Malignant neoplasm in the intestine

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Malignant tumors or bowel cancer, symptoms

More recently, cases of the spread of a disease such as intestinal cancer, the symptoms of which do not appear for a long period of time, are increasingly observed. Intestinal cancer is a group of tumors that form in the large intestine or rectum from their epithelium, and occurs most often in men over the age of forty.

The reasons for the development of cancerous tumors in the intestine have not been studied to date, it is assumed that there are some factors that trigger the onset of cancer. These factors include:

1. Heredity. In medicine, cases of intestinal cancer and diffuse polyposis of several members of the family are known. In this case polyposis is characterized by the formation of benign tumors that degenerate into cancer due to a genetic mutation inherited.

2. Chronic inflammatory processes in the body. This includes diseases such as ulcerative colitis, proctitis, Crohn's disease, anal fissures.

3. Wrong diet. With an overabundance of fatty, meaty and fibe

r-rich food and a lack of vegetables and cereals in the diet, as well as a sedentary lifestyle, the risk of cancer develops.

4. Excessive smoking and alcoholism. These factors most often cause chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which can develop into a cancerous disease.

It is generally believed that bowel cancer symptoms do not manifest for a long period of time, but often there may be blood in the stool, constipation, or diarrhea. If these symptoms do not go away for more than two weeks, you need to go to a medical institution for the examination, because this disease in the early stages is almost always curable.

Other bowel cancer symptoms are such as bloating, pain or discomfort in the anus, nausea or vomiting. Although these symptoms are rare, they should be taken into consideration when diagnosing the disease. If the disease is at the last stages of its development, a person may have constant pain in the abdomen, inflammation of the bladder, which gradually spreads to the ureters and kidneys, urine defecation.
Depending on how far the disease spread, it is common to distinguish four stages of intestinal cancer:

1. 0 stage - a cancerous tumor of small size, it does not extend to other organs and tissues.

2. I stage. The tumor spreads through the intestines, not reaching the muscle layer.
3. II stage. Cancer spreads to the inner, muscular and outer layers of the intestine.

4. III stage. A malignant tumor from the intestine spreads to the lymph nodes located nearby. It can be said that intestinal cancer, stage 3 of its development, is characterized by an increase in lymph nodes, while survival rate is 50%.

5. IV stage. The tumor extends to other organs and tissues of the body. Most often, metastases are observed in the liver, lungs and ovaries. Thus, intestinal cancer, the fourth stage of its development, in particular, is characterized by a low percentage survival rate, only 1% of people continue to live for five years, in all other cases there is death.

Diagnosis of bowel cancer is carried out with the help of colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, irrigoscopy, fibrocolonoscopy, and also studies of feces are conducted.

Thus, bowel cancer, the symptoms of which are described above, treatment involves surgery and the method of radio and chemotherapy. With immediate treatment in the early stages of the disease, it is possible to achieve a 100% cure of the disease.

Intestinal tumors # 8211; symptoms

Signs of intestinal tumors are very diverse and are determined by localization, anatomical type of growth of the tumor, the histological structure of the cancer, the stage and degree of spread of the tumor process, complications and individual reactivity of the body.

Symptoms of intestinal tumors are characterized by the following groups of symptoms:

As an initial sign of an intestinal tumor, 2-3 times more often occur when the cancer is located in the right side of the colon. On the nature of pain can be a variety of # 8211; from stupid, aching minor pains to strong, paroxysmal, forcing patients to be hospitalized in surgical hospitals in order of emergency assistance. The appearance of such pains indicates a violation of the passage of intestinal contents, the development of intestinal obstruction, which is most often observed with left-sided localization of the tumor.

Such signs include loss of appetite, eructation, sometimes vomiting, a feeling of heaviness in the upper half of the abdomen. This symptomatology is more often observed with lesions of the transverse colon, its right half, less often # 8211; with left-sided localization of the tumor.

It's constipation. diarrhea, alternating constipation with diarrhea, rumbling and bloating. These symptoms of intestinal passage disorder are most often observed with left-sided localization of the tumor, which is explained, firstly, mainly by circular growth of the tumor in the left half of the colon, and secondly, by the dense consistency of the already formed feces Mass. The final stage of the violation of the intestinal passage is the development of partial, and then complete obstructive colonic obstruction.

