Restoration of the stomach and intestines after antibiotics
Rules for taking antibiotics
Often, the use of antibiotics leads to a violation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, as this violates the protective mechanisms of these organs. Complications of taking antibiotics, how to avoid them? 6. If you have an allergic predisposition, and at the same time, you can not avoid taking antibiotics, antihistamines (anti-allergic drugs) come to the rescue.
Antibiotics will soon not be able to defeat the disease: people are so abused by these drugs that they negate their therapeutic effect. Many people prescribe antibiotics themselves. As soon as the throat was ill, there was a cough, a runny nose, they immediately go to the pharmacy to buy antibacterial agents. After all, antibiotics, capable of destroying viruses, do not exist.
In this case, the doctor can prescribe a patient antibiotics. But you should not prescribe antibacterial preparations, because their uncontrolled intake can seriously damage your health, including causing the emergence of resistant
Rules for taking antibiotics
If the patient started taking antibiotics, you should definitely drink the whole course (in case of an allergy to the drug, you need to see a doctor to prescribe another antibiotic). As a result, there are so-called multiresistant bacteria that are not afraid of any antibiotic. However, you also need to take prebiotics (substances that help to work probiotics so that it does not pass through the intestines in transit).
At the end of taking antibiotics instead of # 17; Inex # 187 which is a fairly expensive drug, you can take more simple probiotics. Also, remember that we use antibiotics not only as drugs: chemical preservatives (the same antibiotics) are added to almost all products that are sold in stores. 2. Do not combine antibiotics with alcohol, be sure to tell your doctor if you are constantly taking any medication to exclude negative drug interactions.
The unique and, in many senses, the universal drug for the protection of the liver is Ursosan. It is an effective and safe drug - as evidenced by numerous international studies, produced in Europe. 4. Very good, if along with the antibiotic you have the opportunity to take and probiotic. After all, an antibacterial drug - does not understand where the beneficial bacteria are, and where foreign and equally negative attitudes towards all microorganisms.
Such situations occur when treating severe infections that are difficult to treat, for example, sexually transmitted infections and in other situations. It is important that candidiasis of mucous membranes can develop not only in women, but also in men, in children. In this case, fluconazole (Fluzol) is prescribed for the prevention and treatment. These are substances that form in the gastric mucosa from arachidonic acid.
Antibiotics and intestinal dysbacteriosis
It allows you to visualize the mucosa by means of an endoscope inserted into the stomach. Thus, the process of recovery of the gastric mucosa depends on the mechanism of its damage. This leads to irritation of the gastric mucosa, and in some cases - to inactivate the drug. So, for example, for the children taking the linex, the drug manufacturer recommends the capsule to open and dissolve the contents in the liquid.
The fact is that the acid-base reaction in the stomach and the lower parts of the digestive tract before meals, during and after meals changes. The correct intake of the drug also affects the duration of its action.
Recovery after antibiotics
Therefore, such a medicine for flu or cold is an extra burden on all body systems, "says Yuri Gavalko. But if a virus infection does not decrease after two or three days, it is possible to suspect a bacterial infection as the viruses weaken the immunity very much. Moreover, microorganisms that managed to survive will pass on to other pathogens information on how to deal with an antibacterial drug.
But it should be remembered that there should be a gap between taking an antibiotic and a probiotic - at least two hours. That is, # 17; inex # 187; take after 2 hours after the antibacterial drug. The danger of self-medication with antibiotics is also evidenced by the fact that in the EU countries they are only released on prescription # 187 ;.
Preparations for the restoration of intestinal microflora
Intestinal microflora is the ratio of all the bacteria that inhabit the intestine, these bacteria can be both beneficial to the body and pathogenic. The vast majority of bacteria are classified as lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. Any imbalance between microorganisms is beneficial and pathogenic, a change in their quantity and quality leads to a dysbiotic disorder. With these deviations, microorganisms with beneficial properties do not have time to multiply and cease to cope with their functions.
Groups of drugs for the restoration of microflora in dysbiosis
To get rid of dysbacteriosis, help the body to regain the proper balance of microorganisms, you will have to resort to drugs to restore the intestinal microflora. Such medicines have their classification by groups:
- Probiotics containing living cultures of friendly microorganisms;
- Increasing reproduction, promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria - prebiotics;
- Including complexes of living bacteria - synbiotics.
The list of the most popular drugs from the group of probiotics can be called Bifidumbacterin, Lineks. Acepol, of lactulose-containing - Dufalac, Normaze, and among the synbiotics, Bifidobacterium, Biovestin lacto, are used as recognition of the population.
