Restoration of the stomach and intestinal mucosa
Atrophy of the gastric mucosa: how to treat and recover?
Atrophy is an inflammatory process in which cells cease to function and fail. Cells cease to be updated, produce enzymes and suck in useful substances that enter the stomach with food. This pathology can cause cancer, as soon as possible to prevent atrophy.
How does focal atrophy occur?
Atrophy is a consequence of autoimmune or helicobacter pylori. First, the microbes, multiplying, lead to chronic gastritis, eventually gastritis turns into atrophy. There is a lesion of an individual gastric department, or the entire stomach as a whole. Atrophic sites appear on the mucosa, that is, the glands turn into a simple epithelial tissue. The mucous gland begins to lose cells that produce pepsin, or hydrochloric acid. Focal atrophy occurs in that place of the mucosa, where normal functioning is disturbed, while the secretion of gastric juice decreases, and the mucosa becomes thinner.
Symptomatically it looks like nausea, rotten belching, bloating, poor appetite,
Causes of mucosal atrophy
Atrophy of the gastric mucosa is a consequence of the development of bacteria developing in the mucosa. Often it affects people older and older. Autoimmune bodies are produced, and this is pathology. Healthy cells are deformed, the concentration of hydrochloric acid decreases or in gastric juice there is none at all. There are factors that aggravate pathology, predisposition, age. Taking alcohol, medications, smoking, improper diet - harm the stomach mucosa, and gradually destroy it. Atrophy arises from nervous experiences, vitamin B deficiency, diabetes mellitus, and heart muscle insufficiency. Atrophy of the mucosa of the antral part of the stomach. Food, getting into the antrum department, is mixed and rubbed, then passes through a sphincter with a low acidity.
Focal atrophy loses glands, which produce pepsin and hydrochloric acid. Slime is not enough to protect the stomach walls, other parts are inflamed. If the disease is not treated, then it turns into a chronic disease, and with reduced acidity, bacteria begin to develop. Atrophy of the mucous antrum of the stomach causes anemia, pancreatitis and dysbiosis. Violated the work of the duodenum, developing peptic ulcer and duodenitis. As a result of changes in the duodenum, there is atrophy of the gastric mucosa duodenopathy, which passes into inflammation of the bowel or ulcer. Compliance with diet and treatment immediately in this case.
What are the symptoms?
There is a sharp deterioration in the functionality of the stomach, reduces appetite, there is an eructation, nausea, vomiting, bad breath. Dysbacteriosis causes diarrhea, swelling and rumbling in the abdomen. What are the main causes of the development of the disease. The causes of the appearance - bactericidal chronic gastritis, or the development of autoimmune processes.
- Autoimmune processes. Secretory immunoglobulin A is produced in insufficient quantities. The formation of antibodies leads to the destruction of the iron cells, which leads to atrophy.
- Helicobacteriosis. In the stomach, bacteria multiply and destroy the mucous membrane. Bacteria can live in the stomach for a long time without causing suspicion, but with improper nutrition, a decrease in immunity and other unpleasant factors, inevitably lead to an inflammatory process in the stomach.
- Abuse of medicines. Many sick people, in particular the elderly, take medicines completely uncontrollably, which do not affect the mucosa better.
- The use of alcohol leads to atrophic or alcoholic gastritis.
- Chronic intoxication of the body.
- The patient has pancreatitis, cholecystitis, enterocolitis.
Atrophic gastritis is dangerous for humans, especially subatrophy of the stomach mucosa # 8212; development of a precancerous tumor, which is often observed in people older than 50 years.
Treatment and restoration of the gastric mucosa.
Treatment and prevention directly depend on the cause that caused atrophy of the gastric mucosa. Diagnosis of the disease by X-ray of the stomach, fibril by gastroscopy, by histological examination and immunological examination of the blood composition. Treatment appoints a gastroenterologist and self-treatment in this case is not appropriate. The stage on which there is a destructive process, the work of the secretory function, the general condition of the patient is taken into account. Together with the available signs, a moderate diet is prescribed,sparing mucous, namely:
- steam cooking without coarse fibers
- Exclusion from the diet of drinks, hot and cold dishes
- Exclusion of sharp, acidic, fried, smoked dishes, spices, canned food
- exclusion from the diet of chocolate, cakes, sweets
- Exclusion of carbonated, alcoholic, coffee beverages.
Include in the diet: jelly, cocoa, mousse, porridge, boiled fish and meat products, vegetables and fruits. If there are frequent pains in the stomach, then holinolitic drugs can be used: Gastrotsepin, Metacin, No-shpa, Papaverin, Galidor, Buskopan. Improve the motor function of the stomach will help "Mtotilium "Cerucal". Replenish the secretion of hydrochloric acid will help natural gastric juice, enzymes "Mezim "Pancreatitis "Creon". If the patient has severe anemia, folic acid is prescribed, B12 vitamins. Patients with atrophy are prescribed sanatorium - spa treatment.
If the atrophy is negligible,To heal or not, everyone decides for himself. It is important to review your diet, lead a healthy lifestyle, give up smoking and alcohol, and follow a diet.
