How to treat functional bowel disorder

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Disorder of the intestines: how to treat

Disorder of the intestine is usually called a condition caused by a violation of his work. Intestinal disorders are considered functional, that is, with a vivid symptomatology, a minimum of confirmation is revealed during laboratory tests.

Causes

According to the WHO, about 18% of people around the world "are familiar firsthand" with disorders in the work of the intestine. At what often the symptoms occur almost without any expressed reasons. Most often, young people under 35 years old. Therefore, the most likely cause of the doctors are the state of constant stress.

In addition to nervous experiences and shocks, intestinal infections of the acute course, chronic infections and gastrointestinal diseases, including parasite infestation, can lead to "intestinal malfunctions". At risk are also patients suffering from dysbiosis, because the intestinal casing is already irritated due to imbalance of the microflora. To become the cause of the disorder may be intolerance of

certain products, which the patients themselves should always remember. Very often failures in the intestine are caused by the excessive use of fatty foods and foods rich in plant fibers and fiber.

Sometimes to cause unpleasant symptoms is allergic to food. Such people need to select with particular care the menu, taking into account also the compatibility of individual ingredients among themselves. It is necessary to closely monitor the freshness and quality of the products used.

Important! As a result of an intestinal disorder, toxins develop and accumulate in the body, which have a negative effect on the body as a whole.

Symptomatic picture

As a rule, the first manifestation of disruption of the intestine is the character of the stool. Diarrhea usually occurs as a result of severe irritation of the small intestine mucosa. In this case, stool masses are not characterized by specific staining and are not accompanied by pain. The frequency of desires to emptying can reach 7-8 times during one day.

When inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon, the urge to defecate occurs up to 15 times a day. In addition, evacuation of the intestine is accompanied by severe pain. Stools can be liquid, watery and / or contain undigested food residues.

If the intestinal disorder is caused by the penetration of any pathogen or parasite, diarrhea often adjoins the bleeding and severe dehydration.

However, a disorder of the intestine may also be accompanied by constipation. Thus defecation occurs less often, than 1 time in 48 hours. The cause of constipation usually becomes a violation of the diet, and as a result, the inadequacy of products that stimulate peristalsis.

A common symptom of this condition is pain, which has the character of colic and is localized in the area of ​​the small intestine (just below the navel). If intestinal pain does not have clearly delineated boundaries and / or lasts more than 2 days, you should immediately call your doctor.

Specific pain in the rectum arises from an acute inflammatory process caused by dysentery or cholera. It is also possible the appearance of tenesmus, or painful false urges for defecation. Such symptoms are extremely dangerous, as a result of the GIT failure.

In addition to these symptoms, flatulence also often occurs. This is a cluster of intestinal gases that cause a feeling of bursting in the event of a violation of their natural excretion. Sometimes flatulence is also accompanied by a mild tingling in the ileum, which disappears after the gases escape. If the musculature of the abdominal press is well developed, as a result of bloating, the diaphragm rises. Because of this, the patient feels a shortage of air, which causes anxiety and sometimes panic.

An intestinal disorder is also accompanied by a belching out of the air, nausea and / or vomiting, heartburn, a deterioration in overall well-being.

Than to treat an intestinal disorder

Drug treatment is predominantly prescribed in severe forms of intestinal distress. In case of indomitable vomiting, diarrhea is necessarily prescribed intravenous infusion therapy (sodium chloride, glucose, disul, trisol) to restore the water-salt balance. At home, with a mild form of the disorder, the reception of a rehydron, polysorbate is shown. To eliminate diarrhea, a smect is recommended. loperamide, imodium. As antiemetics, cerucal is used.

If the patient is constipated, the use of laxative preparations (dyufalac, decoction of Senna or buckthorn) is recommended. Antibiotics for the treatment of intestinal disorders are applied only after confirmation of the bacterial nature of the malaise. If the cause of the disease is a virus, antibiotic therapy will be powerless and will do more harm than good.

Sometimes, antidepressant medications are also recommended. However, only a doctor is entitled to prescribe such medications.

Diet in intestinal disorders

Adhere to a particularly strict diet in this state should not be. However, if the main symptom of the disease is diarrhea, then all the flour, spicy, smoked, fried and fatty, as well as coffee, alcohol, strong carbonated beverages, will be excluded from the daily diet.

It is recommended to supplement your menu with porridges on water, low-fat soups, jelly, boiled vegetables.
If intestinal disorders are accompanied by constipation, the menu should necessarily include fresh fruits and vegetables rich in fiber. It is also important to replace animal fats with vegetable oils of cold pressing.
To eat it is necessary fractional, small portions on 5-6 times a day. The food should be chewed thoroughly.

