Restoration of intestines after intestinal infection
Diet after intestinal infection
Diet after intestinal infection in adults - on what foods and dishes is it based? We bring to your attention detailed recommendations.
After the end of the acute period of intestinal infection, certain restrictions must still be observed. The refusal of food that chemically, thermally or mechanically irritates the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines remains in force. Spices, spicy seasonings, strong broths, vegetables and fruits rich in coarse fiber are excluded.
Dishes should be served warmly (hot and cold food is prohibited). It is extremely important to observe moderation - to get up from the table is with a slight sense of hunger.
• First courses: vegetable soups, slimy cereal soups, soups on low-fat broth, soups on diluted milk (the latter - only after the normalization of the stool)
• Rice broth with homemade croutons
• Unheated and lean meat (it is boiled, cooked with steam cutlets, meatballs, knels)
• Low-fat fish
• Well-boiled porridge (buckwheat, rice, etc.)
• Vegetables (mashed or in the form of mashed potatoes)
• Fermented milk products: unsweetened yogurt, low-fat kefir, fermented milk, yogurt, mild cheese, cottage cheese (especially - calcined)
• Steam omelet. boiled eggs
• Marmalade, jelly, jelly (with the addition of natural juice)
• Baked apples
• Black currant, pears, cranberries, gooseberries (in fresh form they can be introduced into the diet only after stabile normalization of the stool)
• Wheat bread (dried), white crackers, dry biscuit, biscuits
• Broth of wild rose or dried blueberry
• Non-acidic natural juices in diluted form
• Mineral still water
• Vegetable oils
Even after the normalization of the stool, it takes another 4-5 days to refrain from whole milk and sweets. Until the full recovery will have to postpone the use of products such as:
• Millet porridge
• Head cabbage, beet, radish, turnips, garlic and onions (raw), sorrel, mushrooms. melons, apricots, plums
• Rye bread, puff pastry and dough products
Chemical composition of the diet
• Proteins: 100-110 g
• Fat: 80 g (about 20% of vegetable fats)
• Carbohydrates: 350-400 g
Average daily caloric content of food: 2500-2700 kcal. Salt consumption rate # 8212; 10 g. It is recommended to drink about 1.5 liters of liquid a day.
As practice shows, the diet helps to stabilize the condition after the transferred intestinal infection. However, do not forget: long-term compliance with a sparing diet plan can negatively affect the work of the digestive tract. As soon as the state of health noticeably improves, you need to gradually expand the range of dishes and give up the rubbed food.
Diet with intestinal infection
Treatment of intestinal infection with diet
Regardless of the particular type of bacteria or viruses that caused the disease, treatment of intestinal infection by diet in adults should begin with a temporary suspension of any food intake. The main thing during an acute period is not to allow dehydration, which when a certain level (20% of the physiological volume of fluid in the body) reaches a mortal threat.
Therefore, when acute intestinal intoxication occurs, it is necessary to take in the so-called rehydration solutions or Regganti preparations: Ringer-Locka solution, Regidron, Hydrovit, Glucosolan, Gastrolit, Trigidron (available in sachets, the contents of which soluble in water). These plasma-substituting, detoxifying saline solutions are recommended to drink with little diarrhea - 50 ml per each kilogram of body weight, with an average severity of the condition - 80 ml per kilogram. Dosage for children is indicated in the instructions to the preparations, and the child should be given a drink, depending on his age and condition.
According to the World Health Organization's optimal formulation of the solution against dehydration, one liter should be accounted for, g sodium chloride;, g of potassium chloride; 3 g sodium citrate and 20 g glucose.
Most doctors believe that a diet with an acute intestinal infection, as well as a diet with a viral intestinal infection - in the first stage of the disease - consists in the use of sweetened black tea (1 liter in day). At the same time, the total volume of liquid, drunk during the day, should be at least 2 liters. Some gastroenterologists recommend that adults consume a decoction of dried rose hips or blueberries, an infusion of rinds of fresh apples, a strained rice broth.
