Secrets of treating oily skin seborrhea

Among the various types of seborrheic dermatitis, such a disease as the oily seborrhea of ​​the scalp is often common, the treatment of which is usually performed at home. For periodic examinations, taking tests and receiving appointments, patients visit the dermatologist, but only those who have severe illnesses need hospitalization. This happens rarely, and in the vast majority of cases, the main treatment for oily seborrhea of ​​the scalp is at home. Before discussing the question of how this should happen, it is worthwhile to carefully consider the nature of this pathology.

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Content

  • 1Causes and Symptoms
  • 2Methods of diagnosis and drug treatment
  • 3Diet and folk remedies

Causes and Symptoms

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The term "head seborrhea" is familiar to many, but people usually understand these words as ordinary dandruff, well known to the vast majority of the population of our planet. However, in this case, we are talking about dandruff is not quite ordinary, the manifestations of which can deliver a person not only aesthetic discomfort, but also genuine physical suffering. Why is this familiar and seemingly "manual" phenomenon, like dandruff, suddenly becoming so aggressive?

In the appearance of seborrhea of ​​the scalp, the fungi of the family Pitirosporum are "guilty". They coexist with a person literally from the first days of his life, and at the same time a symbiotic interaction: fungi free us from the excess of sebaceous gland secreted by the sebaceous glands, which is their "Food base."

Ideally, the body should clearly "monitor" the work of fungal microorganisms and, if necessary, restrain the growth of colonies. But if for some reason the control system is broken, the fungus begins to multiply rapidly.

The cause of this phenomenon usually become disruptions in the work of the hormonal apparatus, which cause an increase in the production fatty secretion to such an amount that it is able to "feed" the number of microorganisms exceeding the norm in 2-3 times.

The "release" of hormones can have natural causes:

  1. Transitional age.
  2. Pregnancy.
  3. Climax.

In this case, seborrhea of ​​the scalp is called physiological. Usually she does not need medical therapy and goes by herself after the hormonal background comes back to normal. But sometimes (in 10-15% of cases) the physiological seborrheic dermatitis takes chronic forms.

This can be facilitated by the impact of negative factors such as:

  • uncontrolled intake of hormonal drugs;
  • chronic fatigue;
  • stress;
  • weakening of immune defense;
  • avitaminosis;
  • malnutrition: abuse of fried, spicy, sweet, flour dishes;
  • violations of the internal organs: the thyroid gland, GIT, liver;
  • improper hair care: the use of unsuitable shampoos, the abuse of cosmetic procedures;
  • bad habits: smoking, alcohol abuse.
This causes the so-called oily seborrhea of ​​the scalp.

Fat seborrhea of ​​the scalp, the symptoms of which are usually pronounced, has two "subspecies known as:

  • thick oily;
  • liquid oily.

With a thick type, the dermis of the head becomes dense and inelastic, and the scalp becomes coarse and stiff. Particles of the epidermis peel, stick together, soaked in skin fat, and the plugs formed in this way clog the holes of the follicular pores. This causes the appearance on the skin of so-called atter (epidermal cysts) in the form of seals in which a pasty fatty tissue is accumulated, deprived of the possibility of surface. Atheromas can become inflamed, and then they must be opened surgically.

When the liquid form, the hair quickly becomes covered with fat - just a few hours after washing, because of what they become like wet.

The dermis of the head disturbs a person with constant itching and burning, causing not only psychological, but also physiological discomfort. Hair begins to drop intensively, and in the absence of treatment, the situation can reach alopecia - partial or complete alopecia.

Both forms are predominantly a male disease, which is caused by a large number in comparison with the female variant of the sebaceous glands on the head of a man, more intensive fluctuations of the hormonal background in different periods of life, characteristic of the stronger sex, and also, strangely enough, their larger vulnerability. On the one hand, men are considered to be a strong half of humanity, on the other - this concept rather refers to the power of muscle. Emotionally, men, as studies show, are much less stable than women, and therefore they are more vulnerable to such an unfavorable factor as the stress that these days pursues them everywhere.