What are the consequences of the disease?
The risk of switching to cancer with atrophy is huge. If the acidity is lowered, the risk immediately rises to 15 # 8212; 20%. It is difficult to prescribe the symptoms of neoplasms, it is important to carry out the treatment at the initial stage of development. If the patient suffers from chronic gastritis. That is important in time to notice the stage of transition to atrophy and informative way in this case more effective. It is unlikely that the treatment will be significantly changed by folk remedies. Pronounced atrophy in medicine is recognized as a precancerous disease, as magnesium processes can cause complications.
Even more dangerous, when the function of the stomach, responsible for the formation of acid, is broken, begin their harmful effects of carcinogens. Timely diagnosis and effective treatment can take away from oncology. The opinions of people who have encountered such a problem say that one must always consult a doctor at the slightest suspicion of an infectious disease, and not engage in self-medication. The consequences of running the form can be deplorable.
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How to restore the stomach
Many of us live in a rather intense rhythm and do not always manage to give enough attention to our health. And this is wrong: stress, poor ecology, lack of sleep and poor nutrition - all this daily strikes our body and gives him a whole bunch of diseases, which then is not so easy to get rid of. One of the most common problems in our time is a violation of the stomach.
Causes of poor performance of the stomach
The main reason for the occurrence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is malnutrition. This concept includes not only the consumption of fatty, unhealthy foods, but also non-compliance with the regime - snacks in the dryings or late meals are not good for the body. Popular in recent times, fast food is bad for health, which is difficult to deny, fast soups with glutamate of sodium, an abundance of overly spicy condiments and sauces - all this literally kills the mucous shell. A man's extreme stress can also disable the operation of the stomach. The fact is that over-strain strongly affects all systems of the body, including the digestive system, which leads to a violation of appetite and sleep. As a result, the stomach is threatened. Also, the work of the gastrointestinal tract can disrupt the use of antibiotics and certain medications.
The body often sends alarming signals even before a disease takes its roots. But most people prefer to ignore them, referring to the lack of time and hoping that somehow it will pass by itself. Do this in no case it is impossible, otherwise the consequences can be very serious.
The feeling of discomfort in the stomach requires immediate action. So, what should you do to restore the stomach in the first place?
Refuse for time from alcohol and cigarettes: the toxic substances that they contain, irritate the mucous, enhancing the feeling of discomfort
Observe the diet. Try to eat always at the same time, do not overeat at night, divide the number of meals by 5-6.
Take note of the principles of separate nutrition: do not eat at the same time proteins with carbohydrates - such combinations overload the stomach
Try to get enough sleep. It is during sleep that the body restores its resources and if it is consistently hindered by it, then all systems will start to work badly.
Do not eat too hot or, on the contrary, too cold food: this food irritates the stomach
If you recently had to drink a course of potent drugs, in order to restore the stomach after antibiotics, special immunomodulating drugs containing lacto- and bifidobacteria will be required. And, of course, be careful when giving antibiotics - carefully study the instructions and do not abuse tablets.
Try to be less nervous and exclude stressful situations or at least change your attitude towards them
Observe a diet to restore the stomach
Diet to restore the stomach
To restore damaged cells of the gastrointestinal tract requires the entry of building material from the outside. Such is the protein obtained from food. That's why the body needs at least 100 grams of protein a day to start the recovery process. It is very useful for the intestinal microflora to drink an hour before sleeping a glass of kefir. Of drinks, a decoction of rose hips, homemade compotes and fruit drinks is preferable. Useful also are various infusions of herbs in case of stomach problems, the recipes of which can be found on our website.
Vegetables and fruits are also useful, but not raw, but steamed or steamed. A good solution will be light vegetable soups. Cabbage, fresh herbs, mushrooms are hard to digest, so temporarily exclude them from the diet. It will also be necessary to refuse fried, spicy, smoked food, soda.
If all the above measures do not work, and the uncomfortable sensations in the stomach do not pass despite the diet and adherence to the diet, be sure to show yourself to the gastroenterologist. Only a doctor can accurately diagnose the disease, and timely treatment will reduce the risk of developing gastritis, dyspepsia, heartburn and other digestive system diseases.
Atrophy of the gastric mucosa, diet and treatment
Atrophy of the gastric mucosa is a chronic process of cell degeneration, in which there is a violation of the main function of this organ - the digestion of food. This is due to a chronic inflammatory process, called gastritis.
Most often suffer from this disease residents of large cities. The increased rhythm of life, the influence of environmental factors, the wrong regimen and the quality of nutrition - all this is the cause of the development of a violation of the stomach.
The cause of atrophic changes in the stomach are:
- age changes;
- bacterial flora (Helicobacter pylori);
- autoimmune disorders;
- hereditary predisposition;
- chronic intoxication, including in harmful production;
- consumption of poor-quality, cold, hot and spicy food, non-compliance with the diet;
- uncontrolled use of medications that act aggressively on the walls of the stomach;
- smoking, drinking alcohol;
- reflux, in which the contents of the intestines are thrown back into the stomach;
- chronic diseases of the digestive system.
