What is Setton's nevus and how to cope with it
Setton's nevus is a kind of skin formation that has a unique shape and specific characteristics. It can appear absolutely on any part of the body of adults and children. This formation is surrounded by discolored skin, which makes it look like vitiligo. Treatment such a pathology does not require and is capable of independent regression..
- 1Causes of appearance
- 5Prognosis and prevention
Causes of appearance.
Setton's nevus is a pigmented growth around which there is a discolored patch of skin. It slightly protrudes over the skin and does not cause pain. Most often it is diagnosed in a child or adolescent.
Doctors do not know exactly why Sett's nevus arises in a person, but it was noted that it can appear in patients with vitiligo or the development of autoimmune diseases. There is evidence that this formation is able to hit close relatives of people who have been diagnosed with vitiligo.
There is an opinion that its appearance is associated with a skin reaction to ultraviolet radiation. As a confirmation of this fact called the situation when the appearance of the nevus Setton was preceded by a long stay in the open sun.
There is an opinion that the appearance on the skin of a nevus is directly related to autoimmune processes in the body. This is due to the fact that in patients with this diagnosis, a lot of cytotoxic antibodies were detected in the blood. And the formation around the nevus of the white ring is explained by the breakdown of melanocytes as a result of the action of immune cells on them.
In the risk group are people:
- Often staying in the open sun for a long period of time, abusing procedures in the solarium and periodically getting sunburned skin.
- Those who have already been diagnosed with vitiligo or close relatives of patients with this diagnosis.
- Those with a tendency to develop autoimmune processes in the body.
- Inclined to frequent stress and depression.
Nevus Setton is formed in two stages:
- at the initial stage there is a pigmented spot that looks like an ordinary birthmark;
- further around the birthmark appears white edging.
In some cases, doctors identify an intermediate stage, which is characterized by a preliminary acquisition of the skin that surrounds the neoplasm, a pink hue. After that, it gradually turns pale and becomes white.
Like a birthmark, the nevus slightly rises above the skin and has clear boundaries. In this case, its shade can be from the color of "coffee with milk" to a saturated brown, rarely it has a red tint. The rim that appears around the nevus has a larger diameter.
More often than not Setton's nevus is diagnosed on the chest, back or stomach of a person. They can be single or multiple. In a child, education can disappear on its own for several years after its appearance.
However, physicians advise to regularly monitor him and consult a doctor when:
- change its outlines (if they become fuzzy or blurred);
- darkening of education;
- the onset of an inflammatory process in the nevus;
- the appearance of pain or bleeding neoplasm.
Settone's nevuses usually do not cause complications, except for cases when the patient combs them or damages them in another way. Because of the ingress of pathogens into it, it is possible to develop inflammation, suppuration of the wound, the toxins from which quickly enter the blood, causing signs of intoxication.
Especially dangerous such a state can be in children, so parents should explain to them that they can not be touched. If the nevus is on an open area of the body, then on a sunny day, going outside, it should be sealed with a band-aid or lubricated with a special sunscreen with a high degree of protection.
When identifying any unusual neoplasms on the body, a person should consult a dermatologist.
To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor will give the patient an examination:
- A laboratory blood test that can detect inflammation and determine blood coagulability.
- Instrumental examination for establishing the stage of pathology and its features:
- Dermatoscopy is a method of hardware research, which is always prescribed in case of painful formation or change in its hue.
- Siascopy is a procedure that assesses the structure of education and the definition of melanin and melanocyte levels in it.
- Biopsy - examination of nevus tissue for malignant formation.
Such a neoplasm may outwardly resemble some types of melanoma. Therefore, if the doctor has a doubt about the nature of the lesion, then to exclude malignant process, he will conduct a tissue biopsy followed by a histological examination of the sample.
Special therapy does not require a neoplasm, however, before the beginning of regression of Setton's nevus, the patient needs to undergo regular examination at a dermatologist. In connection with the fact that it does not cause any discomfort, the use of medicines is not required for a person.
To increase the defenses of the body, the doctor can prescribe the patient general restorative means:
- Aevit - not prescribed for cholelithiasis or pancreatitis;
- extract of echinacea - not suitable for the treatment of pregnant women and children younger than 7 years;
- Immunal - suitable for the treatment of children and adults;
- Vitrum Beauty - appoint only adults;
- Coenzyme Q10 - is contraindicated in children younger than 14 years.
To speed up recovery people's methods of treatment help:
- In the morning and in the evening you need to take a small amount of magnesia powder. The course of treatment is 4 weeks.
- A small amount of chalk powder is poured into the place where a nevus is formed and bandaged on top with a handkerchief.
- A small piece of banana peel is pasted with a plaster inner side to the lesion.
- Daily lubricate the nevus with tea tree oil.
- 3 times a day, take 1 tablespoon of sage wormwood.
- Every morning on an empty stomach to drink a glass of water with apple cider vinegar dissolved in it. This remedy is not suitable for those who have problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
- Several times a day, lubricate the tumor with the juice of celandine.
- The regular use of turmeric, fresh garlic and cumin will help to cope with the problem.
Prognosis and prevention
Nevus Setton is not considered a malignant entity, so the prognosis for patients is usually favorable. If it occurs in children, it usually after some time disappears on its own, without special treatment. But, this process can take many years.
To avoid its appearance on the body, you can observe some preventive measures:
- Keep an eye on the time spent in the open sun. Do not abuse tanning and avoid visiting the solarium. It is allowed to be in the sun in the morning to 10-11 hours and after 15-16 hours. You need to start sunbathing gradually. The first day will be enough 10-15 minutes. Gradually, this time can be increased.
- Avoid stressful situations. In case of psychoemotional overstrain, it is necessary to take a sedative (an extract of valerian, herbal medicinal herbs, which have a soothing effect).
- To observe hygienic rules and teach this to children.
- Correctly and fully eat. In the diet of each person, especially young children, vitamins and minerals necessary for the body should be present.