Discharge from the intestine in the form of blood, mucus, pus during the act of defecation # 8211; a frequent manifestation of cancer of the distal sigmoid colon.

General condition disorder

It is expressed by malaise, increased fatigue, weakness, weight loss, fever, pallor of the skin and increasing hypochromic anemia. All these common symptoms of the disease are associated with an organism's intoxication caused by a decaying Cancer and infected intestinal discharge, characteristic of the right colonic carcinoma guts. It is associated with a functional feature (absorption capacity) of the mucous membrane of this part of the colon.

The presence of a palpable tumor is rarely the first sign of an intestinal tumor, it is usually preceded by other symptoms. But the palpation of a tumor often serves as the basis for a correct diagnosis.

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Malignant tumors or bowel cancer, symptoms

In the near future, more often there are cases of the spread of such a disease, as the cancer of the intestinal tract, the symptoms of which, usually, do not appear for a long period of time. The cancer of the intestinal tract is a group of tumors that form in the large intestinal tract or rectum from their epithelium, and appears in most cases in boys over the age of forty.

In the near future, more often there are cases of the spread of such a disease, like cancer of the intestinal tract, the symptoms of which do not appear for a long period of time. The cancer of the intestinal tract is a group of tumors that form in the large intestinal tract or rectum from their epithelium, and appears in most cases in boys over the age of forty.

The prerequisites for the development of cancerous tumors in the intestinal tract have not been investigated to date, it is implied that there are some reasons that trigger the onset of cancer. These factors include:

1. Heredity. In medicine, cases of cancer of the intestinal tract and diffuse polyposis of several members of the family are known. At the same time polyposis is characterized by the formation of benign tumors that degenerate into cancer due to a genetic mutation transmitted through the heritage.

2. Acquired inflammatory processes in the body. This includes diseases such as ulcerative colitis, proctitis, Crohn's disease, anal spasms.

3. Wrong diet. With an overabundance of fatty, meaty and fiber-rich food and a lack of vegetables and cereals in the diet, also a fixed lifestyle, the risk of developing a cancerous disease increases.

4. Excessive smoking and alcoholism. These causes in most cases become a prerequisite for acquired diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which can grow into a cancer disease.

It is generally believed that the cancer of the intestinal tract symptoms do not show a long period of time, but often there may be a presence of blood in the stool, constipation or diarrhea. If these symptoms do not pass more than 2 weeks, you need to go to a medical institution for the examination, since this disease in the early stages is actually always curable.

Other cancer of the intestinal tract symptoms such as bloating, pain or discomfort in the anus, nausea or vomiting. Although these symptoms are noted occasionally, they should be paid attention to when diagnosing the disease. If the disease is in the last stages of its development, a person can have constant pain in tummy, inflammation of the bladder, which is evenly distributed to the ureters and kidneys, urine defecation. Depending on how far the disease spread, it is customary to distinguish four stages of intestinal cancer:

1. 0 stage - a cancerous tumor of small size, it does not extend to other organs and tissues.

2. I stage. The tumor spreads through the intestinal tract, not reaching the muscle layer. 3. II stage. A cancerous tumor extends to the inner, muscular and outer layers of the intestinal tract.

4. III stage. Malignant tumor from the intestinal tract spreads to the lymph nodes located near. It can be said that the cancer of the intestinal tract, stage 3 of its development, is characterized by an increase in lymph nodes, the survival rate for all this is 50%.

5. IV stage. The tumor extends to other organs and tissues of the body. In most cases, metastases are observed in the liver, lungs and ovaries. Thus, the cancer of the intestinal tract, the fourth stage of its development, namely, is characterized by a low percentage survival rate, only 1% of people continue to live for 5 years, in all other cases there is a fatal the final.

Diagnosis of cancer of the intestinal tract is carried out with the help of colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, irrigoscopy, fibrocolonoscopy, and also studies of feces are conducted.

So, the cancer of the intestinal tract, the symptoms of which are described above, healing is implied surgically and by the way of radio and chemotherapy. With immediate treatment in the early stages of the disease, there can be an absolute cure of the disease.

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Sources: http://fb.ru/article/9172/zlokachestvennyie-opuholi-ili-rak-kishechnika-simptomyi, http://surgeryzone.net/bolit/opuxoli-kishechnika-priznaki.html, http://elesto.ru/16254-zlokachestvennye-opuholi-ili-rak-kishechnika-simptomy.html



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