Diet for intestinal infection in adults
What kind of diet for intestinal infections is prescribed by doctors? This is a diet number 4, based on the use of products that neither chemically, nor mechanically, nor thermally irritate the esophagus, stomach and intestines. Therefore, the food should be a semi-liquid consistency, medium temperature, steamed or cooked, and thoroughly crushed before consumption. Power mode - 5-6-time.
The calorie content of such a diet in adults with intestinal infection is approximately 1980 kcal; sugar is not more than 40 grams, and the salt - no more than 10 g per day; the content of fats and carbohydrates is reduced respectively to 70 g and 250 g, and the amount of proteins is at a level of 100 g per day.
After improving the state of health, patients are transferred to a diet number 4B, which is significantly higher in daily diets caloricity (about 3000 kcal) and the content of carbohydrates (up to 400 g); fat, protein, sugar and table salt - as in the diet number 4. Diet No. 4B already allows the dishes to be stewed, baked in the oven and slightly roasted. And the number of meals is reduced to four times a day. In this case, both diets recommend and limit the same products.
Diet to children with intestinal infection
Diet for children with intestinal infection is based on the same principles as the diet for adults, but has an "amendment" for the child's age.
Treatment of intestinal infection with a diet in children involves the need to limit consumption carbohydrate food, primarily, milk sugar (lactose), which contains milk and products on its basis. The fact is that the main stage of digestion of carbohydrates, including lactose, does not occur in the stomach (where carbohydrates are only partially hydrolyzed), but in the small intestine. And if there is an intestinal bacterial infection, milk sugar begins to ferment, which causes excessive gas formation and, as a result, bloating and colic.
For this reason, for infants of the first year of life who are on artificial feeding, it is necessary to time of illness replace conventional milk mixtures with mixtures with a low lactose content or with its full absence.
Infant-infants, whom mothers are fed with breast milk, the volume of sucked-up milk is not recommended to be reduced by more than 40% (for several days), since it contains protective antibodies. In this number of feedings should be increased. However, the main regulator of this process is the baby's appetite and its general condition.
In addition, despite the fact that the digestive system of children of this age is in the process of development and improvement, initially among their bile acids are dominated by taurocholic acid, which has antiseptic properties and helps fight with pathogenic intestinal bacteria and viruses.
Older children have a diet with an acute intestinal infection, as well as a diet with a viral intestinal infection - regarding the prohibition and permission for those or products - practically does not differ from the rules of nutrition that should be observed adults.
Menu diet for intestinal infection
An approximate diet menu for an intestinal infection can consist of semolina rice or semi-liquid rice porridge, cooked on water, and sweet tea and white bread crumbs. At the second breakfast you can offer jelly with the same cracker.
Lunch can consist of a low-fat beef broth with a rusk for the first and a meat soufflé for the second. End of dinner - a glass of dog rose broth. Kissel (or jelly) of black currant is suitable for a snack.
And for dinner you can eat mashed porridge from oatmeal and chicken steak, as well as drink a bowl of weak tea or apple compote.
Diet recipes for intestinal infections
Many diet recipes for intestinal infections, for example, mashed cereals, do not require description. And here's how to cook a steamed soufflé of chicken, we'll help.
It will take a chicken breast, which must be boiled (whole or cut into several pieces). Then the boiled chicken is crushed through a meat grinder or with a blender.
Further, the ground meat is combined with raw egg yolk, beaten in foam with egg white and 3-4 tablespoons of chicken broth, in which you need to stir a couple of teaspoons of wheat flour and salt. The mass is thoroughly mixed to a homogeneous state, laid out in a greased form refined with vegetable oil and cooked steamed.
Instead of flour, you can put the same amount of boiled and chopped rice. Then add a small piece of butter to the mixture.
Diet with intestinal infection requires strict adherence, then the body of both adults and children will be much easier to cope with the disease.
Diet with intestinal infection
If you are faced with a problem such as an intestinal infection, then you need to know everything about proper nutrition. It is therapeutic nutrition is the main type of therapy in the fight against such serious ailments as rotovirus intestinal infection. Here we give a list of recommendations for adults and children that are relevant for such diseases.
