Varicose eczema of the lower extremities
Varicose eczema is also called hyperemic, venous, and stagnant dermatitis.This is a chronic ailment of the skin of the legs, caused by the dysfunction of the blood circulation of the lower limbs.Most often suffer from it are women of Balzac's age. Risk factors for this disease: excess weight, heart and vascular problems, thrombosis, leg injuries, constant wearing of heels, pregnancy, various infections. Varicose veins are one of the main prerequisites for the formation of this kind of eczema..
- 1Symptoms and prevention of ailment
- 2What can doctors recommend?
- 3What will help traditional medicine?
Symptoms and prevention of ailment.
By increasing the pressure in the vessels of the lower limbs, the skin swells, and the blood particles are outside the capillaries. In the places of their localization, ulcers and ulcers appear in the epidermis layer due to infection with microorganisms.
Symptoms of development of the disease:
- the appearance of small bubbles, dark spots and redness on the skin of the legs;
- swelling of the lower extremities;
- thinning of the skin;
- the appearance of wounds and festering ulcers;
- unbearable itching and severe pain.
If the disease is not treated, the symptoms intensify, the wet sores on the legs are transformed into dense scales. The skin of the legs coarsens, darkens to a purple-brown hue. Further the ailment can become chronic and lead to sclerosis of the subcutaneous tissue with loss of sensitivity and tissue necrosis. Secondary infection threatens the appearance of trophic ulcers.
To all this did not happen, you should think about the prevention of the disease. If you follow certain rules, varicose eczema, even if it occurs, does not go into the chronic phase.
What should I look for in case of a predisposition to this ailment?
|Factor||What do we have to do?|
|Food||Drink plenty of liquids, give up alcohol, spicy, spicy dishes, marinades and pickles.|
|clothing||Choose only from natural fibers. This is especially true of stockings and socks. Give up shoes with high heels. It is optimal to wear shoes made of natural materials on a heel up to 4 cm. It is useful to buy compression stockings.|
|Sport||Hypodinamy is one of the main causes of leg edema, so walking, running, swimming and other active sports are necessary to improve blood circulation. After work, you can do this exercise: in the prone position, raise your legs and lie so for a quarter of an hour.|
|Hygiene||Do not use soap and shower gels, buy a cream-gel in the pharmacy without alkali. Must be used moisturizing creams for the feet.|
It is better to actively move to avoid stagnation of blood in the legs.
What can doctors recommend?
With proper complex therapy, venous eczema is completely curable.
The main directions of treatment of this skin disease:
- improvement of blood circulation and prevention of edema;
- reduction of inflammation and irritation;
- softening and moisturizing the skin on the legs with a dry form of eczema and drying under wetting.
With developing inflammation, steroid creams are recommended that can also reduce itching: "Advantan "Lokoid "Elokom".
In more severe cases, the doctor may prescribe topical or systemic steroids, as well as antibiotics wide action, antiseptic agents: silver nitrate, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic and boric ointment.
Antiallergic drugs (Clemastin, Loratadin, Chloropyramin and others) will help with unbearable itching, and sedatives (infusion of motherwort, valerian, hawthorn) will relax and reduce painful sensations.
What other medicines will help with this eczema:
- Skin-Cap. Can be in the form of a gel, cream or ointment. The active component - zinc - helps to cope with pathogens, eliminate the peeling and itching.
- Hydrocortisone ointment. It struggles with swelling, inflammation, itching.
- "Triderm". A hormonal drug that helps with a complex course of the disease with the attachment of a secondary infection. It removes inflammation, itching, has anti-allergic properties.
- Sinoflan. Prevents the release of fluid from the vessels into the tissues, relieves inflammation, itching and swelling.
All medications (especially hormonal) should not be used without the recommendation of an experienced phlebologist or dermatologist.
In addition to creams, ointments and tablets, with a dry course of the disease the doctor can recommend a bandage of Unga using zinc gelatin or with an eight percent solution of Burov's liquid, as well as gradient vacuum therapy of the lower extremities.
In severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary.
What will help traditional medicine?.
There are various ways to alleviate the symptoms of this ailment, like varicose eczema, with the help of home remedies.
Most often used are:
|Chamomile||Decoctions and baths with grass or essential oil of chamomile reduce inflammation, soften the skin, soothe the itching.|
|Aloe vera||Juice plants or pharmacy gel has a moisturizing effect, improves the flow of oxygen to the cells of the epidermis, relieves irritation and prevents the penetration of infection.|
|Tea tree oil||Has a softening, anti-edematous, antiseptic effect.|
Foot baths with decoctions of birch buds or white willow bark, compresses from grated raw potatoes or cabbage leaves will also be useful for improving the condition of the skin on the legs with stagnant dermatitis. In addition, you can try such a collection: burdock, chamomile, kiprej in equal parts.
It is important to remember that in itself varicose eczema will not pass, and can go into a chronic form and lead to serious consequences. At the first symptoms, especially against the background of risk factors, you need to see a doctor and start a comprehensive treatment..