Causes, symptoms and signs of high cholesterol
Unfortunately, today, one of the most common causes of death is heart and vascular disease. Statistics, to put it mildly, sad. Now on TV, in newspapers, on the Internet, healthy food, a healthy body and spirit are often promoted. And, we all know that cholesterol is one of the main threats to a good internal state.
However, not everyone knows why cholesterol rises, how it can be dangerous for the body, and how you can recognize the first signs of high cholesterol.
- General information about cholesterol
- Causes of increasing cholesterol
- What is dangerous about increased cholesterol?
- Symptoms with high blood cholesterol
General information about cholesterol
Cholesterol is a substance of organic origin, it is a kind of fat soluble alcohol. This substance is part of the cells of all living things, is involved in the transport of substances through the cells, in the production of sex hormones and other important processes that organize a good, stable work of the whole organism.
But, today it is customary to distinguish between cholesterol and “bad” and “good”, based on the subclass of the substance in question. Today we will only talk about increasing the “bad” indicator, which contributes to the deterioration of health and the development of internal, pathological conditions.
A few decades ago, a situation where cholesterol in the blood was elevated was not considered a problem. Today, when heart attacks, strokes, thrombosis, and others. Vascular diseases kill millions of Russians every year, many think about what increases blood cholesterol.and how to prevent the deterioration of their internal state.to contents ↑
Causes of increasing cholesterol
A condition in which cholesterol levels are significantly elevated relative to the established norm is called hypercholesterolemia.
If you understand the causes of this condition, then innate and acquired causes are distinguished.
Only a genetic predisposition due to the prevalence of unstable forms in the blood of a person in relation to the level of HDL( good cholesterol) can be attributed to congenital diseases.
However, the most likely causes of high cholesterol or the effect on the body of factors that trigger an increase in cholesterol levels are most likely. So, the main provocateurs of an increased indicator are:
- unhealthy diet, excessive consumption of animal fats in food, and a small number of vitamins and fiber;
- obesity and the consumption of high-calorie foods, in large and obese people, cholesterol often accumulates in the fatty layer under the skin;
- sedentary lifestyle( sedentary work, lack of proper physical activity);
- is another provoking factor for why cholesterol is elevated, bad habits, abuse and smoking;
- frequent stresses and experiences also often lead to a deterioration of the state of the vessels, their lability;
- development of diseases and pathological conditions:
- diabetes mellitus;
- endocrine disorders and thyroid disease;
- liver disease.
Also, it is impossible not to mention another reason, from which increased cholesterol in women - this is the period of menopause. Experts assume that from many cardiovascular problems, the body is protected by hormones. In adulthood, after the extinction of the active work of the hormonal system in women, as in other matters in men, the blood vessels become more vulnerable and unprotected, and the risk of formation of cholesterol plaques and growths increases.
After we have more or less explained the probable causes of high cholesterol, let us consider what hypercholesterolemia can be dangerous for a person.to contents ↑
What is high cholesterol dangerous?
If the body has elevated cholesterol, this is not a very good sign, indicating a deterioration in overall health. In general, vital internal organs are affected: the brain, heart, liver, kidneys, etc. Cholesterol is deposited on the walls of blood vessels, thereby disrupting normal blood flow and blood circulation, normal nutrition of organs and tissues, and oxygen transport. The most dangerous components of cholesterol are LDL, they have the maximum atherogenic effect, and an increase in their level becomes the main cause of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic changes in the vessels and arteries lead to the development of dangerous diseases, such as:
- ischemic( I) heart disease( B)( C);
- cerebrovascular accident, stroke;
- cardiac infarction;
- obliterating endarteritis( severe, chronic vascular disease).
These diseases are statistically the most common cause of death and disability in many countries. Therefore, it is extremely important to know and be able to recognize the symptoms of high cholesterol in the blood in order to promptly consult a doctor for advice.to contents ↑
Symptoms with elevated cholesterol in the blood
Usually, an existing pathological abnormality is detected after a person is given blood for a biochemical examination.
Your overall well-being can be quite normal, and if you have high cholesterol, the symptoms will not say anything. However, if you have an idea about the precursors of atherosclerosis, and if you listen to yourself more carefully, you will notice changes in your body.
Possible signs of high cholesterol in the blood:
- burning pain behind the chest, heart pain;
- pain in the lower extremities( especially when walking, running, etc. physical exertion), varicose veins or thrombosis, bloating of the veins in the legs;
- frequent dizziness and increased blood pressure.
If we look at the external signs of high cholesterol, then we cannot but mention the appearance of xanthomas and xanthelasma. These are yellowish, grayish or whitish nodules, plaques and points under the skin, most often on the eyelids and around the cornea. This is cholesterol deposits, which are a disturbing signal, indicating violations of fat metabolism in the body.
When discussing high cholesterol and symptoms, I would like to note that the likelihood of an increase in the level of the indicator is higher in people with gray hair. It is believed that aging, gray hair and atherosclerosis are links in one chain. Therefore, young men and women who have found themselves in early gray hair should definitely be examined.
If you find yourself having similar symptoms of high cholesterol, then you need to visit a physician, cardiologist and endocrinologist as soon as possible and be sure to pass an analysis showing the level of total cholesterol and lipid metabolism in the blood. According to the results of the obtained results, the doctor will be able to give you recommendations regarding nutrition and lifestyle, and, if necessary, prescribe treatment.
Now you know what that means, high blood cholesterol. Hypercholesterolemia is not even a disease, but rather a deviation from the norm, a pathological blockage of blood vessels with fat, which can cost you your life. But, you should not despair in patients with a similar ailment, it is time to switch to healthy food, quit smoking and drinking alcohol, start to pour out thoroughly, and lead an active, athletic lifestyle.
Health and Wellness!