The average content of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte

Today we will talk about such an important study of blood, as the analysis of red blood cells, or rather the content of hemoglobin in them. This indicator is called the average concentration of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte. It is important that this is the concentration. In our case, we operate not with the concept of “the amount of hemoglobin in the erythrocytes”, which is measured in picograms( 10-12 grams), but with the concept of “concentration”, which is measured in g / l. Hopefully, after reading the article, you will receive answers to questions about what erythrocyte indices are in general( for example, mch in a blood test), what are the reasons for their increase or decrease, and how to learn to independently analyze the results of the analysis.

Table of Contents:
  • Erythrocyte Indexes
  • What is the MCH in a blood test?
  • The average hemoglobin content in the red blood cell MCHC in the blood testin our blood.

    Blood consists of two phases: liquid plasma and more dense cells, which are commonly referred to as red, white blood cells, and from a more scientific side - red blood cells, platelets, white blood cells. In a good case, the concentration, composition and shape of blood cells should be the same. Deviation from this entails diseases of varying severity.

    Erythrocyte indices refer to a blood test aimed at researching various types of red blood cells. For example, measuring the content or concentration of hemoglobin in it. The mean hemoglobin content in the erythrocyte is indicated as MCH, the calculation is made per cell of erythrocyte. The average concentration of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte msns mchc is a sensitive parameter by which one can often even observe the experimental error. The abbreviation "Hb" replaces hemoglobin in blood tests. Consequently, the records of the average content of hb in the erythrocyte and MCH are identical.

    Erythrocyte indices are an important indicator by which it is possible to track the appearance or development of anemia of various kinds, to identify a deviation in the number of red blood cells and an excessive rate of their destruction. Red blood cells and hemoglobin are responsible for delivering oxygen to our cells, tissues and organs. Therefore, their condition is very important to normalize.

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    What is the MCH in a blood test?

    In MCH blood tests, it is calculated in hemoglobin picograms per mean erythrocyte.

    Many people compare this analysis with a color indicator. This is clear, because these two parameters measure essentially the same thing, simply in different units of measure, which can easily be translated into the same scale for comparison.

    Usually, if in honey.the institution has an analyzer for the MCH, use it for them. But the color indicator is not inferior to him.

    The calculation of MCH in the blood is as follows: the average concentration of hb in the erythrocyte is divided by their number.

    In order to decipher the MCH blood test, you need to know its rate. On average, it takes place between 24 and 34 picograms. At the time of birth, its permissible value is maximum, and with growth it decreases. This indicator is not sensitive to sex and is the same for men and women. Here are some MCH standards, depending on age and calculated in picograms:

    • & lt;14 days - 30-37
    • 14-30 days - 29-36
    • up to two months - 27-34
    • from two to four months - 25-32
    • from four months to a year - 24-30
    • from one to three years -22-30
    • from 3 years to 15 - 25-32
    • from 15 to 18 years - 26-34
    • from 18 and further - 27-35

    If the MCH in the blood test is lowered, pay attention to the work of hemoglobin. She may be at a loss when: anemia

    • ;
    • for vitamin B6 deficiency;
    • lead intoxication for a long time;
    • chronic inflammation.

    The average hb content in the erythrocyte can be lowered during blood loss and in the postoperative period.

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    The average hemoglobin content in the MCHC erythrocyte in the blood test

    According to this indicator, as already mentioned, it is judged on how tightly hemoglobin fills red blood cells.

    Knowing the rate of the average concentration of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte, it is possible, looking at the analysis, to draw some conclusions.

    MCHC Assay Rate( g / l) for women depending on age:

    • & lt;14 days - 280-350
    • 14-30 days - 280-360
    • up to two months - 280-350
    • from two to four months - 290-370
    • from four months to a year - 320-370
    • from one to three years -320-380
    • from three years to twelve - 320-370
    • from 12 to 65 years - 320-360

    Sometimes the results of the analysis are also given in g / dl( grams per deciliter).In this case, the above rates should be divided by 10.

    The MCHC analysis rate( in g / l) for men depending on age:

    • & lt;14 days - 280-350
    • 14-30 days - 280-360
    • up to two months - 280-350
    • from two to four months - 290-370
    • from four months to a year - 320-370
    • from one to three years -320-380
    • from three years to twelve - 320-370
    • from 12 to 15 years - 320-370
    • from 15 to 65 years - 320-360

    As far as we can see, the difference between the indicators for men and women is completely insignificant. However, due to the physiological characteristics of women, the following should be considered: the average concentration of hb in the erythrocytes responds to blood loss, and if the test is given during an increased menstruation, the result will be underestimated. Let us move from the MCHC norm to the consideration of the causes of its deviation.

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    Erythrocyte hemoglobin content in the erythrocyte

    If the average hemoglobin content in the erythrocyte is noticeably increased, it is almost possible to conclude that an experiment error has been reached.

    The fact is that the maximum hemoglobin concentration per liter of red blood cells is 380 g / l. This is due to the solubility of hemoglobin in water and the physicochemical properties of erythrocytes and hemoglobin. In general, without going into details, we can say that if the average concentration of hemoglobin in the MCHC erythrocyte is greatly increased, the experience was most likely put incorrectly.

    In general, an elevated concentration of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte is a rather rare phenomenon. Although it can be observed in electrolyte disorders or hyperchromic anemia.

    The lower hemoglobin content in the erythrocyte per liter is of much greater interest both for the doctor and the patient.

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    Reasons why the average hemoglobin concentration in erythrocytes is lowered

    Most often this indicates anemia. Anemia( anemia) can be a separate disease, as well as part of a chronic disease. It is most often caused by improper unbalanced nutrition, due to which a person does not receive all the necessary vitamins and trace elements, namely iron and folic acid. Also, anemia can cause long-term use of certain drugs( ibuprofen, aspirin, etc.).

    So, if in the blood test the average hemoglobin content in the erythrocyte is reduced, it is worth checking for the following diseases:

    • anemia caused by iron deficiency;
    • thalassemia( target-cell anemia) - due to a decrease in the synthesis of polypeptide chains that make up the structure of regular hemoglobin A;
    • hyperosmolar failures of water-electrolyte metabolism;
    • sideroblastic anemia is a rare disease accompanied by a severe course;
    • macrocytic anemia - a hereditary disease that can be characterized as the rapid breakdown of red blood cells and their defective formation;
    • hemoglobinopathy - failure of hemoglobin production.

    In order to avoid the fact that the average concentration of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte is lowered, you need to eat right: the table should be varied and be sure to include meat and fish in the diet. Receiving vitamin complexes in seasonal time also does not hurt maintaining the health of the body.

    Remember that the treatment of the disease can be prevented if the proper prophylaxis is carried out on time.

    Write in the comments about what we may have missed in this article. Your review can help someone reading.

    Be healthy and have blood tests regularly!