How to treat putrefactive processes in the intestine
The term dyspepsia is quite general, it includes all the pathological processes associated with digestive disorders. It can be of organic origin, when the structure and anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract is broken (peptic ulcer. pancreatitis), or caused by functional disorders. Putrefactive dyspepsia develops in those cases when the organism for a number of reasons is not able to digest the proteins coming from food, and the decay processes begin.
The causes of putrefactive dyspepsia are associated with both excessive intake of meat products, including poor quality, and with direct gastrointestinal pathologies. Among the latter, the most important are:
- congenital or acquired deficiency of enzyme systems responsible for the cleavage of proteins (pepsin, trypsin, intestinal proteases);
- low acidity of gastric juice;
- colonization of the gut by pathological flora.
If the protein food does not split into amino acids and unchanged enters the large intestine, the rotting mechanism wil
The main manifestation of putrefactive dyspepsia is malodorous liquid stool and enhanced gas formation. In addition, there may be:
- nausea and vomiting;
- decreased appetite and rapid satiety;
- discomfort in the abdomen and bloating;
- symptoms of general intoxication (dizziness, weakness, fever).
If the enzyme systems are insufficient, an unpleasant taste in the mouth and an eructation may appear. Diarrhea (diarrhea) is associated with increased peristalsis of the gut and is a manifestation of functional disorders.
The course of the disease can be acute, which is often associated with a one-time use of stale meat products, or chronic, indicating a serious disruption in the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
The severity of the manifestation of the disease can be divided into several stages:
- An easy degree of dehydration, symptoms of general intoxication are absent.
- There is a loss of weight, the phenomenon of metabolic disorders and electrolyte disorders associated with a lack of fluid.
- Neurological disorders, acidosis, and diuresis decrease.
As a rule, patients seek medical help at the first stage. If the treatment is started in time, the condition quickly improves.
The main method of diagnosis is the study of stool. In the analysis, a large number of undigested protein tissues, an increased level of ammonia and bases, due to which an alkaline medium is maintained, is detected. Identify the symptoms of dysbiosis.
To exclude organic pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, ultrasound of the abdominal cavity is performed. In this case, there may be signs of chronic cholecystitis or pancreatitis. The determination of the acidity of gastric juice often reveals its decrease. It is also advisable to perform FGDS, in which erosion of the gastric mucosa or peptic ulcer is often diagnosed.
Putrefactive dyspepsia in children
In young children, dyspepsia is associated mainly with the immaturity of enzyme systems. In the first year of life with breastfeeding, the number of acts of defecation can normally reach 6 times a day. With improper feeding and overloading of protein products, putrefactive dyspepsia may develop. At the same time, the frequency of emptying of the intestine becomes more frequent, and it becomes painful, and the stool gets an unpleasant odor.
Since children often can not independently release gases (in connection with the immaturity of nervous regulation of sphincters), their increased formation leads to the appearance of pain and intestinal colic. This condition requires the installation of a gas pipe. After the gases escape, the pain passes almost immediately.
As water loss increases with diarrhea, dehydration may develop. It is manifested by weakness, a decrease in the skin turgor. The tongue is often coated with a white coating. With dyspepsia of infectious origin, there is an increase in temperature, and digestive disorders are more painful and can lead to the development of seizures.
When putrefactive dyspepsia in children necessarily exclude the product that led to the appearance of symptoms. Reduce the number of feeds with milk, several of them are replaced with water.
When treating, I pay special attention to adherence to a diet with a high content of carbohydrates and protein restriction. In the first day, fasting is indicated. If in-patient treatment is administered, a sterile solution of glucose is injected intravenously. Then gradually increase the number of products, but it is necessary to limit the use of fiber. After 2-3 weeks allowed to begin taking proteins, it is desirable that it were sour-milk products.
From drugs prescribe the following classes:
- astringent solutions for fighting diarrhea;
- adsorbents to accelerate the elimination of toxins and reduce systemic manifestations;
- antispasmodics, relieving pain syndrome;
- Enzymes, in the presence of their deficiency;
- probiotics for the normalization of flora in the intestine;
- antibiotics are used quite rarely, only with the threat of development of sepsis.
Consequences and Forecast
With timely diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis for life with putrefactive dyspepsia is favorable. Among the most significant consequences is the development of dysbiosis, which takes place for several weeks against the background of dieting and taking probiotics.
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Putrefactive indigestion symptoms and treatment
It develops due to problems with the assimilation of protein foods in the gastrointestinal tract, which causes putrefactive processes. In most cases, they are localized in the large intestine, but are also found in the small intestine.
Putrefactive dyspepsia is always accompanied by a decrease in the acidity of the stomach, which detracts from bactericidal qualities of the mucous membrane. This is fraught with the multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms that live in the intestine.
The disease occurs in children and the elderly. It is not fatal, but at transition to a chronic stage it is capable to break a metabolism, and it threatens with the diseases dangerous to a life.
Why does putrefactive indigestion occur?
The main factor in the development of the disease is poor nutrition. Abuse of red meat varieties (lamb, pork or beef) ensures the development of this disorder. Also, the syndrome of putrefactive dyspepsia occurs in lovers of sausages and other products with a large amount of protein of animal origin.
