How does soe change in blood analysis in oncology
ESR or, more precisely, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate is a characteristic that is included in the complete blood count and may indicate serious pathologies in the body.
The blood consists of plasma in which various blood cells and cells are dissolved, among which are the studied red blood cells. Since quantitatively erythrocytes are more than other components, blood sedimentation under the action of gravity forces is called simply erythrocyte sedimentation.
The analysis is carried out in the following sequence:
- : selection of blood from a patient;
- adding an anticoagulant to the blood;
- mixing, placing the mixture in a graduated capillary;
- after one hour, the laboratory technician measures how many millimeters the mixture has exfoliated. Thus, ESR is measured in mm / h. In some analyzes, you can see the result in mm / half an hour, but the first option is more common.
With a general blood test, including an ESR, you can see the overall picture of the state of the body. ESR is sensitive to:
- malignant tumors;
- tissue degradation;
- et al.
However, looking only at one ESR result, it is absolutely impossible to make a diagnosis. First, it is a non-specific analysis that is sensitive to body temperature, temperature in the laboratory and many other factors, including ESR may deviate in response to the common cold, and may not increase when the disease is obvious.
What possible diseases are indicated by deviations of indicators from the norm, read the following articles:
- Causes of elevated blood congestionThe value of ESR in oncology differs significantly from the permissible rate corresponding to a given age and sex.
The ESR indicator for cancer is not used in medicine for diagnosis, but an increase in the rate of sedimentation of red blood cells may give rise to an idea of further examination.
What is the indicator of ESR in oncology?
If the body did not have an inflammatory process at the time of testing, and ESR has an increased value of more than 70-80 units, the doctor should start a survey aimed at detecting tumors. Another reason to check such a diagnosis is the absence of a decrease in the ESR when taking anti-inflammatory drugs. In case of an infectious or bacterial disease, the same effective drugs will begin to influence the decrease in ESR.
Increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate is observed in bowel oncology, in addition, in cancer: breast
- ovaries;Bone marrow
- lymph nodes;
- et al.
Despite the fact that the ESR indicators in oncology are not sufficient results for diagnosis, it is possible to trace the dynamics of the disease.
If there has been a sharp increase in ESR in oncology, there is little doubt that the tumor has gone beyond the original boundaries.
Such a concept as the rate of ESR in blood in oncology does not exist, since each organism, despite the established norms, is individual. If a patient has an oncological disease, only a study of its dynamics has meaning.
The question of how much the level of ESR in oncology is also problematic to answer due to individual characteristics. However, the suspicion of a tumor in the body arises when the ESR increases by 70-80 mm / h compared to the norm.
According to a blood test, a tumor can be detected, without reaching the obvious symptoms appearing during the last stage of cancer, the ESR rises already at the stage of the “invisible” first stage.
Thus, looking at the magnitude of the rate of separation of erythrocytes and plasma, it is possible to identify serious diseases in time and begin treatment. But the ESR indicator is also affected by many other factors, so if you get alarming results before you panic, consult your doctor and go for further examination.
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