Papillomas in the rectum

Papilloma in the rectum is a benign formation that can also be formed throughout the body. Papillomas or condylomas are manifested as a result of human infection with papillomavirus. This disease occurs in many people, but it manifests itself most often with reduced immunity. It is for this reason that they begin to develop, cause a lot of trouble and can cause cancer.

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Content

  • 1Symptoms of papilloma in the rectum
  • 2Diagnostics
  • 3Causes of the disease
  • 4Treatment
  • 5Prevention

Symptoms of papilloma in the rectum

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There are three types of formations around the anus or in the rectum:

  • single, small size and therefore slightly noticeable;
  • single, large;
  • Multiple, which merge and form integrated areas.

Outwardly, they resemble an ordinary wart with a thin stalk, but sometimes their dimensions reach up to two or more centimeters. The diameter of the condylomas in the intestine varies greatly in size, it can be several millimeters or several centimeters. Large papillomas are especially dangerous for human health.

Often the disease can be asymptomatic, and patients learn about it quite by accident on examination with a specialist, referring to other diseases.

The incubation period after infection can last from one week to six months, and the reason for its jump in development is stress and a sharp decrease in immunity.

The main symptoms are:

  • pain during emptying;
  • bleeding from the anus or blood in the stool;
  • diarrhea or constipation;
  • itching and burning in the anus;
  • stomach ache.

If you have one or two of the symptoms presented above, you should definitely see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis of the disease and timely treatment. The presence of these symptoms does not necessarily indicate the presence of polyps or condylomas in the rectum, but they may be the cause of another disease. Do not self-diagnose and self-medicate, otherwise it can lead to disastrous results.

Diagnostics

When a symptom of papillomatosis in the rectum is detected, it is necessary to visit a proctologist for early diagnosis of the disease. In addition to examination, it is recommended to pass control tests of urine and blood, as well as to undergo additional examinations from other specialists. This will finally confirm the diagnosis. It is most often based on the result of the examination, that is, the presence of warts in the overwhelming majority of cases indicates a disease with the virus.

Thanks to digital rectal examination, you can get information about the formations that are in the rectum. These growths can be either separate or merged formations in large numbers.

In the presence of genital warts in the intestine and around the anus, the patient is prescribed a procedure of sigmoidoscopy, thanks to which you can carefully examine the mucosa of the rectum and its condition, after which the treatment is selected disease. If a papilloma is found, the doctor must take the material for a histological examination, as everyone knows that this disease can cause cancer.

The doctor may prescribe a colonoscopy examination. It is similar to rectomanoscopy in that these two procedures allow you to examine the intestine. Their difference is that the colonoscopy examines the entire large intestine, and the sigmoidoscopy - only its distal part.

Colonoscopy is performed under general anesthesia, and if polyps are found during the examination by this method, the doctor can remove them completely during the procedure.

When papillomatosis is mandatory for syphilis and HIV, since secondary syphilis can also manifest itself in the form of wide condylomas.

Causes of the disease

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The human papilloma virus can enter the body due to a sharp decrease in the defense of the immune system. The infected patient can be a carrier for a long time, without even knowing about his disease. However, the exact causes of papillomas in the rectum have not yet been proven. Some scientists believe that this disease can be congenital.

Ways of infection and causes of activation of the pathogenic virus:

  1. Sexually transmitted infection. This method is very common and therefore, if a virus is detected, both partners should be treated.
  2. Childbirth can cause disease in women.
  3. Abuse of bad habits. Smoking, alcohol or drugs lead to a significant decrease in immunity, so that a weakened organism can easily catch the disease.
  4. Exhaustion, constant stressful situations and weakening of the nervous system lead to the fact that a tired human body can not establish obstacles to the penetration of the virus.
  5. Malnutrition in the form of spicy, salty foods, soda and fast foods can lead to the appearance of polyps in the rectum.
  6. Inflammatory processes in the rectum.
  7. The virus is also transmitted through microcracks or trauma to the mucous membrane and when basic rules of human hygiene are not observed.

Treatment

No method of treatment allows you to completely get rid of HPV and cure it. This disease can occur again and again, therefore it is recommended to remove the growths.

Papillomas of any type can be completely removed only in one way - surgical. However, this method is not suitable for everyone.

If the papilloma does not grow in a straight line and does not prevent a person from living a full life, the operation can be avoided. But at the same time it is necessary to regularly undergo examinations and take tests to avoid the transition of the disease to the oncologic stage.

Surgical methods of removal of formations:

  • using a laser;
  • scalpel;
  • electrocoagulation;
  • cryodestruction;
  • radio wave therapy.

In the case of small and minor growths, conservative treatment with special medications will help. Therapy in this case is conducted in small courses until the outgrowth disappears.

However, it often happens that the patient turned to for advice and treatment to the doctor, when already condylomas reach huge sizes and cause severe pain and inconvenience.

In such neglected cases, the disease should be treated in a complex and in several stages, including this also applies to surgical treatment. Treatment of papillomatosis is performed promptly only with the help of anesthesia.

Prevention

Virtually any disease is easier to prevent than later treat. It is known that it is impossible to completely get rid of the virus, which contributes to the appearance of growths on the human body. Even with the timely and successful treatment of relapses can not be avoided, but it is within the power of a person to make them appear as sparingly as possible.

Preventive measures:

  • getting rid of bad habits, including smoking;
  • healthy lifestyles and sports;
  • getting rid of stressful situations and unhealthy stress;
  • proper nutrition and regime;
  • high-grade dream;
  • mandatory hygiene;
  • presence of one permanent sexual partner;
  • Avoid places with increased danger of infection, such as saunas, swimming pools and public baths;
  • admissible reception of immunostimulating agents at the permission of the attending physician;
  • regular monitoring of the proctologist.

Compliance with these simple measures will avoid infection or exclude the possibility of frequent relapses. In such an important matter as a person's health, there should be no restrictions, so a regular examination of doctors, including a proctologist, will help to avoid many problems.

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