Methods of diagnosis and drug treatment

Treatment of oily seborrhea of ​​the scalp should begin in the early stages, since a neglected disease can lead to very serious consequences.
Therefore, after discovering its signs, you should immediately contact a specialist. They can be both a dermatologist and a mycologist - a physician specializing in the treatment of fungal pathologies.

Initially, the doctor establishes the diagnosis, applying a comprehensive methodology using:

  • bacterial inoculation (scraping);
  • microscopic analysis of skin samples;
  • biochemical blood test;
  • blood test for hormonal levels;
  • ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland.

Diagnosis can identify one or more causes of the disease and suggests ways to eliminate them. With the help of blood tests, the degree of hormonal imbalance is determined, ultrasound of internal organs can point to its the cause, and bakposev denotes the type of fungal spores that affected the skin, and the reaction of pathogenic microflora to medicinal preparations. With their appointment, factors such as sex and age of patients, the presence of concomitant pathologies, possible allergic reactions are taken into account. From all this will depend on how to treat fatty seborrhea in each specific case.

Drug treatment includes the use of drugs of different effects:
  1. Fungicides.
  2. Immunostimulants.
  3. Hormonal means.
  4. Antibiotics.
All these are powerful enough tools that can not only have a positive effect, but also have strong side effects, so their use under the supervision of the attending physician, accompanied by external examinations and periodic sampling to monitor effectiveness.

Among the antimycotics recommended for this form of seborrheic dermatitis of the head, the use of local (external) effects, including creams:

  • Terbiks;
  • Mycosorrhal;
  • Clotrimazole;
  • Mycosis.

There are also oral preparations of a similar action, which are tablets:

  1. Fluconazole.
  2. Diflucan.
  3. Ketoconazole.
  4. Itraconazole.
  5. Terbinafine.

To level the hormone level, you can use:

  • Hydrocortisone;
  • Prednisolone;
  • Flumethasone;
  • Fluocortolone;
  • Betamethasone;
  • Mometasone;
  • Clobetasol;
  • Chalcinonide.

All of them are produced in both ointment and tableted forms.

Medical therapy should necessarily include the intake of vitamin complexes, in which there are vitamins A, D, E, group B, beneficially affecting the epidermis and hairline rights.

Diet and folk remedies

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Food can become a medicine or poison - it was well known even "father of medicine the ancient Greek physician Hippocrates. Therefore, with seborrheic dermatitis, it is important to observe certain restrictions in nutrition. Patients should be excluded from their diet, or at least sharply limit the use of spicy, salty, fried foods, sweets, muffins, carbonated drinks and products that can provoke an allergic reaction: chocolate, coffee, citrus fruits (except lemon), strawberries etc.

It should be categorically refuse from all kinds of fast food options, and also forget about chips, sweet drinks and others popular delicacies, in the manufacture of which used artificial dyes, taste improvers and other additives, "identical natural ".

The daily menu should include:

  1. Lean meat and fish.
  2. Eggs of chickens and quail.
  3. Kefir, cottage cheese, yogurt, ryazhenka (without dyes and sweeteners).
  4. Local vegetables and fruits.
  5. Cereals.
  6. Unconserved compotes, natural fruit and vegetable juices.

A lot of folk recipes show good results in the treatment of this ailment.

Traditional healers recommend the following plant compounds:

  • Burdock ordinary (burdock): the root is dried and chopped, 2 tbsp. l. means pour boiling water (one glass), hold for a minimum of a quarter of an hour. Decoction cool and rub into the roots of hair.
  • Oak bark (2 tbsp. spoon) pour cold water (about a liter), wait until it boils, and do not turn off the fire for a quarter of an hour. Remove from heat and leave the broth for half an hour. Wash their head once every 3 days for 2 months, then three more months to rinse them hair, dried after washing.
  • Fresh birch leaves (2 table. l.) pour boiling water, insist half an hour and rub the infusion into the scalp. Instead of birch leaves, chamomile can be used in the same way in the same proportions.
Using all these methods, you can achieve a long-term remission. And so that there is no exacerbation, people's methods can be used as a preventive measure.
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