Causes of disturbance of microflora
Reasons for which bacteria stop properly perform their function, really a lot. Violation of balance can provoke as one cause, and their totality. For example, an incorrectly balanced diet can disrupt the proper operation of any organ.
Often the bacterial balance suffers after antibiotics, their person is forced to take to successfully combat various inflammatory processes and diseases. Infectious diseases also affect her condition. The use of alcohol and smoking, severe stresses, weak immunity adversely affect the vital activity of intestinal organisms.
As a rule, after taking antibiotics, preparations for restoring intestinal microflora are always prescribed, but often medications are taken concomitantly with taking antibiotics, as if preventing an exacerbation of the intestinal Problems.
How to determine the failure in the work of bacteria?
It's about the symptoms, it's them that can be observed with dysbiosis. The most obvious signs are diarrhea and constipation. For constipation, prebiotics containing lactulose are used because lactulose is not absorbed into the intestinal wall and creates an ideal environment for growth and reproduction of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria.
Another symptom in violation of the vital activity of bacteria is bloating and increased gas production. Negatively affects this delicate problem on the vital activity of beneficial organisms also because when swelling is usually taken adsorbents, acting unfavorably on bacteria, they directly affect the state microflora.
Almost certainly the disorder is indicated by the presence of bad breath or unpleasant aftertaste, the heart rhythm is broken, pain in the area of the myocardium appears.
Restoring microfloral environment in children
Most often the work of the child's intestines is disrupted by antibiotics, but the problem of dysbiosis can be present in children who have not been treated with antibiotics. In any case, the intestinal disorder is characterized by a decrease in appetite, problematic stools, vomiting, or even allergies. Medicines for children are classified by age. For example, infants can not give drugs at all, because their bacterial balance can be restored with the help of mother's milk for a week.
Medicines that can be taken from birth:
- Linex. it is suitable for children of the first days of life, this product is available in the form of powder, it is a biologically active additive to food, for small patients it is available in a special dosage. Inexpensive Linex makes and affordable price.
- Primadofilus and Hilak forte, can also be described as effective drugs for children, the first is available in the form of powder, the second in the form of drops. Hilak forte should not be given to a child together with milk and any dairy products.
- Bifidumbacterin, this powder can be dissolved directly in the milk formula or any other liquid food, since taking this drug to restore the intestinal microflora is better during eating.
- Normobakt, the powder can be diluted with water.
A popular drug approved for use by children from 3 months of age is Acipol, it is available in the form of capsules.
The most common drugs for restoring the environment of microorganisms
The rating of medicines from intestinal dysbiosis is rightly headed by Lineks, it is the most popular probiotic in the world pharmaceutical market. Linex includes three types of microorganisms, they correct bacterial balance, eliminate dysbiosis.
Bactisubtil contains spores of microflora, insensitive to the environment of the stomach, because they freely enter the intestines, eventually develop successfully into adult bacteria.
By suppressing pathogenic organisms, restores the state of the intestinal environment Bifidumbacterin, which contains food for friendly microbes - lactose.
The best drugs for treating dysbacteriosis are not those that are most widely advertised, but those that contain the optimal number of beneficial organisms designed to colonize the intestine. The optimal option is a preliminary consultation with a doctor, which will help identify the root cause disturbances in the vital activity of microorganisms and will prescribe a drug ideally suited to each specific case. Also, the doctor will be able to offer inexpensive analogues of advertised medicines having identical composition.
Marina, 37 years old:The main tool for me and my family in getting rid of dysbiosis is invariably Linex. I take it at the first sign of an intestinal disorder, with problems with the stool, just with pain in the abdomen. My one-year-old baby, I also give Lineks, as soon as I notice that it is too often tormented by gases or just pain in the stomach. Lineks just saved us with the introduction of complementary foods, when the food was too heavy for the children's stomach, was not digested because of a lack of necessary enzymes. When I had to treat a strong infectious disease in my daughter, along with antibiotics, I offered this probiotic. I tried cheaper medicines, but still returned to Linex, now he even in our travel first-aid kit - for all occasions.
Alexander, 53 years old:For two weeks I took antibiotics, I was not aware of the need to take medication to maintain intestinal balance. After completing the course of antibiotics, I came across a very delicate problem - I had constipation. Initially, I did not associate my problem with the treatment I had received, a month later I went to the doctor, received the appointment of a probiotic - Hilak Forte, he also saved me from suffering for a few days. I recommend to everyone!
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Sources: http://korawnskiy.ru/pravila-priema-antibiotikov/, http://bolzheludka.ru/preparatyi-dlya-vosstanovleniya-mikrofloryi-kishechnika/
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