Cortisol in women: what is it responsible for, and what is its norm? Causes and symptoms of reducing hormone levels

Cortisol is a hormonal substance produced by the adrenal cortex. It plays an extremely important role for the organism, and with its deficiency in the blood can be fatal.

The hormone content depends on the woman's age, as well as on the time of day. If the level of a substance in the blood is significantly reduced, and such a deviation is characterized by a persistent course, it is impossible to ignore such a signal. It is necessary to find out the causes of the anomaly as soon as possible and eliminate them, until a deficiency of cortisol causes serious health problems!

Table of contents:
  • The effect of cortisol on the female body
  • Indicators of the rate
  • Age indicators
  • Analysis of cortisol
  • Lowered cortisol in women
  • Clinical manifestations
  • Alternative medicine
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The effect of cortisol on the female body

What does the cortisol hormone in the body of women respond to? This substance is directly involved in many processes. So, under its influence occurs:

  • transformation of protein into glucose;
  • increase in blood glucose concentration;
  • increase in nitrogen excreted with urine;
  • an increase in the amount of glycogen in the liver cells;
  • inhibition of glucose breakdown in muscle fibers;
  • stimulation of the formation of lipids.

And that's not all that cortisol is responsible for in women. This substance is actively involved in:

  • stimulation of the glomerular filtration process;
  • reducing the permeability of the walls of blood vessels;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • inhibiting the process of producing antibodies;
  • reducing the number of lymphocytes.

If we talk about what affects cortisol in women, and what properties it has, then the hormone contributes to:

  • removing edema;
  • alleviation of an allergic reaction;
  • removal of inflammation;
  • shock relief;
  • removal of toxins from the body.

As you can see, the hormone plays an important role for the coordinated work of the entire female body. If the rate of cortisol in the blood of women is violated, it immediately affects the well-being. It is possible to recognize deviations by specific symptoms, which are absolutely impossible to ignore!

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Indicators of the norm

The rate of cortisol in women is not constant, stable. That is, the level of a hormonal substance can fluctuate depending on the influence of external factors and the time of day.

For example, in the morning, the adrenal cortex produces cortisol in maximum quantities, but in the evening its concentration decreases. This substance quickly undergoes destructive processes and is excreted from the body in a natural way - along with urine.

The norm of the hormone cortisol in women is shifted in one direction or another with a strong fright or a stressful situation. It's no wonder that this substance is also called a stress hormone.

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Age indicators

Norm of cortisol in women by age is spelled out in the table below.

No. Age category rates of a. At 40-55 years Not more than 130

Deviations from the normal level of cortisol in women can be caused by prolonged use of estrogen-based oral contraceptives. In this case, there is no reason to worry - as soon as the use of the drug is stopped, the concentration of the hormonal substance should return to normal.

Exceptions are situations in which lowered or elevated cortisol in women is the result of a potent hormone failure. In such a case, medical intervention is necessary, since such deviations threaten serious consequences!

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Analysis for cortisol

A blood test for cortisol in women involves taking a biomaterial exclusively from a vein. To obtain a referral for research, you need to contact a gynecologist or an endocrinologist.

Manipulation is carried out exclusively on an empty stomach. For the analysis will need only 5-10 ml of blood. The biomaterial is taken in the morning and evening, since it is important to track the dynamics of changes in hormone parameters in the patient's body.

As for when to donate blood for cortisol to a woman, diagnostic manipulation can take place on any day of the cycle. However, if a patient takes hormonal contraceptives, she must inform the attending physician about this!

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Lowered cortisol in women

Low cortisol in the blood of a woman can be the result of not only any diseases, but also the effects of adverse external factors. Thus, the lack of this hormone substance may speak about the development of:

  • hypotension;
  • gastric disorders or dangerous pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • adrenal insufficiency;
  • infectious diseases, including STDs;
  • adrenal tumors;
  • muscle atony.

Also, the fact that cortisol is lowered in women may be due to the hypofunction of the thyroid gland. But other diseases of this organ can lead to a sharp decline in the performance of this hormone.

Taking steroid hormonal drugs may well lower the concentration of cortisol in the blood. But this is a temporary phenomenon, which itself passes when the medication is canceled.

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Clinical manifestations of

Symptoms of lowered cortisol in women are manifested through the occurrence of:

  • apathy;
  • causeless alarm;
  • groundless fear.

Another characteristic symptom of cortisol reduction in women is hair loss and loss of sexual desire. But such anomalies are not observed in all, so they can be attributed to indirect signs of hypocorticism.

When the concentration of the hormone substance decreases, the menstrual cycle suffers. Monthly become scarce, occur with a significant delay, or do not come at all. Low levels of cortisol in women adversely affect the possibility of conception, so it is better to address the issue of treatment as soon as possible.

It is possible to recognize the decrease in the concentration of the hormone substance by yourself, if you pay attention to the presence of one specific sign. Even before the appearance of pronounced symptoms, the patient has an obsessive desire to eat something sweet. This is one of the first signals that a woman has lowered cortisol. In this case, the thirst for sweets is accompanied by an increase in contractions of the heart muscle and disruptions in heart rhythm.

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How to normalize performance?

How to normalize cortisol levels in women, and is it possible to do it at home? First of all, it is important to find out the cause of the deviation and eliminate it. Otherwise, symptomatic therapy only for a while will give positive results.

Often patients are prescribed hormone replacement therapy to treat hypocorticism. It is based on taking medications from the discharge of corticosteroids. During the course of treatment it is important to strictly follow all the recommendations of the attending physician.

You can not independently adjust the dosage of drugs. If you have any ailments, you must inform the doctor. You may have to replace the drug, or cancel it completely.

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Alternative medicine

How to increase cortisol in women folk remedies? If the problem is not too substantial, methods of dealing with rejection using alternative medicine recipes will be very effective. Here are some of them.

  1. Alcohol tincture based on snowdrop. For its preparation it is necessary to pour ½ l of vodka with 20 snowdrop flowers and leave in a dark place for a month and a half. Strain and take 20 drops of medication daily. Reception exercise before meals.
  2. Broth horsetail. To prepare it, you need to brew a small amount of dry grass with a glass of boiling water on the principle of making ordinary tea. When the medicine has cooled, it must be filtered and drunk at 1 dose 15 minutes before meals. Take the remedy three times a day.

Such simple recipes are very effective in a situation if cortisol is rather low in women. This is not only symptomatic therapy — such remedies are effective even with congenital or acquired adrenal insufficiency. But if the treatment did not produce the expected results, it is impossible to delay the visit to the doctor to prevent the occurrence of serious and dangerous consequences!