What does the white patch on the child's skin say?

White patches on the skin of a child can appear both immediately after birth, and for a certain time. They often do not cause special trouble to the baby, but they are very worried about the parents. So is it worth worrying at all and what to do if you find a white patch on the baby's skin?

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Consider the most common types of white spots in children, the causes of their occurrence and possible actions of parents in such cases.

Content

  • 1Skin color and white spots
  • 2Non-infectious causes of white spots
    • 2.1Hypomelanosis and pink lichen
    • 2.2Vitiligo
    • 2.3White Pityriasis and Tumorosa Sclerosis
  • 3Fungal lesions
  • 4Prevention

Skin color and white spots

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As you know, the color of each person's skin is a characteristic of an individual, genetically conditioned. Depends on the color of the amount of melanin - a kind of "paint produced by cells melanocytes.

Initially, nature was predetermined uniform coloring of the skin in a particular shade. But there are a number of factors that affect the concentration of melanin in certain places of the body or its complete absence. Therefore, if there is no melanin in the skin, it is discolored.

White spots on the body may indicate such violations:

  • diseases of an autoimmune nature;
  • viral infections;
  • disruptions in the work of the endocrine system, in particular - thyroid gland;
  • pathology of the digestive system;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • genetic predisposition.
This problem affects people at any age. The most frightening white spots look on the baby's skin. It's not at all a fact that they bring discomfort to the baby, but watchful parents start to sound the alarm without knowing the reasons for this phenomenon.

Is it correct? I guess, yes. After all, it is necessary to find out the nature of what is happening in order to take timely measures in case of pathology detection. But you do not need to panic. Timely treatment makes it possible to completely get rid of the problem or to get an intelligible answer if it is worthwhile to do anything at all.

Non-infectious causes of white spots

Spots in the child can be both congenital, and appear with the passage of time. Not all of them require treatment, some remain for life, some disappear on their own.

Hypomelanosis and pink lichen

In this case, white spots on the body appear in newborns during the first month of life. In this case, a congenital defect caused by a shortage of melanin is diagnosed. Dyschromia provokes serious problems in the work of the nervous system, possibly a lag in growth and development.

Also, a possible cause of hypomelnosis is the frequent viral diseases. The baby is noted for general weakness, decreased immunity.

In this case, a serious specialized treatment is needed to avoid detrimental consequences for the whole organism. Such a diagnosis can only be made by a specialist and self-medication is dangerous.

Do not be frightened by the name, it's not the lichen that is contagious and transmitted by contact. The mechanism of its occurrence is not sufficiently studied, but physicians know exactly one thing: it occurs in children who are often ill with viral and cold diseases against a background of low immunity.

Characteristics of the formations:

  • the spots are clearly discernible on the skin;
  • do not have a specific location;
  • The patient is not discomforted and does not get sick under pressure;
  • the surface of the skin is flaky, it can be slightly itchy.

The disease passes spontaneously. But pediatricians to accelerate healing recommend rubbing the affected skin with salicylic acid.

Vitiligo

A white patch on the skin of a child of this nature is caused by the discoloration of a certain area. Melanin is completely absent from the epidermis, which provokes the presence of white or milky spots on the body.

"Favorite" place of localization in children - face, hands and knees. Discomfort these spots do not deliver, only in rare cases there is a slight itch for a couple of days before their manifestation.

Modern medicine has not invented an effective medicine against vitiligo, as it did not fully determine the mechanism of development of the disease.

Among the possible and proven reasons are the following:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • autoimmune diseases;
  • decreased immunity against a background of severe viral pathologies;
  • permanent or prolonged contact with pesticides. Children may have intolerance to washing powders or personal hygiene products;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • infection with parasites (protozoa and worms);
  • stress, psychological discomfort.

Folk methods of influence on white spots (a decoction of St. John's wort for wiping out skin areas) are suggested. But they can have only some cosmetic effect, and not affect the very cause or mechanism of development of the disease.

In this case, no specific medication is prescribed. The patient is recommended to stay less in the sun, wear closed clothing, strengthen immunity and not be nervous.

If the cause is an autoimmune disease, then the main pathology is treated.

White Pityriasis and Tumorosa Sclerosis

A distinctive feature of this disease is oval plaques on the face (in this place they appear first), then they can appear on the arms and neck. The disease affects children from 3 to 16 years, but does not constitute a danger to the life and health of the child.

This is, rather, a cosmetic defect that spoils the aesthetic appearance, especially of teenage girls. To speed up the process of disappearance, you should as often as possible moisten the discolored area, do not sunbathe and do not go to the solarium.

The pathology is quite serious, characterized by the primary appearance of white spots on the face, and then on the neck, arms and trunk.

Along with this, it is also noted:

  • underdevelopment of the nervous system;
  • damage to internal organs;
  • mental retardation.

Treatment is specific, which is prescribed only after a thorough examination and confirmation of the diagnosis.

Fungal lesions

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Pityriasis is a fungal infectious disease that is often chronic.

The symptomatology is this:

  • spots appear throughout the body. When pressing, they do not hurt, do not itch, do not cause any other discomfort;
  • have clear boundaries and are clearly visible against the background of healthy skin;
  • when spots appear, the baby develops lymphadenitis - inflammation of nearby lymph nodes;
  • In winter, specks become darker than the general color of the skin, but in the summer they are again discolored;
  • over time, these areas are formed scales that peel off without painful sensations.

When setting such a diagnosis, the doctor prescribes local antifungal drugs (primary infection). With a strong spread of the process, a comprehensive treatment with the intake of antimycotic agents inside and treatment of the affected areas locally is recommended.

Self-medication in this case is dangerous, as it can lead to chronic illness and infection of others.

Prevention

Preventive measures will be not only narrowly focused, but also fortifying. This is especially important in the case of acquired lesions of the skin.

From the very beginning of the birth, perform general strengthening procedures:

  1. It is necessary to start with air baths. You should not kill the child. Before each feeding, strip the baby and let him "jerk with legs." But watch to it that it was not cold.
  2. Wipe with water and then pour. The water temperature should be comfortable for the child. You need to start with a warm, gradually lowering the degree. But if your child feels uncomfortable, stop the procedure immediately.
  3. After healing the navel, you can start bathing not only hygienic, but also developing. To do this, you need to buy a special headrest circle and let the baby "go swimming" in an adult bath. Start with 3-5 minutes, gradually increasing the period of bathing.
  4. From two months you can hold massage sessions, but not in the conventional sense. For the baby it's easy stroking and patting all parts of the body. Again, watch his reaction - if you do not like, you must immediately stop. The duration of the session is up to 5-10 minutes. You can do it twice a day.
The health of the child is the responsibility of the parents. Have noticed any unusual display, address to the expert.

After all, white spots are something unexplored and incomprehensible, requiring explanation. And in the case of a child - perhaps even treatment.

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