy adult with gastroenteritis will only feel a slight malaise for several days, while the rotavirus infection in the child will continue throughout 5-7 days.
Gastric influenza in view of its specificity is quite a complicated disease, so it's impossible to simply lie down in this case. But before treating gastric flu, you should make sure of the accuracy of the diagnosis. In this issue, one can not do without qualified medical assistance. However, the following symptoms may be a signal to call a doctor and provide first aid measures:
- Stomach ache;
- Sore throat when swallowing;
- Redness of mucous throat when viewed;
- Increased body temperature;
- Signs of dehydration.
Gastric flu, like many other infections of the intestinal type, develops quite quickly: the incubation period is about 3-5 days. Already in the early stages there is a pronounced and intense symptomatology. From other infections of the gastrointestinal tract, gastroenteritis is distinguished by the fact that first symptoms of a cold (runny nose, sore throat, etc.), and then dyspeptic disorders join.
Methods of treatment
The question, than to treat gastric flu, requires an urgent solution. Therapeutic therapy for gastroenteritis is directed, first of all, to reducing the organism's intoxication, as well as to restore the water-salt balance in the body. For the most part, doctors suggest treating gastric flu with the help of symptomatic drugs. This allows you to reduce the impact of the virus on the gastrointestinal tract, prevent dehydration and the attachment of secondary infection, and reduce toxicity. The main set of measures for treating gastric flu is as follows:
- Bed rest. When symptoms of gastroenteritis appear, the patient should go to bed and take the baby's pose;
- Ginger or mint tea. These drinks act on the stomach soothingly, weaken spasms and reduce vomiting;
- Abundant drink. To avoid dehydration caused by vomiting and diarrhea, provide the patient with a large amount of liquid (2-3 liters per day);
- Therapeutic diet. In the early stages, you should abandon solid food, and later adhere to a special diet that includes in the diet 4 products - bananas, rice, apples and toast.
Taking medications with gastric flu can not only reduce the unpleasant symptoms of the disease, but also normalize the digestive tract. Than to treat a gastric flu? With regard to this intestinal infection, doctors use the following drugs:
- Sorbents (activated carbon, smect, polysorb and enterosgel);
- Remedies for diarrhea (enterofuril and enterol);
- Enzymatic preparations (kreon, pancreatin and mezim);
- Medicines for the restoration of intestinal microflora (bifidumbacterin forte, hilak forte and linex).
Find out more on the topic
- How to treat intestinal flu A few decades ago, medicine was not aware of such a disease as intestinal flu. The causative agent of the infection is rotavirus. How and what
- How to treat influenza Flu is a disease much more dangerous than a cold. His symptoms appear suddenly and, not everyone knows how to enter
- How to treat influenza in children Children often catch cold, forcing parents to worry every time. According to doctors, the flu is one of the most dangerous colds of childhood diseases.
- How to treat rotavirus infection Rotaviruses are a group of viral infections that cause intestinal flu in young children. However, the disease often affects adults. Than
- How to treat a cold and the flu Before all diseases such as flu and cold, all categories of people are vulnerable. With the onset of cold weather, many of us face
Sources: http://www.ozdorove.ru/Infekcionnie_bolezni/Ostrie_kishechnie_infekcii/Virysnie_kishechnie_infekcii/, http://www.likar.info/infekcia/article-73046-kishechnyj-gripp-simptomy-sposoby-peredachi-i-zashhita-ot-virusa/, http://terapevtplus.ru/gastroenterologiya/chem-lechit-zheludochnyj-gripp/
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