When the intestines are regenerated in newborns
Formation of normal intestinal microflora in newborns
In the human body everything is quite well balanced and there is a large set of different bacteria in the intestine and mostly dominate bacterium - the leaders or as they are called bacteria of health, as well as their satellites - sinegeristy, which contribute to the survival of bacteria - leaders. Other bacteria play a supporting role.
Healthy intestinal microflora performs quite a lot of functions, they create an acidic environment in the intestine, thereby improving absorption iron, vitamin D and calcium, they also help control the circulation of bile acids, which makes it possible to prevent their excessive loss.
Also, a healthy microflora promotes the oxidation of intestinal peristalsis regulation, restores the mucosa of the digestive tract, provides a synthesis of all the vitamins that are in the intestine and other organs of the body, and the main role of these bacteria, is to strengthen the work immune system.
In the same way, there is a formatio
Such microorganisms can be considered superorganisms due to the fact that they are stable, plastic, much better adapt to external influences, have a fairly wide range of compensatory opportunities. They simply master energy and raw ecological sources, and the evolutionary development of such symbiotic systems is moving faster than in ordinary living organisms.
Analysis of the dynamics of the formation of normal intestinal microflora in newborns shows that intestinal microflora in full-term children, who were attached to the chest immediately after birth, had a coca of bacteria in the feces, starting from the third day of their life.
Then the formation of intestinal biosynthesis began to be delayed up to three weeks. At the same time, the strains of microorganisms that are received from the mother are already being replaced childbirth, and intensive colonization of the intestine with conventionally pathogenic microorganisms, such as Kl.pneumoniae. The source of such bacteria, may be the staff of the maternity hospital, especially in the case when the child is permanently separated from the mother.
The formation of normal intestinal microflora in newborns and the formation of intestinal biocenosis can not be limited only to the neonatal period life of the baby, but this is the first half of the year and is one of the most important periods in the formation of normal intestinal microflora in newborns.
Further, when the child is consistently added weight, while he has a good appetite, then when detection of abnormalities in the microbial composition of feces, no correction of the intestinal dysbiosis in the child it takes.
The formation of intestinal microflora in newborns, especially in prematurity, depends on the gestational age, this is when the age of the embryo and fetus is calculated from the moment of fertilization. It corresponds to the period of pregnancy, also takes into account the neonatal period, when there is a more intensive population E. coli intestines, as well as lactose-negative enterobacteria, and this occurs in children who were born before 30 weeks gestation.
When the baby was born on the 31-36 week of gestation, the microflora of the baby's intestine contains a large amount of Candida fungus, a small amount of bifidoflora and microbes of the genus Proteus.
Normal intestinal microflora in newborns should consist of enterobacteria by 10% and the rest of the microflora should consist of lactic acid bacteria. Nevertheless, there may be a change in the composition of the intestinal microflora, when the colic bacteria begin to multiply and they displace the lactobacilli.
Such phenomena can lead to the appearance of pathogenic microorganisms, and the disease of the digestive tract begins.
As protection of normal intestinal microflora in newborns, lactic and acetic acid is released, which does not allow multiply by pathogenic and harmful putrefactive bacteria, such phenomena are due to the fact that acidity for pathogenic and normal bacteria totally different.
The formation of normal intestinal microflora in newborns goes in parallel in two different processes, this fermentation and decay. Splitting of proteins happens, when the microflora of a child is healthy enough, carbohydrates can be fermented to lactic and acetic acid, this prevents the growth of the concentration of putrefactive bacteria, as well as other harmful substances.
In the body of normal intestinal microflora in newborns there should be no strong decay or excessive fermentation and this can be with the normal nutrition of the child, if the food is balanced and in this case the process of digestion will be balanced.
When such processes are unbalanced, digestive disorders occur and many toxins form in the body.
Therefore, it is necessary to add extra lactic acid bacteria to the baby's organism, and they will improve the intestinal microflora, and the presence such bacteria in the large intestine are vitally important, but their excess should not be that they do not dominate the process digestion.
When the intestine has a normal microflora in newborns, then in this case the main role in digestion products take on themselves enzymes, both the body itself, and the enzymes of foods that consumes child.
