Symptoms of Neurodermatitis and Treatment at Home
What are neurodermatitis symptoms and treatment? Among the most frequently diagnosed diseases, characterized by the defeat of the skin of a neurogenic-allergic nature, is the neurodermite. The disease is most likely to affect young children, as well as adolescents who entered the puberty period. To establish 100% of the cause of neurodermatitis is not possible, but it is possible to predetermine the provocative effects of certain factors..
- 1Etiology of the disease
- 2Factors provoking the development of pathology
- 4Tactics of treatment
Etiology of the disease.
What is dangerous about neurodermatitis, is it contagious neurodermatitis - the questions that concern every person facing inflammatory-allergic changes of the skin.
Symptoms of the disease are often similar to other pathological processes occurring in the epidermis layer. This complicates the diagnosis. But an experienced specialist can distinguish neurodermatitis from other diseases of an allergenic nature.
Neurodermatitis (its diagnosis) distinguishes the following symptoms:
- Presence of rashes, characterized by redness, peeling of the affected area of the skin. Later they form skin nodules with a smooth, shiny surface layer.
- The appearance of severe itching until the formation of a rash is a specific symptom.
- The formation of pink-brown nodular rash passes into continuous fused foci with blurred outlines.
- The affected area of the lesion is covered with scales or crusts of cyanotic color. On the hyperemic areas, depigmentation is present.
At the time of diagnosis, it is necessary to exclude such diseases that have the similarity of clinical manifestations (chronic eczema, flat lichen, lymphoma, mycosis). Pathological changes are most susceptible to the neck, elbows, popliteal fossa, genital area, wrists, folds between the buttocks.
A characteristic feature of neurodermatitis, which allows it to identify, is a psychosomatic factor. It is manifested by increased nervousness, rapid fatigue, depression or, conversely, apathy, hypotension, general weakness.
Strong itching provokes irritability and increased nervous excitability. And they, in turn, negatively affect the course of the disease. It turns out a vicious circle. This phenomenon determines the complexity and duration of treatment.
In addition to visual inspection of the atrophied surface, the history of the disease is taken into account. In the general analysis of blood, an increase in the indices of immunoglobulins, eosinophils, and decrease in T-lymphocytes is observed. If the rash is expressed in the form of pustules, then their contents are sent to the laboratory for bacteriological examination for pathogenic flora.
Factors provoking the development of pathology
Neurodermatitis and causes:
- hereditary factor;
- systemic diseases of the immune, endocrine, nervous, digestive system;
- stressful, depressive conditions;
- unbalanced nutrition;
- heavy physical activity;
- mental overstrain for a long period;
- intoxication (food or drug);
- professional factor;
- environmental factors containing potential allergens.
Psychosomatics is an important factor provoking the trigger mechanism of neurogenic disorders. Functional disorders in peripheral nerve fibers lead to damage to the nervous system and, as a consequence, the appearance of an inflammatory-allergic reaction in the form of severe itching and eruptions.
The allergic mechanism is manifested when the allergen meets and produces antibodies to it, which, with blood flow, are carried throughout the body and break the cell membranes. The release of histamine, one of the active substances formed by the release of the contents of granules of mast cells into the surrounding tissue, causes compaction and reddening of the skin.
Depending on the place of localization of the inflammation focus and the area of the lesion, the following types of disease are distinguished:
Limited neurodermatitis occurs in a specific area of the skin in the form of rashes (small papules), combined into plaques with a shiny surface.
They are usually presented in the form of a symmetrical pigmented oval. The color of the plaques ranges from pink to light brown with a gradual transition to healthy skin. Hyperemia is observed on the neck, on the legs (in the popliteal fossa), on the elbows. Limited neurodermatitis is the most common form of the disease that passes into chronic neurodermatitis.
Focal neurodermatitis is presented in the form of a hyperemic area, covered with scales of light gray color. Falling back, they leave behind a modified pigmentation. The focus of inflammation is dry, under the influence of irritating factors causes severe itching, especially at night.
Diffuse neurodermatitis is no less common pathology, presented in the form of multiple inflammatory foci that merge with each other. Atopic dermatitis and neurodermatitis are very similar. This process most often affects the limbs, neck area, genitalia (anus). In children up to the age of two, the diffuse neurodermatitis proceeds particularly hard - with pronounced urticaria or bronchial asthma. You can also observe cataracts and deviations of psychosomatics. Diffuse neurodermatitis, characterized by severe itching, when combing the wound surface can cause secondary infection (pyoderma, lymphadenitis).
