The operation to remove the tumor in the intestine


Operation for colorectal cancer

The success of treatment directly depends on how timely the patient has sought medical help. Treatment of PEP usually requires surgical intervention, such as palliative and radical surgery.
The operation on the rectum, with the diagnosis of oncology, depends on the stage of the lesion and the localization of the malignant tumor.

Operations for colorectal cancer

Radical rectal cancer surgery: high recovery rate, not a high mortality rate, unlikely relapses. All of the above is facilitated by the early diagnosis of PEP, if the lesions are sufficiently extensive, the patient should be assigned a biopsy, and proceeding from her indications prepares for surgical intervention.

Preparing for an operation

Patients diagnosed with PKK are generally depleted and devoid of vitality and energy. Therefore, the patient shows the use of drugs for the work of the heart and intestines, a diet with high calorie foods, vitamins.

Course of operation in the PKK

The patient is lying on the back of the o

perating table. An anesthesiologist pre-calculating the dose, injects anesthesia. Performing the lower median incision, wide open the abdominal cavity, then the patient is transferred to the so-called Trendelenburg position. Then follows a thorough and thorough revision of the abdominal cavity. Clarification of the location of the cancer, evaluation of its size, influence on neighboring organs.

Further, before continuing manipulations, with the help of a small gauze ribbon, it is necessary to tightly tie the sigmoid colon approximately in ten centimeters from the tumor. This is done in order to prevent cancer cells from spreading through the body wandering around the vessels. For a more complete picture of what is happening, the operation of colorectal cancer can be viewed on video.
Patients diagnosed with PKK are generally depleted and devoid of vitality and energy. Therefore, the patient shows the use of drugs for the work of the heart and intestines, a diet with high calorie foods, vitamins.

Postoperative period

If you have been diagnosed and also operated on rectal cancer, the postoperative period for you will be as follows: Using the tube three times a day, the rectum will be washed with light solutions that have an antiseptic property.
For five days, the patient will be injected with antibiotics. Before removing the stitches, the patient will be transferred to liquid food and drugs that promote stool retention. There are different types and stages of pancreatic cancer.

Possible postoperative complications

The most not desirable complication after the operation is bleeding, which is extremely dangerous for the patient's life. Similarly, in rare cases, patients die from shock after surgery. No less insidious are the consequences of infection in the wound. It is important that for a normal recovery after surgery, the patient is not recommended to defecate the first days after surgery.
It is also necessary to know that after the surgery of the PKC, a retention of urine occurs, which the patients themselves do not feel. Therefore, it is necessary to remember that the urine output is carried out at the end of ten hours after the operation, and then, every day three times a day. Otherwise, the bladder will lose its ability to contract.

Prognosis of colorectal cancer

The prognosis for PEP depends on a number of factors: the stage of the disease, the presence of metastases, the number and extent of the lesion lymph nodes, the degree of differentiation of cancer cells, as well as the spread of the disease in the body and the damage nearest organs. A good indicator after surgery for a tumor in the rectum is the absence of relapses during the first 4-5 years, since it is during this period that they often occur.
A favorable factor is the presence of metastases in the liver, bones, lungs, and also in the brain. At this rate, life expectancy ranges from six to nine months, in rare cases this is two years.

Doctors often offer removal of the intestinal tract and elimination of the calistamas. Treatment abroad allows you to perform intestinal plastic surgery and continue a full life after treatment of rectal cancer. Thanks to many years of experience and modern technologies, the treatment of rectal cancer in Israel is one of the most popular among foreign patients. Israeli surgeons perform low-traumatic precision operations using robotic equipment.

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Removal of a cancer of the intestine by open access

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Bowel cancer in many countries is the second most prevalent among cancer diseases in men (after lung cancer) and third in women (after breast cancer and lung). Intestinal cancer affects mainly people over the age of 40 and approximately the same frequency occurs in men and women, although in older age groups it is somewhat more common among men. Cancer of the small intestine is very rare.

Treatment of colon cancer is always prompt. This removes the affected area of ​​the colon with regional metastases. After removal of the tumor, the intestinal integrity is restored by creating an anastomosis between the dissected parts of the intestine - that is, cross-linking.

The volume of typical operations for colon cancer is to remove the tumor in accordance with its localization and stage. For example, at the initial stage of the disease resection of the part of the intestine is performed, and with another, already higher, removal of half of the large intestine.

Under general anesthesia, removal of the affected area and, along with it, surrounding healthy intestinal tissues, blood and lymphatic vessels and, if necessary, lymph nodes, are performed. Then, both ends of the intestine are sewn, so that passage of stool mass through the intestine is not disturbed.

If, for one reason or another, the two ends of the intestine can not be joined, they produce colostomy. The open end of the intestine is removed to the surface of the anterior abdominal wall, i. E. impose an ostomy (external fistula of the abdominal wall). The stoma is attached to the stoma. Sometimes the colostomy is only temporary, and after a few months they take another operation to connect the ends of the intestine and restore normal intestinal patency. If such an operation is not possible, the stoma remains permanently.

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