Such processes can only be when the child has a balanced diet and the ratio of enzymatic and living healthy foods.
Mother's milk, is the most balanced product, which makes it possible to form a normal intestinal microflora in a child, with breastfeeding.
How to solve the problem of emptying the intestines of a newborn?
Constipation of a newborn is a stool rest on, -2 days
Solving problems associated with constipation in infants is almost the first place in importance. Constipation in a newborn brings tremendous anxiety not only to the child, but also to young parents who do not know how to help the constantly crying baby. Therefore, it is important for everyone to know what to do and what not to do with bloating.It happens that parents can not determine the cause of infringement of emptying in a child and begin to treat constipation, although you only need to adjust the drinking regimen and take into account the feeding habits of the baby and his mother.
The most common mistakes parents make:
- Use enemas and gas tubes without consulting a pediatrician.
- They resort to methods of alternative medicine.
- Immediately buy candles or other medical products designed to treat constipation in newborns.
Features of the intestines in newborns
The first week of a child's life is characterized by bowel movement after each meal. Therefore, the norm is considered a stool in newborns, even 8 times a day with a breastfeeding method. When feeding with mixtures, emptying is observed up to 4 times a day. Parents should pay attention to:
- what consistency in feces, what color and odor it has;
- how the kid behaves when defecating.
If the child is very tense, blushing and behaving restlessly, it means that adults need to be alerted. The presence of constipation is indicated by characteristic signs. Attention is drawn to:
- lack of stool for more than a day,
- crying during emptying,
- the presence of strong feces,
- violation of sleep and wakefulness,
- refusal of breastfeeding.
Constipation in children of the first month of life occurs in some cases in parallel with colic. But to determine the cause of their appearance, it is better to contact a specialist.
He will advise whether you need to use candles and mixtures from constipation or tell you what to do in specific situations. After all, in order to treat the baby, you must first establish what kind of constipation a child has.
- Functional appearance occurs due to violations of the basic functions of the intestine. To solve this problem, eliminate the cause that causes constipation in the newborn.
- Organic form occurs with anomalies of the colon of an innate nature. You can treat this type of problem by eliminating the underlying disease.
To prevent constipation, you need to do special exercises
Constipation in newborns occurs due to improper nutrition of their mothers. To undesirable dishes include products that have fastening properties, strong and tonic drinks.Any medicine that a lactating woman uses, through the milk is in the body of a baby. Therefore, all medicines and food products that can cause constipation should be excluded from the diet.
Causes of constipation in babies:
- The newborn in the intestine is impaired microflora. It is observed as a result of taking a pregnant woman antibiotics in the prenatal period. To eliminate constipation, you need to restore the intestinal flora.
- The newborn was abruptly transferred to artificial mixtures.
- There is too little fluid in the child's body.
- If the baby is confined in contact with the mother, psychogenic constipation may occur.
- If there is not enough breast milk, then hunger constipation begins, because the newborn has nothing to empty.
- Constipation may occur at a high temperature in a newborn.
What is dangerous for this condition?
If you do not try to eliminate constipation in the baby, then such violations can occur:
- Can develop poisoning due to toxic substances that are absorbed from the intestine.
- There is vomiting, which is due to impaired motor activity of the digestive system. This can lead to dehydration of the newborn's body.
- Fecal formations of considerable density have the ability to cause the formation of cracks on the walls of the rectum. Therefore, the newborn will delay the stool because of the act of pain reflex.
- In the case of a violation of blood circulation in the rectal area, it is possible to develop the initial stage of hemorrhoids.
In order to help the child need to massage his tummy clockwise
First aid for a baby with constipation:
- If problems with defecation have arisen because of an incorrect nutritious diet of the mother, then nothing special should be done. Just have to mate to adjust their diet and refuse to take medications that harm the child.
- If artificial food causes constipation, then you should consult a pediatrician. He will advise a suitable remedy for constipation in newborns in the form of a special mixture.
- To prevent constipation in newborns, you need to do a massage and often keep the baby in your arms.
- You can use special candles. But you can do this only in case of emergency. Safe for these young children are considered candles with glycerin. Sometimes it is allowed to make oily enemas.