The linear type of lesion is presented in the form of strongly itchy bands in the folded zones (wrists, elbows), on the legs.
Hypertrophic neurodermatitis, called in medicine by the neurondermis of Ermann, is a rather rare phenomenon. It is manifested in a pronounced change in the areas of the skin with infiltration. Hyperemic areas may take the form of a warty or scaly surface. The most sensitive to this type of pahoe-femoral folds, the inner thighs (especially in women on legs). Foci can be localized on the scalp, causing neurodermatitis on the head. With this pathology, hair loss without visible skin changes is noted. Sometimes the disease is similar to vitiligo, in which skin areas also lose pigmentation.
Follicular neurodermatitis has its own specific symptoms, which eliminate as well as in the treatment of hypertrophic neurodermatitis. For the follicular type, the formation of pointed papules (follicles) in zones covered by hair (axillary hollows, genital area, scalp, eyebrows) is characteristic.
For the psoriatic form, the appearance of densified inflamed areas, covered with silvery, highly itchy scales, is characteristic. Localization - the neck and the scalp. This type is often observed in children.
Tactics of treatment
The symptoms of neurodermatitis in most cases are pronounced and involve long-term treatment. Than to treat a neurodermite?
Traditional therapy is as follows:
- Antihistamines of systemic action. Advantage should be given to means 2 and 3 generations (with the least number of side effects).
- Sedatives - to restore the lost functions of the central nervous system.
- Sorbents with neurodermatitis will remove intoxication (food and drug).
- Enzyme preparations for improving digestive function.
- Glucocorticoid agents are used against neurodermatitis with pronounced clinical manifestations, a vast area of damage, when conventional therapy does not eliminate the symptoms of the disease.
- Extracorporeal hemocorrection is an effective method of treating blood plasma components to purify it from toxins.
- Physiotherapy, which includes light therapy (selective phototherapy), quartz, ultraviolet irradiation, cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen.
- Preparations of local action in the form of ointment, cream, spray, paste. They have minimal side effects, do not cause thinning and atrophy of the treated surface. Often used in children. Glucocorticoid drugs (for topical use) in pediatrics are combined with a baby cream.
- Antibacterial (antifungal) drugs are indicated in case of secondary infection with pathogenic flora. Their use depends on the cause of neurodermatitis.
How to treat neurodermatitis should be decided only by the attending physician. For help, you can refer to such specialists as an allergist, immunologist, dermatologist. Treatment of such a pathology as neurodermatitis in adults, in uncomplicated cases provides an outpatient type of treatment.
Strongly pronounced pathological changes with severe itching and a general change in physical condition require hospitalization.
Diagnosis carried out in a hospital with the use of laboratory and instrumental research methods, helps to eliminate the root cause of the disease. Only a narrowly specialized specialist is able to explain to the patient about such a disease as neurodermatitis and what it is.
Neurodermatitis and treatment with folk remedies are interrelated concepts. Such treatment involves the use of phytocompositions from medicinal plants that have natural anti-inflammatory, sedative, regenerative properties. Treatment of neurodermatitis with folk remedies is aimed at mild elimination of symptoms of the disease without side effects. Despite the relative safety of medicinal plants, their use must always be agreed with the attending physician. He will tell you how to cure the neurodermite without the use of pills.
Treatment of neurodermatitis at home involves the use of celandine. This plant is a real natural medicine used for many years.
Purity is effective in treating the hypertrophic and psoriatic form of this pathology. It is used for the application of infusion, ointments, masks, steam baths. Infusion, prepared from 2 tablespoons. spoons of raw materials and 250 ml of boiling water, are used to treat the wound surface.
To make a mask in the infusion, prepared according to the previous recipe, add 1 h. l. cognac, yolk and 30 g of oat flakes. The resulting suspension is applied to the scalp and left for an hour. This procedure eliminates many types of dermatitis of the scalp.
Decoction of dry leaves celandine (5 tbsp. l. raw materials for 2 liters of water) can be used to add to the common bath with neurodermatitis in children on legs. The child should like this procedure. After the baths, you can make a light massage using a baby cream.
Similar regenerating properties are possessed by: a bark of an oak, flowers of a linden, calendula, a yarrow, a plantain, a camomile. Treatment of neurodermatitis in adults using these plants accelerates healing. Neurodermatitis - treatment at home.