Normal and elevated blood leukocyte levels during pregnancy
Any expectant mother during the pregnancy passes many tests. And in order to do this wisely, it is necessary to have at least a general idea of what the norms of a given indicator are and what the deviation indicates. The main analysis, which is prescribed to all, without exception, is a complete blood count. Today we consider what should be the level of leukocytes in the blood during pregnancy and why you need to pay attention to it.
- Causes of an increase in leukocytes during pregnancy
- Why is an increase in leukocytes dangerous?
What are leukocytes in the blood for?
Popularly called white bodies, these are defenders of our immunity and ardent warriors against any infections, microbes and viruses that have entered the body.
When the level of leukocytes decreases, it threatens our body with vulnerability and inability to resist an external enemy.
But if their number increases, it also does not entail anything good. A condition in which leukocyte levels are elevated is called leukocytosis.
Causes of an increase in leukocytes during pregnancy
The main reasons for this deviation can be divided into two large groups:
- Physiological causes
With physiological changes, an increase in leukocytes in the blood during pregnancy in most cases does not represent a danger and leads to an individual. These can be:
- Psychological stress( stresses);
Even the stresses that are left behind can affect the white blood cell count.
That is why a pregnant woman’s blood is taken fundamentally only in the morning, on an empty stomach, until the expectant mother has time to accumulate and get tired for the whole day. If you feel tired or have not slept well at night, it is better to postpone the test, because the result may be that the leukocytes in the blood of the pregnant woman are elevated due to inaccuracy and not due to the presence of the disease.
- Unbalanced nutrition;
- High temperature exposure;
Staying in the sun or taking a hot bath can cause an increased white blood cell count during pregnancy.
- Period of the 2nd trimester
Leukocytes rise slightly in the second trimester of pregnancy.
- Large blood loss;
- Burns, deep wounds.
The norm of leukocytes in the blood of pregnant women takes a gap of 4-9 units.
Therefore, the reasons for the increase in this indicator, not related to physiology, should be investigated by a doctor and compulsorily ascertained.
For example, leukocytes 12-15 during pregnancy are already a reason to undergo an additional examination.
The causes of leukocytosis can be as follows:
- inflammation in the body of varying degrees;
- infectious disease;
- malignant tumors;
Most of the increased white blood cells in pregnant women, according to doctors' statistics, are caused by allergic reactions. But due to the high risk of leukocytosis, both for mother and baby, it is necessary to consider all the options.
Also often, elevated leukocytes in the blood during pregnancy are the result of a completely natural process - the thickening of leukocytes in the uterine lining. Nature provided for this phenomenon so that various microorganisms could not penetrate the fetus through the genitals.to contents ↑
Why is the increase in leukocytes dangerous?
Leukocytosis has a very rapid development. In order to harm the body, it takes a few hours. The result may be internal bleeding, premature birth or even a miscarriage.
That is why it is important to be on time for all prescribed analyzes and to be anxious about their results.
How is the analysis?
In order to pass the analysis right the first time and get a reliable result, the expectant mother must adhere to several rules:
- There is nothing before passing the analysis.
- Do not worry and do not tolerate any stressful situations.
- Do not overload physically.
- Do not overheat before testing.
A laboratory assistant who examines donated blood should not only calculate the total level of white cells, but also distribute it among the components. Leukocytes are also divided into different cells, each of which performs a specific kind of function:
- Those that recognize harmful cells and distinguish them from their own.
- Those who teach newly-minted immune cells how to combat hostile organisms.
- Large cells that, absorbing alien organisms in their dense shell, destroy them.
In fact, there are even more leukocyte species. And according to what leukocytes in the blood are raised during pregnancy, a preliminary conclusion about the disease can be made.
The study of the level of leukocytes during pregnancy helps:
- Understand what the work of immunity in the body of the future mother, and what is her general condition.
- If there is a disease of one kind or another, establish its neglect and degree of development.
- To determine the presence of allergies or the presence of parasites.
- Determine the nature of the disease and the nature of its occurrence - a bacterium or a virus.
We have done our best to briefly describe what can be assumed by looking at the indicators of the total blood count and leukocytes in pregnant women. If you would like to add something to the above, please write in the comments below.
God bless you!