Than to treat the expressed pneumatosis of an intestine
Pronounced intestinal pneumatosis
Normally, the gases that form in the intestine must penetrate the mucous membrane and are absorbed into the blood. If this does not happen, the gases begin to accumulate and form cavities - air cysts. This condition is called pneumatosis of the intestine.
Gas cysts consist of:
Older people and children suffer more often. And the children endure this condition very hard.
Usually pneumatosis occurs as a complication of another disease of the digestive tract. Most often, the cysts are in the large intestine. But doctors can detect it in the loops of the intestines.
The condition, when along with common symptoms, there are symptoms of inflammation of the body, is called pronounced pneumatosis of the intestine.
Symptoms of severe intestinal pneumonia
- flatulence - increased formation of gases;
- intestinal colic;
- disturbance of the stool - there may be diarrhea, less frequent constipation;
- nausea, vomiting;
- severe pain in the abdomen.
This disease can provoke acute intestinal obstruction an
Diagnosis of intestinal pneumatosis
It is very difficult to diagnose "severe intestinal pneumatosis". And the signs of an intestinal disease in her can be very inconspicuous.
This disease has no specific symptoms and all clinical manifestations resemble many diseases of the digestive tract, for example, peritonitis and colitis.
When you feel your stomach, the doctor can hear the sound, bursting bubbles and suspect pneumatosis. The final diagnosis will be made when carrying out endoscopic and roentgenological methods of investigation.
Treatment of severe intestinal pneumatosis
As with any disease of the digestive tract, it is important to follow a diet.
In nutrition, you must give up food, which increases fermentation:
- black bread,
- vegetables and fruits,
- carbonated drinks.
Also, you should give up fried, fatty, pickled food.
It is necessary to reduce salt intake. It is best to use dairy products, cereals, soups made of low-fat meat. You can drink a decoction of rose hips, jelly or not strong tea. It is better to refuse coffee and alcohol.
To prescribe drug treatment you need to determine the cause of the disease. With pronounced intestinal pneumatosis, when an infection develops in the body, antibiotics and antiviral drugs are prescribed.
With severe pain - painkillers and antispasmodics. With flatulence prescribe drugs that reduce gases in the intestine. When vomiting - antiemetics.
To remove gases, you can use folk remedies:
- It is necessary to take 10 grams of parsley seeds, pour a glass of water and put on fire. After 30 minutes, remove from gas and drain. Drink 1 tablespoon every 4 hours.
- In a glass of cold water it is necessary to pour 30 grams of crushed dandelion roots. Infuse 8 hours and drink before eating 3 tablespoons.
In severe cases, expressed intestinal pneumatosis is treated only through surgery. If you suspect a disease, consult your doctor for diagnosis and correct treatment.
Treatment at home and the use of traditional medicine without consulting a doctor can lead to deterioration. Be healthy!
Pneumatism of the intestine
Pneumatosis of the intestine is a pathological condition of the entire digestive system, which is characterized by the formation of cysts, which are filled with gases. This pathology is not an independent disease, it occurs as a result of other pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. The above pathology is rare. Excessive gassing in the intestine can affect the development of the disease. The gases do not come out, but penetrate through the mucous membrane, remain inside. This accumulation of gases leads to the emergence of many cavities filled with air, in other words the air cyst.
Factors affecting the development of the disease.
There are a number of reasons that can trigger the development of this pathological process.
- Underestimation of motor activity, often occurs in small patients.
- Failures in the full work of peristalsis in the intestine.
- Increased intra-abdominal pressure.
- Sedentary activity.
- Spasm, which occurs in the musculature of the intestine.
- Difficult passage of gases through the anus.
- Progression in the patient's body of various infectious processes, which affect the full function of the digestive tract.
Moreover, to the causes of the formation of pneumatosis in the intestine, one can attribute a disturbance of the lymph flow through the lymphatic vessels. In children, this type of pathology occurs due to various intestinal infections, usually diseases is diagnosed after surgery, due to the fact that there was obstruction intestines. Progression of the above pathology also affects the motility and tone of the intestine, and their decrease occurs. In an infant, pneumatosis of the intestine arises as a result of low mobility. But, as a rule, the pathology described above arises as a consequence of gastrointestinal pathology.
Symptomatic manifestations of the disease.
Symptoms that characterize this pathology do not exist. All the symptoms are caused by the processes that arise in the organs of the abdominal cavity. The most common symptomatology:
- there is an excessive accumulation of gases;
- painful sensations, which arise during the passage of peristaltic waves of the intestine;
- the patient often worried about upset stomach or vice versa constipation;
- pain in the abdominal cavity;
- sometimes, the patient has vomiting;
- feeling of heaviness in the abdomen;
Also, patients quite often note the fact that after emptying the sensation of pain disappears for a short time. In cases when the inflammatory process of the parietal and visceral abdominal leaf occurs in parallel with this pathology. Accordingly, in this period, the symptoms are added:
- there is pallor of the skin;
- there is a decrease in pressure;
- signs of peristalsis of the abdomen disappear;
- a state of shock occurs.
