Eczema of the ear canal: causes and treatment of eczema on the ears

Eczema of the external ear is a disease for which rashes on the skin of the ear canal are characteristic. There is an ailment in patients of absolutely all age groups and in most cases passes into a chronic form. The main reason for this complication is untimely treatment, but with the right approach to therapy, such trouble can be avoided without difficulty.

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Content

  • 1Causes and features of symptoms of eczema of the ear canals
  • 2How to treat such a disease?

Causes and features of symptoms of eczema of the ear canals

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This disease is not transmitted by contact. Eczema in the ears is not contagious, but the true causes of its occurrence are not known enough.

The main factors predisposing to eczema are:

  1. Allergy to food products, medicines, earrings (more precisely, to the metal material from which the product is made).
  2. Diseases associated with metabolic disorders (diabetes, rickets, etc.).
  3. Infection of outer ear tissues in the presence of micro-trauma on the skin.
  4. The impact of harmful substances used in professional activities.
  5. Chronic diseases of the auricle and passageways.
  6. Fungal infection of the skin of the external ear.
The manifestations of eczema in the ears can be conditionally divided into two groups. The first include symptoms in the dry course of the disease. The second group of signs of eczema is necessarily accompanied by wetting. The first type of disease affects mainly the ears of adults.

This clinical picture can be characterized as follows:

  • First there is a hyperemia of the skin.
  • Then the peeling begins.
  • After a while, the skin of the auricle and the passage are inflamed, an itch appears.
In childhood and adolescence, the dry form of eczema is much less common. More often the disease is diagnosed, for which the secretion of the exudative secret from the vesicles in the shell is characteristic.

It should be noted how the disease manifests itself in acute and chronic forms:

  1. Exacerbation of skin disease of this type is characterized by a deep lesion of the epithelium of the external ear. The outer layers of the skin become inflamed, which leads to the appearance of a painful red rash of papules or blisters. The slightest damage to such neoplasms contributes to the appearance of microscopic erosions resembling small black dots. Later, serous fluid will be released from them, which, if accumulated, promotes the development of otitis media.
  2. In chronic eczema of the ear passage, a significant part of the shell is affected. The course of the pathology is accompanied by intense pain, severe itching. Epithelial tissue with each relapse is affected more and more, so often eczema becomes the cause of narrowing of the ear canal, and, as a result, a complete loss of auditory abilities.
Treatment of eczema of the external ear is prescribed only by a doctor. Depending on the severity of the symptoms and the severity of the disease, therapy can last from 2 weeks to several months.

The sooner the treatment is started, the greater the chances of completely getting rid of skin pathology, without giving it the opportunity to move into a chronic form.

How to treat such a disease?

Before the therapeutic course is initiated, the patient must be carefully prepared.

  1. First, it must eliminate the factor of the disease as much as possible (food allergen, contact with the stimulus, etc.).
  2. Secondly, to exclude alcohol and tobacco. None of the prescribed drugs can not produce the expected result when interacting with toxic substances that are regularly introduced into the body by harmful habits.

The treatment regimens for wet and dry eczema of the external ear differ significantly from each other.

In the first case, the following means are used:

  • to dry the wet surface affected by bursting vesicles (medical talc, zinc oxide);
  • antiseptic spectrum (a solution of greenery, diamond, silver nitrate);
  • antiallergic medicines.

For the treatment of dry eczema, external agents with different effects are also used. The most common ointments in the treatment of eczema of the ear passage and the shell are Ichthyol and Naftalan. These drugs are classified as non-hormonal and are considered safer. However, in the absence of proper effect, the doctor can change the therapy scheme and prescribe hormonal external means.

An additional measure of treatment of a skin disease in the ears may be a recommendation of a specialist on taking sedatives and immunostimulating drugs.
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