How to treat colic in the intestines of adults


Symptoms of intestinal colic in adults

Intestinal colic quite often occurs in newborn children. This is due to the underdevelopment of the baby's intestines, but, as practice shows, soon such a state passes, usually to the first or third month of the child's life. And from what does intestinal colic appear in adulthood, and what are their symptoms in adults?

Symptoms of intestinal colic and their causes

The main cause of colic is a spasm of the large or small intestine, moreover, it is often more sensitive to the small intestine. For example, if too much food gets into the small intestine, which is hard to digest by the body, the occurrence of a spasm is more likely. In addition, if the food was not sufficiently fresh or very cold, the small intestine may also not respond in the most pleasant way. In some cases, intestinal colic may be the result of an extension of the intestinal loop or a reaction to the stimulation of nerve endings in the walls of the intestine.

The cause of this condition is often the pre

sence of diseases such as gastritis or chronic pancreatitis, as well as intestinal obstruction and inflammation of appendicitis. Similar symptoms can sometimes appear even with such diseases as influenza and ARVI.

Also, the causes of the appearance of intestinal colic may be weight lifting, excessive physical load, stress, various intestinal infections, the action of parasites (eg, helminths), poisoning with salts of heavy metals and other.

The main symptoms of intestinal colic in adults are:

  • sharp, burning pain in the groin area, which is rapidly growing and sometimes seems unbearable;
  • bloating;
  • impaired calorie formation;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • mucous discharge during defecation;
  • nausea and vomiting (when diagnosing acute gastritis);
  • dizziness.

The attack can last only a few minutes, but it can also last for several days. Symptoms of colic in men and women may vary. So in men, pain can spread to the testicles, and in women - to the labia.

Relieving pain at home

In order to alleviate the condition of the patient, you can put a heating pad or a bottle of hot water in the groin. A warm source will relieve spasms and relax the muscles.

At home, you can apply this treatment:

  • Drink two No-shpay tablets, washed down with a decoction of mint.
  • Take 1-2 tablets of papaverine with platyphylline.
  • Smecta - one sachet per 100 ml of water.
  • Make an enema with a decoction of mint and lemon balm.
  • Enter rectal suppository dry extract of belladonna or take 1-2 tablets of Bacarbon, Besalol, Bellalgina or Bellataminal (optional), which also includes this extract.
  • Take sedatives if the cause of colic is caused by stress.

After these procedures, the patient should not eat for 12 hours, it is allowed only to drink warm tea with breadcrumbs. After that, it is necessary to avoid some time consuming products that cause excessive formation of gases, as well as reducing the muscles of the intestine.

Usually a simple intestinal colic passes after such treatment or after the escape of gases and feces. If the symptoms do not pass, then the matter is much more serious and the doctor should choose the right treatment for you.

The need for medical care

Because the causes of intestinal colic may be different, and they need to be installed as soon as possible, an emergency call is needed. Therefore, while the patient is trying to ease the pain at home, you need to call an ambulance. Especially in no way do without the help of a specialist if there is a suspicion of intestinal obstruction.

Arriving specialists should learn as much as possible all the symptoms of the patient's condition. In addition, they should not use drugs that reduce the intensity of pain, until the exact cause of this condition is clarified. That's why it's best to go to the hospital and take a survey as soon as possible. The first aid of a doctor may be a subcutaneous injection of Papaverine, Atropine or Dimedrol, or intravenously a solution of novocaine.

Preventive measures

Prevention of intestinal colic in an adult will:

  • correct balanced nutrition;
  • reception of probiotics and treatment of a dysbacteriosis;
  • healthy lifestyle;
  • observance of sanitary norms in cooking.

Remember that intestinal colic is, in a way, a symptom of some disease of the gastrointestinal tract, and not an independent disease, so do not underestimate this condition. If the colic is felt often enough and does not quickly pass, you need not delaying to seek qualified help and go through all the necessary research. Early diagnosis is a guarantee of faster and more successful treatment.

Intestinal colic in adults

Intestinal colic is a strong paroxysmal pain that occurs as a result of any changes in the intestine itself. Specialists note that the origin of this disease in the adult half of humanity has various causes. For example, in some cases, the disease manifests itself due to stretching of the intestinal loop, in others - due to periodic irritation of the endings of the nerves of tissues. However, the primary reason why intestinal colic occurs is a motor disorder, which in turn implies tonus and peristalsis, spasm of the intestine.

  1. Specialists note that intestinal colic, in particular, in adults, is not a serious disease, but a symptom that speaks of violations in the work of the gastrointestinal tract. In other words, by the presence of this problem, one can already judge the nature of the pathological process itself.
  2. The basis for the appearance of unpleasant sensations is functional bowel disease, recurrent spasmodic phenomena.

Intestinal colic in adults. Symptoms

  1. The very first and, as a rule, the most pronounced manifestation is the presence of paroxysmal pain in the gut, swelling, periodic spasms, mucous secretions during the next bowel movement, as well as general violation Calorie formation.
  2. It is noteworthy that intestinal colic in adults often occurs aftera stressed stress or conflict. In the process of the attack, the probing of the abdominal zone is accompanied by severe pain. On the other hand, in such situations the muscles are practically not tense, and the body temperature does not increase. Note that the attack can last from a few minutes to a couple of days.
  3. In the event that chronic gastritis has been diagnosed, colic can also be felt, and they will be accompanied by a severe swelling. In addition, in such situations, patients, as a rule, complain of nausea and vomiting.
  4. Experts argue that colic can appear due to intestinal obstruction. It, in turn, arises in connection with the presence of a mechanical obstruction in the bowel or a violation of the motility of the organ. Consequently, doctors distinguish conditionally-mechanical and functional obstruction.