Diet with intestinal infection
With viral intestinal infection, it is very important to comply with all dietary norms without exception. This will help reduce inflammation and normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract, and most importantly, to protect the intestinal mucosa from damage as much as possible. Here's what the patient needs to observe in the diet:
- It is necessary to drink abundantly, for example, weak tea or alkaline mineral water without gas.
- Any food should be gentle in relation to contact with the mucous membranes. This applies to both mechanical and chemical effects.
- The digestibility of food should be effective and easy.
- It is necessary to adhere to a variety in dishes to taste.
- With regard to the method of preparation, it is allowed to boil or steamed. Then the food should be wiped or mashed.
- The number of calories must be strictly adhered to, an unacceptably high amount of high-calorie food.
- Salt, spices and fatty foods should be excluded from the diet, and the amount of carbohydrates should be severely limited.
- A squirrel should be enough.
- It is important to use sour-milk products containing lacto and bifidobacteria.
- At first, the amount of food consumed reduces by 20% of the norm of physiological needs, and in severe cases - by 50%.
- You should eat only warm food. The temperature is between 33-38 degrees.
- You can eat in small portions 5-6 times a day.
- It is very useful to drink kefir, as it helps to restore the supply of vitamins and the number of beneficial bacteria, and also suppresses the reproduction of pathogenic microflora.
What should be excluded from the menu for intestinal infection?
- sour and raw fruits, vegetables, berries, juices;
- all kinds of oils;
- confectionery and flour products;
- beans, plums, grapes, pears, radishes, cucumbers, beets in any form;
- fatty fish and meat;
- oat groats;
- whole milk.
Diet after treatment of intestinal infection
When the disease is overcome, or at least, the period of intoxication has passed, in the diet you can enter cottage cheese, low-fat meat in the form of meatballs or cutlets, lean fish. The patient is also allowed to eat an egg yolk or a steamed omelette.
You can enter a black bread or crackers from white breads, cooked on the water porridge except for pearl barley and millet. Soups can be cooked on light meat broth of low fat content. They must have a mucous consistency. If the soup is added porridge or pasta, they should be well boiled.
Meat is better limited, preferring a rabbit. Fish should choose the sea.
Nutrition for intestinal infections for a child
Intestinal infection in children can cause even more severe reactions than in adults. Observance of nutrition in such a serious disease in the child requires the parents patience for the possible whims of his child and care for how his body reacts to a particular product.
When poisoning from the diet of the child should be excluded, except porridge on water and vegetable puree. In this case, the food should be in the form of a semi-liquid slurry, all products should be well boiled. In the acute period, the child's appetite decreases sharply, therefore the diets should be divided into seven meals a day. After the acute period of poisoning has passed, it is recommended to start with small portions of buckwheat or rice porridge, then introduce vegetable purée, and then meat dishes in the form of souffle.
Any sausages, smoked products, canned food, even special for children, should be deleted so far. Everything should be cooked without oil and grease. Under the ban are legumes, barley, pearl and millet cereals, any pastries and sweets, juices, as well as fruits and vegetables in fresh form. Puree and souffle from jars should be limited or completely eliminated. Freshly prepared food is preferred.
In no case should not go on about the poisoned child and give him prohibited products. A strict diet should be observed within a week.
If the baby is thoracic, then all these principles should be matched with the mother's diet. Lure baby kid should be eliminated completely before the acute stage of the disease.
There is a misconception that the diet only helps with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In fact, a strict restriction and shift of the balance of the diet in favor of a certain type of food is prescribed by physicians in many pathologies.
Many people who want to lose weight, try to do it in the shortest possible time. Of course, I want to put my body in order for a few days, but this approach to solving the problem often leads to the opposite results - the lost kilograms are returned with a margin.
Sources: http://updiet.info/dieta-posle-kishechnoj-infekcii.html, http://ilive.com.ua/food/dieta-pri-kishechnoy-infekcii_111866i15882.html, http://pitanie-club.ru/dieta-pri-kishechnoj-infekcii/
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