The use of stale protein foods also threatens such an intestinal disorder. The putrefactive form of dyspepsia can develop against a background of gastritis or enterocolitis, when the secretion is lowered. Hydrochloric acid helps digest food, especially animal protein. With its lack in the body, fermentation and decay begins, leading to irritation of the intestinal tissues.
Symptoms of putrefactive dyspepsia
Among the main features are the following:
- poor appetite (sometimes it is completely absent);
- in some cases, headaches or dizziness may occur;
- painful sensations may occur throughout the epigastric region;
- stool dark and liquid, accompanied by enhanced gas formation.
If the immunity is weakened, in addition to the listed signs, the symptoms can be as follows:
Types of putrefactive dyspepsia
Isolate the acute and chronic forms of the disease. In the first case, putrefactive processes develop due to overeating of protein foods, in particular meat products. There are minor ailments that last for a short time and quickly pass.
The chronic form of the disease is considered a dangerous process, which speaks of violations of the functions of the digestive tract. It occurs in people of all ages, and its symptoms can persist throughout the week.
The main reason for the development of chronic putrefactive dyspepsia is the abuse of harmful and severe food. The process of digestion can be disturbed by haste in eating, bad chewing.
Putrefactive dyspepsia in children
In childhood, the disease is especially common in the first twelve months of life. Putrid indigestion in the baby is formed when the nursing mother does not observe moderation in the quantity and quality of food. Staying on artificial feeding, children often overeat. However, it should be understood that the amount of food does not always correspond to the possibilities of the digestive tract of the baby.
Children's clinical pictures are divided into:
- A simple form - when there are problems with the functions of the digestive tract;
- Toxic form - when metabolism is disturbed.
The main reasons for the development of the disease include incorrect introduction of the complementary feeding regime, irregular eating habits and overfeeding. Provoke dyspepsia can also overheat the baby.
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Symptoms of the disease in children
In childhood, putrefactive indigestion has other symptoms:
The usual regurgitation of babies should not be confused with an ailment. It is necessary to observe the baby, compare the weight gain with the established medical norms. When there are atypical symptoms, a stool test for intestinal infections is needed.
Simple putrefactive dyspepsia in children is treated at home. Toxic dyspepsia is treated under stationary conditions.
Features of treatment of putrefactive dyspepsia
Therapeutic effect begins with fasting within 24 hours. The patient can only use medicines: sulfonamides, pancreatin, hydrochloric acid and pepsin.
Expand the diet with carbohydrates need to gradually. During therapy, only manna and rice kishas, white bread are allowed. One to two weeks after recovery, you can expand your daily diet with the usual amount of carbohydrates.
Putrefactive dyspepsia treatment can have a mono-diet. An apple, berry and sugar diet is considered effective. In the first two cases it is necessary to eat a half kilogram of fruit or berries, in the second - about 300 grams of sugar per day.
Treatment of dyspepsia in childhood
Children are prescribed a water-tea diet:
- unconcentrated tea;
- isotonic sodium chloride solution;
- Ringer's solution;
- glucose solution (5%).
The amount of this mixture per day depends on the weight of the child's body. Duration of the diet from six hours to half a day. Then you can gradually introduce ordinary food starting with two thirds of the total, gradually moving to the norm.
The first five days of food should be dietary. In addition, you should take vitamins.
Children's dyspepsia is treated in a hospital setting. When toxic form prescribed intravenous administration of drugs, prescribe antibacterial drugs.
It is advisable to prevent the disease: correctly introduce complementary foods, do not overeat, promptly treat intestinal disorders, follow doctors' recommendations and adhere to hygiene rules.
Two cups of kefir - like rotting in the intestines poisons our body
Russian physiologist and microbiologist I. AND. Mechnikov, who devoted many years to the study of the problems of premature aging, came to the conclusion that we are growing old becauseself-poisoned by putrefactive substancesfrom its own large intestine. It is said cruelly, but none of the scientists for almost a century that has passed since the death of Mechnikov, could not refute his words.
On undigested food leftovers in the large intestine, a large number of microbes parasitize,among which the putrefactive, causing the decomposition of the contents of the intestine with the formation of toxic substances prevail. These poisons are absorbed from the intestine into the bloodstream and are mostly neutralized by the liver. However, something passes the filter. Some poisons, even in the most insignificant concentrations, circulate for a long time in the blood. They are, according to Mechnikov, the main cause of aging of cells of the brain, blood, and heart.
The scientist backed his point of view with interesting facts. Eagle, hundreds of times inferior to the elephant in size and weight, does not concede to it in the duration of life. This is because the birds do not have a colon at all. Undigested remnants of food in their bodies do not linger. Once the digestion is complete, the birds throw out the unrouted remains - even on the fly. They can not afford the luxury of transporting waste through the air, because for them every gram of weight matters.
I must say that not all scientists agree that the absence of feathered colon and, accordingly, putrefactive processes in the intestine is the main reason for their longevity. Until now, this idea of Mechnikov remains a hypothesis that needs further confirmation. However, there are many facts for it. We give only two, but significant.