First of all, you should find out the true cause of this problem. A specialist after a series of tests appoints the appropriate treatment. If colic was caused by obstruction, it is recommended that you call an ambulance without delay. In this case, literally every minute counts. If the patient doubts the true reason, he should be referred to the surgery department. It is important to note that when this problem occurs, one should not resort to self-treatment methods. Otherwise, you will only smear the whole picture, and the doctor will not be able to correctly diagnose afterwards. Most often, treatment involves using a hot water bottle and enema. Then, after the recession, it is recommended to continue to follow the methods of desensitizing treatment.

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Where do colic and what are they fraught with?

Often doctors face such a problem as colic in the abdomen in adults. Colic # 8211; this is not an independent disease, but a clinical symptom. Kolika # 8211; it is nothing but a sharp pain. It can be caused by diseases of various organs (stomach, intestines, kidneys). The most common intestinal colic. At what diseases there is a strong pain syndrome in the abdomen and how to eliminate it?

Colic for various diseases

At the root of the appearance of pain is a spasm or stretching of the organ against the background of stimulation of pain receptors. There are 2 types of pain: visceral and somatic. Visceral pains flow in the form of colic. Somatic pain is caused by irritation of the peritoneum. Often, the pain syndrome is not the only complaint.

The appearance of colic in the abdomen can be due to the following diseases and pathological conditions:

  • acute gastritis;
  • exacerbation of chronic gastritis;
  • acute pancreatitis;
  • exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis;
  • poisoning with medicines;
  • food poisoning;
  • poisoning with salts of heavy metals;
  • colitis;
  • enterocolitis;
  • Crohn's disease;
  • ectopic pregnancy;
  • torsion of the leg of the ovarian cyst;
  • pathology of the liver;
  • cholelithiasis;
  • urolithiasis;
  • sigmoiditis;
  • parasitic diseases.

Patients may be worried about bloating, diarrhea, nausea, anorexia, high fever. All this indicates an inflammatory process.

Less often the pain in the abdomen can be irradiating. In this case, the cause lies in the pathology of the lungs, heart, vessels. Abdominal colic is sometimes a sign of diabetes, thyrotoxicosis, damage to the nervous system. In such a situation, it is very difficult to make an accurate diagnosis.

Localization of pain

To determine the causes of colic, it is important to establish its exact localization. The pain in adults can be localized in the epigastric region, near the navel, above the pubis, in the left ileal region, in the hypochondrium on the right or on the left. Kolika # 8211; this is a fickle, cramping pain. Lower abdominal parts most often suffer from intestinal diseases. When sigmoid colic is felt in the lower abdomen on the left, with inflammation of the small intestine, the pain syndrome is felt lower in the navel. Sometimes the colic is felt in the central zone of the upper abdomen. The cause may lie in the pathology of the heart and the aorta.

In adults and children, dagger pain often occurs due to acute inflammation of the appendix of the cecum.

Acute appendicitis is an indication for hospitalization of a patient. In this situation, surgical treatment is required. Pain in appendicitis is migratory. First it is felt in the epigastrium or near the navel, then it is localized in the right ileal region. An important diagnostic value is the combination of colic with other symptoms. Pain in combination with diarrhea or constipation, flatulence can indicate irritable bowel syndrome. If colic is worse after eating and localized to the right, you can suspect gallbladder inflammation or dyskinesia.

Features of intestinal colic

The most common intestinal colic. It is caused by the pathology of the stomach and intestines. This is possible with peptic ulcer, gastritis, intestinal obstruction, appendicitis, toxicoses and toxicoinfections, dysentery, salmonellosis, intestinal obstruction against a tumor or ascaridosis, adhesive disease. There are the following varieties of intestinal colic: appendicular, vascular, rectal, lead. Additional signs depend on the underlying disease. With gastritis, the symptoms include hungry pains or pain after eating, belching, nausea, a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, a violation of appetite.

If the causes in acute intestinal infections, the patient may be troubled by cramping pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, high fever, the appearance of mucus and blood in the stool. Colic against a background of acute intestinal obstruction is combined with a delay in stool, bloating, vomiting, and poor overall health. Colic, diarrhea and excitement # 8211; all are manifestations of stress. Such a state can occur in impressionable adults.

Other varieties of colic

Often, renal colic is diagnosed. It develops in diseases of the urinary tract (urolithiasis, tumors). The most common reason # 8211; presence of stones. The latter can form in the bladder, kidneys and ureters.Pain in the pubic region can be a symptom of stones in the bladder and cystitis.With renal colic pain can irradiate into the inguinal zone, lower back, leg, genitals. Often there is nausea, vomiting. Possible false urge to the toilet. Often there is blood in the urine. Some people develop hepatic (biliary colic). It is caused by a blockage of the bile duct with a stone. Pain syndrome is felt in the hypochondrium on the right. It can last from 10-15 minutes to 5-6 hours. In men, hepatic colic is more common than in women.

Diagnostic and therapeutic measures

Before assigning any pills, you should identify the exact cause of the patient's complaints. Diagnostics includes a general analysis of blood and urine, examination of feces for eggs of helminths, ultrasound of the abdominal organs, intestinal examination, FGD, palpation of the abdomen.

To remove colic, you need to cure the underlying disease. With enterocolitis, gastritis, ulcer, sigmoiditis, pancreatitis is prescribed diet. To eliminate colic, spasmolytics are prescribed (Drotaverin, Papaverin, No-shpa). With frequent exacerbations of cholelithiasis, an operation is organized (cholecystectomy). In acute pancreatitis, temporary fasting is indicated. In case of detection of helminths, an antiparasitic drug is prescribed (Vermox tablets, Albendazole). Thus, frequent colic is the reason for going to the doctor.



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