Why does the skin show depigmented spots

From a medical point of view, the skin is the largest organ of the human body, and skin depigmentation is an actively studied disorder. It is daily exposed to the effects of both the external environment and the internal. Melanin is responsible for the color of the skin. If there is a violation of its production, depigmentation of the skin appears. By the type of development of pathology, it can be complete, partial or diffusional. Depot is shown in the form of whitish spots, which have different size and shape. About 1% of the world's inhabitants suffer from vitiligo.

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Content

  • 1Why there are white spots on the skin
  • 2Do I need to be afraid of white spots on my skin?
  • 3Where to go for pigmentation on the skin

Why there are white spots on the skin

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Depigmentation of the skin is acquired and congenital. Not always the loss of melanin is constant, in some cases, the function is restored and the skin comes in its original form. A pathology characterized by the absence of tyrosinase is called fermentopathy. In this case, the synthesis of melanin is disturbed, and the skin shows 2-3-tone spots lighter.

There are genetic characteristics, for example, albinism, in which the entire surface of the skin is an unsaturated pigment. For such people, exposure to sunlight is fraught with burns, since the absence of melanin leads to extreme sensitivity to sunlight.

Experts' opinions agree that the acquired changes on skin of this nature are associated with hidden diseases, which need to be paid attention.

What leads to depigmentation:

  • albinism;
  • vitiligo;
  • eczema;
  • lichen;
  • burns (including sunny);
  • scars and stretch marks.

With vitiligo, there may be complete or partial loss of melanin in the area of ​​the skin throughout the body, pigment may also be absent on the hair. Specialists attribute this phenomenon to autoimmune processes, but there is no consensus.

Among the causes of vitiligo is also called severe stress and chronic diseases associated with endocrine glands. Pathology is hereditary and can be transmitted from parents to children.

Do I need to be afraid of white spots on my skin?

If depigmentation of the skin is manifested, the causes can be either genetic or external. Modern women are increasingly focusing on sun protection, but it is not always possible to escape the negative effects of UVA and UVB rays.
After burns or transferred eczema on the skin may remain depigmented spots. These problems should be handled by a dermatologist. Not always the solution lies only in the cosmetic cabinet. Self-bleaching or coating of damaged areas can be harmful to health.

Most of the cases of depigmentation of the skin can be treated. After eliminating the root cause of the problem, it gradually comes to its original appearance. However, with vitiligo and albinism, stains remain for life. However, they do not cause any discomfort, except for psychological and aesthetic.

There are white spots on the skin of people of any age, but most often fix the treatment of patients under the age of 20 years. Turned in at the age of 30 to 40 years is much less. The race of the person does not matter, the pathology is international. According to statistics, women are subject to pigmentation and depigmentation more than men.

Groups of people at risk:

  • have a genetic predisposition to albinism or vitiligo;
  • suffered severe long-term stress;
  • those who suffered burns of 2 and 3 degrees;
  • suffered a severe sunburn;
  • having autoimmune diseases;
  • active users of solariums.

Important: Vitiligo does not belong to the category of infectious diseases. They can not get infected. Depigmentation of the skin has nothing to do with cancer, it's not the same thing. The absence of pigment on the body site is not a direct symptom of the oncological problem.

This phenomenon, like vitiligo, is classified as safe for health. Painful or itchy sensations do not accompany it. More often than not, patients suffer more from psychological problems associated with the aesthetic component of the melanin synthesis disorder.

Where to go for pigmentation on the skin

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Only an experienced specialist can make an accurate diagnosis and answer the question of why the problem has arisen and whether it is possible to eliminate depigmentation. When there are spots on the skin for several tones lighter than the main tone, you need to contact a dermatologist. Before visiting a doctor, it is advisable to limit exposure to the sun. Active sun rays injure an already sensitive skin, devoid of protection.

To tighten with medical advice is not necessary, as white spots in some cases can spread further along the body. Self-medication in case of such defects can be at best useless, and at worst - cause complications for health.

If there is a suspicion of vitiligo, you should not panic. This is not an infectious and not aggressive disease. Vitiligo is associated with autoimmune processes, it is important to seek advice from a dermatologist immediately after finding white spots to rule out other symptoms.

When the color changes visually on 80% of the area of ​​the skin, a repigmentation procedure is performed, aimed at smoothing the visual difference between the areas with and without melanin.

To reduce the spread of white spots on the skin used drugs containing:

  • vitamins of group B;
  • copper;
  • iron.

Experts advise to monitor the emotional background during detection and treatment, since stress affects the immune system, and this can provoke the destruction of melanin.

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