Than restore than the intestines after antibiotics
How to restore the intestinal microflora after antibiotics: an overview of modern drugs
Along with the medicinal properties, antibacterial drugs have a whole bouquet of negative effects. With long-term administration of these medicines, not only pathogens die, but also beneficial bacteria that live in the digestive tract. Therefore, the question of how to restore the intestinal microflora after antibiotics is one of the most urgent in modern medicine.
What happens during the reception of antibiotics
Normally, up to 500 species of various microorganisms live in the human intestine. Most of them are represented by bifido- and lactobacilli (approximately 94% and 5%, respectively), smaller - E. coli and all sorts of conditionally pathogenic "living creatures" (yeast-like fungi, eutrocrocci). The total weight of the biocenosis in an average adult patient is 3-4 kg.
Getting into the lumen of the intestine, antibiotics act like a chemical bomb. Indiscriminately, they strike both the stranger and their bacteria. As
This condition is called "dysbiosis" and manifests itself by such symptoms as:
- rumbling in the stomach after each meal,
- pain and discomfort in the intestines,
- feeling of heaviness after eating,
- unstable stool,
- lethargy, fatigue,
- decreased skin tone,
- hair loss Hair: structure, features of growth and development ,
- skin rashes.
At the early stages of the pathology, all these signs are poorly expressed. And only when the process goes far enough, they bloom in a magnificent color.
Probiotics and prebiotics are the difficulties of choice
To correct the disturbed balance in the intestine, two types of medications are used:
- Probiotics (they are also eubiotics - Lactobacterin, Bifidumbacterin, Lineks, Acipol, Bifiform, Sporobacterin). They consist of lacto-bifidobacteria and Escherichia coli or their mixtures grown on artificial nutrient media.
- Prebiotics (Lactofiltrum, Stimbiphid, Prelax, Laktusan, Hilak Forte). They include plant fibers (pectins, cellulose) and oligosaccharides, which actually serve as "food" for their own microorganisms.
Each of these groups has its pluses and minuses. For example, probiotics at first glance are ideal for rapid colonization of the digestive tract by beneficial bacteria. But the problem is that they have low efficiency.
For some "live" drugs (mainly powder forms), the acidic environment of gastric juice is disastrous. Others, encased in acid-fast capsules, are destroyed by the action of alkalis in the intestinal tract. As a result, the mucous patient is delayed by 1-2% of the accepted dose of bacteria. Therefore, to achieve the desired results, you need to take probiotics for a long time - at least two months. And before you start taking it is desirable to pass tests that help to establish a deficit of specific microorganisms and choose the right drug.
Prebiotics are used in medical practice relatively recently and, in comparison with competitors, give a faster result. Representing a "feeding" for useful flora, they favor the growth of its numbers. The effect is noted already by the second week of use and persists for a long time. But there is one but. With severe forms of dysbacteriosis, when there is simply nothing to "grow" in the intestine, their reception is meaningless. In such cases, doctors recommend starting treatment with eubiotics, and then taking both types of drugs simultaneously.
Depending on the symptoms, other groups of drugs can be used:
- Intestinal antiseptics based on microorganisms (Enterol) or synthetic antibacterial agents (Enterofuril). They inhibit the activity of pathogenic bacteria that cause diarrhea.
- Immunomodulators and vitamin-mineral complexes. Designed to enhance the body's defenses, eliminate lethargy, fight with developing avitaminosis.
- The optimal set of drugs should be selected by the attending physician, taking into account the course of antibiotic therapy the patient has gone through and what his state of health is at the moment.
Nutrition to help the intestines
During and after taking antibiotics, it is recommended to adhere to a diet rich in sour-milk and plant products. The first contain bifido- and lactobacilli, naturally inhabiting the digestive tract. In plant foods, fiber and pectins are present, which stimulate the work of the intestine and feed its normoflora.
It is recommended to exclude beans for a while, beetroot beet: useful properties and contra-indications of a popular vegetable. cabbage and sugar-containing products. They enhance the processes of fermentation, contributing to the development of flatulence and spasms.
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