- To treat constipation it is possible with the help of such means as syrup "Dufalac" or "Espumizan".
Preventing constipation in infants and the use of drugs from them
At the sight of a crying child, his parents are lost in conjecture, how to help a newborn with constipation, and do not know what to do.
Well relax babies warm baths. It is necessary to do a simple massage, gently stroking the belly of the newborn's belly clockwise around the navel.
If you lay babies on your stomach, you can activate the activity of his intestines. It will not hurt to do the baby exercise "bike".
If you still have to use candles against constipation, then you need to do it right. Glycerin suppositories need to be inserted only a third. This will be enough to empty the intestines of the newborn. But even if the candles have not had a positive effect, they will have to make an enema with boiled water or chamomile. If all the means of constipation in newborns have been ineffective, simply consult a doctor.
Quickly restored the intestinal microflora in infants - reviews
My son was not yet three months, after having passed the analysis for dysbiosis, we just gasped: bifido- and lactobacillus is half as much as necessary. But in the presence of golden Staphylococcus, Proteus, Klebsiella. The pediatrician, the truth, has told or said, that especially terrible in this anything is not present, since. these pathogenic microar- gonisms are not present in too large quantities, but it is necessary to combat this. In principle, it was possible and not treat, and wait until the body itself cope with this, but the son had serious colic and turd greenish color.
The prescribed treatment consisted in the sanation of the intestine with Nyfuroxazide, and then in the restoration of normal intestinal microflora # 8212; for this purpose I have prescribed a choice of Linex, Biogai, or Bifidumbacterin. We started with Linex # 8212; to give the baby did not work, tk. The powder of the capsule did not dissolve in water, the son choked and could not swallow.
Then we bought Biogai in drops (there are still in tablets, but for babies it's no good). The vial is very small and the price is very high. We paid about 25 dollars.
The course is designed for 25-30 days, taking 5 babies for infants. They can be dripped directly into the mouth, but to make the baby keep his mouth open until the drop deigns to flow out is very difficult. Therefore we bred in vodichke (it is possible and in a children's mix). Poured into 20 ml. water, there dripped. Biogaya itself is oily, the drop does not dissolve, but floats on the surface.
The vial was enough for 27 days. A week later they ran to take the shit for analysis. They were pleasantly surprised: lactobacilli in full norm, and bifidobacteria became more (although there are no bifidorgansms in Biogay). True, Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella were in place, but in small numbers. Cal was normalized in color and became thicker.
Biogaya left a very favorable impression.
Three months after the treatment with bronchitis, the antibiotic again began to have problems with the stool: it became very liquid, straight out of the diaper, there was a green mucus. Analysis for dysbiosis showed a low number of lacto- and bifidobacteria in the presence of the already known staphylococci.
We ran to the pharmacy for Bioga. Have drunk. Have handed over the analysis. Full disappointment: the indicators seem to have been simply copied from the previous form before the treatment. Nothing really changed. Unless lactobacilli have grown from 10 to 4 degrees to 10 in 5 (at a rate of 10 to 7).
The pediatrician said that about this, she expected. According to her observations, Biogaya very effectively helps newborn babies, when the microflora is just forming, and for the older baby the drug is not too effective. Although the instructions nothing like this is written. It was a pity to throw out 25 dollars, and most importantly # 8212; lost time.
That's how Biogaya left us with an ambiguous opinion: maybe for the first time it did not help at all. Although I'm still inclined to trust the opinion of the pediatrician. In addition, the newborn daughter of my girlfriend who was given Biogai directly in the hospital, the drug helped # 8212; she even had no colic at all.
But we no longer tried Bioguy, we were treated with Bifidumbacterin. Too expensive for the result, which may not be.
Sources: http://www.vashaibolit.ru/6949-formirovanie-normalnoy-mikroflory-kishechnika-u-novorozhdennyh.html, http://gastromir.com/kishechnik/u-novorozhdennogo-zapor-chto-delat, http://vsezdorovo.com//04/bystro-vosstanovil-mikrofloru-kishechnika-u-grudnichka/
No comments yet!
Share your opinion