Inflammation of the intestines is what it is



Intestinal Diverticulitis # 8212;Symptoms and Treatment of

Many people believe that intestinal diseases are not dangerous and do not threaten human life. But there are problems that can lead to inflammation, dangerous to the body. One of these diseases is sigmoid diverticulitis.

What is it?

Intestinal diverticulitis is an inflammation of the diverticulum. And diverticula are some hernia-like tumors, which are small pockets. The formation of such pockets is called diverticulosis. If the diverticula are for some reason inflamed, then we can just talk about intestinal diverticulitis.

Most often, pockets are formed in the large intestine, namely, in its curved section called the sigmoid colon. The structural features of this area are such that it is in this part that a certain amount of feces most often remains. Because of this, the walls can stretch, so-called protrusions are formed.

Interestingly, this disease is more common in European and Western countries. But the people of Asia practically do not suffer from this disease. This can be explained by the peculiarities of the national cuisine of nations. If the Japanese and the Chinese eat vegetable food that has fiber in their composition, then other nations eat irrationally from this point of view.

Manifestations, causes, features of

It is believed that colonic diverticulitis is a complication of diverticulosis.

The last illness occurs due to malnutrition and the use of easily digestible foods( white bread, eggs, flour and sweets), which cause constipation, due to increased gas generation( it is provoked by legumes, grapes), and also due to overweight and sedentarylifestyle.
But the main cause of inflammation of the diverticula is the accumulation of residues of fecal masses( especially solid ones) in them due to constipation. In addition, some kind of infection can be a triggering factor. Thus, the bacterium trapped in the pocket is activated, which is why the tissues become inflamed.

Now more about the symptoms:

  1. Unpleasant or painful sensations occur in the lower abdomen. More often they are located above the pubic part or slightly to the left. The pains are nagging, severe, and as the malady progresses, they can intensify.
  2. Nausea and vomiting may occur.
  3. Due to edema of the intestine, fecal masses will not be able to move along it, constipation will occur.
  4. The body temperature will rise, which is often accompanied by chills or fever.
  5. If the diverticulum overflows and bursts, intestinal bleeding will begin. Peritonitis will also be observed( bowel contents entering the abdominal cavity).The patient will be pale, weakness will appear, the pressure will drop, the pulse will increase, the stomach will become hard.
  6. On palpation of the intestine a sharp pain will arise.

In case of improper treatment of this ailment, complications can arise, such as stenosis( narrowing of the lumen) or fistula( opening) of the intestine, which is quite dangerous.

How to fix the problem?

If diverticulosis does not require elimination( but only if there are no complications), then treatment of sigmoid diverticulitis is simply necessary, since the consequences can be very sad( bleeding and peritonitis in the absence of the necessary measures can be fatal).We list the main directions of therapy:

  • In case of inflammation caused by bacterial activity, antibiotics will be prescribed. They can be taken in pill form, but this is not always effective. If the patient’s condition is extremely difficult, the drug can be injected intravenously or even locally, which will increase the rate at which active substances reach the site of inflammation and strengthen the effectiveness of the active ingredients of the drug.
  • From the diverticula it is necessary to remove the fecal mass remaining in it. But excessive bowel contractions are contraindicated, so an enema is undesirable. It is better to take some mild laxative. When the intestine is emptied, the risk of complications will decrease by several times.
  • Another important point of treatment is diet. It implies a complete rejection of products containing fiber: raw fruits and vegetables, whole-wheat products, legumes, and so on. Allowed to use: cereal cooked in milk( especially buckwheat and oatmeal), boiled or steam cutlets made from lean meat, fish or poultry, steamed or stewed vegetables, kissels from fruits and berries. All food must be chopped. Smoked, spicy, roasted, sweet, farinaceous and fatty until better, should be discarded, as well as strong broths, as well as kvass, sour juices and alcohol. Dairy products are allowed yogurt, low-fat cheese, yogurt, kefir. You can also cook omelet steamed. It is better to eat in small portions. After the onset of improvement, on the advice of a doctor, you can gradually return to the usual way of eating.
  • Heavy exercise is forbidden, it is better to observe a gentle regime, not to lift weights, not to overstrain.
  • If there are life-threatening complications( stenosis or fistula), then surgical treatment is necessary. In the most severe cases, the part of the intestine susceptible to damage is removed, and an artificial prosthesis is placed in its place( or a transplant is performed).
  • Some folk remedies can help, but only a doctor can prescribe any of them! So, in most cases, black elderberry is effective.1 tablespoon of dried berries should be poured with one glass of boiling water, infused, and then take this infusion throughout the day in small portions. It can also be used tincture or decoction of Echinacea. To prepare, take a teaspoon of crushed dry plants, pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for half an hour.

Prevention

To avoid this problem, follow the simple tips:

  • Move more. You can even perform special exercises to help strengthen the abdominal muscles and stimulate digestion.
  • Drink at least two liters of water per day.
  • Consume more fiber-rich foods: bran, fruits and vegetables, cereals, legumes. Be sure to eat dairy products. But from the flour is better to give up, it provokes constipation.
  • Rest, get enough sleep.
  • Watch your digestion and health.
  • Follow the rules of personal hygiene, it will help you to avoid infections.

Remember that your health and condition depend only on you. So be more attentive and responsible if you want to live a normal life without problems and illnesses.

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    Colitis

    Colitis of the intestine( ICD code 10 - 51) is an inflammatory disease that affects the colon wall and causes various dystrophic or even necrotic changes in it. How dangerous is the risk of an attack of illness? What needs to be determined in the first place, if the suspicion fell at the onset of the disease? Hundreds of questions encourage you to understand in detail what kind of colitis is the disease of the intestines: the cause of the appearance, the necessary diagnostic measures and other useful information?

    Classification of colitis

    Inflammation of the intestines is a well-studied pathology, because it is a carefully classified disease. We give only a list, which includes the most common types of colitis.

    Left-sided colitis affects the left colon, which includes the descending part of the colon and the sigmoid part of the intestine. Usually combined with inflammation of the rectum.

    Hemorrhagic Colitis # 8212;inflammation of the intestine, which is provoked by E. coli, and is accompanied by a breakdown of stool mixed with blood( bloody diarrhea).You can get sick by eating meat and dairy products infected with the pathogen.

    membranous mucous colitis - inflammation of the intestines, which is triggered by E. coli, and is accompanied by a breakdown of stool mixed with blood. You can get sick by eating meat and dairy products infected with the pathogen.

    Atonic colitis is common among the elderly, and is caused by long-term intestinal inflammation. It leads to a decrease in peristalsis, with the result that there will be constipation, up to intestinal obstruction.

    Microscopic colitis disease - combines the concepts of collagenous and lymphocytic inflammation of the intestinal wall. Accompanied by diarrhea of ​​watery nature and has a chronic course. The diagnosis can be determined on the basis of histological examination.

    Antibiotic-associated colitis - antibiotic-associated colitis - is caused by the suppression of the normal intestinal flora as a result of antibiotic therapy.

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