Methods of diagnosis
Diagnosis is based on the fact that experts carefully study all complaints, which are not so pronounced, which can be the cause of various bowel diseases, infectious and non-infectious passing. This type of examination can determine the signs of swelling and rumbling in the abdomen, a feeling of rolling the gases in the gut, during the palpation.
Also, qualified specialists in the process of palpation of the intestinal walls, detect air cysts, only if the pneumatosis has reached a large size. Diagnose pathology can only # 8212; endoscopy. As an additional examination may be appointed X-ray examination.
Methods of treatment. Possible complications.
Given the fact that intestinal pneumatosis is not an independent disease, treatment is based on removing the cause of the pathology. After the patient has completely completed the prescribed examination, he is prescribed medications, which are prescribed taking into account all the individual characteristics. Drugs, as a rule, should suppress intestinal infections, eliminate pain. In cases where the treatment is not showing the desired result, the patient is assigned an operation.
With the above pathology, treatment with medicines is aimed at stabilizing the stool. If the patient
disturbs upset stomach, he is prescribed astringent drugs. Accordingly, patients who complain of constipation are prescribed laxatives. Also, when appointing a course of nutrition treatment, it is important. In order to minimize the fermentation process, the patient is recommended to limit the use of foods that contain a large amount of carbohydrates. It is strictly forbidden to eat fancy foods, sugar and sweet.
It is recommended to exclude food from the diet, such as: sauerkraut, canned food, fried, fatty, salted. All vegetables must be processed, stewed or cooked before consumption, consumption of products in raw form, increases gas production. The food should be balanced. It is necessary to exclude the use of salt as much as possible, to stop drinking alcohol and smoking. Doctors strongly recommend eating milk food, porridges and light soups more. Allowed to use a weak hour. Properly built diet plays an important role in the course of the course of treatment.
In cases where the pathology was treated on time, the patient may experience a number of complications.
- intestinal obstruction;
- Adhesive process, as a result of which the cyst is overgrown;
- the death of cells in the patient's body;
- disturbances in the emptying process.
As soon as the patient has even a slight symptomatology, it is not necessary to engage in self-medication at home, this can lead to numerous consequences, it is necessary to immediately seek help from qualified specialists.
A few more news:
What is hyperpneumatosis of the intestine?
After passing the ultrasound, few patients can restrain themselves and not see what the doctor wrote there in conclusion. Often people begin to comprehensively study the details of the diagnosis, and even "adjust" the treatment. Once again we remind: those who do not have medical education, such actions are strictly contraindicated. We, in turn, continue to dedicate patients to the subtleties of gastroenterology. We offer to consider the details concerning one of the popular terms of physicians-sonologists, the so-called pneumatosis of the intestine.
What it is? What are the reasons for this phenomenon? What should the patient do? So, we study the details.
Hyperpneumatosis of the intestine is a medical concept, which means that excessive swelling of the intestine is noticeable in ultrasound of the abdominal organs.
Once again, we note that this is not a separate disease, but rather a condition of the organ, a consequence of one or another gastropathology.
Why does hyperpneumatism occur?
The immediate reason # 8212; poor preparation for research. Not always sick, prone to flatulence, observe the eve of a diet on the eve, take recommended enterosorbents and enzyme preparations.
In turn, flatulence can be caused by:
- violation of the normal splitting of foods into alimentary components (proteins, fats, carbohydrates), which is due to or insufficient digestive function of the stomach (hypoacid), pancreas (enzyme insufficiency);
- disorders of bile secretion (dysfunction of bile ducts by hypokinetic type) and / or the ratio of normal and conditionally pathogenic intestinal flora (dysbiosis).
Manifestations of hyperpneumatosis of the intestine
Since the pathology in question is not a disease, talking about the symptoms is not entirely correct.
Subjectively, patients can feel:
- bloating, raspiranie stomach;
- rumbling, transfusion;
- intestinal colic.
The condition is also accompanied by excessive gas separation (flutulenia).
Hyperpneumatosis usually occurs with the following diseases: IBS. enterocolitis, pancreatitis. dyskinesia, gastritis. cholecystitis.
In addition, this is # 8212; one of the first signs of cirrhosis of the liver.
Diet and treatment
The main recommendation regarding nutrition involves the exclusion of foods and foods that cause fermentation, decay and promote increased gas production:
- bananas, grapes, pears;
- white cabbage, radish;
- peas, lentils;
- carbonated drinks;
- fatty fish / meat;
- eggs, hard-boiled.
As for the treatment of hyperpneumatosis of the intestine, first of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the underlying disease, which was the main cause of this condition.
Symptomatic therapy implies the appointment:
- enterosorbents (activated carbon, Enterosgel, Smecta);
- antiflatulentov (simethicone preparations);
- antispasmodics (mebeverine preparations);
- prokinetics (Itomed, Motinorm, Domperidone);
- enzymes (Pancreon, Creasim, Festal);
- cholagogue (Ursohol. Holudexan, Holoplant).
Useful on the topic:
Sources: http://pichevarenie.ru/vyirazhennyiy-pnevmatoz-kishechnika/, http://bolzheludka.ru/pnevmatoz-kishechnika/, http://gastro-blog.ru/poleznaya-informaciya/chto-takoe-giperpnevmatoz-kishechnika.html
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