What happens with atrophic gastritis?
Under the influence of a microbial agent, or under the influence of autoimmune mechanisms, cell damage occurs, they cease to produce acid and are covered with mucus, which has protective properties, but is completely incapable of digestion of food.
In addition, the regeneration of cellular structures, which normally occurs every six days, ceases. Thus, the acidic medium of the stomach passes into a weakly acidic state, and in an extensive process, achilia (zero acidity) can develop.
How is gastric atrophy manifested
Atrophy of the gastric mucosa at first proceeds asymptomatically. Then, as the area of the lesion increases, certain signs of the disease appear. First of all, the patient begins to worry about dyspepsia. There is nausea, heartburn, belch fatigue, a feeling of overflow and discomfort in the stomach during meals. Sometimes there is pain, which is worse after eating. The patient's appetite decreases or disappears, weakness worries.
If the process goes far, the signs can be amplified. Poorly digested food, diarrhea or constipation, which can alternate. During a period of exacerbation a white coating appears on the tongue. The bowel swells, gas formation increases. The skin of a person pales, hair and nails become dull and break.
Deterioration of the processes of absorption of necessary substances and poor appetite leads to anemia, and with extensive localization of the lesion, and to general dystrophy.Associated with diseases of the intestine, pancreas, biliary tract.
As a rule, not all of the mucous membrane is affected, but only some areas, in clinical practice this pathology is called focal atrophy of the gastric mucosa. In this case, the areas with normal gland functioning remain in the stomach. Sometimes they can produce an increased amount of hydrochloric acid as a result of triggering compensatory processes. But, it should be noted that the larger the lesion area, the faster the symptomatology develops disease, with this type of pathology, it does not differ from diffuse atrophy and has a similar clinical picture.
Complete atrophy, which occurs less often, leads to the development of ulceration and gastric bleeding, which further strengthens the anemic syndrome, worsens the general condition and reduces immunity.
Additional studies to clarify the diagnosis:
- fluoroscopy of the stomach;
- study with fibrogastroscope with urease test (method for determining the presence of helicobacter pylori);
- Measurement of the acidity level when probing the stomach.
Atrophy of the stomach is considered a precancerous disease, and its complications can pose a serious threat to human life. Therefore, at the slightest sign of trouble, you should consult your doctor and undergo complete diagnosis and treatment.
What can be done to improve the condition?
First of all, a successful diet should be followed by a certain diet. If a person continues to eat improperly and irregularly, then no methods and medications will be able to exert the necessary influence.
Diet with atrophy of the gastric mucosa is as follows:
- food should be easy to digest and not overload the stomach;
- The daily amount of food taken should be divided into small portions and there are at least six times a day;
- The temperature of the dishes used should not exceed 65 degrees, cold food should also be excluded;
- You can not eat fatty, fried foods, marinades and pickles, as well as smoked products;
- cook meals only for a couple or cook;
- Exclude from the diet strong tea, coffee, alcohol, lemonades and soda water;
- Do not accept coarse-fiber foods that overload the stomach;
- best of all, especially during the exacerbation there are slimy soups, vegetable purees, fried meat, steam cutlets, porridges;
- as a drink is best suited herbal medicinal herbs, jelly from non-acid fruits, mineral water without gas.
Treatment of atrophy of the gastric mucosa with medicinal agents includes antibacterial therapy, in the presence of Helicobacter infection. Clarithromycin and amoxicillin are best for this purpose, sometimes the complex includes metronidazole (trichopolum), the drugs are used in conjunction with proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole). This method is called eradication, and according to the treatment regimen, it includes several (usually 3 or 4) components. The course of such therapy is at least a week and gives very good results.
Reducing the acidity of the stomach is one of the causes of impaired absorption of food. In order to compensate for it, substitute drugs are prescribed - natural gastric juice, acid-pepsin. To improve the assimilation of foods in the intestine, enzyme preparations are used - festal, pancreatin, mezim. With a deficiency of vitamin B12, it is prescribed in an injectable form.
Half an hour before a meal, plantain juice is taken. He at this type of disease has a stimulating effect on the mucous, helping her to produce gastric juice, has antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory effect.
In other respects, therapeutic methods have a symptomatic focus. For the protection of the stomach, bismuth preparations are used, the improvement of motility is achieved by taking prokinetics (domperidone).
If the dyskinesia of the bile ducts also joins the pathological process, it is recommended to take drugs to eliminate stagnation of the bile, which stimulates its excretion.
In the remission phase for the patient it is important to continue to follow dietary recommendations and take substitute drugs. Despite the fact that while observing a diet of clinical signs of atrophy may not be observed, nevertheless, once a year it is necessary to undergo a survey.
Sources: http://bolzheludka.ru/atrofiya-slizistoy-zheludka/, http://www.sportobzor.ru/diety-pravilnoe-pitanie/kak-vosstanovit-zheludok.html, http://tvoelechenie.ru/nevrologiya/atrofiya-slizistoj-zheludka-dieta-i-lechenie.html
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