Prevention

Preventative measures include regular physical activities that help normalize the activity of the digestive tract. It is important to adjust your diet by eliminating products that cause allergic reactions and intestinal disorders. An important role in the prevention of intestinal ailments is played by emotional stability and the absence of nervous experiences and upheavals. If necessary, you can prepare mint tea in the evening, which will not only help calm down, but also will have a beneficial effect on the condition of the digestive tract.

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Functional disorders of the stomach and intestines - violation of motor and secretory function of the stomach and intestines. Causes of the disease can be psycho-emotional stress, stress, an insufficiently mobile way of life. violation of diet, insufficient dietary fiber in the diet, food allergies, smoking and alcoholism, taking certain medications, diseases of female genital organs, hypothyroidism, sugar diabetes. obesity, dysbiosis.

The author's abstract and the thesis on medicine (14.00.09) on the topic: Efficiency of millimeter wave therapy at functional disorders of the intestine in children with consequences of perinatal lesions of the central nervous system systems

The content of the dissertationAbu, Mary Jaber Abdallah. 2006. St. Petersburg

CHAPTER 1. LITERATURE REVIEW.

1.1. Functional diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in children, accompanied by dysfunction of the intestine.

1.2. Perinatal lesions of the central nervous system as one of the possible pathogenetic mechanisms of the development of functional diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in children.

1.3. Modern principles of treatment of functional bowel diseases in children.

1.4. Millimeter wave (EHF - extremely high frequencies) therapy as one of the rational approaches in the complex treatment of functional diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in children.

1.4.1. Mechanisms of the curative effect of millimeter wave EHF-therapy, the methodology of its conduct and indications.

1.4.2. Efficiency of millimeter wave EHF-therapy for various pathologies.

CHAPTER 2. MATERIAL AND METHODS.

CHAPTER 3. RESULTS OF OWN RESEARCH.

3.1. Clinical characteristics of the examined patients.

3.1.1. Characteristics of the examined patients in the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract.

3.1.2. Features of vegetative status in the examined patients with intestinal FN.

3.1.3. Identification of signs of perinatal involvement of the central nervous system in patients with intestinal FN.

3.1.3.1. Complaints and clinical manifestations of cerebral and spinal lesions of the nervous system.

3.1.3.2. Disorders in the craniovertebral area and posture.

3.2. Comparative effectiveness of EHF-therapy for intestinal FN in children with perinatal CNS lesions.

cms Petrunek E.A. Moscow, 2003.

An intestinal disorder is considered functional, if organic pathology of the intestine is excluded, there are no morphological changes in the cells of the intestine, the person is concerned about the following symptom complex of complaints:

  • Pain syndrome (more often in the left side of the abdomen, mostly after the defecation of pain subsides, at night the pain does not bother)
  • Flatulence
  • Unstable chair (there may be constipation, which then turns into diarrhea)

This problem is found in every 5-6 people.

Predisposition to the development of such functional problems is inherited (the autonomic nervous system that controls work of internal organs, incl. intestines, in a state of dysfunction) + psycho-traumatic situation, triggering the process - somatic manifestations.

At the heart of the functional disorder of the intestine (IBS) is a violation of motility!

The main place in the treatment of IBS is occupied by phytotherapy and dietary supplements, which (unlike medicines) can be used for a long time. And this problem requires a long correction!

For example, with prolonged use of the computer, complaints over fatigue, lability of mood, and sleep disturbance appear with time.

It is possible to recommend for 1 month Neuro Genik on 1-2 capsules in the morning (acts like nootropic drugs, activates mental activity, has a slight antidepressant effect), and on the 2nd month Vitamin Bi-Forte 1 tablet in the morning (BUT! Warn that the effect will not immediately!) + Ve Relax 1 capsule 2 times a day, in an acute situation (psychotrauma) add Rescue. Take a break, then for 1 month appoint Neuro Vera (reduces pain in the stomach and 12 duodenum) + Vitamin Bi-Forte 1 tablet in the morning (+ if necessary, Be Relax or a drop of Buck), and for the 2-3th month Stress Formula + ve Relax.

If the constipation is dominant - Botany Klins (increases the volume of stool, prevents the absorption of water, accelerates the act of defecation). The zoster, included in its composition, reduces the pH (makes the intestinal environment acidic), which prevents the growth of bacteria. Botany Clins is not addictive; contains carnation (has an antiparasitic effect), alfalfa and cranberries (natural antiseptics) and various herbs, which exert spasmolytic effect and reduce flatulence.