The ostrich, being the largest bird on earth, should live longer than other birds. However, unlike other birds, he does not fly, but moves on the ground. As a result, the ostrich formed a large intestine, where, naturally, the remains of food are accumulated and rotted. As a result, the ostrich lives only 30 years - 3 times less than the eagle.
And among mammals there is an animal that has adapted to fly, a bat. In size it is not larger than a small mouse, it only has long wings. With the appearance of the wings of the bat, the colon was atrophied. Do you know how many years a normal mouse lives? Two years. A flying one - 10 times more!
In Paris Mechnikov met a Frenchwoman, Madame Robine, who was 106 years old. The scientist, engaged in the processes of aging, carefully studied the image of her life. Madame Robine lived alone enough for a very delicate reason: for several decades she suffered from colitis, for which she was repeatedly weakened during the day. This fact attracted the attention of Mechnikov. Of course, colitis is a disease, but thanks to her, Madame Robine's body was vigorously released from rotting products, they accumulated less than other people's. This confirmed the idea of the scientist: the absence of decomposition processes in the body contributes to longevity.
The theory of Mechnikov was very popular in the early 20th century. It was the first coherent theory affecting the essence of the problem of aging, and she had a lot
On such a complex operation surgeons did not dare, but did the following: in the right part of the abdominal The cavity where the small intestine passes into the thick, cut the intestinal tube and the end of the thin out out. The large intestine no longer performed its functions. Several dozens of such operations were made by the London surgeon D. Linen. But they did not bring success for quite understandable reasons: this operation is unnatural, it seriously disrupted the activity of the organism.
Mechnikov himself proposed another, absolutely brilliant way, leading to a significant reduction of all negative processes that occur in the large intestine and in the entire intestine - regular use of sour-milk products.
He showed that a glass of such a product - yogurt, curdled milk, acidophilus - a panacea for many diseases. Any sour-milk product is much more useful than whole milk, for besides all the valuable substances contained in. milk, there are billions more of the intestinal defenders of the human body from the processes of putrefaction - acid-lactate bacteria.
In his works, Mechnikov cites such a case. His disciples drank 2 cups of kefir daily for two weeks and examined their blood. By the end of the second week, the chemical composition of the blood improved significantly. This meant that in the large intestine the processes of decomposition and decay of food sharply reduced, in other words, the need to disinfect it with the liver was no longer necessary. The state of health improved dramatically, chronic chronic diseases passed, the body was filled with new vital forces.
Therefore, according to Mechnikov,any fermented milk product,especially acidophilus, the best anti-aging agent. The acidophilic rod in acidophilin is the most valuable fighter against harmful pathogenic bacteria, since it is capable of appearing in
large intestine and destroy them. Two glasses of acidophilus a day protects a person from the development of many diseases, and his body - from premature aging. Thus, Mechnikov created not only his own theory of aging, but he also proposed an affordable means of combating premature aging.
The scientist saw the cause of premature aging through the prism of microbiology and derived a means of struggle also on its basis-he used the struggle of some microbes with others.
With the development of science, another mechanism of premature aging was not exposed to doubt. It was opened by another Russian scientist, I. P. Pavlov, in the course of studying the effect of neuroses on the animal organism.
Dogs, which in various ways caused disruptions in the brain, quickly grew old: Already at the age of 1 - 2 years they began to gray and thinning hair, there were ulcers on the skin. At 3 years old senile throats appeared in front of the animals, and at 4 years old dogs could hardly climb onto a chair. They lived a few more years, but they were decrepit animals, which died much earlier than dogs of the other group, who simply studied conditioned reflexes.
Conditions for feeding and maintenance of both groups were the same. Thus, it was the excessive strain on the nervous system that caused premature aging of the body. If nervous overloads are so detrimental to dogs, then what about the person with his complex and sensitive nervous system.
So, two Russian scientists have identified the main mechanisms of aging the organism at the junction of two sciences - microbiology and physiology of higher nervous activity. It is interesting, in what ratio are these two main causes of premature aging?
A person can really live a hundred years, but we live on average seventy years. And even less, that is, our life is unnaturally shortened for at least thirty years. It's a lot. The first reason, which takes us twenty years, as most gerontologists believe, is the marginal stress on the brain - stress, a crazy pace of life, a constant stay in a strong emotional tension. All this wears out the brain and causes premature aging of the body. It's rather difficult to change this situation, because the conditions of life do not depend on us, and not everyone can adapt to them.
The second reason, which takes us about 10 years of life, as recognized scientists,is the very poisoning of putrefactive substances located in the large intestine.And to cope with this - in our power. Regularly using sour-milk products, we get a chance to win back the fate of ten years of healthy life.
Date: Tuesday, 01 November
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Sources: http://www.gastromap.ru/bolezni/dispepsiya/gnilostnaya-dispepsiya.html, http://ogastrite.ru/zabolevaniya-zheludka/gnilostnaya-dispepsiya-simptomy-i-lechenie/, http://ooom.ru/article_info.php/articles_id/1067
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