In IBS (even with a normal analysis for dysbiosis), due to impaired motor activity, there is always a syndrome of increased bacterial growth. Therefore, preventive courses are needed (Veradophilus). After delivery, the colon is hanging like a rag. To sanitize the intestine and increase its peristalsis, you can recommend Fayfiricik Drink for 1 dessert spoon for 1 glass of liquid at night, and then Veradophilus 2 capsules a day before meals (enriches saprophyte flora).

Preparations containing garlic. Garlic has about 200 healing properties: sanation of the intestine, antiparasitic action, anti-inflammatory and spasmolytic effects, reduction of flatulence. Garlic is a part of Garlic and Pasley. Candida Forte. Kandistan.

With a tendency to diarrhea, Black Wave is recommended. rich in tannins, which have a fixing effect on the intestines.

So, for a positive effect, you need to use both long and at the same time (. ) BAA from the I and II groups. When applying BAA only one of these groups it is impossible to achieve the desired effect.

Functional bowel disorder, unspecified symptoms, description, treatment

Functional bowel disorder, unspecified

Synonyms of the nosological group:

Functional intestinal disturbances

Functional intestinal disturbancesis the general name of a group of diseases that are associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and can occur in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the esophagus to the rectum.

Classification

A. Disorders of the esophagus.
A1. Feeling of rolling a lump to your throat.
A2. Rumination syndrome (regurgitation and chewing food).
A3. Functional pain in the chest.
A4. Functional heartburn.
A5. Functional dysphagia.
A6. Unidentified functional disorders of the esophagus B. Disorders of the stomach and duodenum.
B1. Functional dyspepsia.
B1a. Functional dyspepsia resembling a peptic ulcer.
B1b. Functional dyspepsia associated with impaired motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract B1c. Functional dyspepsia of an unknown nature.
B2. Aerophagia.
FROM. Disorders of the intestine.
C1. Irritable bowel syndrome.
C2. Functional bloating.
C3. Functional constipation.
C4. Functional diarrhea.
C5. Functional disorders of intestine of unknown character D. Functional abdominal pain.
D1. Syndrome of functional pain in the abdomen.
D2. Functional abdominal pain of an unknown nature E. Disorders of the bile excretory system.
E1. Dysfunction of the gallbladder.
E2. Dysfunction of sphincter Oddi F. Disorders of the anorectal region.
F1. Functional stool incontinence
F2. Functional pain in the anorectal area.
F2a. Syndrome of muscle lifting the anus(i.e. levatorani)F2b.Proctalgia fugax(proctalgia).
F3. Dyshexia (difficulty in defecation) F3a. Violation of the functions of the pelvic floor F3b. Violation of the functions of the internal anal sphincter.
F4. Functional disorders of the anorectal region of an unknown nature.

Symptoms

Symptoms of functional disorders have a wide range and include:

  • feeling of rolling a lump to the throat;
  • eructation;
  • dysfunction of the gallbladder and / or sphincter of Oddi with pains such as biliary colic;
  • symptoms from the anorectal region;
  • irritable bowel syndrome, which also refers to functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, can cause pain or feeling discomfort in the abdomen, a change in the frequency or consistency of the stool, bloating, difficulty in defecating and increasing the amount of mucus in the stool.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome- the most common of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Most people with this symptom do not go to the doctors, as a rule I reach the state of abdominal pain and incontinence. Often, functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are detected in people who often visit doctors for for diseases that are not associated with the gastrointestinal tract (for example, with complaints of headache and pain in the muscles).

Causes of functional disorders of the intestine

Causes of disorders usually follow due to impaired function of organs and systems. There are no structural abnormalities, except in cases when chronic physiological disturbances lead to the development of secondary anatomical changes (the onset of hemorrhoids or diverticula of the colon in chronic irritable syndrome guts).

Diagnosis of functional disorders of the intestine

Doctors, as a rule, are well aware of the diagnosis and treatment of various anatomical disorders, since the current level of radiological and endoscopic examination methods is not very high, and the methods of studying the physiology of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract are not so developed OK. Thus, the diagnosis of functional disorders depends primarily on the clinical (subjective) thinking of the physician, and not on the data of laboratory studies (objective data).

In addition, functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are chronic, and from time to time there is an aggravation and fading.

Treatment of functional disorders of the intestine

In the treatment of functional disorders, attention should be paid to relieving the patient of unpleasant symptoms. Since the symptoms of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract tend to recur, and objective criteria for the diagnosis is not enough, whenever the symptoms resume, the diagnosis is basically a questionnaire patient. In this case, many unnecessary diagnostic tests are often performed. For these reasons, doctors often doubt the accuracy of the final diagnosis of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.

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